LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
 
 JUZ 14.4  RUBAMA  (رُبَمَا)
 

 

سورة النحل

THE BEE
 

An-Nahl | Sura # 16| 128 verses | Makkan

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful

 

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 001

أَتَى أَمْرُ اللَّهِ فَلَا تَسْتَعْجِلُوهُ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ [The command of Allah is coming. So do not try to hasten it.  Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 002

يُنَزِّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةَ بِالرُّوحِ مِنْ أَمْرِهِ عَلَى مَنْ يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ أَنْ أَنْذِرُوا أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاتَّقُونِ  [ He sends down the angels with revelation by His command, to whoever He wills of His servants, to warn humanity that there is no god except Me, so be mindful of Me. ]
 
People appointed by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) to teach human beings are Prophets.  Highest respect for prophets is mandatory in Islam. They are the highest ranking human beings in Allah’s (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) court. 
 
Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded spend their life times in downgrading the respect of Prophets and to equate them with ordinary human beings. They should know that  Equating prophets with ordinary human beings takes Iman away. You should never compare common people with Prophets.
It is in Quran - اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ حَيْثُ يَجْعَلُ رِسَالَتَهُ ۗ   [Allah knows it well who is capable for Apostleship.] (An-A’am – 124).
Religion is received through the Prophets and it is a gift of Allah to humanity to lead a peaceful life free from wickedness and immorality.   Religion consists of commandments of Almighty.

To claim receiving revelations of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is exclusive with the Prophets. Rather, the Prophet cannot move on his own, he cannot talk a word on his own.

It is in Quran –  وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ - إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ ‘(Prophet Mohammad  ﷺ) does not say anything with his self desire, except that this is the revelation which is coming to him (from Allah)’.  (An-Najm – 2).

Islam distinguishes between an Apostle of Allah (Rasool) and a Prophet (Nabi).  Both are divinely inspired recipients of Allah's revelations. However, the Apostle receives a divine message or revelation for a community in a book form.  Every Apostle is a Prophet, however, not every Prophet is an Apostle.

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 003

خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِالْحَقِّ تَعَالَى عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ [ He created the heavens and the earth with reason. He is above having any partners that they ascribe (to Him). ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 004

خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ نُطْفَةٍ فَإِذَا هُوَ خَصِيمٌ مُبِينٌ [ He created man from a sperm-drop, then, he became a clear adversary. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 005

وَالْأَنْعَامَ خَلَقَهَا لَكُمْ فِيهَا دِفْءٌ وَمَنَافِعُ وَمِنْهَا تَأْكُلُونَ [ He created the cattle, in which there is warmth (wool/leather) for you and (other) uses and some of them you eat. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 006

وَلَكُمْ فِيهَا جَمَالٌ حِينَ تُرِيحُونَ وَحِينَ تَسْرَحُونَ [ There is life and cheer for you as you drive them home in the evening, and lead them out in the morning to graze. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 007

وَتَحْمِلُ أَثْقَالَكُمْ إِلَى بَلَدٍ لَمْ تَكُونُوا بَالِغِيهِ إِلَّا بِشِقِّ الْأَنْفُسِ إِنَّ رَبَّكُمْ لَرَءُوفٌ رَحِيمٌ [ And they bear your burdens to towns which you could not reach except by straining yourselves. Indeed your Lord is Most Kind and Most Merciful. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 008

وَالْخَيْلَ وَالْبِغَالَ وَالْحَمِيرَ لِتَرْكَبُوهَا وَزِينَةً وَيَخْلُقُ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ [ And horses, mules and asses, for you to ride them, and for adornment, and He creates what you do not know. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 009

وَعَلَى اللَّهِ قَصْدُ السَّبِيلِ وَمِنْهَا جَائِرٌ وَلَوْ شَاءَ لَهَدَاكُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ [ To Allah leads the right path, though some (people) deviate (from the right path). If He willed He could guide you all to the right way. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 010

هُوَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً لَكُمْ مِنْهُ شَرَابٌ وَمِنْهُ شَجَرٌ فِيهِ تُسِيمُونَ [ It is He who sends down water from the sky of which you drink, and which nourishes the plants you feed to your cattle, ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 011

