LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

 

      BELIEF IN PROPHET MOHAMMAD        (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)

 

Written   By

 
Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri 

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INTRODUCTION 

    

بِسم الله الرحمنِ الرحيم  

 الحمد لله رب العالمين ، والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين

 

Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the Apostle of Allah and seal of Prophet-hood.  He is the last and final Prophet to humanity. After him no one will come as a Prophet. Claim of Prophet-hood by anyone after Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is Apostasy.  This belief is the core of Islamic faith. 
 
Prophet Mohammad’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), is highest ranking among Prophets, therefore, his respect in the Cosmos is highest, next only to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). He has a special status awarded to him by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).   
It is in Quran -  وَأَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَاحْذَرُوا [And obey Allah and obey the apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and be cautious (about his status and respect in this cosmos)]. (Al-Maaida – 92).
 
It is in Hadith – Narrated by Ibn Omer and Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما), the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) told his companions, 'I am not like you.  I live with my Sustainer (رب) who feeds and provides me with drink. (Bukhari, Muslim).
Equating prophets with ordinary sinful human beings is a great sin. Their blasphemy takes Iman away from you. Disrespect of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in any form or shape, takes a person out of the fold of Islam. The entire Muslim Ummah has consensus in this regard.
 
This book discusses the basic issues related to 'Belief in Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) which is the essential part of Islamic Testimony (كلمه شهاده)اشْهَدُ انْ لّآ اِلهَ اِلَّا اللّهُ وَحْدَه لَا شَرِيْكَ لَه، وَ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّ مُحَمَّدً اعَبْدُه وَرَسُولُه  [ I testify that there is no real God except Allah ( سبحانہ و تعا لی ), the one only, without partner, and I testify that Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is His servant and Apostle.
 
We have written a separate book on the fact of Servanthood of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). You can read this book HERE.
 
This book is an important read for all those who want to safeguard their Iman from the misleading teachings of the deviant sects. 


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Mohammad Rasulullah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the last prophet sent for the entire mankind. 

It is in Quran –  وَأَرْسَلْنَاكَ لِلنَّاسِ رَسُولًا ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ شَهِيدًا [ And We have sent you (O’ Muhammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) as an Apostle for the entire mankind, and Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is  Sufficient as a Witness .] (An-Nisa – 79).

It is in Quran - مَّا كَانَ مُحَمَّدٌ أَبَا أَحَدٍ مِّن رِّجَالِكُمْ وَلَـٰكِن رَّسُولَ اللَّهِ وَخَاتَمَ النَّبِيِّينَ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمًا [ Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Apostle of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets; and Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is Sufficient as a Witness and is ever aware of all things]. (Al-Ahzab – 40).

Quran is the last scripture sent by Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) which has been preserved in its original form for the past one thousand four hundred years.

It is in Quran –  هُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَىٰ وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ لِيُظْهِرَهُ عَلَى الدِّينِ كُلِّهِ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ  [ He (Allah -سبحانہ و تعا لی) is Who has sent His Apostle with the guidance and the religion of truth that He may make it prevail over all religions.] (As-Saff – 9).
Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is highest ranking among prophets, thus, his respect is highest in the Cosmos.

It is in Quran -  النَّبِيُّ أَوْلَىٰ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ ۖ وَأَزْوَاجُهُ أُمَّهَاتُهُمْ [Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم is  more important to the believers than their own selves and his wives are their  mothers.] (Al-Ahzab - 6)

We are commanded not to call Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) by name aloud, as we do to each other. 

It is in Quran - يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَرْفَعُوا أَصْوَاتَكُمْ فَوْقَ صَوْتِ النَّبِيِّ وَلَا تَجْهَرُوا لَهُ بِالْقَوْلِ كَجَهْرِ بَعْضِكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ أَن تَحْبَطَ أَعْمَالُكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَشْعُرُونَ-   إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَغُضُّونَ أَصْوَاتَهُمْ عِندَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُولَـٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ امْتَحَنَ اللَّهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ ۚ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ   [ O' you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) , nor speak aloud to him in talk, as you may speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds become vain and you perceive not. Those that lower their voices in the presence of Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) their hearts has Allah ( سبحانہ و تعا لی) tested for piety : for them is Forgiveness and a great Reward.  (Al-Hujraat 2-3) 
Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) word is treated as word of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) and his obedience is treated as Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) obedience. 
It is in Quran –  وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ - إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ [ (Prophet Mohammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) does not say anything with his self desire, except that this is the revelation which is coming to him (from Allah – سبحانہ و تعا لی )]. (An-Najm – 3-4).

