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Hazrat Khaja Hussian Shah Wali Hyderabad.
Hazrat Hussain Shah Wali was a revered sufi saint of Golconda, during the reign of Qutb Shahi dynasty. He is credited with building the Hussain Sagar at Hyderabad in the year 1562.
His patronymic name is Abdullah and his title is known as Nasir Uddin and his name is famous as Hussain alias Hussain Shah Wali and he belongs Sadat family of Hussaini chain (descendant of the holy prophet through his daugher hazrat Fatima) and he was connected with Syedna Imam Hussain in the25th generation and through some connections he was also linked with Khaja Bande Nawaz Gesu Daraz of Gulberga and who is famous famous Sufi Saint of Deccan (South India) .To write about Bande Nawaz Gesu Daraz of Gulberga who was great Sufi saint and great author so it is not only difficult and but it is very hard task as he was not only a great pious personality of his time in the area of Deccan (South India) but he was also a great author of so many great books so in brief he was Qu’tub (highest cadre in spiritual pivot at axis) of his time in the Deccan region.
Hussain Shah Wali belongs to linage of elder son of Khaja Bande Nawaz and his name Is Hazrat Syed Mohamed Ali Hussaini.
Lineage and Geneology.
There are some differences by historians in the compilation of his geneology records but all of them are agreed and have confiremd the details that he belongs to lineage of sons of Khaja Bande Nawaz of Gulberga.
As per reference from the book ‘Tadhkira Aulia Deccan’, his geneology record is mentioned as follows.
1. Hazrat Hussain Shah Wali.
2. Syed Saqir Ullah alias Safi Ullah Thani.
3. Asad Ullah Amin.
4. Askar Ullah alias Safi Ullah.
5. Shah Mohammed Akbar Hussaini.
6. Syed Mohammed al Hussaini Khaja Bande Nawaz.
As per the compiler of the book ‘Maskawat Nibwa’ the details of his geneology records is as follows.
1. Hazrat Hussain Shah Wali.
2. Shah Safi Ullah.
3. Asad Ullah.
4. Safi Ullah.
5. Mohammed Akber Hussaini.
6. Syed Mohammed al Hussain Bande Nawaz Gesu Daraz.
As per the comipler of the book ‘Anwar al Aqyar‘ his geneology records is as follows.
1. Hazrat Hussain Shah Wali.
2. Safir Ullah.
3. Asad Ullah.
4. Mohammed Asker al Hussaini.
5. Syed Mohammed al Hussaini Bande Nawaz Gesu Daraz.
In this episode there are some great achievements of the above great personality are added which are not yet known to the general persons and which are added in this article in very interesting style so for this reason the readers will find great interest and attention in this matter.
For the above facts and details, if the readers will starts reading its first page of the episode will not stop reading till they will reach its last page of this episode as in this chapter some interesting events and as well as other great miracles and endeavours of the above holy saint are added in this episode. He was passed away from the world many centuries years ago .
Even though this is small chapter but due to its importance it is so great due to the coverage of many interesting events and positive information in it so it is like an ocean of knowledge and information of the above holy saint who was passed away from the world upon doing his great endeavours and many hard tasks for the preaching and propagation of Islam in the foreign lands so this chapter is small one but it will present the ocean of knowledge and information for the guidance of people towards the right path of Islam.
He was great pious personality of his time in Deccan (South Deccan) region so he was well known and famous as man of miracles and knowledge of Allah. He was born in Bider city and his ancesters were shrine care takers of Dargah (Shrine) of Khaja Bande Nawaz Gulberga and so he has got faiz (favour) in his inheritance from the above great link and connections of Khaja Bande Nawaz of Gulberga. The service and post of the shrine care taker was continued in the names of sons of Miya Yud Ullah and till the time of Sultan Aurganzeb Alamgir this chain of service and post was available with them.
When Sultan Aurgangzeb Alamgir visited Gulberga city after conquering Bijapur kingdom and he has called the shrine care taker Qutubi Saheb who belongs to sons of Miya Ud Ullah but Qutubi Saheb due to kasar nafsi (humility) and habit of darweshi (mystism) could not see him and he has refused his royal order in this matter.
