LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
 
 JUZ 14.1  RUBAMA  (رُبَمَا)
 

 

سورة الحجر

THE ROCK
 

Al-Hijr | Sura # 15| 99 verses | Makkan

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful

 

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 002

رُبَمَا يَوَدُّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَوْ كَانُوا مُسْلِمِينَ [ The infidels would wish ardently that they had been Muslims. ]
 
This will be their wish when they will see the torment of Hell from the unseen.  This world is a test for all human beings. The test is to believe in the unseen. When the fact is open for you, there is no test.  The time to be successful in the test and to earn recompense is by your Sahih Iman and goods is in this world.  If you die as unbeliever, the retribution for your unbelief is Hell. Thus, there is no use of wishing anything on the day of Judgment. 

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 003

ذَرْهُمْ يَأْكُلُوا وَيَتَمَتَّعُوا وَيُلْهِهِمُ الْأَمَلُ فَسَوْفَ يَعْلَمُونَ [ Leave them to eat and enjoy and be diverted by (by their worldly) longings.  Soon they will know (the result of their bad deeds). ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 004

وَمَا أَهْلَكْنَا مِنْ قَرْيَةٍ إِلَّا وَلَهَا كِتَابٌ مَعْلُومٌ [ We did not destroy any town but that it had a known term. ]
 
The respite for the wrongdoings is for a specific time.  Once that time is over, the punishment comes in this world itself.  And the torment in Hereafter is more severe. 

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 005

مَا تَسْبِقُ مِنْ أُمَّةٍ أَجَلَهَا وَمَا يَسْتَأْخِرُونَ [ No nation can advance its time nor can it defer it. ]

Once the divine decree arrives, nothing can be done about it.  

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 006

وَقَالُوا يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِي نُزِّلَ عَلَيْهِ الذِّكْرُ إِنَّكَ لَمَجْنُونٌ [ And they say, 'O you, upon whom the message has been sent down, indeed you are insane. ]
 
Every prophet was mocked by the disbelievers and hypocrites during their life time.
 
The devout followers of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the Awliya Allah are also mocked by the followers of deviant sects.  They call Awliya Allah's pious graves as places of worship.  They call Awliya Allah as lying Idols in their graves.  Salafis have destroyed the pious graves of Sahabah, members of Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) family and dignitaries of Islam in the world. They even attempted to desecrate the grave of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and destroy his green dome.  Those who indulge in such evil acts and those who support these acts (Deobandis), will surely be the dwellers of Hell. There cannot be second opinion in this context. 

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 007

لَوْ مَا تَأْتِينَا بِالْمَلَائِكَةِ إِنْ كُنْتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ [ Why do you not bring us the angels if you are truthful?!’ ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 008

مَا نُنَزِّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةَ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَمَا كَانُوا إِذًا مُنْظَرِينَ [ We do not send down the angels except with rightful reason, and then they will not be granted any respite. ]
 
Even if angels come in front of people, they will have to come in the shape of human beings. Angels are formless.  When the disbelievers see them, they will not believe them.  This is what had happened in the case of the people of Loot (عليه السلام).  When two angels arrived in his home to give him the news of the impending torment on his people, they came in the shape of two youthful human beings. His people did not recognize them and in their inebriation of wine and evil conduct,  they wanted to act with them like they were acting with other males in their society. What happened?  The entire community of disbelievers were destroyed.  Makkan pagans are reminded about this fact in the above verses. 

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 009

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ [ Indeed We have sent down the Quran and indeed We will preserve it. ]

The promise of protection of Quran has been undertaken by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).  And with what an undeniable way He has proved it. 

If Islam is the religion to be endured, then endurance of its foundation, its revealed book, has an equal importance.  A thing which is not secured; the authentication of which is not known, the tradition of which is not continuous, how can it be propagated with certainty and confidence?

There is no religious or non-religious book in the world that has been protected on par with Quran.  The Torah (Taurat), the Bible and other scriptures cannot be proved by a continuous narration or even by infrequent narration (خبرِ احاد).  The status of Quran is that,  from the time of Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) till today, there are millions of its continuous narrators and memorizers ( حُفَّاظْ). There is no city or village in the world  that does not have at least a few excellent memorizers of Quran.  The memorizer does not dare recite a word wrongly  or even make a mistake in vowel point during 'Salatut Taraweeh in the month of Ramadhan as he will be prompted by the listeners.  These are prominent  (فاحش اغلاط) mistakes.  The reciter will not make mistakes even in the attributes of words (صفاتِ حُروف).  

There are phonetic expressions and attributes of words required  to be known for the recital of Quran.  Like if someone does not take care of a clacking pronunciations (قُلْقُله), Sibilant pronunciation (هَمس) or could not differentiate between lengthy prolongation (مَدِّ طويل), moderate prolongation (مَدِّ مُتَوَسِّط) and natural prolongation (مَدِّ  طَبَعِي) or undertakes heavy pronunciation (تَفْقِيْم) or soft pronunciation (تَرْقِيْق) at a wrong place, or in place of suppressed pronunciation (اِخْفَاء), makes clear pronunciation (اِظْهَار) or assimilation (اِدْغَام), he is prompted by the listeners.

