SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI
Al-Baqara | Sura # 2| 286 verses | Madinan
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 040يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ اذْكُرُوا نِعْمَتِيَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَأَوْفُوا بِعَهْدِي أُوفِ بِعَهْدِكُمْ وَإِيَّايَ فَارْهَبُونِ [ O' Children of of Israel, remember my favor that was bestowed upon you and be true to the covenant you made to Me and I shall fulfill My promise to you and fear alone from Me.]
Hadhrat Yaqoob's (عليه السلام) descendants are known as children of Israel. The name 'Israel' is derived from two words, ‘Isra’ and ‘el’. ‘Isra’ means 'a chosen worshiper', and ‘El’ means God in Hebrew. Thus, Israel means, the one chosen by God. This name is specific to Prophet Yaqoob (عليه السلام). The descendants of Yaqoob - Jacob (عليه السلام), and the followers of all prophets among them are known as 'children of Israel'.
The above verse is addressed to the followers of all Prophets among the descendants of Israel. As was prophesied in their scriptures, they were waiting for the advent of an Apostle and they used to pray Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) to help them, for his sake, and they knew it well that their supplications were answered. But when Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) declared his apostleship, they opposed him only for the simple reason that he was the descendant of Prophet Ismail (عليه السلام).
During the time of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Jews were an influential community in Arabia. Mostly they were businessmen and their powerful tribes used to rule major chunk of Arabia. After the advent of Islam, not only did many of them not accept Islam, but stood openly against Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). The problem was manifold for them in addition to their power and money. They knew it well that if they accept Islam, they can not continue the unlawful activities in the name of religion.
In the above verse, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is reminding them of His favors throughout their history, like empires under Prophet Dawood (عليه السلام) and Sulaiman (عليه السلام) and Yusuf (عليه السلام), and their rescue from Pharaoh and their repeated transgressions and repeated pardons by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). They surely knew about the truthfulness of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) through their scriptures.
In the verse, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is asking them to fulfill the covenant made by them earlier and in return Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will also fulfill His promise given to them.
What were the covenants they had made with Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ)?
It is in Quran - وَإِذْ أَخَذْنَا مِيثَاقَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ لَا تَعْبُدُونَ إِلَّا اللَّهَ وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا وَذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَقُولُوا لِلنَّاسِ حُسْنًا وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ ثُمَّ تَوَلَّيْتُمْ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا مِّنكُمْ وَأَنتُم مُّعْرِضُونَ - وَإِذْ أَخَذْنَا مِيثَاقَكُمْ لَا تَسْفِكُونَ دِمَاءَكُمْ وَلَا تُخْرِجُونَ أَنفُسَكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ ثُمَّ أَقْرَرْتُمْ وَأَنتُمْ تَشْهَدُونَ - ثُمَّ أَنتُمْ هَـٰؤُلَاءِ تَقْتُلُونَ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَتُخْرِجُونَ فَرِيقًا مِّنكُم مِّن دِيَارِهِمْ تَظَاهَرُونَ عَلَيْهِم بِالْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ [ And (remember) when We took the covenant from the Children of Israel, 'Do not worship except Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ); and do good to parents and relatives, orphans and needy. And talk to people good; establish prayer and pay Zakat." Then you turned away, except a few of you, and (most of you) refused. And (remember) when We took your covenant, "Do not shed each other's blood or evict one another from homes. Then you acknowledged it while you were witnessing. Then, you are those (same ones who are) killing one another and evicting a party of your people from their homes, cooperating against them in sin and aggression. ] (Al-Baqara - 83-85).
What was the promise Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) made to them?
