LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
 
 JUZ 12.1  WAMA MIN DABBATIN  (وَمَا مِنْ دَابَّةٍ)
 
 

سورة هود

Hood
 

Hood | Sura # 11| 123 verses | Makka

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 006

وَمَا مِنْ دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا عَلَى اللَّهِ رِزْقُهَا وَيَعْلَمُ مُسْتَقَرَّهَا وَمُسْتَوْدَعَهَا كُلٌّ فِي كِتَابٍ مُبِينٍ [
And there is none that walks upon the earth whose sustenance does not depend on Allah.  He knows where it shall stay and where it shall be deposited; everything is in the Manifest Book.]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 007

وَهُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ وَكَانَ عَرْشُهُ عَلَى الْمَاءِ لِيَبْلُوَكُمْ أَيُّكُمْ أَحْسَنُ عَمَلًا وَلَئِنْ قُلْتَ إِنَّكُمْ مَبْعُوثُونَ مِنْ بَعْدِ الْمَوْتِ لَيَقُولَنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِنْ هَذَا إِلَّا سِحْرٌ مُبِينٌ [ It is He who created the heavens and the earth in six days and His Throne was upon the waters, that He may test you which of you is best in conduct. Yet if you say, ‘You will indeed be raised up after death,’ the faithless will surely say, ‘This is nothing but manifest sorcery.’]
 
The life is manifested in the shape of water in our physical world. The meaning of water in the above verse, may be, are 'life' (Hayat).  Since Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) created the entire cosmos in 6 days (six spans) His Tajalli in the creation of the Cosmos was 'Life' (Hayat).  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) was giving life to the Cosmos.  To explain this fact to human beings, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says that  وَهُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ وَكَانَ عَرْشُهُ عَلَى الْمَاءِ  [ It is He who created the heavens and the earth in six days and His Throne was upon the waters.]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 008

وَلَئِنْ أَخَّرْنَا عَنْهُمُ الْعَذَابَ إِلَى أُمَّةٍ مَعْدُودَةٍ لَيَقُولُنَّ مَا يَحْبِسُهُ أَلَا يَوْمَ يَأْتِيهِمْ لَيْسَ مَصْرُوفًا عَنْهُمْ وَحَاقَ بِهِمْ مَا كَانُوا بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِءُونَ [ If We defer their punishment for a certain time, they will say : 'What is keeping it back?' And yet, the day it comes, they will not be able to avert it; and what they used to laugh at, will envelop them. ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 009

وَلَئِنْ أَذَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ مِنَّا رَحْمَةً ثُمَّ نَزَعْنَاهَا مِنْهُ إِنَّهُ لَيَئُوسٌ كَفُورٌ [ If We let human taste some Mercy from Us, and then take it away from him, he becomes hopeless, and thankless (forgetting all Our favors to him).]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 010

وَلَئِنْ أَذَقْنَاهُ نَعْمَاءَ بَعْدَ ضَرَّاءَ مَسَّتْهُ لَيَقُولَنَّ ذَهَبَ السَّيِّئَاتُ عَنِّي إِنَّهُ لَفَرِحٌ فَخُورٌ [ And if We let him taste ease and plenty after some hardship has visited him, he says: "Gone is all affliction from me!" Surely he is prone to vain exultation and self-glorification.]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 011

إِلَّا الَّذِينَ صَبَرُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُولَئِكَ لَهُمْ مَغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ كَبِيرٌ [ Except those who patiently endured and did good deeds; for them is forgiveness, and a great reward.]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 012

فَلَعَلَّكَ تَارِكٌ بَعْضَ مَا يُوحَى إِلَيْكَ وَضَائِقٌ بِهِ صَدْرُكَ أَنْ يَقُولُوا لَوْلَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَيْهِ كَنْزٌ أَوْ جَاءَ مَعَهُ مَلَكٌ إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ نَذِيرٌ وَاللَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَكِيلٌ [ Surely you will (not) forsake part of what is divinely revealed to you and be disheartened because they say, 'Why has not a treasure been sent down along with him? Or 'an angel should have come with him'? You are indeed a Herald of Warning; and Allah is the Guardian over all things. ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 013

أَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَرَاهُ قُلْ فَأْتُوا بِعَشْرِ سُوَرٍ مِثْلِهِ مُفْتَرَيَاتٍ وَادْعُوا مَنِ اسْتَطَعْتُمْ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ [ Do they say (of the Prophet ﷺ): 'He has forged (the Quran)?' Say : 'Then bring ten Surahs like it, and call anyone except Allah to help you, 'if what you say is true.' ]

Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has challenged the entire humanity and Jinns, many a time in Quran that if they doubt in Quran, they should bring  ten Suras like that of Quran.  At another place in Quran, the challenge is reduced to one Sura. 

It is in Quran - وَإِن كُنتُمْ فِي رَيْبٍ مِّمَّا نَزَّلْنَا عَلَى عَبْدِنَا فَأْتُوا بِسُورَةٍ مِّن مِّثْلِهِ وَادْعُوا شُهَدَاءَكُم مِّن دُونِ اللَّـهِ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ [ If you doubt (in this Quran) which has been sent down on Our chosen servant, (Apostle Mohammad ﷺ) then bring a chapter like it;  and call all your helpers other than Allah,  if you are truthful.]  (Al-Baqara - 23)

Since the word of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and the word of His creature cannot be equated, this challenge remains unfulfilled and will remain so till the day of resurrection.

It  is consensus (اِجماع) of all Islamic scholars that Quran is a miracle bestowed on Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), a like of which cannot be produced by any human or jinn.

The  'inimitability' of Quran’ or ‘the Exception of Quran’ (اعجاز القرآن) has been a subject of discussion among Islamic scholars for a long time.  Some view points in this context are given below.   

(i) Some earlier people thought that  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) incapacitated competent people, or turned them away,  from taking up the challenge of imitating Quran. This hypothesis was wrong.  If you accept this hypothesis, then Quran does not remain a miracle, rather Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) incapacitating the people to write a book like that of Quran becomes a miracle.    

It is in Quran -  قُل لَّئِنِ اجْتَمَعَتِ الْإِنسُ وَالْجِنُّ عَلَىٰ أَن يَأْتُوا بِمِثْلِ هَـٰذَا الْقُرْآنِ لَا يَأْتُونَ بِمِثْلِهِ وَلَوْ كَانَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ ظَهِيرًا [ Say, (O’Prophet ﷺ)  If the mankind and the jinns were together to produce the like of this Qur'an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another.] (Al-Israa - 88)

The above verse confirms that since Quran is the word of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), a like of it, cannot be produced by a human being (a creature). The suspicion of disbelievers that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) might have authored it has been condemned by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).

It is in Quran -   أَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَرَاهُ ۖ قُلْ فَأْتُوا بِعَشْرِ سُوَرٍ مِّثْلِهِ مُفْتَرَيَاتٍ وَادْعُوا مَنِ اسْتَطَعْتُم مِّن دُونِ اللَّهِ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ [Or  do they say, He ( the Prophet ﷺ) invented it? Say, Then bring ten chapters like it (that you claim to) have been invented, and call upon (for assistance) whoever you can, besides Allah, if you are truthful."] (Hud - 13)

 It is in Quran - أَمْ يَقُولُونَ تَقَوَّلَهُ ۚ بَل لَّا يُؤْمِنُونَ - فَلْيَأْتُوا بِحَدِيثٍ مِّثْلِهِ إِن كَانُوا صَادِقِينَ  [ Or do they say, "He (Prophet Mohammad ﷺ) has made it up"? Rather, they do not believe. Then let them produce a statement like it, if they are truthful.]  (At-Tur - 33-34)  

The Arabs of Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) time acknowledged the superiority of the speech of Quran.  The smallest Surah in Quran is al-Kawthar that consists of 3 small verses -  (إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ - فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ - إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الْأَبْتَرُ).  In the past 1450 years no one has been able to bring a like of it.   After seeing this Surah, a prominent Arabic poet of Quraish during Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) time wrote  -  مَا هذا كلام البشر   [This is not from the speech of a servant].