The abilities and talents of Prophets are beyond our comprehension. They are taught by Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) therefore, are knowledgeable. They are teachers of humanity appointed by Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی). General people are required to learn from Prophets. Therefore, how can a teacher be equated with his pupils?  There are distinctions of ranks and if we do not keep these distinction in mind, we lose the right path of Islam.  

Salafis  in their attempt to equate the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and his  family members and Sahabah with general people destroyed their pious graves and erased all important relics of Islam which were the hallmark of Islamic history for the past 1300  years. They also attempted several times to destroy the Green Dome  of  Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and destroy his pious grave. 
 
The greatness of a person is known by his humility. The greater he is, more humble he becomes. Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the greatest of all human beings, therefore he is the humblest of all. 
 
Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) has rewarded Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with so many bounties but look at his humility and servitude towards Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی).
It is in Hadith (Ahmad, Bazzar,  un Anas – رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  A camel came and prostrated in front of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) . A goat came and prostrated in front of him. (Looking at this) Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and other companions also sought permission to prostrate (in front of him). But the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, ‘It is not appropriate for a human being to prostrate in front of another human being’.
It is in Quran - قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْ يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ  [Say  (O’Prophet صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) "I am a human being like you (in looks, but) the revelation has come to me (I am the Apostle of Allah - سبحانہ و تعا لی) which makes me distinct from you). (Al-Kahaf - 110).


The above verses describes 
بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْ If Allah  (سبحانہ و تعا لی) wanted to emphasize on the ordinary human aspect of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم),  the above verse could have been قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ (Say O' Prophet ' I am a human being)". But in this verse, there is an addition of word مِّثْلُكُمْ, meaning like you in looks or in the pattern of general human beings.

By adding the word مِّثْلُكُمْ, Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is emphasizing the distinction of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) from general  human beings. This aspect is made clear from the rest of the verse  يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ  (I am the Apostle of Allah which makes me distinct from all of you).   Our understanding of this verse is also supported from the following Quranic verses and Ahadith.  

It is in Hadith - Narrated by Ibn Omer, Abu Huraira and Anas (رضئ اللھ تعالی عنہم اجمعین). Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) kept fast after fast, sometimes 5 days in a row.  Sahabah tried to emulate (follow his practice), but realized it was not possible.  Prophet Mohammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم told his companions,  ‘I am not like you. I live with my Sustainer (Rabbul Aalameen) who feeds and provides me with drink. (Bukhari, Muslim). 

Three things are established from the above Hadith.

(i) He is not like any normal human being. He is placed at an exalted state ‘Maqaam-e-Mahmood’ as described in verse أَن يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَّحْمُودًا  ( Allah - سبحانہ و تعا لی  will raise you to the highest place of  praise and glory ) (Al-Isra - 79). 

(ii) Bodily he lives in this world, but spiritually he lives with His Sustainer.
 
(iii) Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) provides him with special spiritual food and drink.


Let us see some more facts from authentic Ahadith.  

(i) It is in Hadith - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) sees both in light as well as in dark, narrated by Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) and Ibn Abbas  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). (Baihaqi)

(ii) It is in Hadith - Prophet Mohammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sees simultaneously from the front and rear, narrated by Ummul Momineen Aisha ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا  ) and Anas  ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) (Bukhari, Muslim).
 
(iii)  It is in Hadith - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said ‘My eyes sleep, but my heart does not sleep’. (Bukhari, Muslim).

(iv)  Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) walks, but there is no shadow of his sacred body on earth.

(v) He sits under a tree and when he gets up, the tree starts crying.
 
(vi) The earth swallows his stool and a perfumed smell comes out of that place.

(vii) The sweat of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) body is used by brides as perfume.

(viii) It is in Hadith – ( Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم  says) : ‘A particular moment of time also comes between me and Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی ) when there is no room even for the most favorite of the angels nor is there an access to any Apostle.’

(ix) It is in Quran – ‘ The Unity of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی ) is pure, who took His servant (Mohammad Rasulullah صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in one night from the honored mosque (Masjid-e-Haraam) to the Al Aqsa mosque around which We have given abundance of virtue, so that We show him our signs and traces of Omnipotence (which were unseen by any one in this cosmos). Without doubt He is the (only) one who sees and listens.’ (Al-Isra – 1).
 
Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی ) describes the beautiful occasion of His meeting with Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on the Empyrean (Arsh-e-Mu’allah) during Me’raj. Look at the height of love between Allah  (سبحانہ و تعا لی ) and His ‘Habeeb’ Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
(x) It is in Quran - وَٱلنَّجۡمِ إِذَا هَوَىٰ -  مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمۡ وَمَا غَوَىٰ -  وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ ٱلۡهَوَىٰٓ -  إِنۡ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحۡىٌ۬ يُوحَىٰ  عَلَّمَهُ ۥ شَدِيدُ ٱلۡقُوَىٰ  -  ذُو مِرَّةٍ۬ فَٱسۡتَوَىٰ . وَهُوَ بِٱلۡأُفُقِ ٱلۡأَعۡلَىٰ  -  ثُمَّ دَنَا فَتَدَلَّىٰ  -  فَكَانَ قَابَ قَوۡسَيۡنِ أَوۡ أَدۡنَىٰ  -  فَأَوۡحَىٰٓ إِلَىٰ عَبۡدِهِۦ مَآ أَوۡحَىٰ   -   مَا كَذَبَ ٱلۡفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَىٰٓ  -  أَفَتُمَـٰرُونَهُ ۥ عَلَىٰ مَا يَرَىٰ   -   وَلَقَدۡ رَءَاهُ نَزۡلَةً أُخۡرَىٰ  -   عِندَ سِدۡرَةِ ٱلۡمُنتَهَىٰ   -  عِندَهَا جَنَّةُ ٱلۡمَأۡوَىٰٓ   -  إِذۡ يَغۡشَى ٱلسِّدۡرَةَ مَا يَغۡشَىٰ  -  مَا زَاغَ ٱلۡبَصَرُ وَمَا طَغَىٰ  -  لَقَدۡ رَأَىٰ مِنۡ ءَايَـٰتِ رَبِّهِ ٱلۡكُبۡرَىٰٓ  [The Mighty in power (Allah –سبحانہ و تعا لی) has offered him (Prophet Mohammad – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) the knowledge.  So (equipped), he stood well poised. (With the perfect vision attained) at the highest horizon. Then he (the Prophet – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) approached closer and hung (by Allah - سبحانہ و تعا لی ). Then (both) closed up like two bows, and indeed more closely. And He revealed to His servant (Prophet Mohammad – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) what He wanted to reveal. The heart of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  did not distrust what he saw. Will you people wrangle over what he beheld (saw). For indeed he beheld Him (Allah -  سبحانہ و تعا لی ) yet again. Near the 'Lote' tree lying farthest beyond which no one can go. Lying close to the Heaven of Rest. When the 'Lote' tree was being enveloped by what it was to be enveloped with (a mystery not disclosed). His (Prophet Mohammad's -  صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sight did not blink or did it miss anything. Indeed he saw clearly the greatest of the signs of his Lord’]. (An-Najm – 1-18).
(xi) It is in Quran -   قَدْ جَاءَكُم مِّنَ اللَّهِ نُورٌ وَكِتَابٌ مُّبِينٌ [ From Allah ( سبحانہ و تعا لی ) has come to you a Light (Prophet Mohammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  and a Book manifest (Quran).]  (Al-Ma'eda-15)
 
When we look at the above miraculous state of affairs of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), a unique spectrum will be unfolded. There are no limits for Miracles, super natural happenings and wonders of Allah’s  (سبحانہ و تعا لی ) omnipotence of highest order. At the same time, humility, modesty, servitude and humbleness are the distinctive excellence of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Let us read the following to understand this puzzle.
 It is in Quran -  قُل لَّا أَمْلِكُ لِنَفْسِي نَفْعًا وَلَا ضَرًّا إِلَّا مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ ۚ وَلَوْ كُنتُ أَعْلَمُ الْغَيْبَ لَاسْتَكْثَرْتُ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ وَمَا مَسَّنِيَ السُّوءُ ۚ إِنْ أَنَا إِلَّا نَذِيرٌ وَبَشِيرٌ لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ [Say (O'Prophet -  صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) I have no power over any good or harm to myself except as Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی ) wills.  If I had knowledge of the unseen, I should have multiplied all virtue and no evil should have touched me.  I am but a warner and a bringer of glad tidings to those who have faith".  ( Al-Araf- 188)
 
It is in Quran –   [ We (Allah – سبحانہ و تعا لی ) have given you a lot, abundant virtue’. (Al-Kausar – 1).
 
It is in Hadith – Prophet صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) says ‘I do not know what will be done to me, or to you’.
 
It is in Quran – أَن يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَّحْمُودًا  (Allah – سبحانہ و تعا لی says) ‘ Soon it is expected that your Sustainer (Rab) will give you very exalted state (مَقَامًا مَّحْمُودًا). (Al-Isra– 79).
 
