LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
 
 JUZ 10.3  WA A'ALAMU (وَاعْلَمُوا)
 

 

سورة التوبة

The Repentance
 

At-Tawbah | Sura # 9| 129 verses | Madina


Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 031

اتَّخَذُوا أَحْبَارَهُمْ وَرُهْبَانَهُمْ أَرْبَابًا مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ وَالْمَسِيحَ ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا إِلَهًا وَاحِدًا لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ سُبْحَانَهُ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ [ The Jews take their rabbis and the Christians take their monks, as well as the Isa Ibn Maryam (عليه السلام) as gods besides Allah  whereas they were commanded to worship none but the One God. There is no God but Allah, exalted is He above all they associate with Him.]
 
 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 032

يُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يُطْفِئُوا نُورَ اللَّهِ بِأَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَيَأْبَى اللَّهُ إِلَّا أَنْ يُتِمَّ نُورَهُ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْكَافِرُونَ [ They want to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah refuses, except to perfect His light, although the disbelievers dislike it.]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 033

هُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَى وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ لِيُظْهِرَهُ عَلَى الدِّينِ كُلِّهِ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ [ It is He who has sent His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with guidance and the Religion of truth that He may make it prevail over all religions, however hateful this may be to those who associate partners with Allah. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 034

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا إِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنَ الْأَحْبَارِ وَالرُّهْبَانِ لَيَأْكُلُونَ أَمْوَالَ النَّاسِ بِالْبَاطِلِ وَيَصُدُّونَ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالَّذِينَ يَكْنِزُونَ الذَّهَبَ وَالْفِضَّةَ وَلَا يُنْفِقُونَهَا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَبَشِّرْهُمْ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ  [ O People who Believe! Indeed many of the (Jewish) rabbis and the (Christian) monks unjustly devour people's wealth and prevent (people) from Allah’s way; and those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in Allah’s way,  give them tidings of a painful punishment.]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 035

يَوْمَ يُحْمَى عَلَيْهَا فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ فَتُكْوَى بِهَا جِبَاهُهُمْ وَجُنُوبُهُمْ وَظُهُورُهُمْ هَذَا مَا كَنَزْتُمْ لِأَنْفُسِكُمْ فَذُوقُوا مَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْنِزُونَ  [ On that day, it (the hoarded wealth) will be heated in the fire of Hell and their foreheads and their sides and their backs will be branded with it. (They will be told),  'This is the treasure which you hoarded for yourselves; taste now what you were busy hoarding.']

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 036

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَقَاتِلُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ كَافَّةً كَمَا يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ كَافَّةً وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الْمُتَّقِينَ  [ Indeed the number of months with Allah is twelve months in Allah’s Book, from the day when He created the heavens and the earth. Of these, four are sacred. That is the upright religion. So do not wrong yourselves during them. Fight all the polytheists, just as they fight you all, and know that Allah is with the pious.]

Ever since the creation of this Cosmos, the counting of an year has been for 12 months. The 4 sacred months are Dhul-Qaadah, Dhul-Hijjah, and Muharram and the month of Rajab.  Muslims were forbidden to fight during these months.  However, if the Pagans do not desist from fighting during these months Muslims can also fight with them.  

It is in Quran -  يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الشَّهْرِ الْحَرَامِ قِتَالٍ فِيهِ ۖ قُلْ قِتَالٌ فِيهِ كَبِيرٌ ۖ وَصَدٌّ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَكُفْرٌ بِهِ وَالْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ وَإِخْرَاجُ أَهْلِهِ مِنْهُ أَكْبَرُ عِندَ اللَّهِ ۚ وَالْفِتْنَةُ أَكْبَرُ مِنَ الْقَتْلِ [They ask you about the sacred month - about fighting therein. Say, "Fighting therein is great (sin), but averting (people) from the way of Allah and disbelief in Him and (preventing access to) al-Masjid al-Haram and the expulsion of its people therefrom are greater (evil) in the sight of Allah. And fitnah is greater than killing.  ] (Al-Baqara - 217)

 

Brief History

Before the advent of Islam, there was extreme animosity and  internal warfare among various tribes of Arabia. No person, tribe or Caravan was considered safe to travel fearing aggression, plunder, capture and killing. However, the Sacred House of of Kaba was held in honor by all Arab tribes unanimously.  They all accepted three months of Hajj, namely,  Dhul-Qaadah, Dhul-Hijjah, and Muharram and the month of Rajab dedicated for Umrah  as absolutely sacred wherein any type of war or aggression was absolutely prohibited and treated as a sacrilege. In all, the turmoil that existed in the Arabian peninsula, it was only in these four sacred months that people could travel and move about in absolute safety and without fear and perform the pilgrimage of Hajj or Umrah at the Sacred House in Makkah. The other huge benefit was it was during these months that the trade caravans moved about their business, crossing the vast Arabian desert towards Syria in the north and Yemen in the south.  This tradition was continued after the advent of Islam as well.

