اثنين من نكسات كبرى في التاريخ الإسلامي
يزيد بن معاوية - محمد بن عبد الوهاب
كما أنها تؤذي المسلمين لا احد لا في تاريخهم
Every period in human history has different circumstances, different conditions, different requirements and different mindset of people. Our analysis of important issues should be comprehensive, factual and expressed in simple terms so that people from all sections of society benefit from it.
Every nation goes through upheavals in its history of existence. Those who show resilience to the setbacks and have the courage to correct themselves quickly, survive and retain their original identity. Those who succumb to upheavals, get erased from the history.
Muslims had two major set backs in their 1400 years history. We will briefly discuss these set backs and their after affects on Muslims. The facts are chilling, sufficient to jolt our conscience. However, no one from the present day Muslims could be held directly responsible for the happenings of the past. The purpose of describing these facts here is that we get an opportunity to search our conscience, realize our mistakes, repent, pray for forgiveness of Allah (SWT) and His Apostle Mohammad (SAWS) and correct our faith and deeds to ensure salvation on the Day of Judgment.
The first generation Caliphate consisted of four rightful Caliphs who had the honor of continuing to walk on the foot steps of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS). The fifth rightful Caliph, Hazrat Imam Hassan (RU) was forced to step down from Caliphate in order to avoid bloodshed. Even, during this period, out of the total five Caliphs, four were martyred in various conspiracies.
Yazid Ibn Mu’aviah was the chief architect of the first upheaval of Muslims. On his orders the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussain (RU), the grandson of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) took place at Karbala in Southern Iraq. After that, the political power of Muslims slipped into the hands of second generation Caliphs who were not as good as the first 5 rightful Caliphs and their associates.
The martyrdom of Imam Hussain (RU) marked the end of glorious period of Muslims and dawn of a second generation Caliphate where ceremonial formalities cropped up and cultural defects started to show up in a big way. The second generation Caliphate continued for the following one thousand years.
The second major upheaval came when the second generation Caliphate was abolished on March 3, 1924 when Otomon Empire of Turkey was defeated in the first world war and Islamist politico-religious Wahhabi movement took control of Arabian Peninsula. This marked the beginning of the massive change of faith, practice and outlook of Muslims. The fall of Caliphate also gave rise to ruthless kingships and dictatorships in Islamic countries and eventual disintegration of Muslim society into bits and pieces. Muslims never recovered from this upheaval and their pathetic state of affairs in the world today is directly related to this upheaval. We will discuss briefly the intensity of these upheavals and there resulting in effects on the Muslim Society.
Ibn Abdul Wahhab An-Njdi (1703–1792) is the chief Architect of the second upheaval of Muslims. He belonged to Arab tribe of Banu Tamim who lived in Najd. His rebellion started around 1740, when he was about 37 years old. He managed to convince his new beliefs to the Town Commissioner Uthman Ibn Mu’ammar of Uyana town in Najd. With his support he destroyed the grave of Hazrat Zayd Ibn Al-Khattab, a companion of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) and brother of second rightful Caliph of Islam, Hazrat Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (RU) which was located in that town.
When the news of destruction of the grave reached to the main ruler, they became furious. The Town Commissioner was ordered to arrest Ibn Abdul Wahhab and prosecute him for the heinous crime. The news reached Ibn Abdul Wahhab in time and he fled the town and took refuge in Dir’iyya, which was under the control of neighboring tribal rulers Sauds. I
bn Abdul Wahhab had learnt the art of convincing innocent people. In Dir’iyya he developed acquaintance with the ruler's wife and convinced her of his new beliefs. She later introduced him to the ruler who was gradually convinced of his new beliefs. In collusion with this tribal ruling house he ruthlessly implemented his new faith in the area controlled by Sauds.
Sauds fought many battles for the next 140 years with the help of other neighboring tribes. Wherever they went, the Wahhabis cleansed the cities, towns and areas from Sunnis, their rivals. Not only that, they destroyed and leveled the graves of the companions of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS). The Wahhabi mobs destroyed everything that was preserved by Muslims for centuries.