It is in Quran - وَلَقَدْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَبَعَثْنَا مِنْهُمُ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ نَقِيبًا ۖ وَقَالَ اللَّهُ إِنِّي مَعَكُمْ ۖ لَئِنْ أَقَمْتُمُ الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَيْتُمُ الزَّكَاةَ وَآمَنتُم بِرُسُلِي وَعَزَّرْتُمُوهُمْ وَأَقْرَضْتُمُ اللَّهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا لَّأُكَفِّرَنَّ عَنكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَلَأُدْخِلَنَّكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ ۚ فَمَن كَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ مِنكُمْ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ سَوَاءَ السَّبِيلِ [And Allah had already taken a covenant from the Children of Israel, and We delegated from among them twelve leaders. And Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) said, "I am with you. If you establish prayer and give Zakat and believe in (all) My Apostles and support them, and loan Allah a goodly loan, I will surely remove from you, your misdeeds and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow. But whoever of you disbelieves after that, has certainly strayed from the soundness of the way.] (Al-Maa'ida - 12)Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 041
وَآَمِنُوا بِمَا أَنْزَلْتُ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا مَعَكُمْ وَلَا تَكُونُوا أَوَّلَ كَافِرٍ بِهِ وَلَا تَشْتَرُوا بِآَيَاتِي ثَمَنًا قَلِيلًا وَإِيَّايَ فَاتَّقُونِ [ And believe in what I have sent down which verifies what is already with you; and do not be the first to deny it, and do not exchange My signs for a small price; and beware of Me. ]
Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is reminding the people of earlier scriptures to believe in Quran as it testifies the earlier scriptures and prophets. Since they were aware of the advent of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), they should not be the ones who deny. Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is asking them not to alter earlier scriptures to misguide people for some worldly gains. They should not be afraid of loosing their power or money. They should only fear Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and expect rewards from Him in this world and in Hereafter.
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 042
وَلَا تَلْبِسُوا الْحَقَّ بِالْبَاطِلِ وَتَكْتُمُوا الْحَقَّ وَأَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ [ And do not mix truth and falsehood, and do not conceal the truth you already know. ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 043
وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآَتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَارْكَعُوا مَعَ الرَّاكِعِينَ [ And establish Salah, and pay the Zakat, and bow along with those (Muslims) who bow. ]The faith in earlier prophets and their scriptures also requires that the people of the books should believe in Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) because all prophets had instructed them to believe in Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).And believe in Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) requires their acceptance of Islamic sharia enshrined in Quran and Sunnah. Therefore, they are required to join the Islamic faith along with Muslims and establish Salah and Pay Zakat.
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 044
أَتَأْمُرُونَ النَّاسَ بِالْبِرِّ وَتَنْسَوْنَ أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ تَتْلُونَ الْكِتَابَ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ - [ How can you tell people to do what is right while you forget to do it yourselves. And you recite (and give references from) the earlier scriptures. Do you have any sense? ]Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 045
وَاسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلَاةِ وَإِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ إِلَّا عَلَى الْخَاشِعِينَ [ And train yourself with patience and prayer (and learn humbleness, because), it is difficult except for the humble. ]It is reported that many of the Jews during Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) time were involved in usury and fraudulent business transactions. They were rich and enjoyed power. They had built powerful fortresses all over Arabian peninsula. In this scenario, if they accepted Islam, they were afraid to loose all that. This is the reason, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is asking them to develop patience and establish Salah. It will help them overcome their longtime wrongdoings. This can only be done by a person who is afraid of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and realizes his servitude.Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 046
الَّذِينَ يَظُنُّونَ أَنَّهُمْ مُلاَقُواْ رَبِّهِمْ وَأَنَّهُمْ إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ [ (The humble people) are aware that they will meet their Lord, and to Him will they return. ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 047
يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ اذْكُرُوا نِعْمَتِيَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَأَنِّي فَضَّلْتُكُمْ عَلَى الْعَالَمِينَ [ O' Children of Israel, remember My favor that I had bestowed upon you and that I preferred you over the (people of the) worlds. ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 048
وَاتَّقُوا يَوْمًا لَا تَجْزِي نَفْسٌ عَنْ نَفْسٍ شَيْئًا وَلَا يُقْبَلُ مِنْهَا شَفَاعَةٌ وَلَا يُؤْخَذُ مِنْهَا عَدْلٌ وَلَا هُمْ يُنْصَرُونَ [ Have fear of the Day when no one will be able to compensate for the other in any way. No intercession will be accepted from him, no ransom taken from him, and they will not be helped. ]
The above verse is meant for non-believers. Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is warning people, particularly the people of earlier scriptures, to come back into the fold of Islam.