In addition, everything has been counted in Quran, the number of verses, number of words, number of non repeated words, number of letters alif, ba, etc., all have been counted.  No book in the world has been preserved in the world as has been the case with Quran. 

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 010

وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ فِي شِيَعِ الْأَوَّلِينَ [ Certainly We sent (Apostles) before you to earlier nations, ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 011

وَمَا يَأْتِيهِمْ مِنْ رَسُولٍ إِلَّا كَانُوا بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِءُونَ [ But whenever an Apostle came to them, they mocked him. ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 012

كَذَلِكَ نَسْلُكُهُ فِي قُلُوبِ الْمُجْرِمِينَ [ This is how We cause the hearts of the guilty ones to behave. ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 013

لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ وَقَدْ خَلَتْ سُنَّةُ الْأَوَّلِينَ [ They would not believe in the Quran despite the examples of those who were destroyed before. ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 014

وَلَوْ فَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ بَابًا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فَظَلُّوا فِيهِ يَعْرُجُونَ [ And even if We opened for them a gate to heaven, through which they continue to ascend, ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 015

لَقَالُوا إِنَّمَا سُكِّرَتْ أَبْصَارُنَا بَلْ نَحْنُ قَوْمٌ مَسْحُورُونَ [ Still they would say, 'Our eyes have truly been dazzled!  In fact, we must have been bewitched.'] 

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 016

وَلَقَدْ جَعَلْنَا فِي السَّمَاءِ بُرُوجًا وَزَيَّنَّاهَا لِلنَّاظِرِينَ [ Indeed, We have placed constellations of stars in the sky, and adorned it for all to see.]

All the Galaxies, the stars, planets and other physical objects are below the first sky. There are at least 100 billion galaxies within the first sky. And, there are 6 more skies above it in the Universe, all of whom are in 'the World of Similitude (عالمِ مثال). Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Arsh is located on the 7th sky. 

The planet Earth and our Solar System is part of the Milky Way Galaxy.  The stars that are visible to us in the night are all part of Milky Way Galaxy. It is estimated that the Milky way Galaxy contains over 300 billion stars. Out of which we can see about 10,000 from planet earth.

The Sun is our nearest star at 150 million kilometers away.  It is so large that about 1,300,000 planet Earths can fit into it. The next nearest star is about 4 light years away.  One light year is the distance traveled by light in one year, about 9,500 billion kilometers.

The brightest star in the Milky way is named as Sirius which is more than twice the size of our Sun.  It is about 8 light years away.  Another star UY Scuti, a bright red super-giant is 1,700 times larger than our Sun.  It resides in Scutum constellation within Milky way.  This star is  believed to be one of the larger stars in the Milky Way.

How big is the Cosmos, and how Big, and Powerful and Wise is its Creator, our Lord! How small is the Planet Earth and how insignificant we are, the dwellers of planet earth!  How can someone rebel against the Lord of this Universe?

We pray -  رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذْنَا إِن نَّسِينَا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا ۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَا إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِنَا ۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِ ۖ وَاعْفُ عَنَّا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا ۚ أَنتَ مَوْلَانَا فَانصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ  [ Our Lord! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; Our Lord, lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us.  Our Lord, burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear.  Pardon us, forgive us and have mercy on us. You are our protector. Give us victory over those who stand against faith. ]  (Al-Baqara - 286)

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 017

وَحَفِظْنَاهَا مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْطَانٍ رَجِيمٍ [ And We have guarded them from every outcast Satan, ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 018

إِلَّا مَنِ اسْتَرَقَ السَّمْعَ فَأَتْبَعَهُ شِهَابٌ مُبِينٌ [  Except one who steals a hearing and is pursued by a shooting flame. ]
 
No one is allowed to go to the edge of the first sky to listen or watch  the angels working on the second sky.  If a Jinn or a Davil tries to reach there, a shooting flame (meteoroid) follows it with which he comes back to the place of his residence.  However, this is not the case with Awliya Allah.  With prior permission, they can visit all skies.  Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) visited all skies and the Arsh during Me'raj. 
 
When you become the favorite of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), as a Sadaqah of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), then, the mercy of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) covers you from all sides and all restrictions are lifted with which you can even visit the Arsh of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) with His prior permission.  