يُنْبِتُ لَكُمْ بِهِ الزَّرْعَ وَالزَّيْتُونَ وَالنَّخِيلَ وَالْأَعْنَابَ وَمِنْ كُلِّ الثَّمَرَاتِ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآَيَةً لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ [ With it He makes the crops grow for you and olives, date palms, grapes, and fruits of all kinds. There is indeed a sign in that for the people who reflect. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 012

وَسَخَّرَ لَكُمُ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ وَالشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ وَالنُّجُومُ مُسَخَّرَاتٌ بِأَمْرِهِ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآَيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ [ And He has subjected for you the night and day and the sun and the moon, and the stars are subjected by His command. Indeed in that are signs for a people who understand.]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 013

وَمَا ذَرَأَ لَكُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ مُخْتَلِفًا أَلْوَانُهُ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآَيَةً لِقَوْمٍ يَذَّكَّرُونَ [ And other things of different shades He has produced on the earth for you. In this are signs for those who reflect. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 014

وَهُوَ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ الْبَحْرَ لِتَأْكُلُوا مِنْهُ لَحْمًا طَرِيًّا وَتَسْتَخْرِجُوا مِنْهُ حِلْيَةً تَلْبَسُونَهَا وَتَرَى الْفُلْكَ مَوَاخِرَ فِيهِ وَلِتَبْتَغُوا مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ [ It is He who has subdued the sea that you may eat fresh meat from it, and obtain ornaments to wear. You see the ships sailing through it,  that you may seek His bounties (from it) and, perhaps, be grateful (to Him). ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 015

وَأَلْقَى فِي الْأَرْضِ رَوَاسِيَ أَنْ تَمِيدَ بِكُمْ وَأَنْهَارًا وَسُبُلًا لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ [ He has formed in the earth firm mountains lest it should shake with you, and (made) streams and ways, so that you may be guided ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 016

وَعَلَامَاتٍ وَبِالنَّجْمِ هُمْ يَهْتَدُونَ [ And the landmarks (as well), and by the stars they are guided (to reach their destinations). ]
 
 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 017

أَفَمَنْ يَخْلُقُ كَمَنْ لَا يَخْلُقُ أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ [ Is He who creates,  like the one,  who does not create (deities/idols)?  Will you not then take admonition? ]

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 018

وَإِنْ تَعُدُّوا نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ لَا تُحْصُوهَا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَغَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ [ If you enumerate Allah’s blessings, you will not be able to count them. Indeed Allah is All Forgiving, All Merciful. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 019

وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تُسِرُّونَ وَمَا تُعْلِنُونَ [ Allah knows what you hide and what you disclose. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 020

وَالَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ لَا يَخْلُقُونَ شَيْئًا وَهُمْ يُخْلَقُونَ [ Those whom they invoke besides Allah do not create anything and are themselves created. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 021

أَمْوَاتٌ غَيْرُ أَحْيَاءٍ وَمَا يَشْعُرُونَ أَيَّانَ يُبْعَثُونَ [ They are dead, not living, and are not aware when they will be resurrected. ]
 

The deviant sects, Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups, follow the the practice of Khwarij.  They quote the above two verses (20-21) and some other verses of Quran, and impose them on Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Sahabah and Awilya Allah. We provide below these verses.  

(1) It is in Quran -وَالَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ لَا يَخْلُقُونَ شَيْئًا وَهُمْ يُخْلَقُونَ.  أَمْوَاتٌ غَيْرُ أَحْيَاءٍ ۖ وَمَا يَشْعُرُونَ أَيَّانَ يُبْعَثُونَ  [ Those whom they invoke besides Allah do not create anything and are themselves created.   They are dead, not living, and are not aware when they will be resurrected. ]  (An-Nahl - 20-21)
 