Hijaz was under the control of Otomon empire of Turkey. The British supported Wahhabis to win over Hijaz as it was in their interest to break the Otomon empire. After the defeat of Turkey in the first world war and abolition of Caliphate on March 3, 1924, Wahhabis completely overtook Arabian Peninsula and the new Salafi Mazhab became the official religion of that country.
After their conquest, the Saudis struck massive oil fields in East coast which made them one of the richest countries in the world. The new Salafi faith, backed by excessive oil wealth expanded rapidly into neighboring Arabian countries followed by the rest of the World.
Wherever Wahhabis won battles, they indulged in frenzied mob attacks on Sunni populations. A large scale ethnic cleansing took place in the whole of Arabian peninsula like that of Spain and Bosnia. But the difference between Spanish/Bosnian ethnic cleansing and Saudi ethnic cleansing is that the Europeans did not destroy the graves of the dead of their defeated enemy.
In Arabian Peninsula, it was worst human tragedy, the unstoppable mobs destroyed the graves of Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWS) parents, children, relatives and companions at a large scale. The mobs also erased all important relics of Islam from the time of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) which were dear to their defeated rivals. Some people say that the Wahhabi mobs seriously attempted twice to destroy the tomb and grave of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS), but Allah (SWT) did not allow them to succeed in their evil attempts.
In the first upheaval, the grand children of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) were martyred. At that time it was claimed that Imam Hussain (RU) was at fault by not accepting the orders of the (so called) virtuous assassins. In the second upheaval, the entire Sunni population was eliminated from the Arabian Peninsula. They did not leave even the graves of the dead. They destroyed and leveled the graves of Prophet Mohammad’s parents, his wives (Ummahatul Momineen), his close relatives and all his companions. Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWS) companions lived everywhere in Arabian Peninsula. But we find no trace of their graves anywhere in the country except a few in a very dilapidated condition at two places, Makka Al-Mukarrama and Madina Al-Munawwara. Wahhabis built their houses on the graves of As-hab-e-Rasullah (SAWS) and roads and bridges were built on them. It was claimed that Sunnis pay too much respect to the graves of Prophet (SAWS), his relatives and companions, which, in salafi view, was a form of worship.
Why these people targeted Prophet Mohammad (SAWS), his family and his companions is a big mystery. Any normal human being fails to accept that the followers of a religion could target their own Prophet (SAWS). Isra’ilis did that earlier when they killed their prophets without valid reasons. Wahhabis did worse than that. They targeted the graves of their Prophet's kith and kin. Can there be a valid reason for these acts?
It is in Bukhari, narrated by Hazrat Abdullah Ibne Omer (RU) that once Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) supplicated to Allah (SWT) for his beneficence for Syria and Yemen. Some people of Najd were also seated there who requested the Prophet (SAWS) for supplicating for Najd. The Prophet (SAWS) again supplicated for Syria and Yemen. Third time on their request, the Prophet (SAWS) said that (Najd) is a place of earthquakes, tribulation and mischief, from where a horn of Satan (Qiranish Shaitan) will rise’.
It is in Bukhari, narrated by Hazrat Ali (RU) that he heard Prophet Mohammed (SAWS) saying that ‘towards the end (before resurrection – Qiyamah) a Jama’at (group) of young and ignorant people will rise who will talk about the religion, which will look good on the face of it, but Islamic beliefs will not go down their throats (meaning they will not understand them). They will go out of Islam as the arrow goes out of the bow’.
It is in Muslim, narrated by Hazrat Abdullah Ibne Omer (RU) that once Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) was standing on the door of the mother of believers, Hazrata Hafsa (RU). The Prophet (SAWS) showed his hand towards East (Najd) and said, ‘that is the place of mischief from where a horn of Satan will rise’.
It is in Muslim, narrated by Hazrat Abdullah Ibne Omer (RU) that once Prophet Mohammed (SAWS) came out of Ka’abaullah along with Hazrata Aisha (RU) and showing his hand towards East (Najd) said, ‘that is the center of apostasy (Ra’as al-Kufr) from where a horn of Satan will rise’.
