Ibn Qudama affirmed Tafweed al-Ma’nawiyya and showed it to be the way of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal by quoting him; hence this way of affirming the Sifat of Allah is in line with the Asha’ira and Maturidiyya, the real way of As-habe Rasulullah (SAWS).
Hanbali Faqih: Muwaffaqud-Din Ibn Qudama al-Maqdisi (died 620 AH – 1223 AD), though he was anti-Ash'ari in certain creedal respects, nevertheless held to the belief like the Ash’ari’s and Maturidi's, that the best way to affirm the Attributes of Allah is by:
Consigning the Meaning (Tafweed al-Ma'nawiyya) and Consigning the How-ness of the Sifat (Tafweed al-Kayfiyya) to Allah (SWT) alone. This is also known as the doctrine of Bila Kayf wala Ma’na: Without describing the How of it or delving into its meaning when related to the Sifat of Allah (SWT). By definition the one who adheres to this methodology is thus known as a Mufawwid on the Sifat of Allah (SWT).
Ibn Qudama was also vehemently anti-Ta'wil, though his contemporary Hanbali: Ibn al-Jawzi, who was more greater in overall rank as an accomplished scholar took the line that Ta'wil of the Sifat when called for, has a basis in the way of the Salaf and classical Arabic language. Ibn al Jawzi's line has close resemblance to some of the Asha'ira in this respect.
The following attachment contains crystal clear evidence from a recent pseudo-Salafi work acquired printed under the title :"Fundamentals of the Salafi Methodology: An Islamic Manual for Reform" ascribed to the late Nasir al-Albani with numerous footnotes. On p. 57 of this work, there is a long footnote which affirms a fact already known to us, that Ibn Qudama al-Maqdisi al-Hanbali, affirmed, like many of the Asha'ira/Maturidiyya, that Tafweed of the Meaning of the attributes of Allah (SWT) was His Way in Aqeeda.
Ali al-Timimi (a pseudo-Salafi) from US gave a lesson on ibn Qudama’s Luma a few years ago at al-Muntada al-Islami (
Imam Abu `Abdullah Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Hanbal - may Allah be pleased with him - has said regarding the Prophet's statements - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam- that Allah (SWT) descends to the lowest heaven, that Allah (SWT) will be seen on the day of Resurrection, and what resembles such statements. "We have faith and believe in them without [saying] how [is their modality] or [interpreting their] meaning. We do not reject any of [these reports]. We know that what the Messenger came with is the truth. We do not reject what the Messenger of Allah - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - has brought. Nor do we describe Allah with more than what He has described Himself without [ascribing to Him] a limit or an end. 'Like Him there is naught. And He is the All-hearing, the All-seeing.' (42:11). We say as He has said and we describe Him as He has described Himself. We do not transgress that. The descriptions of men do not reach Him. We believe in the whole of the Qur'an - its definitive (mukham) and its equivocal (mutashabih). We do not separate from Him any of His attributes due to the protests of anyone. We do not transgress the Qur'an and the Hadith. Nor do we know the reality of [these attributes] except by believing the Messenger - sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam - and affirming the Qur'an."
The rabble rousing abuser and calumniator, calling himself with the bogus name, Son of Abu Yala, put out the Dhamm al-Ta’wil of ibn Qudama on the net. and I saw this from p. 7 of his edition, where Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal affirms the Sifat of Allah be taken without delving into the Kayf or the Ma’na (wala Kayf wala Ma’na).
Note well this was mentioned by Ibn Qudama via a route leading back to Hanbal ibn Ishaq, who is Thiqa (trustworthy), and his report was not rejected by ibn Qudama, unlike later people who try to reject these types of narrations from Hanbal (like they did with the Ta’wil from Imam Ahmad as recorded by al-Bayhaqi with his sanad that he authenticated, and mentioned as such by Ibn Kathir in al-Bidaya wal Nihaya from al-Bayhaqi):
Do not be surprised O Sunni, that these people who attack those who affirm Tafweed al-Ma’nawiyya are labeled with derogatory remarks like “Neo-Jahmiyya” etc.
Will they dare call Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal and Ibn Qudama al-Maqdisi the same?
The answer is obvious and so some of them will make excuses and write much to explain it away (as the likes of ibn Uthaymin attempted with baseless deductions)!
Pseudo-Salafi Shaykh: Abdar Razzaq Afifi affirmed by passing a fatwa that Imam ibn Qudama was a Mufawwid based on what is in his Luma al-I’tiqad.
The Sunni position of Tafweed bila Kayf wala Ma’na has also been ascribed to Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal by Hanabila like: ibn Batta al-Ukbari and Abu Ya’la (the one accused of Tashbih by Ibn al Jawzi and others).
I also wish to mention to the enemies of the Hanafi Madhhab, that Imam ibn Qudama was a Hanbali faqih who said that there is Ijma on the validity of Taqleed in his Rawdat al-Nazir, he also has no problems like his Imam: Ahmad ibn Hanbal on placing the hands beneath the navel in Salah and he also said that 20 Rak’ats of Taraweeh is like an Ijma (see his al-Mughni and other works).
Courtesy : Abul Hasan