(2) It is in Quran -  إِنَّكَ لَا تُسْمِعُ الْمَوْتَىٰ وَلَا تُسْمِعُ الصُّمَّ الدُّعَاءَ إِذَا وَلَّوْا مُدْبِرِينَ [Verily you cannot make the dead hear and you can not make the deaf hear the call when they turn their backs and retreat. ]  (An-Naml – 80)
 
(3) It is in Quran - وَمَا يَسْتَوِي الْأَحْيَاءُ وَلَا الْأَمْوَاتُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُسْمِعُ مَن يَشَاءُ ۖ وَمَا أَنتَ بِمُسْمِعٍ مَّن فِي الْقُبُورِ  [The living and the dead are not alike.  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) makes whoever he wishes hear, but you cannot make those in the graves hear.] (Fatir - 22)
 
(4) It is in Quran - إِنَّكَ مَيِّتٌ وَإِنَّهُم مَّيِّتُونَ  [ Surely you shall die and they too shall (surely) die.]  (Az-Zumur - 30)

All verses  quoted above, are from the Quranic Surahs  delivered in Makka.  We all know that the Surahs delivered in Makka were mostly in refutation of  Idol worship of Makkan Pagans. Therefore, the above verses are surely meant for Makkan Pagans.

It is in Hadith - وكان ‏ ‏ابن عمر ‏ ‏يراهم شرار خلق الله ‏ ‏وقال إنهم انطلقوا إلى آيات نزلت في الكفار فجعلوها على المؤمنين - Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) considered the Khawarij and the heretics (Salafis and their like minded groups) as the worst beings in creation (meaning worst than Satan and his subordinate Shayateen), and he said : 'They went to verses which were revealed about the disbelievers (the pagans of Makka) and applied them to the Believers (Prophets, Sahabah, Awliya Allah and Muslims).  (Bukhari). 

We have discussed these verses below to explain that the contention of deviant sects is spurious.

Verse No. 1 

It is in Quran -وَالَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ لَا يَخْلُقُونَ شَيْئًا وَهُمْ يُخْلَقُونَ.  أَمْوَاتٌ غَيْرُ أَحْيَاءٍ ۖ وَمَا يَشْعُرُونَ أَيَّانَ يُبْعَثُونَ  [ Those whom they invoke besides Allah do not create anything and are themselves created.  They are dead, not living, and are not aware when they will be resurrected. ]  (An-Nahl - 20-21)

The above verses are meant for Makkan Pagans and their dead ancestors which is proved from the following Quranic verses, Ahadith and quotes.

(i) It is in Quran - إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ  (Your guardian (or solver of grievances) can be Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and those who believe, who establish  Salah, and pay Zakat  and bow down (in prayer) (Al-Maeda - 55)

(ii) It is in Hadith - Narrated by al-Hakim that Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) placed his forehead on the grave of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Marwan Ibn al-Hakam, the Governor of Madina, saw him and held his neck.  Abu Ayyub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said I did not come to the Stone (Idol).  I came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : Do not weep for Islam if the qualified people were in-charge, but weep for it, if it was under the charge of unqualified. (Al-Hakim related this Hadith in Mustadrak and said it is Sahih.  ad-Dhahabi (who is held in great respect by Salafis) agreed to his authentication.

In the above Hadith, there is clear distinction between  Idols worshiped by Idol worshipers and the Graves of Prophets, Sahabah and Awliya Allah. Paying respects, placing forehead on the Mazar or kissing the Mazars of Islamic dignitaries is the tradition of Sahabah. 

Look in the above Hadith, Abu Ayub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is reported to have placed his forehead on the pious grave of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and when Marwan (the Governor of Madina) tried to hold him, he says that I have come to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and not to an Idol. 

Walking on the foot steps of Khawarij,  Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups claim that the Idol worshiped by Idol worships/Hindus in temples are standing Idols, and the Muslims Idols are the Awliya Allah who are laying in their graves. Astaghfiruallah.  To equate Awliya Allah, Sahabah, Imams as Idols,  is to invite the wrath of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). 

(iii) It is in Hadith - Mu`adh Ibn Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to the Grave of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and sat weeping and Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) rubbed his face against the Grave of Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). (Ibn Majah 2:1320, Ahmad, al-Tabarani, al-Subki, and Ibn Asakir).

