LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
 
 JUZ 10.4  WA A'ALAMU (وَاعْلَمُوا)
 

 

سورة التوبة

The Repentance
 

At-Tawbah | Sura # 9| 129 verses | Madina

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 062

يَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّهِ لَكُمْ لِيُرْضُوكُمْ وَاللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَحَقُّ أَنْ يُرْضُوهُ إِنْ كَانُوا مُؤْمِنِينَ [ (O' believers) They swear to you by Allah  so that you may be pleased with them, while it is Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) they should seek to please, if indeed they are believers. ]
 
 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 063

أَلَمْ يَعْلَمُوا أَنَّهُ مَنْ يُحَادِدِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَأَنَّ لَهُ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدًا فِيهَا ذَلِكَ الْخِزْيُ الْعَظِيمُ [ Have they not realized that anyone who opposes Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) will abide in Hell for ever? And this is (indeed) the worst disgrace. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 064

يَحْذَرُ الْمُنَافِقُونَ أَنْ تُنَزَّلَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُورَةٌ تُنَبِّئُهُمْ بِمَا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ قُلِ اسْتَهْزِءُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ مُخْرِجٌ مَا تَحْذَرُونَ [ The hypocrites fear that a Surah would revealed concerning them, exposing what is in their hearts.  Tell them, 'Mock as much as you like; Allah  will surely expose what you dread.' ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 065

وَلَئِنْ سَأَلْتَهُمْ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّمَا كُنَّا نَخُوضُ وَنَلْعَبُ قُلْ أَبِاللَّهِ وَآَيَاتِهِ وَرَسُولِهِ كُنْتُمْ تَسْتَهْزِءُونَ [ If you ask them (about their ridicule), they will say : 'We were just joking and playful.'  Say : 'Was it Allah and His Revelations and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) that you were joking?' ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 066

لَا تَعْتَذِرُوا قَدْ كَفَرْتُمْ بَعْدَ إِيمَانِكُمْ إِنْ نَعْفُ عَنْ طَائِفَةٍ مِنْكُمْ نُعَذِّبْ طَائِفَةً بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا مُجْرِمِينَ  [ Do not make excuses now. You have indeed disbelieved after your (declaration of) faith. Even if We pardon a section of you (those whose idle talk was not intended to mock Allah and His Apostle ﷺ), We will surely punish another section of you for they have been criminals. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 067

الْمُنَافِقُونَ وَالْمُنَافِقَاتُ بَعْضُهُمْ مِنْ بَعْضٍ يَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمُنْكَرِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَقْبِضُونَ أَيْدِيَهُمْ نَسُوا اللَّهَ فَنَسِيَهُمْ إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ [ The hypocrites (are the same) whether men or women, enjoining wrong and forbidding right. They encourage what is bad and dissuade from the good, and tighten their purses (for spending in the way of Allah). They are oblivious of Allah, so He is oblivious of them. The hypocrites are indeed transgressors.]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 068

وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الْمُنَافِقِينَ وَالْمُنَافِقَاتِ وَالْكُفَّارَ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا هِيَ حَسْبُهُمْ وَلَعَنَهُمُ اللَّهُ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُقِيمٌ [ Allah has reserved for hypocrites, whether men or women, and for unbelievers, the fire of Hell, where they will abide for ever. This is the retribution for them: They have Allah's condemnation and lasting torment, ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 069

كَالَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ كَانُوا أَشَدَّ مِنْكُمْ قُوَّةً وَأَكْثَرَ أَمْوَالًا وَأَوْلَادًا فَاسْتَمْتَعُوا بِخَلَاقِهِمْ فَاسْتَمْتَعْتُمْ بِخَلَاقِكُمْ كَمَا اسْتَمْتَعَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ بِخَلَاقِهِمْ وَخُضْتُمْ كَالَّذِي خَاضُوا أُولَئِكَ حَبِطَتْ أَعْمَالُهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآَخِرَةِ وَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ [ (O' disbelievers) You are like those before you; (rather) they were stronger than you in power and more abundant in wealth and children. They enjoyed their portion (of worldly life), and you have enjoyed your portion as those before you enjoyed their portion, and you fell into shame (sin) like they had fallen into shame. (The hypocrites are) those whose deeds have become worthless in this world and in Hereafter, and it is they who are the losers. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 070

أَلَمْ يَأْتِهِمْ نَبَأُ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ قَوْمِ نُوحٍ وَعَادٍ وَثَمُودَ وَقَوْمِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَأَصْحَابِ مَدْيَنَ وَالْمُؤْتَفِكَاتِ أَتَتْهُمْ رُسُلُهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ فَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيَظْلِمَهُمْ وَلَكِنْ كَانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ [ Has there not reached them the news of the people before them; the people of Nuh (عليه السلام) and A'ad and Thamud and the people of Abrahim (عليه السلام) and the companions of Madyan and the towns overturned? Their Apostles came to them with clear proofs. And Allah would never have wronged them, but they have wronged themselves. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 071

وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتُ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ يَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَيُطِيعُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ أُولَئِكَ سَيَرْحَمُهُمُ اللَّهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ [ Those who believe, men and women, befriend one another, and enjoin what is right and prohibit what is wrong. They establish Salah, pay Zakat, and obey Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Allah will be Merciful to them, for Allah is All Mighty and All Wise. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 072

وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا وَمَسَاكِنَ طَيِّبَةً فِي جَنَّاتِ عَدْنٍ وَرِضْوَانٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ ذَلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ [ Allah has promised the believers, both men and women, Gardens through which rivers flow, therein to abide (for ever), and blessed dwellings in Gardens of perpetual bliss; and greater (than those) is Allah is pleased with them. That indeed is the supreme reward. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 073

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ جَاهِدِ الْكُفَّارَ وَالْمُنَافِقِينَ وَاغْلُظْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَمَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ [ O' beloved Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) strive against the unbelievers and the hypocrites and deal with them firmly. Their final abode is Hell; how evil is this destination to arrive at. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 074

يَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّهِ مَا قَالُوا وَلَقَدْ قَالُوا كَلِمَةَ الْكُفْرِ وَكَفَرُوا بَعْدَ إِسْلَامِهِمْ وَهَمُّوا بِمَا لَمْ يَنَالُوا وَمَا نَقَمُوا إِلَّا أَنْ أَغْنَاهُمُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ فَإِنْ يَتُوبُوا يَكُ خَيْرًا لَهُمْ وَإِنْ يَتَوَلَّوْا يُعَذِّبْهُمُ اللَّهُ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآَخِرَةِ وَمَا لَهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ مِنْ وَلِيٍّ وَلَا نَصِيرٍ [ They swear by Allah that they did not say (anything against the Prophet ﷺ) while they had said the word of disbelief, and after having proclamation of faith turned disbelievers, and designed what they could not accomplish. And they were not resentful except (for the fact) that Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had enriched them of His bounty.  So if they repent, it is better for them; but if they turn away, Allah will punish them with a painful punishment in this world and the Hereafter. And they will have neither a protector nor any supporter on the face of earth. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 075

وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ عَاهَدَ اللَّهَ لَئِنْ آَتَانَا مِنْ فَضْلِهِ لَنَصَّدَّقَنَّ وَلَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ [ And among them are those who made a covenant with Allah, 'If He should give us from His bounty, we will surely spend in charity, and be among the righteous.' ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 076

فَلَمَّا آتَاهُم مِّن فَضْلِهِ بَخِلُواْ بِهِ وَتَوَلَّواْ وَّهُم مُّعْرِضُونَ [ But when He gave them of His bounty they became greedy, and then turned away. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 077

فَأَعْقَبَهُمْ نِفَاقًا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ إِلَى يَوْمِ يَلْقَوْنَهُ بِمَا أَخْلَفُوا اللَّهَ مَا وَعَدُوهُ وَبِمَا كَانُوا يَكْذِبُونَ [ As a consequence of breaking their promise made to Allah, and telling lies, he filled their hearts with hypocrisy which will last till the day they come before Him. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 078

أَلَمْ يَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ سِرَّهُمْ وَنَجْوَاهُمْ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَّامُ الْغُيُوبِ [ Do they not know that Allah knows their secrets and the schemes they whisper, and that Allah knows all that is hidden? ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 079

الَّذِينَ يَلْمِزُونَ الْمُطَّوِّعِينَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فِي الصَّدَقَاتِ وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَجِدُونَ إِلَّا جُهْدَهُمْ فَيَسْخَرُونَ مِنْهُمْ سَخِرَ اللَّهُ مِنْهُمْ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ [ Those who criticize the contributors among the believers concerning (their) charities and (denigrate) the ones who find nothing (to spend) except their effort, so they ridicule them. Allah will ridicule them, and they will have a painful punishment. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 080

اسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ أَوْ لَا تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ إِنْ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ سَبْعِينَ مَرَّةً فَلَنْ يَغْفِرَ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ [ ( O' Prophet  ﷺ) Whether you  pray for their forgiveness or do not pray for their forgiveness, even if you pray for their forgiveness seventy times, Allah will not forgive them. That is because they disbelieve in Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Allah does not guide transgressing people. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 081

فَرِحَ الْمُخَلَّفُونَ بِمَقْعَدِهِمْ خِلَافَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ وَكَرِهُوا أَنْ يُجَاهِدُوا بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنْفُسِهِمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَقَالُوا لَا تَنْفِرُوا فِي الْحَرِّ قُلْ نَارُ جَهَنَّمَ أَشَدُّ حَرًّا لَوْ كَانُوا يَفْقَهُونَ [ Those who stayed behind in opposition to Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), being averse to fighting in the way of Allah with their wealth and lives and rejoiced their stay at home and said : 'Do not go forth to war in this heat', tell them (O' Prophet ﷺ) 'The fire of Hell is fiercer in heat.' If only they had been able to ponder and get to the essence of matters to grasp the truth! ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 082

فَلْيَضْحَكُوا قَلِيلًا وَلْيَبْكُوا كَثِيرًا جَزَاءً بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ [ So let them laugh little and weep much, as a retribution for what they have been earning. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 083