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 019

وَالْأَرْضَ مَدَدْنَاهَا وَأَلْقَيْنَا فِيهَا رَوَاسِيَ وَأَنْبَتْنَا فِيهَا مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مَوْزُونٍ [ And We have spread out the earth and firmly set mountains in it,  and in it,  We provided means of growth to everything in (required) proportion. ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 020

وَجَعَلْنَا لَكُمْ فِيهَا مَعَايِشَ وَمَنْ لَسْتُمْ لَهُ بِرَازِقِينَ [ And made in it means of livelihood for you and for those (creatures) whom you cannot  provide (food). ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 021

وَإِنْ مِنْ شَيْءٍ إِلَّا عِنْدَنَا خَزَائِنُهُ وَمَا نُنَزِّلُهُ إِلَّا بِقَدَرٍ مَعْلُومٍ [ And there is not a thing but its treasures (of unlimited sustenance) are with Us; but We only send down thereof in due and ascertainable measures. ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 022

وَأَرْسَلْنَا الرِّيَاحَ لَوَاقِحَ فَأَنْزَلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَسْقَيْنَاكُمُوهُ وَمَا أَنْتُمْ لَهُ بِخَازِنِينَ  [ We send rain-impregnated winds, and water from the sky which you drink, but you are not the treasurers of these water reservoirs. ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 023

وَإِنَّا لَنَحْنُ نُحْيِي وَنُمِيتُ وَنَحْنُ الْوَارِثُونَ  [ Indeed it is We who give life and bring death and We are the inheritor (of this Cosmos). ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 024

وَلَقَدْ عَلِمْنَا الْمُسْتَقْدِمِينَ مِنْكُمْ وَلَقَدْ عَلِمْنَا الْمُسْتَأْخِرِينَ  [ Certainly We know the predecessors among you and certainly We know the successors, ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 025

وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ يَحْشُرُهُمْ إِنَّهُ حَكِيمٌ عَلِيمٌ [ And indeed it is your Lord who will resurrect them.  Indeed He is All Wise, All Knowing. ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 026

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ صَلْصَالٍ مِنْ حَمَإٍ مَسْنُونٍ [ Certainly We created man from sounding clay,  carved out of black mud. ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 027

وَالْجَانَّ خَلَقْنَاهُ مِنْ قَبْلُ مِنْ نَارِ السَّمُومِ [ And We created the jinn earlier out of a piercing fire. ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 028

وَإِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ إِنِّي خَالِقٌ بَشَرًا مِنْ صَلْصَالٍ مِنْ حَمَإٍ مَسْنُونٍ [ When your Lord said to the angels, ‘Indeed I am going to create a human from sounding clay, carved out of black mud. ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 029

فَإِذَا سَوَّيْتُهُ وَنَفَخْتُ فِيهِ مِنْ رُوحِي فَقَعُوا لَهُ سَاجِدِينَ [ 'So when I have proportioned him and breathed into him out of My Soul, then fall down in prostration before him.' ]
 
What angels did to Adam (عليه السلام) was the Prostration of Reverence (Sajdah-e-Tahiyya or Sajda-e-Ta'azeem). 
 
There are two types of prostrations in Islam, namely, (i) Prostration of Worship (Sajdah-e-Ibadah), and (ii) Prostration of Reverence (Sajdah-e-Tahiyya or Sajda-e-Ta'azeem).
 
Sajda-e-Ibadah (Prostration of Worship) to anyone other than Allah ( عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is Shirk in Islam.  A person who commits shirk is treated as out of Islam.
 
Sajda-e-Tahiyya  is a kind of greeting.   In earlier times, when a person used to meet a dignitary, he used to prostrate  in front of him.  Sajda-e-Tahiyya has never been an act of Shirk.  Angels prostrating to Adam ( علیھ السلا م)  and brothers of Yusuf (علیھ السلا م) prostrating in front of him are the examples of  Sajda-e-Tahiyya.  Since Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stopped people from doing Sajda-e-Tahiyya, it is now forbidden in Islam.  Now, if a Muslim greets a dignitary with Sajda-e-Tahiyya,  it will be treated as undesirable and sin.
It is in Hadith - Narrated  Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  'A camel came and prostrated in front of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). A goat came and prostrated in front of him. (Looking at this) Abu Bakr Siddique (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and other companions also sought permission to prostrate (in front of him). But the Prophet  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, ‘It is not appropriate for a human being to prostrate in front of another human being’. (Ahmad, al-Bazzar).

It is in Hadith - Narrated  Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ): Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'If I were to command anyone to prostrate to anyone other than Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).  I would have commanded women to prostrate to their husbands. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Maajah).
   

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 030

فَسَجَدَ الْمَلَائِكَةُ كُلُّهُمْ أَجْمَعُونَ [ So the angels fell prostrate, all of them together.]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 031

إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ أَبَى أَنْ يَكُونَ مَعَ السَّاجِدِينَ [ But not Iblis: he refused to be among those who prostrated. ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 032

قَالَ يَا إِبْلِيسُ مَا لَكَ أَلَّا تَكُونَ مَعَ السَّاجِدِينَ [ Allah asked, ‘O Iblis! What kept you from being among those who have prostrated?’ ]

 

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 033

قَالَ لَمْ أَكُنْ لِأَسْجُدَ لِبَشَرٍ خَلَقْتَهُ مِنْ صَلْصَالٍ مِنْ حَمَإٍ مَسْنُونٍ [ Iblis said, 'I will not prostrate before a human whom You have created from sounding clay carved out of black mud.' ]