The above Hadith confirms the fact that kissing of Graves and placing head and rubbing face on the Graves is the tradition of Sahabah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين ). 

(iv) It is in Hadith - Yahya related from Imam Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he  heard that AIi Ibn Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to rest his head on Graves and lie on them (holding the grave with his stretched hands  while his head, entire face and chest is rested on the Grave).  Imam Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'As far as we can see, it is only forbidden to sit on the Graves to relieve oneself.' (Muatta' Imâm Malik - Book 16)   

(v) Ibn Taymiyya, the first in command of Salafis, Deobandis  and their like minded groups, wrote  a Hadith in his book Siraatal Mustaqeem : A person came to the blessed grave of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and requested food from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and sat down. After a while a Hashmi (a member of the Prophet’s - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم family ) came to him. He had with him a tray of food, and said, 'this food has been sent by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  and with it he gave a message : Eat it and leave from here because whoever loves us does not make this kind of wish'. (Iqtida as-Sirat al Mustaqim, page 290 by Ibn Taymiyya).

From the above, it is proved that we can request from the pious people for our needs and they can help in alleviating our problems. 

 

Verse No. 2

It is in Quran -  إِنَّكَ لَا تُسْمِعُ الْمَوْتَىٰ وَلَا تُسْمِعُ الصُّمَّ الدُّعَاءَ إِذَا وَلَّوْا مُدْبِرِينَ [Verily you cannot make the dead hear and you can not make the deaf hear the call when they turn their backs and retreat. ]  (An-Naml – 80)
 
To understand the above verse in its correct perspective, read the verse which is mentioned immediately after this verse (verse 81). We have quoted below both these verses together to understand factual meanings in this regard. 
 
It is in Quran إِنَّكَ لَا تُسْمِعُ الْمَوْتَىٰ وَلَا تُسْمِعُ الصُّمَّ الدُّعَاءَ إِذَا وَلَّوْا مُدْبِرِينَ - وَمَا أَنتَ بِهَادِي الْعُمْيِ عَن ضَلَالَتِهِمْ ۖ إِن تُسْمِعُ إِلَّا مَن يُؤْمِنُ بِآيَاتِنَا فَهُم مُّسْلِمُونَ  [Verily you cannot make the dead hear and you can not make the deaf hear the call when they turn their backs and retreat (verse 80). Nor can you lead the blind out of their error. You cannot make none to hear except those who believe (in) our revelations and who have surrendered (themselves to Islam) (verse - 81).] (An-Naml – 80-81)
 
When we read both the verses together it is clear that word ‘dead’ is used to mean the disbelievers,  and not those who are actually dead.  In verse (80), it is mentioned that when 'you call them, they turn their backs and retreat'; meaning these verses are meant  for the living Makkan pagans. Similarly, in verse (81), it is mentioned that  'you cannot make none to hear except those who believe in our revelations'  which makes it abundantly clear that these verses are definitely meant for Makkan pagans who are unwilling to accept the truth of Islam.


Verse No. 3 

It is in Quran  - وَمَا يَسْتَوِي الْأَحْيَاءُ وَلَا الْأَمْوَاتُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُسْمِعُ مَن يَشَاءُ ۖ وَمَا أَنتَ بِمُسْمِعٍ مَّن فِي الْقُبُورِ  [The living and the dead are not alike. Allah makes whoever he wishes hear, but you cannot make those in graves hear.] (Fatir - 22)
 
To find out its actual meaning, let us study 3 verses, immediately before this verse.  We have provided below all 4 verses together for our readers to understand correct contextual meanings.
 
