Shaikh spent over 40 years in the company of famous Shuyookh of Ihsan learning Quran, Hadith, Fiqh and Islamic Theology. He had the opportunity to serve them and learn in their company the true meanings of Iman, Islam and Ihsan.
Shaikh received Khilafah in Chishti and Quadri lineage from Hadhrat Badruddin Khaled Wajoodi (رحمة الله عليه) in 1985. He also received Khilafa and Ijaza in Quadri, Naqshbandi and Shadhili Salasil in 1996 from Hadhrat Hussain Shujauddin Siddiqui (رحمة الله عليه) who had Khilafa and Ijaza in these Salasil from his father Hadhrat Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (رحمة الله عليه).Shaikh said 'Ghousul Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jeelani (رضئ الله تعالى عنه), Gharib Nawaz Khwaja Moinuddin Chishtee (رضئ الله تعالى عنه), Shaikh Abul Hasan Shadhili (رضئ الله تعالى عنه) and Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshband (رضئ الله تعالى عنه) are my Grand Shuyookh from whom I received countless bounties. Their guidance and assistance has been vital for me during my journey on the intrinsic path of Ihsan. It is because of them I was rewarded with Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) audience. Their unwavering support to our Sahih Iman campaign in the world is like a solid rock that cannot be assailed by anyone in the world.Once Shaikh told his close Murideen that his Shuyooks Hadhrat Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui, Hadhrat Badruddin Khaled Wajudi, Hadhrat Shujauddin Siddiqui (رحمة الله عليهم اجمعین) were Aghwaath of their times and his father Hadhrat Mir Momin Ali Quadri (رحمة الله عليه) was Abdaal of his time.On this some Murideen asked about the status of Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri. Shaikh replied, 'it is important for you all to know that whatever I got on this path is not by my prayers, fasting, religious work or night vigils. It is purely from the generosity and tawojjoh of my Shuyookh and Grand Shuyookh. They played a big role in my life. Whatever you see is the Sadaqa of Rasulullah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and mercy of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی).'Shaikh kept quiet for a while and said - 'some of you on whom when 'World of Similitude' (عالمِ مثال) will be opened, they will know many facts. Whoever among you, when awarded with spiritual vision, make sure that you do not disclose in public or publicize in speeches what is being viewed by you, because some people cannot understand the importance and significance of your statements and make a mockery of it and reserve their place in Hell for their foul mouth. However, it is Sunnah and the normal practice of Awliya Allah that they confide (disclose) these facts to their Shuyookh and to very close deserving members of their families. It is in Ahadith that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to tell his spiritual experiences to Ummul Momineen Khadeeja (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) and other close members.'
AN OVERVIEW OF AWLIYA ALLAH
Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) calls Sufi Shuyookh as His friends and praises them in Quran - أَلَا إِنَّ أَوْلِيَاءَ اللَّهِ لَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ - الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ - لَهُمُ الْبُشْرَىٰ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ ۚ لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ [Behold the friends of Allah! On them shall come no fear, nor shall they grieve. These are they, who have believed in Allah and are mindful of Him (the feeling of closeness of Allah) and (have consequently abstained from everything evil). To them tidings come (from Allah) of a happy life both in this world and in Hereafter. The word of Allah is never revoked. This in itself is a great felicity] (Younus - 62-64).
Awliya Allah are chosen people. They inherit their knowledge, stations, and states from Prophets.
It is in Hadith - “Whoever takes a Wali of Mine an enemy, I will wage war on him; and My slave will not perform any act with which he draws closer to Me, more beloved to Me then when he fulfills what I have ordained on him; and My salve will keep drawing closer to Me by performing the Nawafil (voluntary acts of worship) until I love him, and when I love him, I will be his hearing with which he hears, his sight with which he sees, his hands with which he strikes, and his legs with which he walks; and if he asks Me, I will give him; and if he seeks refuge with Me, I will grant him refuge” (Bukhari).
The emphasis on "Wali of mine" in the above Hadith shows that this human being is the chosen one.
Our Physical world is known as Aalm-e-Shahadah (the world of Manifestation). We all know how our world is being governed. The World is divided into continents, countries and regions. We have about 195 big and small countries in the world which are Governed by Kings, Presidents, Prime Ministers, State Governors, etc.
Similarly, Aalam-e-Mithal (the world of similitude) also has a system of Governance. Since that world is not seen by physical eyes, people know very little about it. However, those who are awarded with spiritual vision are aware of Aalam.
There are two types of Awliya Allah in the world. (1) those who are connected with the Governance of Aalam-e-Mithal, and (2) those who are not involved in the Governance of Aalam-e-Mithal.
