LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

THE SHADOWLESS PROPHET (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)

 

Written   By

 

Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri

 

 

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INTRODUCTION 

    

بِسم الله الرحمنِ الرحيم  

 الحمد لله رب العالمين ، والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين

 
The shadow of Prophet Mohammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) could not be seen in Sunlight or Moonlight.  There are many authentic Ahadith in this context. Deviant sects like Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups claim that the shadow of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was visible. The quote certain references to prove their claim.  We have discussed in this issue in detail and have proved, in the light of Quran and Ahadith that the  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did not have his  shadow like normal human beings.
 
It is in Hadith - Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) told his companions : 'I am not like you.  I live with my Sustainer (رب) who feeds and provides me drink.  (Bukhari, Muslim).
 
It is in Quran - قَدْ جَاءَكُم مِّنَ اللَّهِ نُورٌ وَكِتَابٌ مُّبِينٌ  (From Allah has come to you a Light and a Book manifest.) (Al-Maeda - 15).
 
The above verse is very clear in describing Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  as "Noor from Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی).  In the exegesis (Tafseer) of the above verse, many well known  Ulema have confirmed that the  "light"  refers to Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

(i) Suyuti in Tafsir al-Jalalayn.   (ii) Feruzabadi in the Tafsir Ibn `Abbas entitled Tanwir al-miqbas (p. 72). (iii) Imam Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, in his Tafsir al-kabir (11:189). (iv) Qadi Baidawi in his Tafsir Anwar at-Tanzil. (v) Al-Baghawi in his Tafsir Ma`alim at-Tanzil (2:23).  (vi) Al-Shirbini in his Tafsir al-Siraj al-Munir (p. 360). (vii)  Tafsir Abi Sa`ud (4:36). (viii) Thana’ullah Pani Pati in his Tafsir al-mazhari, (3:67). (ix) Shaikh Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) in his Tafseer-e-Siddiqui.

(xi) Ibn Jarir al-Tabari in his Tafsir jami` al-bayan (6:92) said : “There has come to you a Light from Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی): He means by the Light : Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) by means of whom Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) has illuminated the truth, brought forth Islam, and obliterated idolatry."

(xii) Al-Khazin in his Tafsir (2:28)  says : “There has come to you a Light from Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) means: Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) called him a light for no other reason than that one is guided by Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in the same way that one is guided by light in darkness."

(xiii) Al-Nasafi in his commentary Tafsir Al-Madarik (1:276) and al-Qasimi in his Mahasin at-ta’wil (6:1921) say: “There has come to you a Light from Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) : is the light of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), because one is guided by him. Similarly he has been called a lamp (Siraj).”

(xiv) Ahmad al-Sawi in his commentary on Tafsir al-Jalalayn (1:258) said : “There has come to you a Light from Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) : that Light is the Prophet,Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He was named a light because he enlightens the sight and guides it to the correct path; and also because he is the root of every light whether material or spiritual." 

(xv) Sayyid Mahmud al-Alusi in his commentary  Tafsir Ruh al-Ma`ani (6:97) said : “There has come to you a Light from Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) : that is, an immense light which is the Light of Lights  among all Prophets.
 

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The following Ahadith establish the fact that the shadow of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) could not be seen during the day or night (moonlight). 

(i) It is in Hadith - Imam Ibn al-Jawzi in his Kitabul-Wafa narrates a Hadith from Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who  said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had no shadow, not while standing in the sun, but the brilliance of his light (nur) surpassed the rays of the sun; nor while sitting before a burning light, but his luminous light excelled the luster of the light". (Kitab al-Wafa by Ibn al-Jawzi)   

(ii) It is in Hadith - Imam Nasafi in his Tafseer Madaarik narrates from  Uthman bin Affaan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ),   that he said to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : "Allah Almighty does not let your shadow fall on the ground, so that no foot of man can fall on it". (Tafseer Madaarik by Imam Nasafi)

(iii) It is in Hadith - Imam Jalaluddin Suyuti in his Khasaa'el  al-Kubra narrates from Ibn Saba (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ): "This is also a unique feature of the Prophet  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) that his shadow did not touch the ground, because he was light (nur), and when he used to walk in the sunshine his shadow could not be seen." (Khasaa'el al-Kubra by Jalaluddin Suyuti)

(iv) It is in Hadith -  Hakeem Tirmidhi  in his book Nawaadirul-Usool narrates from  Zakwaan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) a Sahabi of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who said :  "The shadow of the Prophet  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), could not be seen in the brightness of the sun,  or in moonlight". (Nawaadir al-Usool by Hakeem Tirmidhi)

Abu Abdullah Muhammad al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi, is a great Islamic Scholar of 3rd Century AH,  who collected many Ahadith pertaining to various Islamic issues,  in his book Nawadir al-usul fi  ma’rifat Ahadith al-Rasul (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)’.   

It is a consensus of Islamic scholars that there was no shadow of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). We have described below opinions of some of them.  

(i) Imam Qadi Iyad (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) in his Ash-Shifa states:  "The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did not possess a shadow in the brightness of the sun or in the moonlight, because he was light (nur)".