It is in Quran  –وَمَا يَسْتَوِي الْأَعْمَىٰ وَالْبَصِيرُ  -  وَلَا الظُّلُمَاتُ وَلَا النُّورُ - وَلَا الظِّلُّ وَلَا الْحَرُورُ  -   وَمَا يَسْتَوِي  الْأَحْيَاءُ وَلَا الْأَمْوَاتُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُسْمِعُ مَن يَشَاءُ ۖ وَمَا أَنتَ بِمُسْمِعٍ مَّن فِي الْقُبُورِ  [ The blind and the seeing are not alike (verse 19).   Nor are the depth of darkness and the light (verse 20). Nor are the (chilly) shade and the (genial - gracious) heat of the sun (verse 21).  Nor are alike those that are living and those that are dead, Allah can make any, that He wills, to hear, but you (O’ Prophet - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) cannot make those hear who are  in graves (verse 22). (Fater - 19-22)


Verse 19 -  ‘The blind and the seeing are not alike’.

This has reference to Makkan polytheists.  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is referring them as blind because they do not have the light of Iman in their hearts. 

Verse 20  - ‘The depth of darkness and light is not alike’.

This means, Kuffars’ hearts are  buried in the depth of  darkness, therefore they cannot be compared with Muslims whose hearts are enlightened with Iman.

Verse 21 - 'The chilly shade and gracious heat of the sun cannot be alike'.

Since, Makkan pagans hearts are buried in the depth of darkness, it is referred as 'chilly shade' which cannot benefit from the heat of the sun.  Meaning, the  polytheists of Makka are not benefited from the gracious heat of Iman that is emanating from Prophet Mohammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  

Verse 22 has three parts.

Part (22.1) - ‘The living and dead are not alike’.

This means, the polytheists of Makka and Muslims are not the same. Muslims are referred as living beings because of their Iman.  As Makkan pagans' hearts are  buried in the depth of darkness because of their Idol worship, they are referred  as 'dead people'. 

Part (22.2) - ‘Allah 
can make any that He wills to hear’.

Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says that He has the omnipotence (power) to make anyone hear - which means He can give Iman to anyone he wishes.

Part (22.3) - (O’Prophet
ﷺ) you cannot make those dead bodies listen that are in graves’.

Since  the entire discussion is about Makkan Mushrikeen whose hearts are buried in the depth of darkness because of their Idol worship, this part of the verse 22.3 naturally refers to them.  Here, the word 'grave' is used as a metaphor with reference to the hearts of Makkan Pagans which are buried in the depth of darkness as that of grave.  The graves of Muslims are not dark.  They are illuminated by Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) mercy.  

Thus, the entire sequence of verses (Fater - 19-22), mentioned above refer to the Makkan polytheists and not to the actual dead.

 It is in Hadith - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'He who remembers his Lord and he who does not,  are like the living and the dead. (Muslim).

It is in Hadith - Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrates that the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, 'He who remembers his Lord and he who does not are like the living and the dead.' [Bukhari, as-Sahih (5:2353 # 6044), Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:256 # 2303), Asqalani, Fath-ul-bari (11:210 # 6044)] 

It is in Hadith  - Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrates that the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, 'The house in which Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is remembered and the one in which Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is not remembered are like the living and the dead." ]

[Muslim, as-Sahih (1:539 # 779); Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (3:135 # 854); Abu Yala, al-Musnad (13:291 # 7306), Ruyani, al-Musnad (1:317 # 473); Abu Nuaym, al-Musnad-ul-mustakhraj ala as-Sahih Muslim (2:372 # 1771); Daylami, (4:143 # 6442); Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:401 # 536); Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (1:170 # 635); Nawawi, Sharh Sahih Muslim (6:68)]

It is in Quran - الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا صُمٌّ وَبُكْمٌ فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ ۗ مَن يَشَإِ اللَّهُ يُضْلِلْهُ وَمَن يَشَأْ يَجْعَلْهُ عَلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ  (And they who reject Our verses ( and those who reject the real meanings and misinterpret them and draw wrong conclusions from them) are deaf and dumb, in utter darkness; whom Allah ( عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ) pleases He causes to err and whom He pleases He puts on the right way). (Al-An'aam - 39).

