SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI
Yusuf | Sura # 12| 111 verses | Makkan
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 001الر تِلْكَ آَيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِالر [ Alif-Laam-Ra ] - 'Alif-Laam-Ra' is known as ‘Solemn Verse' (Ayat-e-Muqatta'at - آیتِ مقطعات).Fourteen Arabic alphabets have been used, in varied combinations, in 14 ‘Solemn Verses' (Ayaat-e-Muqatta'at - آیاتِ مقطعات) in the form of initials of 29 Chapters (سورة) of holy Quran. Alif-Laam-Ra (الر ) is one of them.Since Quran is 'Mubeen' (الْمُبِينِ); its description is clear and manifest. The meanings of all the verses of Quran, including 'Solemn Verses' (آیاتِ مقطعات) are surely known to its principle addressee, ie., Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). It is also likely that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has informed the meanings of these Verses to some of his Sahabah and Awliya Allah.We believe in whatever is meant by the 'Solemn Verses' (آیاتِ مقطعات) by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).Since we have been commanded to read the Quran carefully and try to understand the significance of every verse of the Quran, we do ponder over these verses. And when we think, by focusing our attention towards Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for guidance, it comes to our mind that the 'Solemn Verses' (آیاتِ مقطعات) are actually the 'Solemn Titles of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) given by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) throughout the Quran. Our understanding is based on the fact that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has addressed Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in the Quran by specific names, like Muzzammil (مزمل - O' beloved who covers self in a coverlet), Muddassir (مدثر - O' beloved, who covers self in a bed sheet). With this understanding, it is most likely that Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) other names / titles have been mentioned in Quran by denoting certain initials/alphabets.تِلْكَ آَيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ [ These are the Verses of the Illumining Book (the Quran).]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 002إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ قُرْآَنًا عَرَبِيًّا لَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ [ Verily, We have revealed the Quran in Arabic so that you comprehend (it fully).]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 003نَحْنُ نَقُصُّ عَلَيْكَ أَحْسَنَ الْقَصَصِ بِمَا أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ هَذَا الْقُرْآَنَ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ لَمِنَ الْغَافِلِي [ We will recount to you the best of narratives in what We have revealed to you of this Quran, and indeed prior to it you were among those who are unaware (about them). ]
Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has provided narratives of many Prophets and Apostles in the Quran, among them the story of Yusuf (عليه السلام) is unique. The story consists of sequences of episodes that are informative and inspiring.
The stories of prophets have been mentioned in successive Suras in the Quran. We have discussed here briefly about Prophets mentioned in the Quran.
Islam distinguishes between an Apostle of Allah (Rasool) and a Prophet (Nabi). Both are recipients of Allah's revelations. However, the Apostle receives a divine message or revelation for a community in a book form. Every Rasool is a Prophet, however, not every Prophet is a Rasool. The following prophets by their names have been mentioned in the holy Quran.(1) Adam (عليه السلام)(2) Nooh – عليه السلام (Noah)(3) Idris - عليه السلام (Enoch)(4)(8) Is'haq – عليه السلام (Isaac)(8) Isma’il – عليه السلام (Ishmael)(10) Yaqoob – عليه السلام (Jacob)(12) Ayyub – عليه السلام (Job)(13) Shu'aib – عليه السلام (Jethro)(14) Musa – عليه السلام (Moses)(19) Al-Yasa – عليه السلام (Elisha)(24) Yahya – عليه السلام (John the Baptist)(25) Isa – عليه السلام (Jesus)(26) Mohammad Rasoolullah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)
In addition to the above, Prophet Sheeth (عليه السلام) (Seth) is mentioned in Ahadith. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 50 scriptures were sent down upon him. (Ibn Hibban). It is reported that he was the son of Adam (عليه السلام) who assumed the responsibility of mankind after the death of Adam (عليه السلام).The real brother of Prophet Yusuf (عليه السلام) has been mentioned in Quran. Prophet Yusuf's (عليه السلام) mother's name was Raheel (عليها السلام). It is reported that Prophet Yusuf (عليه السلام) and his mother were the most beautiful persons on planet Earth. Yusuf (عليه السلام) had 10 step brothers and one real brother who was a prophet and his name was Binyameen (عليه السلام).The other 10 step brothers of Yusuf (عليه السلام), namely, (i) Rubeel (Reuben), who was the eldest of them, (ii) Sham‘oon (Simeon), (iii) Laawi (Levi), (iv) Yahoodha (Judah), (v) Zayaaloon (Zebulon), (vi) Yashjir (Issachar), (vii) Daan (Dan), (viii) Naftaali (Naphtali), (ix) Jaad (Gad), and (x) Aashir (Asher) were not prophets.
