دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية





تفسيرِ اَسدي 






 JUZ 14.3  RUBAMA  (رُبَمَا)


سورة الحجر


Al-Hijr | Sura # 15| 99 verses | Makkan


بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 068

قَالَ إِنَّ هَؤُلَاءِ ضَيْفِي فَلَا تَفْضَحُونِ [ He said, ‘These are indeed my guests. Do not bring dishonor on me. ]

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 069

وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَلَا تُخْزُونِ [ 'And do not disgrace me. Have some fear of Allah.' ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 070

قَالُوا أَوَلَمْ نَنْهَكَ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ  [They said, 'Did we not forbid you from (entertaining) strangers?' ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 071

قَالَ هَؤُلَاءِ بَنَاتِي إِنْ كُنْتُمْ فَاعِلِينَ [ He said, There are my daughters (the women of this community, marry them) if you want to do anything.' ]

It is important to know that Loot (عليه السلام) did not have children.  He had a wife who was not a believer.  There were some other family members in his house who may have been his close relatives. 

It is wrongly mentioned in corrupted versions of Bible (Genesis 19:30-38 New International Version) that he had two daughters who intoxicated him, slept with him and had sons.  Astaghfirullahal Azeem. 

The translators and commentators of Quran who claimed that Loot (عليه السلام) offered his daughters to the wrongdoers, seemingly are  influenced by the false stories in the Bible. 


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 072

لَعَمْرُكَ إِنَّهُمْ لَفِي سَكْرَتِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ [ By your life (O' Prophet ﷺ) they moved blindly in frenzy of intoxication (to catch hold of the angels). ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 073

فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الصَّيْحَةُ مُشْرِقِينَ [ So they were seized by the mighty shriek at break of the day. ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 074

فَجَعَلْنَا عَالِيَهَا سَافِلَهَا وَأَمْطَرْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ حِجَارَةً مِنْ سِجِّيلٍ [ And We turned the town upside down, and rained on them stones of hardened lava. ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 075

إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآَيَاتٍ لِلْمُتَوَسِّمِينَ [ Indeed in that there are signs for those who discern.]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 076

وَإِنَّهَا لَبِسَبِيلٍ مُقِيمٍ [ This (town) lies on a road that still survives. ]

Their town lies on Hijaz-Syria highway.  Travelers come across the signs of destruction  in the region that lies southeast of the Dead Sea.


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 077

إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآَيَةً لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ [ And there is indeed a sign in that for the believers. ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 078

وَإِنْ كَانَ أَصْحَابُ الْأَيْكَةِ لَظَالِمِينَ [ Indeed the 'inhabitants of wood' (Aykah)  were wrongdoers. ]

Aikah means 'thick forest'.  This is the ancient name of Tabuk. Aikans were the people of Prophet Shuaib (عليه السلام).


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 079

فَانْتَقَمْنَا مِنْهُمْ وَإِنَّهُمَا لَبِإِمَامٍ مُبِينٍ [ So We took retribution from them, and indeed, both (towns) are on a clear highway. ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 080

وَلَقَدْ كَذَّبَ أَصْحَابُ الْحِجْرِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ [ The Companions of the 'Rocky Tract' (Al-Hijr) also rejected the Apostles. ]

Al-Hijr was the capital city of the people of Thamud.  The ruins of this city are near the modern city of Al-Ula between Madina and Tabuk. 

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  forbade Muslims to stay in that valley during their journey to Tabuk.  But Salafis have developed this place  as tourist center where people are encouraged to visit and stay.


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 081

وَآَتَيْنَاهُمْ آَيَاتِنَا فَكَانُوا عَنْهَا مُعْرِضِينَ [ We had given them Our signs but they disregarded them. ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 082

وَكَانُوا يَنْحِتُونَ مِنَ الْجِبَالِ بُيُوتًا آَمِنِينَ [ They used to carve houses in the mountains (so that they) live in security. ]

Ibn Battuta (1304-1369) was a Muslim Moroccan scholar and explorer who widely traveled the medieval world.  It is reported that  Ibn Batuttah reached Madain al-Salih  on his way to Makkah.  He wrote,  'I have seen the buildings of Thamud carved into red mountains; the paintings look so bright as if they have been put on only recently.  The rotten bones of human beings are found in them even today.' 


