العلاقة بين الله تعالى ومخلوقاته
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALLAH (SWT)
AND HIS CREATURES
Allah’s (SWT) Being (existence) is independent. Our existence is dependent upon Him.
To understand the above relationship, let us take some clay and make a house, a horse, a human being, a dog, etc. Now look, outside it is clay which has the capability of taking different shapes. Has the change in different shapes, made clay from one into two? No. Clay is one and the same. The multiplicity is in its shapes and forms, not in its essence (fundamental nature). Then where is multiplicity? It is in our understanding. Is our understanding fictitious? No. This thought has been derived from the clay and has been understood accordingly. If you remove clay from these things, these shapes will disappear into oblivion. Let us discuss one more aspect. We made several shapes from clay, a horse, a house, a dog, human being, etc. Now tell us, is horse clay? No. Horse is made up of clay and is one of the many shapes of the Clay. Clay is independently existing but Horse is dependent upon clay. If we remove clay from horse, the horse will disappear but clay will remain the same. Similarly, what ever is there in the cosmos are forms and shapes of the Being (existence) of Allah-SWT (Wajood-e-Elahi). But their attributes are different as they are creatures. Where are these shapes, they are in our common sense.
What is existing outside? It is 'the Being' or existence of Allah (SWT) (Wajood-e-Elahi) whose attribute is Divinity. Our attribute is servant hood. We have been created to praise Him, adore Him and Worship Him.
The name of the Absolute Being is Allah (SWT) who is the true worshipable God. This is the meaning of the following Quranic verses.
- It is in Quran - Allah (SWT) is the light (existence) of the Heavens and Earth’. (An-Noor -35).
- It is in Quran - ‘Allah (SWT) is the Manifest (apparent) and the Immanent (hidden - but actually present through out the material world) and He is the knower of all things’. (Al-Hadeed – 3).
- It is in Quran - Whichever side you turn, you will find Allah (SWT); Verily ( in truth ) Allah – (SWT) is Omnipresent (existing everywhere every moment) and Omniscient ( infinitely wise ). ( Al-Baqra – 115 ).
- It is in Quran - He is in your own self, will you not then see’. (Az-Zariyat – 21).
Let us discuss the following questions.
To find answers to the above questions, we will have to first find out Allah’s (SWT) attributes and potentialities? Allah's (SWT) attributes have been described in Quran-e-Karim. Read the following verses.
- What is the meaning of Creation?
- How things were created in this Cosmos?
- What actually happens during creation?
- How many creatures are their in the Cosmos?
- It is in Quran - 'Allah (SWT) - There is no god but He, the alive, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. Whatever is in the Heavens and whatsoever is in the Earth belongs to Him. (Al-Baqara – 255).
- It is in Quran - Allah (SWT) is ‘Hearer’, ‘Knower’ (Al-Baqara – 256).
- It is in Quran - ‘Allah (SWT) is all-embracing, ‘all knowing’. (Al-Baqara – 115).
- It is in Quran - ‘Allah (SWT), only Allah (SWT) is ‘Mighty’ and ‘Wise’ ( Al-Baqara – 129).
- It is in Quran - ‘And a thing We (Allah-SWT) ‘ Will ’ (to create), We only ‘Say’ ‘Be’, and there it is (it comes into existence)’. (An-Nahl – 40).
When we take into consideration the attributes of Allah (SWT), His names are derived.
Name is the combination of the Unity of Allah (SWT) and His attribute. Like Wisdom (Hikmah) is Allah’s (SWT) attribute, and Wise (Hakeem) is His name. Similarly, Mercy is His attribute and ‘Merciful’ (Raheem) and ‘Compassionate’ (Rahman) are His names. In the same way, ‘knowledge’ is His attribute and ‘Knowledgeable (Aleem) is His name. There are 99 famous names depicting the potentialities of Allah (SWT).