As far as Muslims are concerned, anyone having Sahih Iman equal to a mustard seed, will be taken out of Hell on Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) mediation.It is in Quran - وَنَضَعُ الْمَوَازِينَ الْقِسْطَ لِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ فَلَا تُظْلَمُ نَفْسٌ شَيْئًا ۖ وَإِن كَانَ مِثْقَالَ حَبَّةٍ مِّنْ خَرْدَلٍ أَتَيْنَا بِهَا ۗ [ And We place the scales of justice for the Day of Resurrection, so no one will be treated unjustly at all. And if there is (Iman equal to) the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it forth.] (Al-Anbiya - 47)It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'No one shall enter the Fire (of Hell) who has in his heart the weight of a mustard seed of Iman. (Bukhari, Muslim and others).What is meant by 'Iman equal to the weight of mustard seed'?It is in Hadith - Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, (i) He who among you sees something abominable should modify it with the help of his hand; (ii) and if he has not strength enough to do it, then he should do it with his tongue, (iii) and if he has not strength enough to do it, (even) then he should (abhor it) from his heart, and that is the least of Iman. (Muslim Book 1, # 84)It is important to note that you cannot commit a sin considering that it is fine and is allowed by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). You cannot misinterpret Islamic laws to make a provision for you to commit sins. You cannot commit a sin just because you see other Muslims in your community are doing it openly. A sin is a sin. You should have courage to stop it openly. This is the first degree of Iman.Look at what Imam Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) did in Karbala. He knew that he would not be able to over power Yazidi Army. But he preferred martyrdom rather than accepting Haram as Halal and wrong doing as virtue.If it is not possible for you to fight against wrong doing, then tell the wrongdoer plainly that what he is doing is sin/wrong/Haram, and if possible, advise him to stay away from it. This is the second degree of Iman.If saying to them about their sins openly is also not possible, then you should consider it bad in your heart and try to stay away from it as far as possible. You should seek pardon from your Lord for your own self as well as for the wrong doers and pray that they come back to Sahih Iman/right path. This is known as Iman equal to the weight of mustard seed.It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : Never a Prophet had been sent before me by Allah towards his nation who had not among his people (his) disciples and companions who followed his ways and obeyed his command. Then there came after them their successors who said whatever they did not practice, and practiced whatever they were not commanded to do. He who strove against them with his hand was a believer. He who strove against them with his tongue was a believer, and he who strove against them with his heart was a believer and beyond that there is no faith even to the extent of a mustard seed. Abu Rafi' (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I narrated this Hadith to 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He contradicted me. There happened to come 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who stayed at Qanat, and 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) wanted me to accompany him for visiting him (as 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud ؓ was ailing), so I went along with him and as we sat (before him) I asked Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about this Hadith. He narrated it in the same way as I narrated it to Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). (Muslim Book 1, # 86)
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 049
وَإِذْ نَجَّيْنَاكُمْ مِنْ آَلِ فِرْعَوْنَ يَسُومُونَكُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ يُذَبِّحُونَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيُونَ نِسَاءَكُمْ وَفِي ذَلِكُمْ بَلَاءٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ عَظِيمٌ [And, remember when We saved you from Pharaoh’s people, who subjected you to terrible torment, slaughtering your sons and sparing your women (daughters). This was a great trial from your Lord. ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 050
وَإِذْ فَرَقْنَا بِكُمُ الْبَحْرَ فَأَنْجَيْنَاكُمْ وَأَغْرَقْنَا آَلَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَأَنْتُمْ تَنْظُرُونَ [ And when We parted the sea (and made way) for you, saving you and drowning Pharaoh’s people, right in front of your eyes. ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 051
وَإِذْ وَاعَدْنَا مُوسَى أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً ثُمَّ اتَّخَذْتُمُ الْعِجْلَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ وَأَنْتُمْ ظَالِمُونَ [ And we specified forty nights for Musaؑ and then, while he was away, you started worshiping the calf. And you (surely) were wrongdoers (in that worship). ]
Anything sought and gained through unlawful means is harmful. If you steal electricity to read Quran, then reading Quran will not help you. If you steal from a corrupt person in order to give it to the poor, it will not not help you in any way. Some of our scholars are seen joining hands with people in power and secretly and openly support them in their transgression. In return for this favor, they get money, which they claim to use to support their religious institutions. When they are questioned about it, they say that they need funds to run their religious institutions and they feel proud of getting funding from all sources. In the name of their religious institutions, they make a big fortune and build their personal empires of wealth and properties. They should know that all these acts are unlawful and invite Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) wrath.