(ii) Some people thought that the 'choice and arrangement of the words of Quran' makes it exceptional.  Scholars like (a) Abdul Qahir al-Jurjani (d. 1078 CE) in his Dala'il al-I'jaz,  (b) Fakhr ad-Din al-Razi (d. 1209) in his book Nihayat al-I'jaz fi Dirayat al-I'jaz,  and (c) al-Zamakhshari (d. 1144 CE) in his Tafseer al-Kashsaf have explained this uniqueness in detail.

(iii) Later scholars upheld the rhetorical  superiority of Qur'an, but  considered that the contents of the Quran are also a miracle.
 
We have briefly discussed the miraculous nature of Quran in (a) Style, (b) Literature, (c) content, and (d) effect.
   
QURAN'S STYLE -
Quran comes out glaringly clear in terms of eloquence and rhetoric upon literate people;  Arabs or non-Arabs alike.

What praise can be uttered about the comprehensiveness of eloquence and rhetoric of the noble Ahadith, the utterance of which is connected with Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) whose behest is - اُتِيْتُ جَوامِعَ الْكَلِمْ - اَنَا اَفْصَحُ الْعَرَبِيْ وَ الْعَجَمْ  [ The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said - I have been given the comprehensiveness of speech. My  eloquence is unparalleled among Arabs and Non-Arabs.] (Abi Shaiba and Abu Ya'la).   In spite of that, Quran is different altogether. Its style is distinct from the style of Ahadith. Thus, it is clear that Quran is not the speech of the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

It is in Quran -   وَمَا كُنتَ تَتْلُو مِن قَبْلِهِ مِن كِتَابٍ وَلَا تَخُطُّهُ بِيَمِينِكَ ۖ إِذًا لَّارْتَابَ الْمُبْطِلُونَ   [ (O' Prophet ﷺ) you did not recite before it (Quran), any scripture, nor did you inscribe one with your right hand.  Otherwise the falsifiers would have had doubt. ] (Al-Ankaboot - 48)  

QURAN'S LITERATURE -  As a literary monument, the Quran stands unique.  It has neither forerunners nor successors. 

The Arabic language and speech is divided into two branches, (i) rhymed poetry, and (ii) prose.   We will not go into details here, but the challenge of Quran is to produce a piece of work that does not fall into all the branches of Arabic  poetry and prose.  And it should also  contain comprehensive meaning and rhetoric. The Arabs  could not bring even 3 verses like that of Quran.  They realized that Quran’s  form does not fit into any of the Arabic literature categories.

During the early period of Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) declaration of prophet-hood, a prominent person from Quraish, Al-Qama bin Abdul Munaf,  is reported to have addressed the leaders of Quraish in Makka in the following words.

"O' Quraish, a new calamity has befallen upon you. When (Prophet) Mohammed (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was young, he was the most liked among you, most truthful in speech, and most trustworthy, until, when you saw gray hairs on his temple, and he brought you his message, you said that he was a sorcerer, but he is not, for we have seen such people and their spittings and their knots.  You said, he was a diviner, but we have seen such people and their behavior, and we have heard their rhymes.  You said he was a soothsayer, but he is not a soothsayer, for we have heard their rhymes.   You said he was a poet, but he is not a poet, for we have heard all kinds of poetry.  You said he was possessed, but he is not,  for we have seen the possessed, and he shows no signs of their gasping and whispering and delirium.  O' people of Quraish, look to your affairs (realize the intensity/truthfulness of this new message).  By God, a very serious thing has been sent down upon you.’

QURAN'S CONTENT -
  It is evident that human beings neither have the knowledge of the past nor of future.  A person knows only the thing which is in front of his eyes. It means his knowledge is limited to his  observations.  At most, he contemplates with his observation and tries to deduce things.  