It is in Quran –  وَلَلْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لَّكَ مِنَ الْأُولَىٰ  -  وَلَسَوْفَ يُعْطِيكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرْضَىٰ [ (Allah – سبحانہ و تعا لی   says) ‘ Every moment your state is better than your past state’. (And) ‘Very soon your Sustainer will give you in abundance and you will be pleased with it’. (Ad-dDhuha – 4-5).
 
It is in Quran – وَرَفَعْنَا لَكَ ذِكْرَكَ [(Allah –سبحانہ و تعا لی says) ‘We have exalted your invocation (zikr) higher (in the cosmos).] (Ash-Sharh – 4).
 

It is very important to have Sahih Iman about Prophet Mohammad (). A slightest mistake in this regard takes you out of Iman and Islamic fold altogether.

Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups consider Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as a normal human being as anyone else. The problem is that things which are visible to the normal physical eyes are also ignored by them.

They do not pay attention to the fact that there is a commonality which is common in two things, but it is the distinction which is the deciding factor of excellence. They should know that between human being and animals there are many commonalities. The animals are living beings, they eat and they reproduce their species. These are commonalities between animals and human beings. But the distinction between the two is the human beings are crowned with common sense, intelligence, therefore, they have become masters of the world.

They should know that there are many commonalities between believers and non-believers as well. The distinction between the two is the Islamic faith. Because of this distinction, one will go the Paradise and the other will be burned in Hell fire permanently. Makkan apostates like Abu Jahel and others used to say, what is the difference between him (Prophet Mohammad – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and other people of Makkah, as he lives a life of a normal human being.

It is in Quran -  وَقَالُوا مَالِ هَـٰذَا الرَّسُولِ يَأْكُلُ الطَّعَامَ وَيَمْشِي فِي الْأَسْوَاقِ ۙ لَوْلَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ فَيَكُونَ مَعَهُ نَذِيرًا [(the apostates of Makka used to say) ‘What is there in this Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم),  he eats food like us and goes to around the markets like us.] (Al-Furqan – 7).

 

But As-hab-e-Rasulullah (رضئ اللھ تعالی عنہم اجمعین ) never used to think on these lines and they never compared Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with normal human beings. They looked at Prophet Mohammad’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) life as an absolute miracle of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی ). To them Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has been an unusual phenomenon of Allah’s  (سبحانہ و تعا لی ) omnipotence.

Prophet Mohammad’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) life is a perpetual miracle.  How come an apparently unlettered human being could change the course of the world? How could he culminates the teachings of all prophets and becomes a stamp on the Divine law? Whatever he does, whatever he says is the Divine law.

It is in Quran –  وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ - إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ [ (Prophet Mohammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) does not say anything with his self desire, except that this is the revelation which is coming to him (from Allah – سبحانہ و تعا لی )]. (An-Najm – 3-4).

He brings the news of unseen which was unknown to anyone in this world before him. These and many more things which are known to everyone of us are ignored by these unfortunate people.

Prophet Mohammad
(صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) represents humanity in all his actions. He shows happiness on certain things and displeasure on certain things. He shows fore knowledge of certain things and shows his unawareness of certain things. He pleads with Almighty for His forgiveness. He walks in streets like normal human beings. He fights with infidels along with his companions and sometimes the results of the battles are inconclusive and sometimes he wins. He becomes concerned when something goes wrong with his family members and his companions and shares happiness with them on happy occasions.

Why it is so?   Did you ever think about that?  Read this Quranic verse to understand this phenomenon.

It is in Quran - لَّقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ [Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is an exemplary model (for all of you) (Al-Ahzab – 21). 

He is an icon of humanity and of all creations.   In other words, he is a perfect human being. Like him there is none. He represents various facets of humanity at various stages of his life. Sometimes, he shows utmost humility of a desperate human being and on other occasions, pointing his finger towards the moon splits it into two, which was witnessed by all Quraish.

It is in Quran - اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ - وَإِن يَرَوْا آيَةً يُعْرِضُوا وَيَقُولُوا سِحْرٌ مُّسْتَمِرٌّ [The Hour (the Day of Resurrection) came near and the moon was split.  And if they see any sign, then turn their faces and say this is magic perpetual.]  (Al-Qamar -1-2).

One of the most important aspect of our Iman is utmost respect of Prophet Mohammad(صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and deep rooted love for him in our hearts.

We should be careful while describing about Prophets, Sahabah, Imams, Sufi Shaikhs of Ihsan and Awliya Allah. They are all virtuous and stand tall in Islamic Ummah. We should not rebel against their authorities in religion. If we do not keep these things in mind, we are sure to be doomed on the Day of Judgment.

 

 

 

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

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