The historical accounts testify that Israelis, during their slavery in the hands of the people of Pharaoh, used to work in the fields and in the homes of the wealthy Egyptians. They used to steal rich Egyptians' gold armaments and this way had accumulated some gold with them. When Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) went to Mount Sinai for 40 days, the Israelis were under the care of Prophet Haroon (عليه السلام), who was Prophet Musa's (عليه السلام) elder brother. During those days, a person among Israelis named Samri did a mischief. He made a small hallow calf of the gold collected from Israelis (which they had stolen from the people of Pharoah). When air passed through the hollow portion of that calf, it made a sound like that of a calf's call. Samri convinced Israelis that it is their God. Many Israelis started worshiping it. Prophet Haroon (عليه السلام) tried to stop them from this wrongdoing. But he could stop only a few. The others continued this worship. When Musa (عليه السلام) returned from Mount Sinai, he was very angry seeing the calf being worshiped by his people.
It is in Quran - قَالُوا مَا أَخْلَفْنَا مَوْعِدَكَ بِمَلْكِنَا وَلَـٰكِنَّا حُمِّلْنَا أَوْزَارًا مِّن زِينَةِ الْقَوْمِ فَقَذَفْنَاهَا فَكَذَٰلِكَ أَلْقَى السَّامِرِيُّ [ They said : "We did not break our promise to you of our own accord (with intent), but we were loaded with sinful loads of ornaments of the people (of Pharaoh), and we threw them in the same way as Samiri did.]. (Taa Haa - 87)
They were punished severely for their wrongdoing.
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 052
ثُمَّ عَفَوْنَا عَنْكُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ ذَلِكَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ - [Then We pardoned you after that so that perhaps you would be grateful. ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 053
وَإِذْ آَتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْكِتَابَ وَالْفُرْقَانَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ - [Remember when We gave Musaؑ the book (Torah), and the means to distinguish right and wrong, so that you might be guided. ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 054
وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَى لِقَوْمِهِ يَا قَوْمِ إِنَّكُمْ ظَلَمْتُمْ أَنْفُسَكُمْ بِاتِّخَاذِكُمُ الْعِجْلَ فَتُوبُوا إِلَى بَارِئِكُمْ فَاقْتُلُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ ذَلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ عِنْدَ بَارِئِكُمْ فَتَابَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِنَّهُ هُوَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ [ And when Musaؑ said to his people, 'O my people, indeed you have wronged yourselves by your taking of the calf (for worship). So repent to your Creator and kill yourselves. That is best for you in the sight of your Creator.' Then He accepted your repentance; indeed, He is the All forgiving, the most merciful.
The people who worshiped the calf were to repent by giving their lives. This was a severe punishment. However, after the mediation of Musa and Haroon (عليهم السلام) who prayed for their forgiveness, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) forgave them.