Awliya Allah who are not connected to the Governance of Aalam-e-Mithal are broadly categorized as follows.Majzoob ( مجذوب ) - ( Absorbed in Aalam-e-Mithal )
Muhib ( محب ) - ( Affectionate of Allah - سبحانه و تعا لی )
Mahboob ( محبوب ) - ( Beloved of Allah -سبحانه و تعا لی )
Fard ( فرد ) - Supreme individual - ( the highest ranking Wali Allah) - Among them, some are known as 'Habeeb ( حبيب )'.
Awliya Allah who are connected with Governance of Aalm-e-Mithal, consists of the following.Qutub ( قطب ) - (Governor) - There is a Qutub for every city and country as per his rank and seniority.Abdaal ( ابدال ) - (Regional In-Charge) - Aalm-e-Mithal is divided into 40 Regions and an Abdaal (Substitute) is In-charge of that Region.Autaad ( اوتاد ) - ( Zonal In-charge ) - There are 7 major zones of Aalm-e-Mithal and an Autaad is made In-charge of that zone.Imam (امام) - (Supreme Deputy) - Aalam-e-Mithal is primarily divided into two Main Divisions and each Division is looked after by an Imam.Ghawth (غوث) - He is the Head of administration of Aalm-e-Mithal.Governance of Aalam-e-Mithal has been explained to us by Prophet Mohammad ().
Some people do not know or understand about the Status of Awliya Allah. They are not aware of special beneficence of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) upon them. Muslim sects, particularly Salafis and their like minded groups, deny the above status of Awliya Allah and make fun of these titles. What can we say about these people except that they would like to remain ignorant from Quran and Sunnah. They do not realize that these titles were given to them by Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) and Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
It is in Hadith - Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal narrates in his Musnad (1:112).
The people of Syria were mentioned in front of Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) when he was in Iraq, and they said: "Curse them, O' Commander of the Believers." He replied: "No, I heard the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say - Al-Abdaal ( the big spiritual rank of Awliya Allah translated into English as 'Substitutes') are in Syria and they are forty men. Every time one of them dies, Allah substitutes another in his place. By means of them, Allah brings down the rain, gives (Muslims) victory over their enemies and averts punishment from the people of Syria."
Al-Haythami said: "The men (narrators) in this Hadith's chains are all those of the Sahih except for Sharih ibn 'Ubayd, and he is (indeed) trustworthy (Thiqa)."
Nawawi in his book Bustan al-'arifin (1985 ed. p. 31) has mentioned that Muhaddith Hammad ibn Salama ibn Dinar (d. 167) was considered to be one of the abdaal.
Sakhawi in his narrations of the abdaal in his Maqasid (p. 33 #8) has stated as follows:
QUOTE - What makes this Hadith (narrated by Hazrat Ali Ibne Abi Talib - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ mentioned above) stronger and indicates its currency among the Imams is the statement of Imam, al-Shafi`i, concerning a certain person: "We considered him one of the abdaal".
Also, Bukhari's statement concerning another person: "They did not doubt that he was one of the abdaal."
And other than these two (among the highly acclaimed Imams), Qatada and Wahb also used to refer to certain people - stating that they were from the abdaal. UNQUOTE
The above Hadith confirms the titles of Awliya Allah, their status among Muslims and confirms that because of them Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) brings down the rain, gives Muslims victory over their enemies". This shows that Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) loves his Awliya Allah and because of them many things are given to people.
It is in Hadith - Tabarani said in his Mu'jam al-Awsat - that Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "The earth will never lack forty men (Abdaal) similar to the Friend of the Merciful (Prophet Ibrahim - علیھ السلا م) and through them people receive rain and are given help. None of them dies except Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) substitutes another in his place."
Commenting on the above Hadith, Qatada said: "We do not doubt that Hasan al-Basri is one of them (abdaal)."
Ibn Hibban also narrates this Hadith in al-Tarikh through Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) as: "The earth will never lack forty men (abdaal) similar to Ibrahim (علیھ السلا م) the Friend of the Merciful, and through whom you are helped, receive your sustenance, and receive rain."
Imam Ahmad narrated another Hadith in his Musnad (5:322) through Ibn Ata: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "The Substitutes (Abdaal) in this Community are thirty like Ibrahim (علیھ السلا م) the Friend of the Merciful. Every time one of them dies, Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) substitutes another one in his place."
Tirmidhi cites the above Hadith in Nawadir al-Usul.Imam Ahmad's student, Al-Khallal, has mentioned this Hadith in his book Karamat al-Awliya'.
Abu Dawud has mentioned the following Hadith through three different authentic chains in his book "Sunan" Chapter -"Book of the Mahdi" (English #4273). Imam Ahmad has mentioned this Hadith in his Musnad (6:316), and Ibn Abi Shayba has mentioned this Hadith in his Musannaf.