The Prophets were sent by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in the world for the guidance of various nations at different times throughout the history of mankind.It is in Quran – وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا رُسُلًا مِّن قَبْلِكَ مِنْهُم مَّن قَصَصْنَا عَلَيْكَ وَمِنْهُم مَّن لَّمْ نَقْصُصْ عَلَيْكَ [And certainly We sent Apostles before you (O' Prophet ﷺ), there are some of them that We have mentioned to you and there are others whom We have not mentioned to you] (Ghafir - 78).
It is in Quran - كَانَ النَّاسُ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً فَبَعَثَ اللَّهُ النَّبِيِّينَ مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ وَأَنزَلَ مَعَهُمُ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ فِيمَا اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ ۚ وَمَا اخْتَلَفَ فِيهِ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ أُوتُوهُ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ ۖ فَهَدَى اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لِمَا اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ مِنَ الْحَقِّ بِإِذْنِهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ [Mankind were one community, and Allah sent (to them) prophets as bearers of good tidings and as warners, and revealed therewith, the Scripture with the truth, that it might judge between mankind concerning that, wherein they differed. And only those to whom (the Scripture) was given differed concerning it, after clear proofs had come to them, through hatred of one another. And Allah by His Will guided those who believe in the truth of that, concerning which they differed. Allah guides whom He will to the straight path.] (Al-Baqara – 213).
It is in Quran - إِنَّا أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ كَمَا أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ نُوحٍ وَالنَّبِيِّينَ مِن بَعْدِهِ ۚ وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالْأَسْبَاطِ وَعِيسَىٰ وَأَيُّوبَ وَيُونُسَ وَهَارُونَ وَسُلَيْمَانَ ۚ وَآتَيْنَا دَاوُودَ زَبُورًا [(O’ Prophet ﷺ) We have revealed to you, as We revealed to Nooh (عليه السلام), and the Prophets after him, and We revealed to Ibrahim (عليه السلام), Ismail (عليه السلام), Ishaq (عليه السلام), Yaqoob (عليه السلام) and the offspring of Ishaq (عليه السلام), and Isa (عليه السلام), and Ayyub (عليه السلام), and Yunus (عليه السلام), and Haroon (عليه السلام), and Sulaiman (عليه السلام), and We gave to Dawood (عليه السلام) Psalms’. (An-Nisa – 163).
It is in Quran - قُولُوا آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالْأَسْبَاطِ وَمَا أُوتِيَ مُوسَىٰ وَعِيسَىٰ وَمَا أُوتِيَ النَّبِيُّونَ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ - [ Say (O’Muslims), We believe in Allah and that which has been sent down to us (Quran) and that which has been sent down to Abraham (Ibrahim – علیھ السلا م), Ishmael (Ismael - علیھ السلا م), Isaac (Is-haq - علیھ السلا م), Jacob (Ya'qub – علیھ السلا م), and to Al-Asbât (the twelve sons of Jacob - Ya'qub – علیھ السلا م), and that which has been given to Moses (Musa - علیھ السلا م) and Jesus ( Isa - علیھ السلا م), and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We (the Muslims) make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted (in Islam) (We are Muslims)].’ (Al-Baqara – 136).
There are differences of opinions among scholars on actual number of Prophets and Apostles. The most famous Ahadith in this context are as follows.