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 055
وَإِذْ قُلْتُمْ يَا مُوسَى لَنْ نُؤْمِنَ لَكَ حَتَّى نَرَى اللَّهَ جَهْرَةً فَأَخَذَتْكُمُ الصَّاعِقَةُ وَأَنْتُمْ تَنْظُرُونَ [ And when you (people) said, 'Musaؑ , we will not believe in you until we see Allah with our own eyes.' So the thunder-bolt struck you dead while you were looking. ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 056
ثُمَّ بَعَثْنَاكُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَوْتِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ [ Then We revived you after your death, so that you might be thankful. ]
When the Isrealis demanded to see Allah, they were struck by a thunder bolt which took them into a state of (a kind of death). After sometime, they came back to their senses.
We have briefly discussed about this issue here.
Can the human beings see Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ)?Manifestation (appearance) of absolute Existence of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is not possible in a shape, body, form of any kind - exclusive, divine or creature like. Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is free from time, place, form and composition, physical or spiritual. He does not live in a place and is not made up of parts like hands, eyes, face, etc. He is pure from the consideration of any kind of body; physical, spiritual, visible or invisible. His Unity (Zaat-e-Elahi) cannot be expressed within the limitations of time, space and dwelling. Therefore, it cannot be seen by human beings, from their physical eyes or the eyes of their hearts or spiritual eyes. No one can see Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), including Prophets, Awliya Allah or anybody, in this world, or in Hereafter, or beyond. Whoever has seen Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), has either seen His Tajalli-e-Zaati ( نُور ) or Tajalli-e-Sifaati (in the shape of His creatures).
It is in Quran - لَيۡسَ كَمِثۡلِهِۦ شَىۡءٌ۬ۖ وَهُوَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلۡبَصِيرُ [ Nothing is like Him, and He is the Seer and Hearer.] (Ash-Shura - 11).
It is in Quran - لَّا تُدۡرِڪُهُ ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ وَهُوَ يُدۡرِكُ ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرَۖ وَهُوَ ٱللَّطِيفُ ٱلۡخَبِيرُ [Eyes (people) cannot see Him, He sees peoples' eyes (them). He has subtle vision and is aware of everything. (Al-An'aam - 103).
It is in Quran - وَمَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَن يُكَلِّمَهُ ٱللَّهُ إِلَّا وَحۡيًا أَوۡ مِن وَرَآىِٕ حِجَابٍ أَوۡ يُرۡسِلَ رَسُولاً۬ فَيُوحِىَ بِإِذۡنِهِۦ مَا يَشَآءُۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ عَلِىٌّ حَڪِيمٌ۬ [It is not fitting for a human being that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) should speak to him except by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or by sending of an Apostle to reveal, with Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) permission, what Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) wills: for He is Most High, Most Wise".] (Ash-Shura - 51).
It is in Quran - وَلَمَّا جَاءَ مُوسَىٰ لِمِيقَاتِنَا وَكَلَّمَهُ رَبُّهُ قَالَ رَبِّ أَرِنِي أَنظُرْ إِلَيْكَ ۚ قَالَ لَن تَرَانِي وَلَـٰكِنِ انظُرْ إِلَى الْجَبَلِ فَإِنِ اسْتَقَرَّ مَكَانَهُ فَسَوْفَ تَرَانِي ۚ فَلَمَّا تَجَلَّىٰ رَبُّهُ لِلْجَبَلِ جَعَلَهُ دَكًّا وَخَرَّ مُوسَىٰ صَعِقًا ۚ فَلَمَّا أَفَاقَ قَالَ سُبْحَانَكَ تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ [ And when Musa (عليه السلام) came at the time and place appointed by Us and his Lord spoke to him; he said "O' My Lord, show me (yourself) that I may look upon You". Allah said "you cannot see Me, but look upon the mountain, if it stands still in its place, then you shall see Me". So when his Lord manifested His Tajalli on the mountain, He made it collapse to dust and Musa ( عليه السلام) fell down unconscious. Then when he recovered his senses he said: "Glory be to You, I turn to You in repentance and I am foremost of the believers.] ( Al Araf - 143).