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 037

إِنَّمَا النَّسِيءُ زِيَادَةٌ فِي الْكُفْرِ يُضَلُّ بِهِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يُحِلُّونَهُ عَامًا وَيُحَرِّمُونَهُ عَامًا لِيُوَاطِئُوا عِدَّةَ مَا حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ فَيُحِلُّوا مَا حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ زُيِّنَ لَهُمْ سُوءُ أَعْمَالِهِمْ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ  [ Indeed, the postponing (of restriction within sacred months) is an increase in disbelief by which those who have disbelieved are led (further) astray. They make it lawful one year and unlawful another year to correspond to the number made unlawful by Allah and (thus) make lawful what Allah has made unlawful. their evil deeds seem good in their sight.  Allah does not guide the disbelievers.]

The pagans in Arabian Peninsula practiced 'Nasi' by which they used to increase the number of months from 12 to 13 or change the sequence of months as per their desires.  This practice allowed them to interchange the sacred months in a given year.  The practice of 'Nasi' (النَّسِي) was carried out in two ways, as follows:

(i) Whenever it suited them, the pagans  would declare a prohibited month to be an ordinary month in which fighting, robbery and murder-in-retaliation were made lawful.  Then they would declare an ordinary month to be a sacred month in order to make up for the deficiency caused in the number of the sacred months.

(ii) They used to add a month in lunar calendar in order to reconcile it with solar calendar.  They used to do it in order that the Hajj fall in the same season every year.  This way Hajj was performed on different dates (not on actual dates) for 36 years in a row.  The 37th year, it used to fall on the actual dates 9th and 10 of Dhul Hijja. 

The practice of Nasi  was forbidden by Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) during the Hajj of 9 AH. The following year, the Hajj in 10 AH, was performed on the right dates and since then the Hajj is being performed on 9th and 10th Dhul Hijja for the past 1400 years.  

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 038

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا مَا لَكُمْ إِذَا قِيلَ لَكُمُ انْفِرُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ اثَّاقَلْتُمْ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ أَرَضِيتُمْ بِالْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا مِنَ الْآَخِرَةِ فَمَا مَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فِي الْآَخِرَةِ إِلَّا قَلِيلٌ  [ O you who believe! What excuse do you have that when it is said to you, 'mobilize (for the campaign of Tabuk) in Allah's cause'; you cling heavily to the earth? Are you content with the present, worldly life, rather than the Hereafter? And the wealth of the life of this world, in comparison with the Hereafter, is very little (negligible). ]
 
The verses 38-72 of Sura at-Tawba were revealed when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was preparing for the campaign of Tabuk.
 
Brief History

The Arabian Peninsula uniting under Islamic rule alerted both the neighboring super powers, Byzantine in the west and Sasanian (Persian) in the East. 

Towards the end of 9 AH (630 AD) Muslims came to know that Byzantine Emperor Heraclius had begun preparations for war against Muslims in cooperation with the allied Arab Christian tribes of Lakhm, Djudham, Amila, Ghassan, etc. Upon hearing this news, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ordered to make preparations for the battle with the Byzantine. It was peak summer, added to it was famine and drought. Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wanted to quell the enemy at its border.  Many companions made significant contributions to arm Muslim fighters.  But the hypocrites started to complain that it was not appropriate to travel such a long distance of 600 kilometers in hot desert and fight with a formidable Army of Byzantine empire.  Many of the hypocrites came up with excuses to avoid participating in the campaign. 

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) set out with an army of 30,000 fighters to Tabuk in the hot desert. When they reached Tabuk in Rajab, 9 AH, they camped there for about 20 days but found no sign of Byzantine Army. 