 

Verse No. 4 

It is in Quran - إِنَّكَ مَيِّتٌ وَإِنَّهُم مَّيِّتُونَ  [Surely you shall die and they too shall (surely) die.]  (Az-Zumur - 30)

It is in Hadith - Narrated Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) : Allah's Apostle ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) died while Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was at a place called As-Sunah (Al-'Aliya) 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) stood up and said, 'By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ)! Allah's Apostle ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is not dead! 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) (later on) said, 'By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ)! Nothing occurred to my mind except that.' He said, 'Verily! Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will resurrect him and he will cut the hands and legs of some men.' Then Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came and uncovered the face of Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), kissed him and said, 'Let my mother and father be sacrificed for you, (O Allah's Apostle ), you are good in life and in death. By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in Whose Hands my life is, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will never make you taste death twice.' Then he went out and said, 'O oath-taker! Don't be hasty.' When Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) spoke, 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) sat down.  Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) praised and glorified Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and said, No doubt! Whoever worshiped Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), then Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is dead, but whoever worshiped Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), then Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is Alive and shall never die.' Then he recited  إِنَّكَ مَيِّتٌ وَإِنَّهُم مَّيِّتُونَ [ Surely you shall die and they too shall (surely) die.]  (Az-Zumur - 30).  (Bukhari Vol 5, Bk 57, # 19)

Salafis, Deobandis, and their like minded groups misinterpret the above verse and Hadith to mean  that there is no difference between the death of Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and the death of a Pagan Mushrik; in the sense that both cannot see or hear after death. (Astaghfirullahal Azeem). This claim on their part is Kufr, a blatant and unpardonable Kufr. No person who has some common sense, can equate Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with a Pagan Mushrik, both in this life and in Hereafter. (La haula wala quwwata illa billah). 
 
To understand the meaning of this verse,  let us read a verse before this verse.  We have provided below both these verses for our readers so that they understand true meanings in this context.  

It is in Quran -  ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلًا رَّجُلًا فِيهِ شُرَكَاءُ مُتَشَاكِسُونَ وَرَجُلًا سَلَمًا لِّرَجُلٍ هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلًا ۚ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ۚ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ - إِنَّكَ مَيِّتٌ وَإِنَّهُم مَّيِّتُونَ [Allah puts forth a similitude : a (slave) man belonging to many partners (like those who worship others along with Allah) disputing with one another, and a (slave) man belonging entirely to one master (like those who worship Allah alone).  Are those two equal in comparison? All praises and thanks be to Allah! But most of them know not.  Surely you shall die and they too shall (surely) die.]  (Az-Zumur - 29-30)

Verse 29 establishes that the people who worship Idols are not the same as those who worship Allah  (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). Surely, the treatment, rewards and active life of Muslims  after their deaths will be different from the punishment of dead Mushrikeen. There are many Quranic verses and Ahadith and quotes which testify that Prophets, Sahabah, Awliya Allah are alive, they can see, listen and pray for us.  This is Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) beneficence and reward for them.

Verse No. 30 describes - " O' Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ), you will die and these Mushrikeen will also die" - but since you are not like one of them, therefore, your state, after death, will be  exalted, totally different from their state. Your rewards and responsibilities, after death, are different from the punishment and torment of dead Mushrikeen.
 
It is in Quran - إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ [Your guardian (or solver of grievances) can only be Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and those who believe, who establish  Salah, and pay Zakat  and bow down (in prayer.]  (Al-Maida - 55) 
 
It is in Quran -   أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ اجْتَرَحُوا السَّيِّئَاتِ أَن نَّجْعَلَهُمْ كَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَوَاءً مَّحْيَاهُمْ وَمَمَاتُهُمْ ۚ سَاءَ مَا يَحْكُمُونَ [As for those who (do not have faith, and) indulge in (evil) sinful acts, do they think that We place them - both in their life and their death - on equal footing with those who have attained faith and do righteous deeds?  Bad indeed is their judgment. ]  (Al-Jathiya - 21)

It is in Quran -    أُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ حَقًّا ۚ لَّهُمْ دَرَجَاتٌ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ وَرِزْقٌ كَرِيمٌ  [Those are they who are truth believers. For them are Grades (of honor) with their Lord, and pardon, and a bountiful provision. (Al-Anfal - 4)]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 022

إِلَهُكُمْ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ فَالَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآَخِرَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ مُنْكِرَةٌ وَهُمْ مُسْتَكْبِرُونَ [ Your Lord is one : as to those who believe not in the Hereafter, their hearts refuse to know, and they are arrogant. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 023