It is in Quran – ‘Call upon Allah (SWT), or call upon Rahman: by whatever name you call upon Him, ( it is well ) for, to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names’. (Al-Isra – 110).
Names signify various potentialities of Allah (SWT). Like ‘Sustainer’ (Rab); this potentiality of Allah (SWT) sustains all that is there in Heavens and Earth.
Allah (SWT) is Sustainer, and we are ‘Sustainables’. Allah (SWT) is permanent, independent, self subsisting and eternal. We are temporary, contingent and dependent on Him for our survival every moment.
It is in Quran - ‘His authority spreads over the heavens and Earth and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them (His creatures), for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory)’. (Al-Baqara – 255).
Creation of this cosmos can also be best understood from this Prophet’s (SAWS) Hadith.
This is in Hadith-e- Qudsi - “I was a hidden Treasure then I desired to be known so I created a creation (this cosmos) to which I made Myself known; then they knew Me.” (1 - See foot notes)
There are three aspects of this Hadith. (i) Allah (SWT) was the Hidden Treasure. (ii) Then He wanted to be known. (iii) Therefore, He created this Cosmos.
- Allah (SWT) was ‘Hidden Treasure’ (Kanzan Makhfiyan )
This is our first understanding of Allah’s (SWT) Existence.
Various terms are used to simplify the meaning of ‘Hidden Treasure’. We have used only two terms, (i) Absolute Unity, and (2) Absolute Being, as these are widely accepted and famous terms. In this State Allah (SWT) is there by Himself alone, there is no room for others.
As per the above Hadith, the second aspect is ‘ then He wanted to be known’.
- He wanted to be known to whom?
Obviously, He wanted to be known to His creatures.
There are three things Allah (SWT) wanted His creatures to know about Him. (i) Who is He? (ii) How is He? (iii) What are His names.
Allah (SWT), in essence, is elemental, indivisible, has no partners, (neither contrary, nor parallel) and there is none opposite Him. There is none earlier than or after Him.
It is in Quran – ‘Say O’Prophet Allah is one - all the way. His Being does not contain elements. He is not a compound. Allah (SWT) is Independent. Everybody else is dependent upon Him. He does not have children. He has not given birth to anyone. Nobody has given birth to Him. Allah (SWT) is free from ‘the-beginning and the-end’. No one precedes or succeeds Him. He has no peer or partner. No one can match Him or equal Him’. (Al-Ikhlas - 1- 4).
- How is Allah (SWT)? What are His attributes and potentialities?
It is in Quran - "Allah (SWT) - There is no god but He, the alive, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. Whatever is in the Heavens and whatsoever is in the Earth belongs to Him". (Al-Baqara – 255).
It is in Quran - Allah (SWT) is ‘Hearer’, ‘Knower’ (Al-Baqara – 256).
It is in Quran - ‘Allah (SWT) is all-embracing, ‘all knowing’. (Al-Baqara – 115).
It is in Quran - ‘Allah (SWT), only Allah (SWT) is ‘Mighty’ and ‘Wise’ ( Al-Baqara – 129).
Names signify various potentialities of Allah (SWT). Like ‘Sustainer’ (Rab). This potentiality of Allah (SWT) sustains all that is there in Heavens and Earth. Allah (SWT) is Sustainer, and we are ‘Sustainables’. Allah (SWT) is permanent, independent, self subsisting and eternal. We are temporary, contingent and dependent on Him every moment.
It is in Quran – ‘Call upon Allah (SWT), or call upon ‘Rahman’: by whatever name you call upon Him, ( it is well ) for, to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names’. (Al-Isra – 110).
- Where and How were the Creatures?
They were in his knowledge. They were in His knowledge as individual and collective facts.
- What are collective facts of creatures?
The collective facts of creatures refer to various species in a collective format. Like all angels together are a collective fact of their species. Similar is the case with human beings, planets and stars, etc. These are collective facts of creatures.
Under the detailed facts of angels, there were many types of angels responsible for various works in the cosmos.