It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), who said : I said : O' Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), how many Prophets were there? He said : 'One hundred and twenty four thousand.' I said : O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), how many of them were Apostles? He said : “Three hundred and fifteen, a good number.' I said : O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), who was the first of them? He said : 'Adam (عليه السلام). (Sahih Ibn Hibbaan - 361).
It is in Hadith - Abu Umamah al-Bahili narrated that Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asked the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) how many Prophets were there?' The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) replied 'One hundred twenty four thousand, from which three hundred fifteen were Apostles. (Musnad Ahmed)
We believe in all Prophets, including those who are mentioned in Quran. All of them have communicated the same message. The religions of all the Prophets has been the same which is monotheism (one-ness) of Almighty. There are no differences of teachings among prophets with regard to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) because all of them are honest. Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is the same who is there from the beginning and who will remain existent eternally.
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 004إِذْ قَالَ يُوسُفُ لِأَبِيهِ يَا أَبَتِ إِنِّي رَأَيْتُ أَحَدَ عَشَرَ كَوْكَبًا وَالشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ رَأَيْتُهُمْ لِي سَاجِدِينَ [ When Yusuf (عليه السلام) said to his father, O' Father! I saw eleven stars, and the sun and the moon prostrating in front of me. ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 005قَالَ يَا بُنَيَّ لَا تَقْصُصْ رُؤْيَاكَ عَلَى إِخْوَتِكَ فَيَكِيدُوا لَكَ كَيْدًا إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ لِلْإِنْسَانِ عَدُوٌّ مُبِينٌ [He said : 'O son, do not narrate your dream to your brothers, or they will plot against you. Surely Satan is man's open enemy. ]Prophet Yaqoob (عليه السلام) knew the potential of Yusuf (عليه السلام) and he loved him only for Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) sake. He knew about the rivalry of his other 10 sons with Yusuf (عليه السلام) and his brother Binyameen (عليه السلام) as they were not happy to see their father's attention towards Yusuf (عليه السلام) and his brother. They did not realize that the affection of their father towards these sons was for Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) sake. This is the reason he stopped Yusuf (عليه السلام) from disclosing his dreams to his brothers.
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 006وَكَذَلِكَ يَجْتَبِيكَ رَبُّكَ وَيُعَلِّمُكَ مِنْ تَأْوِيلِ الْأَحَادِيثِ وَيُتِمُّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكَ وَعَلَى آَلِ يَعْقُوبَ كَمَا أَتَمَّهَا عَلَى أَبَوَيْكَ مِنْ قَبْلُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْحَاقَ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ [ That is how your Lord will choose you and teach you the interpretation of dreams, and complete His blessing upon you and upon the house of Yaqoob (عليه السلام), just as He completed it earlier for your fathers, Ibrahim and Ishaq (عليهم السلام). Your Lord is indeed All Knowing, All Wise.' ]
The above verse confirms that Prophet Yaqoob (عليه السلام) was aware that Yusuf (عليه السلام) will be one among the prophets who will be taught the interpretations of the dreams by his Lord. And His Lord will complete His blessings upon him and on the house of Yaqoob (عليه السلام) as He completed it earlier on his grand father Is-haq (عليه السلام) and his great grand father Ibrahim (عليه السلام).
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 007لَقَدْ كَانَ فِي يُوسُفَ وَإِخْوَتِهِ آَيَاتٌ لِلسَّائِلِينَ [ In (the story of) Yusuf (عليه السلام) and his brothers, there are certainly signs for the seekers. ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 008إِذْ قَالُوا لَيُوسُفُ وَأَخُوهُ أَحَبُّ إِلَى أَبِينَا مِنَّا وَنَحْنُ عُصْبَةٌ إِنَّ أَبَانَا لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ [ When they said surely Yusuf and his brother (عليهم السلام) are dearer to our father than we, even though we are a well-knit together. No doubt. Our father is manifestly absorbed in their love. ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 009اقْتُلُوا يُوسُفَ أَوِ اطْرَحُوهُ أَرْضًا يَخْلُ لَكُمْ وَجْهُ أَبِيكُمْ وَتَكُونُوا مِنْ بَعْدِهِ قَوْمًا صَالِحِينَ [ Let us kill Yusuf (عليه السلام) or cast him in some distant land so that we may get our father's exclusive affection; then play innocent. ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 010قَالَ قَائِلٌ مِنْهُمْ لَا تَقْتُلُوا يُوسُفَ وَأَلْقُوهُ فِي غَيَابَةِ الْجُبِّ يَلْتَقِطْهُ بَعْضُ السَّيَّارَةِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ فَاعِلِينَ [ One of them said : 'If you must do so, then do not kill Yusuf (عليه السلام), but throw him into an unused (dry) well. Some passing caravan may rescue him.']