Tidings of the unknown is not the work of the material man.  Until Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) help is not there in between, this can not be accomplished.

 
There are details of the happenings in Quran about which the entire family of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was unaware of; like Adam (علیه السلا م), Hawwa (علیها السلا م) and Satan's episode; the incident of Haabeel and Qabeel;  the happening of Ibrahim (علیه السلا م), Ismail (علیه السلا م), Lut (علیه السلا م), Is'haq (علیه السلا م), Yaqub (علیه السلا م), Yusuf (علیه السلا م);  episodes of Saleh (علیه السلا م) and the nation of Samud;  the happenings of Shuayb (علیه السلا م) and the people of Mada'in and eika; Dawood (علیه السلا م) and Sulaiman (علیه السلا م), Musa (علیه السلا م), Haroon (علیه السلا م), Pharaoh, Hamaan, and the descendants of Israel and Qaroon's affairs; Zulqarnain, the people of Saba, As-hab al-Aqdood (اصحاب الاخدود), As-hab al-Kahaf (اصحاب الكهف), As-hab al-Raqeem (اصحاب الرّقيم) and As-hab Rus (اصحاب رس); all their incidents have been mentioned in the Quran that were recognized by the adversaries in the Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) time.

It is in Quran -  وَلَـٰكِن تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَتَفْصِيلَ الْكِتَابِ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهِ مِن رَّبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ  [But (Quran is) a confirmation of what was before it, and a detailed explanation of the (earlier) Scripture, about which there is no doubt, from the Lord of the worlds.] (Younus - 37)

There are foretelling in Quran which, till now, continuously proving to be true and correct.  A few of these are given below.


(a) It is in Quran - سَيُهْزَمُ الْجَمْعُ وَيُوَلُّونَ الدُّبُرَ [Soon their multitude will be put to fight and they will show their backs (run away).] ( Al-Qamar - 45)

This was the foretelling of the people of Badr, in which the Quraishi pagans lost and ran away.  This foretelling was  fulfilled by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).


(b) It is in Quran - 
قُل لِّلْمُخَلَّفِينَ مِنَ الْأَعْرَابِ سَتُدْعَوْنَ إِلَىٰ قَوْمٍ أُولِي بَأْسٍ شَدِيدٍ تُقَاتِلُونَهُمْ أَوْ يُسْلِمُونَ [ (O' Prophet ﷺ), tell the rural Arabs who were left out (at the journey of Hudaibiya), that 'you will be called in confrontation against the formidable fighters (Romans & Persians) and you will be fighting with them till they become Muslims.] (Al-Fatah 16).

The wars with Romans and Persians were fought during the Caliphate of  Hadhrat Abu Bakr (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and Hadhrat Umar Farooq (رضئ الله تعالی عنه). This was the glad tiding of the caliphate of Abu Bakr and Umar (رضئ الله تعالی عنهما).


(c) It is in Quran -  لَّقَدْ صَدَقَ اللَّهُ رَسُولَهُ الرُّؤْيَا بِالْحَقِّ ۖ لَتَدْخُلُنَّ الْمَسْجِدَ الْحَرَامَ إِن شَاءَ اللَّهُ آمِنِينَ مُحَلِّقِينَ رُءُوسَكُمْ وَمُقَصِّرِينَ لَا تَخَافُونَ  [Undoubtedly, Allah had shown His Apostle ﷺ a true dream that, by Allah's will, you (Muslims) will enter Masjid al-Haram (Kabatullah) without fear and peril (in all composure) and ( in there) you (some of you) will have your heads shaven and (some ) will have your hairs cut.] ( Al-Fath - 27 ).

This was the foretelling about the victory of Makka, which Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) fulfilled.  

QURAN'S EFFECT -
  Before Prophet Mohammad’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) migration to Madina, the Chief of Medina Asad bin Zerarah, went out of his house, fully armed,  with an ulterior motive of exiling Musab bin Umair (رضئ الله تعالى عنه), who was sent by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to preach in Medina, but the voice of someone reciting the verses of the Quran fell on his ears. The effect of these verses was so great that he embraced Islam at the hand of Musab bin Umair (رضئ الله تعالى عنه), the very person he wanted to exile.