Under the detailed facts of human beings, there were limitless number of individual human beings to be born in the world.
Under the detailed facts of planets and stars, there are limitless number of stars and planets. Similar was the case with other creatures.
- It is natural that, in Allah's knowledge, all these collective facts were under a ‘master collective fact of all creatures’.
Like, if we want to know actual number of employees in a company, we write the heading ‘employees’, then underneath we write names of groups of employees, like (i) administrative employees, (ii) marketing staff, (iii) technical staff, (iv) managerial staff, etc. Under these sub headings we write names of individual employees. When we look at employees collectively, we call them employees. When we look at each of them, we call them by names and deal with them accordingly.
Similarly, in Allah’s (SWT) knowledge, there is an ‘Integral (or collective) fact of all creatures’, under whom there are categories of creatures like Angles, Jinnies, Human beings, Animals, Planets, Oceans, etc.
- First Allah (SWT) viewed the ‘Integral fact of all creatures’.
Why did He do it?
Because, as per the Hadith, He wanted the creatures to come out in external existence and praise His magnanimity and worship Him.
- The third state as per the above Hadith, is ‘ He created this Cosmos.
- How Allah (SWT) created this Cosmos?
Allah (SWT) has explained this to His servants.
It is in Quran - ‘ Your Lord is Allah – (SWT) Who created the Heavens and the Earth in six Days, then mounted He the Throne. He covers the night with the day, which is in haste to follow it, and has made the sun and the moon and the stars subservient (obedient) by His command. His verily (indeed) is all creation and commandment. Blessed be Allah (SWT), the Lord of the Worlds’. (Al-An’aam – 54).
THE PROCESS OF CREATION
Allah (SWT) has also explained the process of creation to His servants.
It is in Quran - ‘And a thing We (Allah-SWT) ‘ Will ’ (to create), We only ‘Say’ ‘Be’, and there it is (it comes into existence)’. (An-Nahl – 40).
In the light of this verse, Allah (SWT) gave the command of ‘Be’ to the ‘Integral fact of all Creatures’ and there it came into existence along with its details.
What is the meaning of ‘creation in six days’?
Allah’s (SWT) works are perfect. There is no haste or delay in them. He commanded ‘Be’ to the ‘Integral fact of all creatures’ to appear along with its details and settle down in the shape of this cosmos in 6 days time.
Allah (SWT) may be referring to a time frame of 6 units (periods) in which the whole cosmos was created.
In other Quranic verses the sequence of creation of this Cosmos is mentioned.
Like, first the Heavens and skies were created.
In one Quranic verse it is mentioned that Allah (SWT) created the Earth in two days.
This may mean that the entire heavens and skies were created in 4 days and the entire planetary system was created in 2 days.
Allah (SWT) knows it better.
The Big Bang theory is very popular with philosophers. It is said that there was a ‘big bang’ and a massive burning ball of gases came into being. It gradually cooled down and got itself separated in the shape of galaxies, constellations, stars, planets, moons, asteroid, meteors, etc.
Creation of human beings is well documented in Quran and Ahadith.
It is in Quran -
[5-فَإِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ مِنْ نُطْفَةٍ ثُمَّ مِنْ عَلَقَةٍ ثُمَّ مِنْ مُضْغَةٍ [الحج Meaning: “For verily I created you (O'Humans) from soil, then from a drop (of semen), then a blood clot, then a lump of flesh.” (Al Hajj - 5). It is in Quran -
إِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيسَى عِنْدَ اللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ آدَمَ خَلَقَهُ مِنْ تُرَابٍ [آل عمران] - Meaning: “Verily the case of Jesus (AS), to Allah (SWT), is like that of Adam(AS), He created him from soil.” (Aal-e-Imraan -59)
It is in Quran -
إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاهُمْ مِنْ طِينٍ لَازِبٍ [الصافات : 11] - Meaning: “Verily I created you from firm clay.” (As-Saaffaat - 11).