It is in Hadith - Abdullah bin Shaqiq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : I said to Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Had I seen the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I would have asked him. He (Abu Dharr - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : What is that thing that you wanted to inquire of him? He said : I wanted to ask him whether he had seen his Lord. Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: I, in fact, inquired of him, and he replied: I saw Light نُور (Allah's Tajalli-e-Zaati). (Muslim, Book # 1, Hadith # 342).
It is in Hadith - حدّثنا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ : حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللّهِ بْنِ شَقِيقٍ عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ ، قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ رَسُولَ اللّهِ: هَلْ رَأَيْتَ رَبَّكَ؟ قَالَ نُورٌ انى أَرَاهُ [ Narrated on the authority of Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) - I asked the Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) - Did you see your Lord? He (the Prophet - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said "He is light نُور, I saw Him.] (Muslim, Book # 1, Hadith # 341).
It is important to note that Allah's light ( نُور ) is within his Zaat. It is not that Zaat-e-Elahi is within His light (نُور). We cannot confine Zaat-e-Elahi into His own light, (نُور) or into a form, shape, or body; exclusively divine or creature like. If you do that, it will be shirk.
It is in Quran - اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ [ Allah is the نُور (light - existence) of Heavens and Earth.] (An-Noor - 35).
The meaning of seeing Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in the light of Quran and Ahadith
Name is the mixture of Zaat (person) + Sifat (attribute). Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) name is "Rahman", ( الرحمن - Compassionate) meaning it is the mixture of His Zaat + His attribute of compassion (towards His creatures).
Similarly, His name is "Raheem", ( الرحيم - Merciful ) which is the mixture of His Zaat + His attribute of Mercy (towards His creatures).
The same is the case with His other names (epithets of Allah - عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).
Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) likes to show His "Compassion", His "Mercy" and His other attributes to His creatures so that they see His magnificence, independence (self subsistence) and their indigence (dependence) upon Him. Thus, Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Tajalliyat-e-Asma wa al-Sifaat or Signs ( الآيات ) appear in front of us in various shapes and forms continuously.
It is in Quran - وَقُلِ ٱلۡحَمۡدُ لِلَّهِ سَيُرِيكُمۡ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦ فَتَعۡرِفُونَہَاۚ وَمَا رَبُّكَ بِغَـٰفِلٍ عَمَّا تَعۡمَلُونَ [(Say O'Prophet ﷺ) Praise be to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). He will show you His signs and you will recognize them. Your Lord is not heedless of anything you do.] (An-Naml - 93).
The entire cosmos and all worlds in it, are the places of manifestation of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Signs or Tajalliyat which can appear in any form or shape.It is in Hadith - Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said - I saw my Lord, the Exalted and Glorious in the most beautiful form. Ikrama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, on this I submitted, does not Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) say that “Peoples’ eyes cannot perceive Him. He perceives their eyes.”, then Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, Hey ’ this is true when Allah’s (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) refulgence (Tajalli) is from the divine light which is the “Light of His Unity”. Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has seen his Sustainer (Rab) twice”. (Tirmidhi).The above Hadith clearly distinguishes between Manifestation of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Tajalli-e-Zaati (which is referred to as 'Light of His Unity') and Tajalli-e-Sifaati - Manifestation of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Attributes. Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw Allah in both Tajalli-e-Zaati and Tajalli-e-Sifaati. In Tajalli-e-Zaati, what the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) witnessed is formless light ( نُور ); and in Tajalli-e-Sifaati, the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw Allah in the shape of a human being.Important points in this context(i) Sighting of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in Tajalli-e-Asma wo Sifaat will be in the shape of His creatures or in the shape of a human being or any other shape.(ii) Sighting of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in Tajalli-e-Zaati is ( نُور ) formless light.(iii) If a person has seen Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in a dream in the shape of human being and he remembers that shape and dream very well. He can remember that shape and hold it in highest respect. However, it is not allowed for him to draw the picture of that human shape, place it in front of him as Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) picture and prostrate. If he does that, it will be treated as Shirk. Similarly, if he considers that what he saw is the shape of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and imaginatively confines / encompasses Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Unity into that shape and performs Salah five times a day with that belief, his Salah will be treated as idol worship.Salafis, Hindus, Christians (and their like minded groups) have made terrible blunder in understanding Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Unity (Zaat). They imagine Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in a physical shape which has eyes, hands, face, body, etc. This kind of belief is Idol worship. Salafis' so-called Salah five times a day, with this belief, is nothing but absolute idol worship because, as per their belief, they are encompassing / confining / arresting the Unity of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) (Zaat-e-Elahi) into an imaginary body sitting on a big chair over the skies.