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 083

فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الصَّيْحَةُ مُصْبِحِينَ [ So the Shriek seized them at dawn. ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 084

فَمَا أَغْنَى عَنْهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ [ And what they used to earn did not avail them. ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 085

وَمَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَإِنَّ السَّاعَةَ لَآَتِيَةٌ فَاصْفَحِ الصَّفْحَ الْجَمِيلَ [ We did not create the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them except with reason, and indeed the Hour is bound to come. So (O' Prophet ﷺ) overlook (the faults of disbelievers) with gracious forgiveness. ]

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 086

إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ الْخَلَّاقُ الْعَلِيمُ  [ Surely your Lord is the Creator (of all things) and Most Knowledgeable. ]

Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 087

وَلَقَدْ آَتَيْنَاكَ سَبْعًا مِنَ الْمَثَانِي وَالْقُرْآَنَ الْعَظِيمَ  [ Certainly We have given you the seven oft-repeated verses (Sura Fatiha)  and the glorious Quran.  ]
The above verse describes the importance of Sura Al-Fatiha in the Quran. 


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 088

لَا تَمُدَّنَّ عَيْنَيْكَ إِلَى مَا مَتَّعْنَا بِهِ أَزْوَاجًا مِنْهُمْ وَلَا تَحْزَنْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَاخْفِضْ جَنَاحَكَ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ  [ Do not look (with sorrow) at the worldly wealth which We have given to different people among them (that causes them to rebel), and don't grieve at their condition.   (However) Be kind towards the believers. ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 089

وَقُلْ إِنِّي أَنَا النَّذِيرُ الْمُبِينُ  [ And tell (them), ‘I am indeed a manifest warner.']


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 090

كَمَا أَنْزَلْنَا عَلَى الْمُقْتَسِمِينَ [ A warning similar to what We sent to those who divided the Scriptures (into arbitrary parts)]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 091

الَّذِينَ جَعَلُوا الْقُرْآَنَ عِضِينَ [ The one who divided their Qur'an into separate parts, believing in some and denying others.]
The deviant sects, Kharijis, Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups accept the meaning of some verses, and misinterpret other verses to suit their deviant beliefs.  The same thing they do with Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) Ahadith.  They misinterpret certain Quranic verses to lead people away from the right path of Islam. 

It is in Hadith - وكان ‏ ‏ابن عمر ‏ ‏يراهم شرار خلق الله ‏ ‏وقال إنهم انطلقوا إلى آيات نزلت في الكفار فجعلوها على المؤمنين - Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) considered the Khawarij and the heretics (Salafis and their like minded groups) as the worst beings in creation (meaning worst than Satan and his subordinate Shayateen), and he said : 'They went to verses which were revealed about the disbelievers (the pagans of Makka) and applied them to the Believers (Prophets, Sahabah, Awliya Allah and Muslims).  (Bukhari).


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 092

فَوَرَبِّكَ لَنَسْأَلَنَّهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ [ By your Lord, We will question them all, ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 093

عَمَّا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ [ concerning what they used to do. ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 094

فَاصْدَعْ بِمَا تُؤْمَرُ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ [ So proclaim what you have been commanded, and turn away from the polytheists. ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 095

إِنَّا كَفَيْنَاكَ الْمُسْتَهْزِئِينَ [ We are  sufficient to deal with those who mock at you, ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 096

الَّذِينَ يَجْعَلُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آَخَرَ فَسَوْفَ يَعْلَمُونَ [ who place other gods besides Allah. They will come to know soon. ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 097

وَلَقَدْ نَعْلَمُ أَنَّكَ يَضِيقُ صَدْرُكَ بِمَا يَقُولُونَ [ We  know how your heart is distressed at what they say. ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 098

فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَكُنْ مِنَ السَّاجِدِينَ [ You glorify your Lord with praises, and be among those who bow in submission; ]


Juz 14,  Al-Hijr, Verse 099

وَاعْبُدْ رَبَّكَ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَكَ الْيَقِينُ [ And go on praying your Lord till the certainty (of death) comes to you. ]