As a punishment for their transgression, Allah (SWT) made some disobedient humans into monkeys and pigs.
It is in Quran -
وَجَعَلَ مِنْهُمُ الْقِرَدَةَ وَالْخَنَازِيرَ [المائدة : 60] - Meaning: “and He made from them (a cursed group of people) apes and pigs.” (Al-Ma'ida - 60).
Becoming pigs and monkeys is a curse and a humiliation. This tells us that human beings are not the descendant of an apes ( as Darwinist think).
It is in Quran -
وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آدَمَ وَحَمَلْنَاهُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ وَرَزَقْنَاهُمْ مِنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَفَضَّلْنَاهُمْ عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِمَّنْ خَلَقْنَا تَفْضِيلًا [الإسراء : 70 - Meaning: “I have honored the sons of Adam (AS); provided them with transport on land and sea; given them for sustenance things good and pure; and conferred on them special favors above the great part of creation.” (Al-Asra - 70).
It is in Hadith -
الناس كلُّهم بنو آدَمَ، وآدمُ خُلِقَ من تراب - Meaning - “All people are the children of Adam (AS), and Adam (AS) was created from soil.” (Abu Dawuud and At-Tirmidhiyy).
There are seven skies. Each sky is a massive sub universe with unlimited inhabitants within its expanse. Above these skies is the Empyrean, (Arsh), which is limitless in its dimensions. This is the seat of power and administration of this cosmos.
Below the first sky are the galaxies of stars and planets. From earth, they look like illuminated lamps to our eyes. The stars are still burning, while planets have cooled down to a large extent.
It is in Quran – ‘And indeed We have adorned the nearest sky with lamps, and We have made such lamps (as) missiles to drive away the Shayatin (devils), and have prepared for them the torment of the blazing Fire’. (Al-Mulk – 5).
All galaxies, including our milky way and our solar system are inhabited with different living beings. Sometimes there are wars among the inhabitants of nearby planets.
Space exploration for communication and other purposes is fine, but it is wasteful exercise to spend a lot of money to find living beings on other planets.
Life on other planets, including our solar system, will remain hidden from our eyes – period.
The environment of other planets is uninhabitable for human beings. Only, the environment of Earth is fit for human habitation and other creatures meant to live on Earth.
We should be careful not to destroy earth’s environment because this is the only planet where we can survive.
Alas, the Governments around the world have become totally insensitive to earth’s warming and destruction of its environment in the name of industrial development. We are creating an imminent hell for our incoming generations.
There are some living beings on Earth who are invisible to our eyes. Some of them are Shayateen, the trouble makers. We cannot see them, but they can see us.
Almost all the invisible beings can fly individually from one place to another in the world within a matter of seconds. Some can fly between planets and galaxies in outer space. Some are very powerful who can fly up to the beginning of first sky.
There are rules and regulations for all creatures in the cosmos. Shayateen are usually not allowed to fly between planets in outer space. When they break the law, an asteroid is sent to follow them back to their places of residence. This is the meaning of the following Quranic verse.
It is in Quran – ‘And indeed We have adorned the nearest sky with lamps, and We have made such lamps (as) missiles to drive away the Shayatin (devils), and have prepared for them the torment of the blazing Fire’. (Al-Mulk – 5).Allah (SWT) is the Sustainer (Rab) of all living beings in the Cosmos. Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWS) advent and stay in this Cosmos is ‘mercy’ on all living beings of this Cosmos. Think, what is the meaning of ‘mercy’. When you ponder over it, you will know the fact of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS). Click Here to read the fact of 'the servant-hood of
It is in Quran – ‘All the praise is for Allah (SWT) who is the Sustainer (Cherisher) of all worlds’ (Al-Fatiha – 1).
It is in Quran – O’Prophet (SAWS) ‘We have not sent you except for the Mercy upon all the worlds’. (Al-Anbiya – 107).
The above details are related to ‘macro’ creation in the Cosmos. Let us briefly discuss the ‘micro’ process of creation as well.