During this stay, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sent units to Christian and Jewish populations bordering the Byzantine empire, like Jarba', Eila, Adhruh, Maqna, and Ma’an to spread the message of Islam. These populations refused to accept Islam, but agreed to pay protection tax (Jizya) and live as citizens of the Muslim State.  Peace treaties were made with these populations promising to protect their lives, property and freedom of belief.  Realizing the hostility of Duwmat al-Jandal population on Iraq route, Khaled Ibn Walid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was sent with a military unit of 400 fighters. Muslims took over their fortress and captured their Chief who was brought to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  He was set free with a treaty to pay protection tax (Jizya).

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) also sent a letter to Heraculius who was said to be in Dimashq (Damascus).  The letter was taken by Dihyah ibn Khalifah al-Kalbi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). Three alternatives were offered to Heraculius in the letter, viz., (i) accepting Islam, (ii) paying Jizya, (iii) or fighting.  He was also asked not to stop people from his Kingdom who wanted to accept Islam.  It is reported that after receiving the letter, the emperor consulted his religious and military officials and sent a member of the Christian Arab tribe of Banu Tanuh to Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
The Tabuk campaign proved to be a test for the Muslims and the army taking part in this campaign were referred to as 'The Army of Hardship'.  Many verses in Sura at-Tawba have described the situation in detail, particularly the attitude of the hypocrites who tried to create mischief during this campaign.
 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 039

إِلَّا تَنْفِرُوا يُعَذِّبْكُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا وَيَسْتَبْدِلْ قَوْمًا غَيْرَكُمْ وَلَا تَضُرُّوهُ شَيْئًا وَاللَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ [ If you do not go forth, He will punish you with a painful punishment and will replace you with another people, and you will in no way can do anything.  Allah has power over all the things. ]

It was an obligatory duty for all Muslims to participate in Tabuk campaign.  If anyone does not participate in it without a compelling excuse, his belief was questionable.  This is the reason that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) warned people of a grave punishment  to an extent that He will replace them with another people altogether.

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 040

إِلَّا تَنْصُرُوهُ فَقَدْ نَصَرَهُ اللَّهُ إِذْ أَخْرَجَهُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ثَانِيَ اثْنَيْنِ إِذْ هُمَا فِي الْغَارِ إِذْ يَقُولُ لِصَاحِبِهِ لَا تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَنَا فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَأَيَّدَهُ بِجُنُودٍ لَمْ تَرَوْهَا وَجَعَلَ كَلِمَةَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا السُّفْلَى وَكَلِمَةُ اللَّهِ هِيَ الْعُلْيَا وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ [ If you do not help him (the Apostle ﷺ), yet for certain Allah helped him when those who disbelieve drove him out (of his home during the Hijrah), the second of the two when they were in the cave (with those in pursuit of them having reached the mouth of the cave), and he said to his companion  'Do not grieve. Allah is with us.' Then Allah sent  inner peace and reassurance on him, supported him with hosts you cannot see, and brought the word  of the unbelievers utterly low. And Allah's word is  supreme. Allah is majestically mighty and wise. ]

The above verse refers to Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) immigration to Madina. When Makkan Pagans plotted to assassinate the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) he immigrated from Makka to Madina along with Abu Bakr Siddique (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  On the way, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) remained hidden in Thaur cave for three nights.  The Pagans searched for him all over the place and some of them even reached the very mouth of the cave where he was hiding. On this Abu Bakr Siddique (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) got alarmed. But the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) reassured him  saying, 'Do not grieve, indeed Allah is with us.'

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 041

انْفِرُوا خِفَافًا وَثِقَالًا وَجَاهِدُوا بِأَمْوَالِكُمْ وَأَنْفُسِكُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ذَلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ  [ Mobilize (for war) whether you are equipped lightly or heavily  and strive with your wealth and persons in Allah's cause. This is better for you if you understand. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 042

لَوْ كَانَ عَرَضًا قَرِيبًا وَسَفَرًا قَاصِدًا لَاتَّبَعُوكَ وَلَكِنْ بَعُدَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الشُّقَّةُ وَسَيَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّهِ لَوِ اسْتَطَعْنَا لَخَرَجْنَا مَعَكُمْ يُهْلِكُونَ أَنْفُسَهُمْ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ إِنَّهُمْ لَكَاذِبُونَ  [ Had there been an immediate gain, and an easy journey, those (who stayed behind because of hypocrisy) would surely have followed you, but the difficult journey was too distant for them. Yet they will swear by Allah, 'if only we had been able to, we would surely have gone forth with you.' They destroy their own selves, for Allah knows that they are liars. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 043