Due to the above reason Sultan Aurangzeb Alamgir was upset and angry with him and he has issued orders for his immediate dismissal from his post of the shrine care taker and has appointed another person as shrine care taker in his place and that person was Hussain Shah Wali’s ancester and in this matter the Sultan has issued Sanad with Khalat (certificate and robe of honour) by his seal and signature. So from that time to till this date the serivce and post of the Shrine care taker of Gesu Daraz at Gulberga is continued his family .
In his youth period.
In the beginning of his youth period he has an idea with him that he should worship Allah in the lonely place by hiding from the mankind so in this way he can protect the divine secrets.
His arrival in Golconda Fort.
He was arrived in Golconda Fort from Gulberga during the rule of Sultan Ibrahim Qutub Shah who was ruling in the Telengana area at that time.
As a matter of fact the Sultan of Golconda Ibrahim Qutub Shah was follower of Shiaism but he was a great admirer and lover of Sunni learned persons as well as holy saints so for this reason upon his arrival in Golconda Fort he has sent his ministers and officers to call Hussain Shah Wali to the Court of Golcondia and as per orders of the sultan the ministers and officers have arranged for his stay and hospitality with great honour and respect and they brought Hussain Shah Wali in the royal court of Golconda. The sultan was much impressed by him and he has given him much attention and respect to him and also in his first meeting awarded him the post of commander of 10,000 troops and also offered him the post secretary of royal construction works. After some time The Sultan was very kind with him and also accepted him as his son in law and arranged the grand marriage of her beautiful and lovely daughter Khairat Unnisa Begum with him and awarded him many grants and estates.
Hussain Shah Wali took always care for the loss and gain of the general persons. So for the reason we should follow teachings of such great pious personalities of past and we should also follow their steps in the their darweshi (mystic) style of life. So it is required their steps to be followed practically and not take their sides as past pious persons were perfect in the following things.
1. Fana fil Shaikh (mortality for sake of his master).
2. Fana fill Rasul (mortality for sake of prophet).
3. Fana fill Allah (mortality for sake of Allah).
But it is very sad that we Muslim used to say that we are following the pious personalities of past but actually we are following the below things.
1. Fanal fit Duniya (mortality for sake of the world).
He was in service of king of Golconda for long time and fulfilled his important duties there. But after that he was retired from the court service and engaged in the worship of Allah. His age is more than hunderd years. He was left the world on 14th Jamid Thani 1068 A.H.
His grand mausoleum is located two miles away from Golconda fort near the moutain. He was famous and great sufi Saint of Deccan (South India) so for this reason people of Deccan (South India) used to visit the shrine for the fulfillment of their desires and wishes for the sake of the Shaikh’s name
On every Thursday the visitors in large numbers will visit the shrine and pray Allah for the fulfillment of their desires and wishes for the sake of the Shaikh’s name.
In deccan area the names of the Muslim calender months are known with different names. So for this reason in Deccan area specially the month of Jamad al Thani is well known and famous as Hussain Shah Wali month among womens in the Deccan (South India) region.
Around his mausoleum there is vast street which is well known and famous as street Dargah Hussain Shah Wali and this area is thickly populated and also one post office is there in his name and in correspondence the name of this street is written for fast delivery of letters.
The Urs (death anniversary).
Some poet wrote one poetry line in the Persian language in which the year of his death is available and its translation is as follows.
‘Rafaft Az Duniya Hussain Pak Deen.’ = 1068 A.H.
‘Hussain Left the word and who has pure religion.’
Every year two Urs (death anniversary) are celebrated and the details are as follows.
1,Big Urs (death anniversary) on the 13th and 14th Jamid Thani.
2.Small Urs ( death anniversary) on the 16th and 17th Ziqad.
In the Big Urs (death anniversary) on the 13th Jamad Thani sandal ceremony is organised and on 14th Jamad Thani and the lights are illuminated on the mausoleum.