For easy understanding, we will discuss micro creation of Human beings.
Human beings’ common attribute is that we are all servants of Allah (SWT). The other common attribute is that our human bodies are similar in structure though there are some geographical differences in our outward appearance. Some of us are black, some are white; some are tall, some are short; some are men, some are women; some are powerful, some are weak, and some are literate and some are illiterate.
We can explain creation with an example. For making water in a laboratory, we make a compound of a specific ratio of Hydrogen with oxygen and we get water vapors which are cooled down to become water drops.
Similarly, Allah (SWT) knew about our facts, characteristics before we were born. He made a compound of His potentialities in a specific ratio as per individual human being’s characteristics. This ratio was breathed into our bodies. What is this ratio? This is our soul (Rooh).
It is in Quran - (When Adam –AS body was created, Allah –SWT says) I breathed something (into it) out of My Soul’ (Al-Hijr – 29).
How are our bodies made?
It is in Quran - ‘He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery. (Ar-Rahman – 14).
Every human being’s soul is made of different ratio of Allah’s (SWT) potentialities. This is the reason no two human beings, or no two creatures of the same kind, are identical with each other.
We are different from each other not only in our outward appearance, but also in our attributes. Even our body parts like eyes, finger prints are different from each other. Our common sense and understanding qualities are also different from each other. Some of us are illiterates and some are knowledgeable.
When you know these details, you will stop your foul mouth-ness of equating Prophets with sinful human beings. Prophets attributes are exceptional, their creation is for the reformation of human kind. They are born teachers of humanity. They cannot be equated with normal human beings.
Similarly, Imams of Jurisprudential schools of thoughts (Hanafi, Shafa’i, Maliki and Hanbali, are knowledgeable scholars of Islam and are accepted authorities in deducing religious laws from Quran and Sunnah. If we revolt against them and try to deduce laws on our own, we are sure to lose the straight path of Islam.
The entire cosmos consists of various shapes of creatures. Their existence depends upon their souls. Their souls are actually the specific ratios of Allah’s (SWT) potentialities.
This is the meaning of this Quranic verse - ‘ Allah (SWT) is the Manifest (apparent) and the Immanent (hidden - but actually present through out the material world) and He is the knower of all things ’ (Al-Hadeed – 3).
My dear brothers and sisters read the above information carefully, more than one time to understand these facts. This is very important information helpful for our salvation on the Day of Judgment.
(1 foot note)
This is Hadith-e-Qudsi - “I was a Treasure unknown then I desired to be known so I created a creation to which I made Myself known; then they knew Me.”
The above Hadith does not contradict with Quranic verses and other Ahadith and its meanings are true (ma‘nahu Sahih) and is in total agreement from the following Quranic verse.
It is in Quran - I created the Jinns and humankind only that they may worship Me (51:56).
Hazrat Ibn Abbas (RA) explained the meaning of the above verse as " I created the Jinns and humankind only that 'they may know me' (meaning when we know about our Creator, then only we will worship him in a manner explained by his Prophets).
Ibn ‘Arabi said in his Futuhat al-Makkiyya (3:399 Bab 198): “It came in the Hadith that is Sahih per unveiling (kashf) but unestablished (ghayr thabit) per transmission from the Messenger of Allah (SAWS) from his Lord that He (Allah -SWT) said something in the meaning of this: ‘I was a hidden treasure and was not known; I loved to be known, therefore I created creation and made Myself known to them so that they came to know Me.’
Hazrat Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (rahimahumullah), the great Islamic scholar of twentieth century mentioned this Hadith in many of his books. English translations of his books is available on this site (Click Here).
Al-Al-Atusi cites the Hidden Treasure report while commenting verse 51:56 (mentioned above) in Ruh al-Ma‘ani but derides its kashf-based authentication as shinshinatun lahum – “typical of them [Sufis]!” (21:27 if the text of Ruh al-Ma'ani to that effect is uncorrupted).