عَفَا اللَّهُ عَنْكَ لِمَ أَذِنْتَ لَهُمْ حَتَّى يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكَ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا وَتَعْلَمَ الْكَاذِبِينَ  [ May Allah give you grace! Why did you give them leave to stay behind until it became clear to you who was speaking the truth and you came to know the liars. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 044

لَا يَسْتَأْذِنُكَ الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآَخِرِ أَنْ يُجَاهِدُوا بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنْفُسِهِمْ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِالْمُتَّقِينَ  [ And those who believe in Allah and the Last Day will not seek exemption from you for not fighting with their wealth and their person; and Allah knows well who are pious. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 045

إِنَّمَا يَسْتَأْذِنُكَ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآَخِرِ وَارْتَابَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ فَهُمْ فِي رَيْبِهِمْ يَتَرَدَّدُونَ   [ Only those would ask for exemption who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day and whose hearts have in doubt , and because of their lack of conviction, they are hesitating.  ]
 
 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 046

وَلَوْ أَرَادُوا الْخُرُوجَ لَأَعَدُّوا لَهُ عُدَّةً وَلَكِنْ كَرِهَ اللَّهُ انْبِعَاثَهُمْ فَثَبَّطَهُمْ وَقِيلَ اقْعُدُوا مَعَ الْقَاعِدِينَ [ Had they meant to go forth for war, they would have made certain preparation. But Allah was averse to their rising to fight (unwillingly), and so He caused them to hold back, and it was decreed for them. 'Stay at home with the stay-at-homes (women and children).'  ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 047

لَوْ خَرَجُوا فِيكُمْ مَا زَادُوكُمْ إِلَّا خَبَالًا وَلَأَوْضَعُوا خِلَالَكُمْ يَبْغُونَكُمُ الْفِتْنَةَ وَفِيكُمْ سَمَّاعُونَ لَهُمْ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِالظَّالِمِينَ [ If they had gone forth among you, they would have brought no addition to you except trouble, and would have run about in your midst seeking to stir up sedition among you. Among you were some who were prone to heed them. Allah has full knowledge of the wrongdoers.  ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 048

لَقَدِ ابْتَغَوُا الْفِتْنَةَ مِنْ قَبْلُ وَقَلَّبُوا لَكَ الْأُمُورَ حَتَّى جَاءَ الْحَقُّ وَظَهَرَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ وَهُمْ كَارِهُونَ [ They sought to stir up dissension  before, and tried to turn things upside down to create disorder, until the truth came and Allah's decree was made evident, however hateful this was to them.  ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 049

وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ ائْذَنْ لِي وَلَا تَفْتِنِّي أَلَا فِي الْفِتْنَةِ سَقَطُوا وَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمُحِيطَةٌ بِالْكَافِرِينَ [ And among them there is one who says, 'allow me (to stay back at home), and don't put me on trial'. Surely they have put themselves on trial already, and Hell will enclose the unbelievers from all sides.   ]
 
The hypocrites were inventing excuses in front of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to avoid participating in Jihad. One of these was Jad bin Qais, who is reported to have came to the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said, 'I am a lover of beauty and my people know that I am very weak in regard to women. Therefore I am afraid to go lest the beauty of  Roman women tempt me into sin. 'Thus, do not put me into trial.' 

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 050

إِنْ تُصِبْكَ حَسَنَةٌ تَسُؤْهُمْ وَإِنْ تُصِبْكَ مُصِيبَةٌ يَقُولُوا قَدْ أَخَذْنَا أَمْرَنَا مِنْ قَبْلُ وَيَتَوَلَّوْا وَهُمْ فَرِحُونَ [ If good comes your way they are vexed, but if calamity befalls you, they say, 'We had taken precautions in advance' and pleased they turn away.   ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 051

قُلْ لَنْ يُصِيبَنَا إِلَّا مَا كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَنَا هُوَ مَوْلَانَا وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ [ Tell them, 'Nothing can befall us except what Allah decrees. Our protector is He, and in Allah should the faithful place their trust.' ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 052

قُلْ هَلْ تَرَبَّصُونَ بِنَا إِلَّا إِحْدَى الْحُسْنَيَيْنِ وَنَحْنُ نَتَرَبَّصُ بِكُمْ أَنْ يُصِيبَكُمُ اللَّهُ بِعَذَابٍ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ أَوْ بِأَيْدِينَا فَتَرَبَّصُوا إِنَّا مَعَكُمْ مُتَرَبِّصُونَ [ Tell them 'Are you waiting for anything else but one of two good things for us, (victory or martyrdom)? Yet what we are waiting for you is the punishment of Allah, direct or through us. So keep waiting; we are waiting with you.']