On this ocassion people from various walks of life, irrespective of caste and creed, assemble to celebrate the Urs (death anniversary) which takes place on the above dates of Muslim calendar at the famous mausoleum of Syed Hussain Shah Wali every year. Several hundred thousand devotees from near and far, irrespective of religion and beliefs, gather there to seek blessings.
During the Urs (death anniversry) time the visitors in large number will visit the shrine for the fulfillment of their desires and wishes for the sake of the Shaikh’s name and there will bus service from Hyderabad to Hussain Shah Wali street for every hour. There will many stalls will be arranged during the Urs (death anniversary) and specially flower stalls are find in large number and in this way the above ceremony will be arranged in grand scale and the visitors will visit the mausoleum from near and far away places in large numbers will visit the shrine and pray Allah for the fulfillment of their desires and wishes for the sake of the Shaikh’s name .
Small Urs (death anniversary).
Every on the 15th of Ziaqad the sandal ceremony will be organised and on the 16th of Ziqad the lights are illuminated on the mausoleum and this Urs (death anniversary) is very important because in this ceremony only special persons used to attend this function for the fulfillment of their desire and wishes for the sake of the shaikh’s name.
Death of Hazrat Khairat Unnisa Begum.
After some period of time Khairat Unnisa Begum the daugher of Sultan Ibrahim Qutub Shah and wife of Hussain Shah Wali was died so for this reason Shah Saheb was was very upset and sad of this tragic event of his wife death and Sultan Ibrahim Qutub Shah was always was sad death of her dear daughter. So for this reason the sultan temporarily buried his daughter at the side of the mosque of Khairtabad as per king’s own belief of Shiaism and a coffin was made and put the same in the grave under the supervision of Hussain Shah Wali. After some time as the sultan was follower of shiaism so he ordered to take out the coffin from the tomb and to send it to Karbala Moula (name of a place in Iraq where Imam Hussain was martyred) for the final burial of the priness there and for this reason still the tomb of Khairat Unisa Begum is empty since long time in Khairtabad street.
Princess Khairat Unnisa Begum was delivered one son and sultan was awarded him title as Imam Ul Mulk but that boy was died in his youth period and for this reason the father deeply effected and very upset in this matter.
In khairtabad street the empty tomb still reminds princess Khairat Unnisa Begum. There is tradition in the city which is well know that Hazrat Hussain Shah has constructed this empty tomb for himslef but he could not be buried in it due to some reasons.
A man of wisdom.
He was a man of great wisdom and intelligence so for this reason we can say him a great man of wisdom in the mankind.
His relations in the court of Golconda Kingdom.
Hehas liked his best relation in the court of Golconda kingdom because with this status and relation he was able to benefit and help the general perons because the general persons as well poor and rich persons could not able to represent in the royal court of Golconda kingdom so he used his status for the benefits for the general as well rich and poor persons and helped them a lot in their problems and difficulties. As a matter of he was rich in his apperance in the royal of Golconda court but acutally he was a faKir in his batin (innermost) as he was having qualities of fakir in him so for this reason there was no restriction for the entry of any person in his court so he did not kept watchmen at the door of his house. There was free entry of all persons in his court to represent their problems and difficluties with him and in all such cases he was most successful to submit such problems in the royal court of King of Golconda and he was always successful in these matters to bring positive results to the general and other persons.
Hazrat Hussain Shah Wali was perfect and master in soldierly and arhcery works. One day he was with Prince Mohammed Qutub Shah and the prince was moving along his soldiers and royal courtiers on the road and at that time one kite poop while flying on the royal prince so for this reason he fired on the kite and which was died at once and fell on the ground so for this reason the prince and other royal courtiers were astonished in this matter for his quick and fast action and the prince has increased his status and respect as well as dignity.
Some historians have mentioned this event as follows that once he has saw an kite flying in the sky with his furious look and so for this reason it was fallen on the ground duly burnt down completely. Due to the above event the prince of Qutub Shahi Kingdom and Amirs (courtiers) were observed his miracle and became his devotees at that time.