Al-Qasimi in Qawa‘id al-Tahdith (p. 183-185) cites the Malik Muhammad Ulaysh's rejection of kashf-authentication as invalid among the authorities of Hadith in his Fath al-Ali al-Malik fil-Fatwa ‘ala Madhhab al-Imam Malik (1:45) as does Abu Ghudda in his marginalia on al-Qari’s Masnu‘ (p. 142 and p. 215f.) and al-Lacknawi’s Ajwiba while al-Qadi ‘Iyad affirms Consensus over the invalidity of authenticating or dis-authenticating Ahadith through dream-visions as related by al-Nawawi in Sharh Sahih Muslim (1:115) in commentary of Muslim’s report in his Muqaddima of a kind of confirmatory dis-authentication through dreams cf section 6 of al-Suyuti’s Tahdhir al-Khawass.
Al-Bayhaqi narrates in the Shu‘ab that when Muhammad ibn Harun saw the Prophet (SAWS) in his dream, he asked him whether he did say the HadÏth, “Whoever condoles with someone afflicted receives the same reward” (narrated by al-Tirmidhi with a weak chain) and the Prophet (SAWS) replied yes. Ibn Harun wept every time he related it cf al-Suyuti’s Ta‘aqqubat, chapter of Jana’iz.
I was informed by Hazrat Shujauddin Siddiqui (rahimahumullah), the son and successor of Hazrat Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (rahimahumullah) that Hazrat Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui read the entire Bukhari in front of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS). He also mentioned that Hazrat Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui has marked the Ahadith accordingly and he (Hazrat Shujauddin Siddiquie -r) had seen that marked book with Hazrat Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (r). However, these issues cannot be understood by the followers of Sectarian Missionary Muslim as they claim that (nazubillahi) Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) has become inactive after his death. We pray Allah (SWT) to show them the light of Islam and bring them on the straight path of Islam.
The founder of Nizamiyya University in Hyderabad, India, Muhammad Anwar Allah al-Faruqi, in his booklet al-Kalam al-Marfu‘ (p. 21) cites in support of kashf authentication, a book by a contemporary Shadhili Sufi, Ibn Mughayzil (‘Abd al-Qadir ibn al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali) titled al-Kawakib al-Zahira fi Ijtima' al-Awliya’ Yaqazatan bi-Sayyid al-Dunya wal-Akhira (Cairo - Dar Jawami' al-Kalim, 1999).
What is attributed to Ibn ‘Abbas is also the explanation of Ibn Jurayj cf Ibn
Kathir and Ibn Abi Hatim; and Mujahid cf al-Baghawi, al-Qurtubi, al-Tha'labi, and al-Alusi's Tafsirs, the latter describing it as a metonymy (majaz mursal).
Sidi Mustafa Basir said: “This is confirmed in the Qur’an itself by the question of Allah Most High: "And remember when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their reins, their seed, and made them testify of themselves, (saying): Am I not your Lord? They said: Yes, verily. We testify. Lest you should say at the Day of Resurrection: Lo! of this we were unaware"(7:172).
Ibn Taymiyya claimed that, as no chain of transmission is known for this Hadith, “These are not the words of the Prophet (SAWS) . Al-Zarkashi, al-Sakhawi and al-‘Asqalani also said the same.
Though al-Qari in Masnu‘ said that this Hadith has no chain, but he adduced it in his commentary on Imam Abu Hanifa’s Fiqh al-Akbar.
Mahmud and Sharif said in their edition of the Qushayriyya - “He created the world so that it may be used as a sign pointing to Him, just as He said: "And (also) in yourselves. Can you then not see?" (51:21). This verse confirms the Hadith - ‘Those who know themselves most know their Lord most.’
The above is also confirmed by verse "Know that there is no god except Allah" (47:19). The verse alludes to the primacy of the Prophet’s status (SAWS) in light of the verse "I am first among the worshippers" (43:81).