The above prophesies came out true. The dawn of the new religion began with a big bang. Wahhabis call it ‘Pure Islam’.
Imam Hussain (RU) and his children could have been spared as he was willing to lead the life of seclusion away from political power as he publicly declared that he was not interested in worldly positions. But no? For them it was important that Imam Hussain (RU) along with his innocent young children and associates be mercilessly martyred.
The memorials of Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWS) parents, wives, children, relatives and his companions could have been spared showing some courtesy to Prophet Mohammad (SAWS). If they thought people were giving more respect to these memorials, the ruling Wahhabis could have stopped people from visiting these places by several other means. But no? It is was important for Salafis that Prophet’s (SAWS) family and companions should be humiliated and insulted by frenzied mob attacks as a show of naked ruthless fanatic hooliganism.
Salafis claim that when a person dies, his contact with this world is no more. For argument sake if their contention is accepted (Astaghfiruallahi), still, does it give them the freedom to destroy the graves of Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWS) family members and companions? They are so dear to Prophet’s (SAWS) heart. Don’t they deserve to be spared as a gesture to Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) who has done so much for humanity?
Prophet Mohammad (SAWS), his family members and his companions are favorites of Allah (SWT). As per Quran and Hadiths, the connection of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) and his virtuous family members and companions is perpetual with this world.
It is in Quran – ‘ Those who die in the way of Allah (SWT), do not call them as dead. They are alive, but you do not understand it’. (Al-Baqara – 154).
It is in Quran – ‘But verily the Home in the Hereafter, that is life indeed, if they, but knew. (Al-Ankaboot – 64).
It is in Quran – ‘Think not of those, who are martyred in the way of Allah, as dead. No, they are living with their Lord and are provided with food’. (Aal-e-Imran – 169).
It is in Hadith - narrated by Hazrat Abdullah Bin Abbas (RU) that the Prophet (SAWS) said, ‘whoever goes by the grave of a believer and offers salutation (says Assalamu alaikum) to him, the believer recognizes him and answers back the salutation’.
There are innumerable Quranic verses and Ahadith which confirm that the believers, after their death, live in exclusive comforts which are better than this world. Why not? This was promised to them from their Lord. The believers, after their death can see us, can communicate with us and can reply to our salutations. Many Quranic verses and Ahadith confirm this fact.
Earlier, we could not see anything in the dark. Now scientists have developed lenses with which we can see, and take pictures of small objects on earth from outer space of the world in the night. Similarly, life after death is a reality which is proved from Quran and Hadith. It is also confirmed from Quran and Hadith that people living there can see the people of our world. However, the life after death is hidden from our physical eyes. A sensible person can easily understand these facts. If someone is strong headed, adamant, egoistic and refuses to accept plain facts and rejects overwhelming evidences about 'Life after death', what can we say. It is his hard luck.
The standards of living in our ‘Physical world’ and in ‘Life after Death’ are totally different from each other. The body forms of ‘Life after Death’ are different from our physical bodies. Our physical eyes are restricted from witnessing ‘Life After Death’. But if you can get special lenses appropriate with that world, you can also see them. Try to develop these lenses rather than wasting time in rejecting the Quranic verses and Ahadiths by wrong interpretions.
Imagine, what, As-hab-e-Rasulullah (SAWS), mothers of believers, children of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS), must have felt when unruly mobs attacked their memorials with bulldozing guns, iron rods, spades and destroyed everything viciously ? What they felt when people built their houses upon their graves. What Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) must have felt when the memorials of his near and dear were destroyed and erased by hooligans? And what Allah (SWT) must have felt when his beloved Prophet’s (SAWS) loved ones were humiliated in this manner?
Even the worst enemies will not resort to this kind of degradation of humanity. In places like Spain and Bosnia, the worst enemies of Muslims did not dig the graves of the dead of their enemies. This is a unique example in the entire history of mankind where people not only eliminated their living enemies, but also erased the graves of their dead. Indeed, Wahhabis carried out a perfect ethnic cleansing, the example of which is not found the history of mankind.