لَا جَرَمَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا يُسِرُّونَ وَمَا يُعْلِنُونَ إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُسْتَكْبِرِينَ [ Certainly, Allah knows whatever they hide and whatever they disclose. Indeed He does not like the arrogant. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 024

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ مَاذَا أَنْزَلَ رَبُّكُمْ قَالُوا أَسَاطِيرُ الْأَوَّلِينَ [ When it is said to them, 'What is it that your Lord has revealed?' they say, 'Tales of the ancients!' ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 025

لِيَحْمِلُوا أَوْزَارَهُمْ كَامِلَةً يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَمِنْ أَوْزَارِ الَّذِينَ يُضِلُّونَهُمْ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ أَلَا سَاءَ مَا يَزِرُونَ  [ On the Day of Resurrection they will carry their own burden and some of the burden of those they have led astray without any knowledge.  How evil a burden they will carry? ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 026

قَدْ مَكَرَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ فَأَتَى اللَّهُ بُنْيَانَهُمْ مِنَ الْقَوَاعِدِ فَخَرَّ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّقْفُ مِنْ فَوْقِهِمْ وَأَتَاهُمُ الْعَذَابُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ  [ Those who have gone before them had also conspired; then Allah uprooted their structure from its foundation; the roof fell over them from above, and punishment came upon them from somewhere they did not expect. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 027

ثُمَّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يُخْزِيهِمْ وَيَقُولُ أَيْنَ شُرَكَائِيَ الَّذِينَ كُنْتُمْ تُشَاقُّونَ فِيهِمْ قَالَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ إِنَّ الْخِزْيَ الْيَوْمَ وَالسُّوءَ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ  [ Then on the Day of Resurrection He will disgrace them and say, 'Where are My '(so called) partners' for whom you used to oppose (the believers)?'  Those endowed with knowledge will say : 'Shamefulness and disgrace, surely are, for unbelievers today.' ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 028

الَّذِينَ تَتَوَفَّاهُمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ ظَالِمِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ فَأَلْقَوُا السَّلَمَ مَا كُنَّا نَعْمَلُ مِنْ سُوءٍ بَلَى إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ  [ They whose souls are drawn out by the angels while they are sinning, shall offer submission : 'We did no evil.' But Allah knows well what you did. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 029

فَادْخُلُوا أَبْوَابَ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا فَلَبِئْسَ مَثْوَى الْمُتَكَبِّرِينَ  [ Enter the gates of Hell to remain in it (forever). (How) Evil is the (final) abode of the arrogant? ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 030

وَقِيلَ لِلَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا مَاذَا أَنْزَلَ رَبُّكُمْ قَالُوا خَيْرًا لِلَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا فِي هَذِهِ الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةٌ وَلَدَارُ الْآَخِرَةِ خَيْرٌ وَلَنِعْمَ دَارُ الْمُتَّقِينَ  They whose souls are drawn out by the angels while they are sinning, shall offer submission : 'We did no evil.' But Allah knows well what you did. ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 031

جَنَّاتُ عَدْنٍ يَدْخُلُونَهَا تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ لَهُمْ فِيهَا مَا يَشَاءُونَ كَذَلِكَ يَجْزِي اللَّهُ الْمُتَّقِينَ The Gardens of Eden, which they (the believers) will enter, with streams running in them. There,  they will have everything they wish.  Thus the pious and the devout will be rewarded (abundantly).   ]

 

Juz 14,  An-Nahl, Verse 032

الَّذِينَ تَتَوَفَّاهُمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ طَيِّبِينَ يَقُولُونَ سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمُ ادْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ Those whom the angels take away while they are pure. They say (to them), ‘Peace be on you!  Enter paradise because of what you used to do.' ]

 

 

 

 

RELATED READING

 

Juz 14.1 Rubama

Juz 14.2 Rubama

Juz 12.3 Rubama

Juz 14.5 Rubama

 Juz 14.6 Rubama

Juz 14.7 Rubama