فَإِنْ رَجَعَكَ اللَّهُ إِلَى طَائِفَةٍ مِنْهُمْ فَاسْتَأْذَنُوكَ لِلْخُرُوجِ فَقُلْ لَنْ تَخْرُجُوا مَعِيَ أَبَدًا وَلَنْ تُقَاتِلُوا مَعِيَ عَدُوًّا إِنَّكُمْ رَضِيتُمْ بِالْقُعُودِ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ فَاقْعُدُوا مَعَ الْخَالِفِينَ [ When you come back to them by (the grace of) Allah, and they seek your permission to go (to fight), you should tell them : 'You will never go out nor fight the enemy with me any more. You preferred to stay back on the first occasion, so stay at home with those who stay behind.' ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 084

وَلَا تُصَلِّ عَلَى أَحَدٍ مِنْهُمْ مَاتَ أَبَدًا وَلَا تَقُمْ عَلَى قَبْرِهِ إِنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَمَاتُوا وَهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ [ And never do the funeral Prayer over any of them who dies, nor stand by his grave to pray for him. They surely disbelieved in Allah and His Apostle and died as transgressors. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 085

وَلَا تُعْجِبْكَ أَمْوَالُهُمْ وَأَوْلَادُهُمْ إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ أَنْ يُعَذِّبَهُمْ بِهَا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَتَزْهَقَ أَنْفُسُهُمْ وَهُمْ كَافِرُونَ [ (O' believers) Let not their possessions or their children impress you, Allah wishes to punish them through these in the world, and they will depart (this world) in a state of disbelief. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 086

وَإِذَا أُنْزِلَتْ سُورَةٌ أَنْ آَمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَجَاهِدُوا مَعَ رَسُولِهِ اسْتَأْذَنَكَ أُولُواْ الطَّوْلِ مِنْهُمْ وَقَالُوا ذَرْنَا نَكُنْ مَعَ الْقَاعِدِينَ [ Whenever a Surah is revealed (saying) : 'Believe in Allah and fight along with His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), 'the well-to-do among them ask for leave to stay at home, and say : 'Leave us with those who are left behind.' ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 087

رَضُوا بِأَنْ يَكُونُوا مَعَ الْخَوَالِفِ وَطُبِعَ عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ فَهُمْ لَا يَفْقَهُونَ [ They prefer to be with women who (are allowed to) stay at home during war.  Their hearts are sealed so they fail to understand. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 088

لَكِنِ الرَّسُولُ وَالَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا مَعَهُ جَاهَدُوا بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنْفُسِهِمْ وَأُولَئِكَ لَهُمُ الْخَيْرَاتُ وَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ [ But the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and those who believe,  in his company have striven in Allah's cause with their wealth and person. They are those for whom are all good things, and they are those who are the prosperous. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 089

أَعَدَّ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ذَلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ [ Allah has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide eternally. That is the great success. ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 090

وَجَاءَ الْمُعَذِّرُونَ مِنَ الْأَعْرَابِ لِيُؤْذَنَ لَهُمْ وَقَعَدَ الَّذِينَ كَذَبُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ سَيُصِيبُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ [ Some among the Bedouin Arabs having true excuses came (to the Apostle ﷺ) to ask leave to stay behind, whereas those who are false to Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  stayed at home. A painful punishment will befall those of them who disbelieve.]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 091

لَّيْسَ عَلَى الضُّعَفَاء وَلاَ عَلَى الْمَرْضَى وَلاَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لاَ يَجِدُونَ مَا يُنفِقُونَ حَرَجٌ إِذَا نَصَحُواْ لِلّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ مَا عَلَى الْمُحْسِنِينَ مِن سَبِيلٍ وَاللّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ [ There is no blame on the weak, nor on the sick, nor on those who do not find anything to spend, so long as they are sincere to Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). There is no (cause for) blaming the virtuous, and Allah is All Forgiving, All Merciful.]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 092

وَلَا عَلَى الَّذِينَ إِذَا مَا أَتَوْكَ لِتَحْمِلَهُمْ قُلْتَ لَا أَجِدُ مَا أَحْمِلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ تَوَلَّوْا وَأَعْيُنُهُمْ تَفِيضُ مِنَ الدَّمْعِ حَزَنًا أَلَّا يَجِدُوا مَا يُنْفِقُونَ [ Nor will they be blamed who came to you for transport, to whom you said : 'I cannot find any means of conveyance for you,' and they went away in tears, grieving that they lacked the means to spend (on carriage). ]

 

Juz 10,  At-Tauba verse 093

إِنَّمَا السَّبِيلُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ يَسْتَأْذِنُونَكَ وَهُمْ أَغْنِيَاءُ رَضُوا بِأَنْ يَكُونُوا مَعَ الْخَوَالِفِ وَطَبَعَ اللَّهُ عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ فَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ [ The blame lies only on those who ask leave of you  even though they are well-off. They are pleased to be with those who stay back; Allah has set a seal on their hearts, so they cannot understand. ]