Khalid bin Aqba, who, while passing by, heard the verses of Quran being recited. He was mesmerized and said :  'By Allah there is a strange sweetness in it, there is a strange freshness. It’s roots are saturated with water and its branches are over-laden with fruits. Man cannot converse like this!'

Utba was an eminent leader of Quraish infidels.  When Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recited Quran, he placed both his hands on the ground and started swaying to and fro, weeping.  When Waleed heard Quran, he said -  اِنَّ عَلَيْهَا طَلاوَةٌ ، و فِيْهَا حَلَاوةٌ [ In it there is freshness and sweetness].

There are many instances when people accepted Islam just from listening to the verses.  The effects of Quranic verses are varied. They are also useful in  'answering of the objectives / wishes and prevention of disease and warding off, of evil touch.  Many books have been written by Islamic scholars in this regard.  The books like 'Shamsul Ma'arif by  Booni  and Muraqqa Kalimi of Kalimullah Jahanabadi, etc., are important in this context.  In the invocations (ازکار) mentioned in these books, the supreme and the most effective invocations are invocation from the verses of Quran.

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 014

فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَجِيبُوا لَكُمْ فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا أُنْزِلَ بِعِلْمِ اللَّهِ وَأَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ فَهَلْ أَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ [ So (O' Muslims), if they are unable to reply to this challenge of yours, then know well that it is sent down only with the knowledge of Allah; and that except Him, there is no real God; so will you now accept? ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 015

مَنْ كَانَ يُرِيدُ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا وَزِينَتَهَا نُوَفِّ إِلَيْهِمْ أَعْمَالَهُمْ فِيهَا وَهُمْ فِيهَا لَا يُبْخَسُونَ [ Whoever desires the life of this world and its comforts, We shall give them the full reward for their deeds in itself, and not make any reduction in it. ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 016

أُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ فِي الْآَخِرَةِ إِلَّا النَّارُ وَحَبِطَ مَا صَنَعُوا فِيهَا وَبَاطِلٌ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ  [It is they for whom there is nothing in the Hereafter but the Fire. All that they produced in it (this world) has come to nothing and all that they were doing is vain. ]
 
The above verses are important to know the fact behind the luxurious lives of those who spend their lives in the pursuit of comforts in this world.  Whatever their pursuit, they are provided for.
 
A person who is in pursuit of his and his family's welfare in this world as well as in Hereafter, will be provided as per his efforts. Thus, it is important that we should strive for providing a decent life to our children and other dependents by educating ourselves in such a way that we can ensure a good living for ourselves and others.  At the same time, we should not ignore the commandments of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and lead our life as an honest Muslim to ensure our salvation and rewards in Hereafter. 

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 017

أَفَمَنْ كَانَ عَلَى بَيِّنَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّهِ وَيَتْلُوهُ شَاهِدٌ مِنْهُ وَمِنْ قَبْلِهِ كِتَابُ مُوسَى إِمَامًا وَرَحْمَةً أُولَئِكَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ وَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِهِ مِنَ الْأَحْزَابِ فَالنَّارُ مَوْعِدُهُ فَلَا تَكُ فِي مِرْيَةٍ مِنْهُ إِنَّهُ الْحَقُّ مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ  [ So, (how can you compare others with) the one who stands on a clear evidence from his Lord (the Quran), and is supported by a witness guided by Him, and there was (revealed) before it the Book of Musa (عليه السلام) (confirming it) as a guide and Mercy? Those (who make and understand the comparison) believe in it (the Quran); while whoever from the diverse parties  disbelieves in it, the Fire will be their promised place. And so you should not have the least doubt of it (Quran). Surely, it is the truth from your Lord, though most of the people do not believe. ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 018

وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَى عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا أُولَئِكَ يُعْرَضُونَ عَلَى رَبِّهِمْ وَيَقُولُ الْأَشْهَادُ هَؤُلَاءِ الَّذِينَ كَذَبُوا عَلَى رَبِّهِمْ أَلَا لَعْنَةُ اللَّهِ عَلَى الظَّالِمِينَ  [ And who is more unjust than the one who fabricates a lie against Allah? They will be presented before their Lord, and the witnesses (the Prophets) will say, 'These are they who lied concerning their Lord; the curse of Allah be upon the unjust.' ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 019

الَّذِينَ يَصُدُّونَ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَيَبْغُونَهَا عِوَجًا وَهُمْ بِالْآَخِرَةِ هُمْ كَافِرُونَ  [ Those who keep (the people) away from the path of Allah and seek to paint it as crooked,  they are those who disbelieve in the Hereafter. ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 020

أُولَئِكَ لَمْ يَكُونُوا مُعْجِزِينَ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَا كَانَ لَهُمْ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ مِنْ أَوْلِيَاءَ يُضَاعَفُ لَهُمُ الْعَذَابُ مَا كَانُوا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ السَّمْعَ وَمَا كَانُوا يُبْصِرُونَ  [They will not be able to escape in the earth, nor do they have any protecting friends apart from Allah; they will have punishment upon punishment (repeated punishment) for they could neither hear nor see. ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 021

أُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ خَسِرُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ وَضَلَّ عَنْهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يَفْتَرُونَ  [ They are verily those who exceeded themselves, and the (gods) they invented abandoned them. ]
 
 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 022

لَا جَرَمَ أَنَّهُمْ فِي الْآَخِرَةِ هُمُ الْأَخْسَرُونَ  [ Without doubt, in the Hereafter they will be the greatest losers. ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 023 

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَأَخْبَتُوا إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ أُولَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ   [ Indeed those who have faith and do righteous deeds and are humble before their Lord, they shall be the inhabitants of paradise, and they shall remain in it (forever). ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 024 

مَثَلُ الْفَرِيقَيْنِ كَالْأَعْمَى وَالْأَصَمِّ وَالْبَصِيرِ وَالسَّمِيعِ هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلًا أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ  [The example of these two groups is that of a man who is deaf and blind, and the other who can hear and see. Can they be equal? Why do you not reflect? ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 025 

وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا إِلَى قَوْمِهِ إِنِّي لَكُمْ نَذِيرٌ مُبِينٌ  [ We sent Nooh (عليه السلام) to his people (and he said) : 'I give you a clear warning.' ]

The stories of the Prophets are repeated again and again in Quran to warn people of the consequences of rejecting the signs of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).

The story of Prophet Noah (عليه السلام) is described here to serve a warning to those who persistently rejected the message of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). So far arguments were presented to them to identify their misdeeds and warn them about the consequences.  From here, examples of the people of Nooh and other prophets (عليهم السلام) are given to let them remind what happened to them for rejecting Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) signs.

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 026 

أَنْ لَا تَعْبُدُوا إِلَّا اللَّهَ إِنِّي أَخَافُ عَلَيْكُمْ عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ أَلِيمٍ  [ Worship none but Allah. Indeed I fear for you the punishment of a painful day. ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 027 

فَقَالَ الْمَلَأُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ قَوْمِهِ مَا نَرَاكَ إِلَّا بَشَرًا مِثْلَنَا وَمَا نَرَاكَ اتَّبَعَكَ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ هُمْ أَرَاذِلُنَا بَادِيَ الرَّأْيِ وَمَا نَرَى لَكُمْ عَلَيْنَا مِنْ فَضْلٍ بَلْ نَظُنُّكُمْ كَاذِبِينَ  [ The leaders of the people who were unbelievers, replied : 'We see that you are but a man like us, and see that none among us follows you but the meanest and immature of judgement, and do not see any excellence in you above us. In fact, we think you are a liar.' ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 028 

قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُ عَلَى بَيِّنَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّي وَآَتَانِي رَحْمَةً مِنْ عِنْدِهِ فَعُمِّيَتْ عَلَيْكُمْ أَنُلْزِمُكُمُوهَا وَأَنْتُمْ لَهَا كَارِهُونَ  [ He said : 'O my people, think. If I have a clear proof from my Lord, and He has bestowed on me His grace, though unknown to you, (so I cannot) force (the Mercy of your Lord) upon you when you are averse (towards it)? ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 029 

وَيَا قَوْمِ لَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مَالًا إِنْ أَجْرِيَ إِلَّا عَلَى اللَّهِ وَمَا أَنَا بِطَارِدِ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا إِنَّهُمْ مُلَاقُواْ رَبِّهِمْ وَلَكِنِّي أَرَاكُمْ قَوْمًا تَجْهَلُونَ  [ O my people, I do not demand for it any wealth from you, . My reward is with Allah.  And I will not drive those (poor believers) away who believe. They have also to meet their Lord.  But I see you are an ignorant people. ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 030 

وَيَا قَوْمِ مَنْ يَنْصُرُنِي مِنَ اللَّهِ إِنْ طَرَدْتُهُمْ أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ  [ O my people, who will save me from Allah if I drive them away? Do you not understand? ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 031 

وَلَا أَقُولُ لَكُمْ عِنْدِي خَزَائِنُ اللَّهِ وَلَا أَعْلَمُ الْغَيْبَ وَلَا أَقُولُ إِنِّي مَلَكٌ وَلَا أَقُولُ لِلَّذِينَ تَزْدَرِي أَعْيُنُكُمْ لَنْ يُؤْتِيَهُمُ اللَّهُ خَيْرًا اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ إِنِّي إِذًا لَمِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ  [I say not that I have the treasures of Allah, or that I possess the knowledge of the unseen. I do not claim myself to be an angel, nor can I say that Allah will not bestow any good on those you disdain, for Allah is aware of what is in their hearts.  If I say this, I will surely be unjust.' ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 032 

قَالُوا يَا نُوحُ قَدْ جَادَلْتَنَا فَأَكْثَرْتَ جِدَالَنَا فَأْتِنَا بِمَا تَعِدُنَا إِنْ كُنْتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ  [ They said : "O Nooh (عليه السلام), You have argued with us, and have prolonged your arguments; so stop arguing with us and, if you are telling the truth, bring upon us what you have been threatening us with.' ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 033 

قَقَالَ إِنَّمَا يَأْتِيكُمْ بِهِ اللَّهُ إِنْ شَاءَ وَمَا أَنْتُمْ بِمُعْجِزِينَ  [ He said, 'Allah will surely bring that upon you if He wills, and you will not be able to escape.' ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 034 

وَلَا يَنْفَعُكُمْ نُصْحِي إِنْ أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَنْصَحَ لَكُمْ إِنْ كَانَ اللَّهُ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يُغْوِيَكُمْ هُوَ رَبُّكُمْ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ  [ Even if I wish to advise you aright, my counsel will not profit you if Allah intends that you go astray, for He is your Lord and to Him you will return.' ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 035 

أَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَرَاهُ قُلْ إِنِ افْتَرَيْتُهُ فَعَلَيَّ إِجْرَامِي وَأَنَا بَرِيءٌ مِمَّا تُجْرِمُونَ  [Do they say you have fabricated it? Tell them : 'If I have fabricated it, then mine is the consequence; but I am  not concerned with your sins.' ]

 

Juz 12,  Hood, Verse 036 

وَأُوحِيَ إِلَى نُوحٍ أَنَّهُ لَنْ يُؤْمِنَ مِنْ قَوْمِكَ إِلَّا مَنْ قَدْ آَمَنَ فَلَا تَبْتَئِسْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ  [And it was divinely revealed to Nooh (عليه السلام) that 'None of your people will become Muslims, except those who have already accepted faith; therefore do not grieve at what they do.' ]