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 011قَالُوا يَا أَبَانَا مَا لَكَ لَا تَأْمَنَّا عَلَى يُوسُفَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَنَاصِحُونَ [ They said, ‘Father! Why is it that you do not trust us with Yusuf (عليه السلام)? We are indeed his well-wishers.]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 012أَرْسِلْهُ مَعَنَا غَدًا يَرْتَعْ وَيَلْعَبْ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ [ 'Let him go with us tomorrow so that he may eat lots of fruits and play, and we will indeed take care of him.’ ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 013قَالَ إِنِّي لَيَحْزُنُنِي أَنْ تَذْهَبُوا بِهِ وَأَخَافُ أَنْ يَأْكُلَهُ الذِّئْبُ وَأَنْتُمْ عَنْهُ غَافِلُونَ [ (Yaqoob عليه السلام ) said, 'Indeed, it saddens me that you should take him, and I fear that a wolf would eat him while you are unaware of him.' ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 014قَالُوا لَئِنْ أَكَلَهُ الذِّئْبُ وَنَحْنُ عُصْبَةٌ إِنَّا إِذًا لَخَاسِرُونَ [ They said, 'If a wolf should eat him while we are a (well knit strong together), then indeed we would be useless.]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 015فَلَمَّا ذَهَبُوا بِهِ وَأَجْمَعُوا أَنْ يَجْعَلُوهُ فِي غَيَابَةِ الْجُبِّ وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْهِ لَتُنَبِّئَنَّهُمْ بِأَمْرِهِمْ هَذَا وَهُمْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ [ So when they took him away and planned to put him into a dark well, We revealed to Yusuf (عليه السلام), (a day will come when) you will surely inform them about this affair of theirs while they are not aware (who you are).]
The revelation to Prophet Yusuf (عليه السلام) was to comfort him in this time of distress and to assure him that nothing would happen to him. It was also a clear indication of Yusuf (عليه السلام) role as a Prophet.
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 016وَجَاءُو أَبَاهُمْ عِشَاءً يَبْكُونَ [ In the evening, they came weeping to their father. ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 017قَالُوا يَا أَبَانَا إِنَّا ذَهَبْنَا نَسْتَبِقُ وَتَرَكْنَا يُوسُفَ عِنْدَ مَتَاعِنَا فَأَكَلَهُ الذِّئْبُ وَمَا أَنْتَ بِمُؤْمِنٍ لَنَا وَلَوْ كُنَّا صَادِقِينَ [ They said, 'O Father, we had gone racing and left Yusuf (عليه السلام) with our things, and a wolf ate him. But you will not believe us even if we spoke truly.’ ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 018وَجَاءُو عَلَى قَمِيصِهِ بِدَمٍ كَذِبٍ قَالَ بَلْ سَوَّلَتْ لَكُمْ أَنْفُسُكُمْ أَمْرًا فَصَبْرٌ جَمِيلٌ وَاللَّهُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلَى مَا تَصِفُونَ [ And they showed false blood on his shirt. He said, 'No, your nufoos have enticed you into something. Yet patience is graceful, and Allah is my resort against what you have claimed. ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 019وَجَاءَتْ سَيَّارَةٌ فَأَرْسَلُوا وَارِدَهُمْ فَأَدْلَى دَلْوَهُ قَالَ يَا بُشْرَى هَذَا غُلَامٌ وَأَسَرُّوهُ بِضَاعَةً وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ [ And there came a caravan, and they sent their water-drawer, who let down his bucket (in the well). ‘Good news!’ he said. ‘This is a young boy!’ So they concealed him as merchandise, and Allah knew best what they were doing. ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 020وَشَرَوْهُ بِثَمَنٍ بَخْسٍ دَرَاهِمَ مَعْدُودَةٍ وَكَانُوا فِيهِ مِنَ الزَّاهِدِينَ [ And they sold him for a cheap price, a few dirhams, for they attached no value to him. ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 021وَقَالَ الَّذِي اشْتَرَاهُ مِنْ مِصْرَ لِامْرَأَتِهِ أَكْرِمِي مَثْوَاهُ عَسَى أَنْ يَنْفَعَنَا أَوْ نَتَّخِذَهُ وَلَدًا وَكَذَلِكَ مَكَّنَّا لِيُوسُفَ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلِنُعَلِّمَهُ مِنْ تَأْوِيلِ الْأَحَادِيثِ وَاللَّهُ غَالِبٌ عَلَى أَمْرِهِ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ [ The man from Egypt who had bought him (Yusuf عليه السلام) said to his wife, ‘Keep him in a respectable way. Maybe he will be useful to us, or we may adopt him as a son. Thus We established Yusuf (عليه السلام) in the land and that We might teach him the interpretation of dreams. Allah has command of His affairs, but most people do not know. ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 022وَلَمَّا بَلَغَ أَشُدَّهُ آَتَيْنَاهُ حُكْمًا وَعِلْمًا وَكَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ [ When he reached maturity, We gave him judgement and knowledge, and thus We reward the virtuous. ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 023وَرَاوَدَتْهُ الَّتِي هُوَ فِي بَيْتِهَا عَنْ نَفْسِهِ وَغَلَّقَتِ الْأَبْوَابَ وَقَالَتْ هَيْتَ لَكَ قَالَ مَعَاذَ اللَّهِ إِنَّهُ رَبِّي أَحْسَنَ مَثْوَايَ إِنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الظَّالِمُونَ [ And she, in whose house he was (living), sought to solicit him. She closed the doors and said, 'Come, you.' He said, (I seek) the refuge of Allah. Indeed, he (your husband) is my master who has treated me honorably. Indeed, wrongdoers will not succeed. ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 024وَلَقَدْ هَمَّتْ بِهِ وَهَمَّ بِهَا لَوْلَا أَنْ رَأَى بُرْهَانَ رَبِّهِ كَذَلِكَ لِنَصْرِفَ عَنْهُ السُّوءَ وَالْفَحْشَاءَ إِنَّهُ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا الْمُخْلَصِينَ [ She certainly made for him; and he would have made for her (as well) had he not beheld the proof of his Lord. So it was, that We might turn away from him all evil and indecency. He was indeed one of Our sincere servants. ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 025وَاسْتَبَقَا الْبَابَ وَقَدَّتْ قَمِيصَهُ مِنْ دُبُرٍ وَأَلْفَيَا سَيِّدَهَا لَدَى الْبَابِ قَالَتْ مَا جَزَاءُ مَنْ أَرَادَ بِأَهْلِكَ سُوءًا إِلَّا أَنْ يُسْجَنَ أَوْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ [ They raced to the door, and she tore his shirt from behind, and they ran into her husband at the door. She (blamed him and) said, ‘What is to be the retaliation of him who has evil intentions for your wife except imprisonment or a painful punishment?’ ]
Juz 12, Yusuf, Verse 026
قَالَ هِيَ رَاوَدَتْنِي عَنْ نَفْسِي وَشَهِدَ شَاهِدٌ مِنْ أَهْلِهَا إِنْ كَانَ قَمِيصُهُ قُدَّ مِنْ قُبُلٍ فَصَدَقَتْ وَهُوَ مِنَ الْكَاذِبِينَ [ He (Prophet Yusuf عليه السلام) said, 'It was she who solicited me.' A witness of her own household testified : ‘If his shirt is torn from the front, she tells the truth and he lies.' ]