(ii) Imam Ahmad Qastalani (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) states in Al-Mawahibul-laduniyya: " The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did not possess a shadow in the brightness of the sun or moonlight.  

(iii) Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlvi (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ), who is  heavily quoted by Deobandis and their like minded groups, states in Madaarij an-nubuwwah : " The Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  shadow did not appear in sunshine nor in moonlight".

(iv) Shaikh Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ), described in several of his Tafseer and many of his books that the shadow of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did not appear in Sunshine or in the moonlight.

(v) Ghawth al-A'zam Shaikh Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) confirms the fact that the Prophet Mohammad's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) shadow did not appear in sunshine or in moonlight.

 

CORRECT UNDERSTANDING OF AHADITH

 

Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups  quote following two Ahadith to establish that Prophet Mohammad’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) shadow appeared on the ground.

It is in Hadith - Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrates that, one night the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led us in prayer, and during the prayer he stretched out his hand and then pulled it back. We said : “O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) we saw you doing something in prayer that we did not see you do before.” The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : “Indeed, Paradise was presented before me, and I saw in it, fruits that were low and near.   I intended to take one but was told to hold back, thus I held back.  Then Hell was presented before me until  I saw my and your shadow in it, thus I gestured to you to move back.” (Mustadrak al-Hakim, 4/456).

The above Hadith is misunderstood by the followers of deviant sects.   In the above Hadith, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) says : 'Then Hell was presented before me until  I saw my and your shadow in it,  thus I gestured to you to move back.'

Hell has been referred to as Fire in Quran which burns human bodies as punishment.  Therefore, when the Hell was presented to  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the brightness of the Hell was in front of  him. Then, how come his shadow will appear in the Hell?    If at all he had a shadow (as wrongly claimed by Salafis), it will appear behind him.  Therefore, the meanings of this Hadith are, 'the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) could see into the Hell from a touching distance'.  And he gestured to move back from this kind of closeness of fire. In this Hadith, "I could see the Shadow in it" is used as a metaphor which emphasizes the closeness with which the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) witnessed the Hell.

 
It is in Hadith - Ummul Momineen A’isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrates that once while the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  was on a journey, the camel of Ummul Momineen Safiyya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) fell ill.  Ummul Momineen Zainab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) (who also accompanied this journey) had an extra camel. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to  Zainab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) :  'The camel of  Safiyya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) has become ill, can you lend her your extra camel? ”   She replied : “should I give that Jew?'  (Before converting to Islam, Safiyyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) was  a Jew). So, ( the Apostle of Allah - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم  did not like this utterance, and)  left  Zainab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) for two or three months as he would not come to her.  She says : 'Until one day, at midday, I could see the shadow of the Apostle of Allah  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) approaching.” (Musnad Ahmad, 6-132)

The above Hadith is misunderstood by deviant sects.   The Hadith states 'Until one day, at midday, I could see the shadow of the Apostle of Allah  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  approaching.”  

All Ummaha-tul-Momineen were provided with rooms adjacent to each other,  close by Masjid-e-Nabawi (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  No one could see the inside of Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) household from outside as these rooms were always tightly closed. When, Prophet Mohammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) went to see Ummul Momineen Zainab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا),  she must have seen the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  approaching her all of a sudden after a long absence.  How could she see his shadow in the room  at mid-day when there is no shadow of the body falling on the ground even outside the room?  

Let us look at another possibility that when Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) approached Ummul Momineen Zainab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), somewhere outside their residence.  Even in this scenario, she cannot see Prophet’s  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) shadow approaching her, because the Hadith mentioned the time to be "mid day".  At mid day, the sun is straight on the head and we find no shadow falling on the ground. 

Therefore, the meanings of the above Hadith are, Ummul Momineen Zainab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) saw  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) approaching her.  The shadow in this Hadith is used as a metaphor for the sudden approach of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in front of her.  

It is important that we learn Quran and Ahadith in the company of  truthful Shaikhs of Ihsan.  If we try to learn Quran and Ahadith independently, we are sure to get mislead and go astray.  

If the shadow of Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was there, then  we could have found its mention in many Ahadith in Saha Sitta.  The above two Ahadith which are misquoted by Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups are taken from Musnad Ahmad and Mustadrak Al-Hakim.  It is the practice of the deviant sects that they search the entire Islamic literature to find something which they can misinterpret to downgrade the respect and honor of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and to equate him with sinful human beings. They do the same thing with Sahabah and Awliya Allah.

Who were the people who used to equate Prophet Mohammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with normal sinful human beings?  They were Makkan Pagans. 

It is in Quran -   وَقَالُوا مَالِ هَـٰذَا الرَّسُولِ يَأْكُلُ الطَّعَامَ وَيَمْشِي فِي الْأَسْوَاقِ ۙ لَوْلَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ فَيَكُونَ مَعَهُ نَذِيرًا [ (the Makkan pagans used to say) ‘What is there in this Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and other people of Makkah,  he eats food like us and goes around the markets like us’. (Al-Furqan – 7).

The deviant sects follow the foot steps of Makkan Pagans (Astaghfirullahal azeem). 

 

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

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