Salafis, Wahhabis and all their associated sub groups consider both these actions as legitimate, rightful and justified. They claim that the Chief Assassin Yazid, the one, under whose orders Imam Hussain (RU) was martyred, was a sincere Muslim and say (Raziallau unhu) with his name. They also claim, Imam Hussain (RS) was guilty. Similarly, they say the destruction and humiliation of the graves of Prophet’s family and companions in the hands of unruly salafi fanatics was legitimate and authentic action. For them, both these actions were necessary to revive the Islam? Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. What kind of fearlessness is this? They are not afraid of Allah’s (SWT) torment (azab).
The major exponents of modern Islamist thoughts are many who are anchored by Salafis/Wahhabis with massive financial assistance and Da’awa logistic support. Most of these prominent personalities are the founders of their respective groups like Muslim Brotherhood, Ahle Hadith, Jama’at-e-Islami, Tabhlighi Jama’at, Deo Bandis, etc.
It looks the ultimate quest of these Islamist groups is to capture the Islamic popular mainstream by imposing a single salafi ideology. It is a prelude to mobilize masses and gain political control of Muslim countries throughout the world. Their onslaught is massive, they are dedicated in their resolve and are successful in their drive. They first took control of the Middle East. Currently, they are successful in Afghanistan where Taliban, who belong to Deo Bandis, have literally taken over that country. They have infiltrated deep into neighboring Pakistan where they are welcomed with open arms by powerful Jama’at-e-Islami and Tablighi Jama’at.
Salafis and their offshoot groups have strong following in India, Bangladesh, Africa, Americas, Far East and other parts of the world. They have become the self-styled defenders of Islam by representing themselves as the Islamic mainstream to the exclusion of Sunnis whom they openly charge as unbelievers.
The Sunnis are in complete disarray. They lack central leadership, massive petro-dollar funding and logistic support for global Da’awa as enjoyed by Salafis. There are some stray unorganized individual efforts by some Sunni theologians. Earlier truthful Shaikhs of Ihsan and real Sufis were in abundance, spread over in all Muslim countries who showed Muslim masses the right path. Now these Shaikhs are in great scarcity. Sunnis carry the legacy of opposition to violence as was taught to them by their legendary Shaikhs. They do not rebel against constituted elected authorities in their countries. Their prominent Sufi Shaikhs taught them tolerance, mutual co-existence and influencing people by virtuous traits rather than by violence and militancy. Thus, they are in no position to offer resistance to Salafi advances deep into their territories.
Among the living scholars of these groups some are very popular and well known for their encyclopedic knowledge and photo finish memory. They memorize a lot but unfortunately do not discipline themselves under the guidance of truthful Islamic Shaikhs. They master the art of inter-religious debates. They appear on regular TV shows. They never openly accept that they belong to a specific Muslim sect, but they do propagate Salafi beliefs in their lectures, talks and books. Often they run into major controversies by hurting the sentiments of Muslims for their blunt public derogatory remarks on the family members of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) and his companions. There are many Quranic verses and Ahadith confirming truthfulness, importance and greatness of the family members and companions of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS). They are daring and totally fearless. They spend most of their time in finding faults in Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWS) family and companions. They publicly accuse his beloved grandson, Hazrat Imam Hussain (RU) as guilty and praise his assassins.
The unique characteristics of these scholars is they study Islam by self, by reading and memorizing books. They never mention names of any Islamic Shaikh or Institutions under whom they have studied Islam. When we look at these scholars’ Islamic beliefs, we get convinced that no one can get to the spirit of Islam by reading and memorizing books. We need to study Islam under the watchful eyes of a truthful living Islamic Shaikh of Ihsan who would cleanse and purify our hearts and clear our doubts so that our hearts get illuminated with the light of Islam with which we walk on the straight path of Islam.
We disagree with the interpretations of Islamic faith and practice by Salafis/Wahhabis and their sub groups. Our disagreement is general in nature and not specific against any particular individual or group.
Correct Islamic Faith is a requirement for salvation on the Day of Judgment and we sincerely pray for scholars and people of all Islamic sects. May Allah (SWT) lead them and every one of us to the right path and help us to remain stead fast in our quest for revival in this world and salvation on the Day of Judgment. Ameen.