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 053

قُلْ أَنْفِقُوا طَوْعًا أَوْ كَرْهًا لَنْ يُتَقَبَّلَ مِنْكُمْ إِنَّكُمْ كُنْتُمْ قَوْمًا فَاسِقِينَ [ Tell them : 'You may spend (in Allah's cause), willingly or unwillingly, it will not be accepted from you, for you are disobedient people. ]

The above verse refers to those hypocrites who wanted to stay back but offered some monetary contributions in order to hide their hypocrisy.  To this Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) retorted, saying, 'Whatever you may contribute, it shall not be accepted.' 

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 054

وَمَا مَنَعَهُمْ أَنْ تُقْبَلَ مِنْهُمْ نَفَقَاتُهُمْ إِلَّا أَنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوا بِاللَّهِ وَبِرَسُولِهِ وَلَا يَأْتُونَ الصَّلَاةَ إِلَّا وَهُمْ كُسَالَى وَلَا يُنْفِقُونَ إِلَّا وَهُمْ كَارِهُونَ [ And their spending was not stopped being accepted, except because they disbelieved in Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and they come to prayer with heavy heart, and they do not spend except grudgingly. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 055

فَلَا تُعْجِبْكَ أَمْوَالُهُمْ وَلَا أَوْلَادُهُمْ إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُعَذِّبَهُمْ بِهَا فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَتَزْهَقَ أَنْفُسُهُمْ وَهُمْ كَافِرُونَ [ (O' believers) Let neither their wealth nor their children impress you.  Allah only wills thereby to punish them in the life of this world and that their souls will depart while they are unbelievers. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 056

وَيَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّهِ إِنَّهُمْ لَمِنْكُمْ وَمَا هُمْ مِنْكُمْ وَلَكِنَّهُمْ قَوْمٌ يَفْرَقُونَ [ They swear by Allah they are indeed of you, though in fact they are not. They are only a frightened lot. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 057

لَوْ يَجِدُونَ مَلْجَأً أَوْ مَغَارَاتٍ أَوْ مُدَّخَلًا لَوَلَّوْا إِلَيْهِ وَهُمْ يَجْمَحُونَ [ If they find a place of shelter or a cave or hole to hide, they will turn to it. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 058

وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَلْمِزُكَ فِي الصَّدَقَاتِ فَإِنْ أُعْطُوا مِنْهَا رَضُوا وَإِنْ لَمْ يُعْطَوْا مِنْهَا إِذَا هُمْ يَسْخَطُونَ [ Among them are some who find fault with you concerning (the distribution of) alms. If they are given something thereof, they are pleased; but if they are not given anything, they are consumed with rage. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 059

وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ رَضُوا مَا آَتَاهُمُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَقَالُوا حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ سَيُؤْتِينَا اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَرَسُولُهُ إِنَّا إِلَى اللَّهِ رَاغِبُونَ [ They should rather have been pleased with what Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had given them, and said : 'Allah is sufficient for us; He will give us from His munificence as will His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). We supplicate no one but Allah.' ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 060

إِنَّمَا الصَّدَقَاتُ لِلْفُقَرَاءِ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْعَامِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا وَالْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَالْغَارِمِينَ وَفِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَاِبْنِ السَّبِيلِ فَرِيضَةً مِنَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ [ The Zakat is meant for the poor and needy, and those who collect and distribute it, and those whom you wish to win over, and for redeeming slaves (and captives) and those who are burdened with debt, and in the cause of Allah, and the wayfarers.  So does Allah ordains. Allah is All Knowing and All Wise. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 061

وَمِنْهُمُ الَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ النَّبِيَّ وَيَقُولُونَ هُوَ أُذُنٌ قُلْ أُذُنُ خَيْرٍ لَكُمْ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَيُؤْمِنُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ [ There are some among them who talk ill of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) by saying : 'He listens to everyone.' Tell them : 'He listens for your good, and trusts in Allah and trusts the faithful, and he is a blessing for those who believe. For those who offend the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) there is painful punishment.' ]

 

 

 

RELATED READING

 

Juz 10.1  Wa A'lamu

Juz 10.2  Wa A'lamu

Juz 10.4  Wa A'lamu