Abu Ya'la, al-Hakim, and Bayhaqi narrated that Ummul Momineen, Umm Salama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) related that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "Disagreement will occur at the death of a Caliph and a person from the people of Madina will come forth flying to Makka. Some of the people of Makka will come to him, bring him out against his will, and swear allegiance to him between the Corner and the Maqaam (of Khana-e-Ka'aba). An expeditionary force will then be sent against him from Syria but will be swallowed up in the desert between Makka and Madina; and when the people see that, the Substitutes (abdaal) of Syria and the best people of Iraq will come to him and swear allegiance (bay'a on his hands) to him between the rukn and the maqaam..." (of Khana-e-Kaaba).
This Hadith establishes 'Karamat-e-Awliya Allah", that they can travel flying long distances within seconds and can communicate with people located at far off places.
Who is the person (came flying from Madinah to Makka) the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is referring in the Hadith? Some Ulema have pointed out that this Hadith is related to Imam Mahdi (علیھ السلا م) (who will be the Ghawth (غوث) of his time.
It is in Hadith - Imam Ahmad mentioned this Hadith in Kitab al-zuhd, also Ibn Abi al-Dunya, Abu Nu'aym, Bayhaqi, and Ibn 'Asakir narrated it - Wahb ibn Munabbih said: I saw the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in my sleep, so I said: "Ya Rasulallah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), where are the Substitutes (abdaal) of your Community?" So he gestured with his hand towards Syria. I said: "Ya Rasulallah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), aren't there any in Iraq?" He said: "Yes, Muhammad ibn Wasi`, Hassan ibn Abi Sinan, and Malik ibn Dinar, who walk among the people similarly to Abu Dharr in his time."The above Hadith confirms the following.
(a) Calling Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as 'Ya Rasulullah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)' even after his death is the tradition Sahabah. It is an important because the great Imams of Fiqh and Ahadith ( Imam Ahmad, Ibn Abi al-Dunya, Abu Nu'aym, Bayhaqi, Ibn Asakir, etc. ) have mentioned this in their books and all their books were written after the death of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
Calling Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as 'Ya Rasulullah, Ya Habeeballah, Ya Mohammad, Ya Habeebana, Ya Mustafa (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) (after his death) is also confirmed by Tirmizi, Nasa'i, Ibn Huzeema, Hakim and Baihaqi.
The following supplication (Dua) is mentioned in the books of most of the Hadith scholars.
اللهم إني أسألك وأتوجه إليك بحبيبك المصطفى عندك - يا حبيبنا يا محمّد - انّ نتوسلُ بك الى ربِّك - فشفع لنا عند المولى العظيم - يا نعم الرسول الطاهر - اللهم شفعه فينا بجاهه عندك
Allahumma inni as'aluka wa atwajjahu elaika bi habeebikal Mustafa indaka ya habeebana ya mohammadi inna natawassalu bika ila rabbika fashfa'a lanaa indal maulal a'zeemi ya ni'amar rasoolut tahiru. Allahumma shaffi'ahu feena bijaahihi indaka".
(Meaning - O'Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) I implore, I beg to you with the mediation (waseelah) of your revered beloved (Prophet -صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who is chosen by you. O' Beloved of the Al-mighty, O' Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) we implore to Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) with your mediation (Waseelah). Kindly mediate (shafa'a) for us with the Exalted Almighty Allah. O' Sacred Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), O' Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی), kindly accept the intercession (Shafa'a) of our Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for us in view of the "honor and grace (bi jaahihi indaka)" he has with you. [Tirmidhi, Nasai, Ahmed, Bukhari (in Tarikh al Kabir), Ibn Maja, Tabrani, Ibn Khuzeema, Hakim, Baihaqi, etc., and Salafi Scholar Al-Bani]
This Dua confirms the fact that we must supplicate by taking the Waseelah of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). As a matter of fact our Dua will not be accepted by Allah (سبحانه و تعا لی) if we do not send Durood on Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) before and after the Dua and seek Allah's favor by the mediation (Waseelah) of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
(b) Existence of great Awliya Allah in the world has also been confirmed by Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in this Hadith.
(c) Awliya Allah and all their related issues remain hidden from general people. Those of us who have been bestowed with Islamic vision (kashf / unveiling) can recognize these Awliya Allah. The Hadith also indicates that an efficient hidden Administration of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is in operation which is known only to a select few of us.
- Sh. Abdul Qader Jilani (RU)
- Sh. Abul Hasan Shadhli (RU)
- Sh. Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (RU)
- Sh. Bahauddin Naqshband (RU)
Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri
- Sh. Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (RA)
- Sh. Khaled Wajoodi (RA)
- Sh. Shujauddin Siddiqui (RA)
- Sh. Momin Ali Qadri (RA)