One day there came a thought in the Sultan’s mind to convert the above small kunta into big tank so that with its help there will will be development of irrigagion in the neighbour areas. So the sultan has asked Hussain Shah Wali for his advice in this matter advice as he was was secretary of the state of royal construction works and Shah Hussain Wali has approved the sultan’s grand project of Hussain Sagar. So the sultan has sanctoned the construction project of Hussain Sagar under the supervision of the Hussain Shah Wali. Under his supervision the tanks construction project was completed in the period of two years.
He is credited with building the Hussain Sagar at Hyderabad in the year 1562. A.D. Hussain Sagar Lake, built by Hazrat Hussain Shah Wali in 1562, during the rule of Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah. It was a lake of 5.7 square kilometres built on a tributary of the River Musi to meet the water and irrigation needs of the city. Tank Bund built in the 16th century the lake was named to express the gratitude of Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah to Hussain Shah Wali who helped him to recover from illness.
It is a sprawling artificial lake that holds water perennially, built during the reign of Ibrahim Qutub Shah, across a tributary of the river Musi in 1562. It links the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad.
Ibrahim qutub shah has named this tank as ibrahim sager. But during the construction time the labour used to talk as follows.
One person will ask with another person where you will work? And other person will reply at Hussain Sagar so in this way it was became famous and well known as Hussain Sager. Despite hard try of many ministers and royal officers in this matter to named as Ibrahim Sager but this name was became famous and popular. So for this reason Sultan told Hussain Shah Wali that this tank will be named as Hussain Sagar so we will consturct another tank in our name. so sultan has construced another tank at Jalla Palli village in his name as Ibrahim Sagar and the name of village was named as Ibrahimpatnam. There was one more old tank was there so Sultan ordered its to re-construction and repair . Till today the above tanks are available in the above villages and from the above tanks large number of peoples are geting benefits of dirinking and irrigation since many centuries.
As per reference in history book ‘Tariq Nizami’ in which the compiler of the book has mentioned that Sultan Ibrahim Qutub Shah has constructed Khairtabad street in the name of her beloved daughter Khairat Unnisa Begum with her sultan used like her and love her very much. So for this reason he was very upset and worried at the sudden death of her dear daughter.
In this street sultan has constructed the following buildings.
1. Many stone bulidings.
2. One big mosque.
3. One big bazaar.
At that time this place was well known and famous of for healthy atmosphere and good resort and in this area weather and other general conditions were very good and were attractive there.
Prince Khairat Unnisa Begum used to live in such good and lovely place with his husbad Hussain Shah Wali there and Sultan used to come there to see his daughter. At one side of such lovely healthy resort there was one spring and which is know as small kunta.
A note from the book ‘ Tadhkira Auliya Deccan’
Sufi Abdul Jabbar Khan Malkapuri has written in his above book that sufi and pious personalities of past used to have great condut and character with them so for this reason they have not desire pleasure and happiness in their lives due to their nearness of the kings but due to their good relations with kings they used to help the general and poor persons and bring them good results and benefits to them. So for the above reason we should take lesson from the above good conduct and character of pious persoanlies of the past.
The mausoleum and shrine at the Qutb Shahi Tombs called Dargah Hussain Shah Wali’, was built by Abdullah Qutb Shah in his honour. He died in 1620. The area which is on south western shore of Hussian Sagar was chosen as a location to construct the residence of the Princess Khairunnisa who was not keeping good health. The ruler in the fond hope that the greenery and climate of the lake shore would restore the normal health of the Princess and asked his son-in-law, Hazrat Hussian Shah Wali, an eminent engineer to construct a residential palace, a mosque and a tank which is now called after him as Hussain Sagar (or the Tank Bund) as it is commonly called was built on a tributary of the Musi during the reign of Ibrahim Qutb Shah in 1562.”
Reference book :
‘Faizan Auliya Deccan ’ by Mohammed Ali Majdadi
Translated from Urdu into English by:
Mohammed Abdul Hafeez, B.Com.,
Translator of ‘Tadhkirat Auliya’,