We worship Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) (Zaat-e-Elahi) that cannot be encompassed into any shape, form or body; exclusive or creature like. Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is free from time, place, form and composition. He does not live in a place and is not made up of parts like hands, eyes, face, etc. His Unity (Zaat-e-Elahi) cannot be expressed within the limitations of time, space and dwelling. He is beyond the imaginations of human beings.
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 057
وَظَلَّلْنَا عَلَيْكُمُ الْغَمَامَ وَأَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَنَّ وَالسَّلْوَى كُلُوا مِنْ طَيِّبَاتِ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ وَمَا ظَلَمُونَا وَلَكِنْ كَانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ [ We made the clouds cover you with shade, and sent manna and quails down to you, saying, ‘Eat the good things We have provided for you.’ It was not Us they wronged; they wronged themselves. ]
When Israilis were wandering in desert, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) provided them with food and sustenance. Manna (الْمَنَّ) was a sweet exudate (substance) which used to appear on tree leaves in the shape of red drops at daybreak. The Israelis used to gather it in the early morning by spreading sheets under the trees by shaking the branches. It was a delicious dessert for them that provided energy for their survival in desert. Quail bird (السَّلْوَى) used to come in flocks and remain around the Israelis. They used to eat meat of this bird for their protein and nourishment. The harshest was the scorching sun in the desert. For their protection, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) provided cloud cover over the desert to stop sun rays from reaching the ground. It was indeed a gift to them from Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 058
وَإِذْ قُلْنَا ادْخُلُوا هَذِهِ الْقَرْيَةَ فَكُلُوا مِنْهَا حَيْثُ شِئْتُمْ رَغَدًا وَادْخُلُوا الْبَابَ سُجَّدًا وَقُولُوا حِطَّةٌ نَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ خَطَايَاكُمْ وَسَنَزِيدُ الْمُحْسِنِينَ [Remember when We said, ‘Enter this town. and eat from it wherever you like, freely. Enter the gate prostrating and say, "Relieve us!" Then We shall forgive your sins and increase the rewards of those who do good. ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 059
فَبَدَّلَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا قَوْلًا غَيْرَ الَّذِي قِيلَ لَهُمْ فَأَنْزَلْنَا عَلَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا رِجْزًا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ [ But the wrongdoers substituted a different word from the one they had been given. So, because they persistently disobeyed, We sent a plague down from the heavens upon the deviants. ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 060
وَإِذِ اسْتَسْقَى مُوسَى لِقَوْمِهِ فَقُلْنَا اضْرِبْ بِعَصَاكَ الْحَجَرَ فَانْفَجَرَتْ مِنْهُ اثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ عَيْنًا قَدْ عَلِمَ كُلُّ أُنَاسٍ مَشْرَبَهُمْ كُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا مِنْ رِزْقِ اللَّهِ وَلَا تَعْثَوْا فِي الْأَرْضِ مُفْسِدِينَ [Remember when Musaؑ prayed for water for his people and We said to him, ‘Strike the rock with your staff.’ Twelve springs gushed out, and each group knew its drinking place. ‘Eat and drink that Allah has provided and do not cause corruption in the land. ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 061
وَإِذْ قُلْتُمْ يَا مُوسَى لَنْ نَصْبِرَ عَلَى طَعَامٍ وَاحِدٍ فَادْعُ لَنَا رَبَّكَ يُخْرِجْ لَنَا مِمَّا تُنْبِتُ الْأَرْضُ مِنْ بَقْلِهَا وَقِثَّائِهَا وَفُومِهَا وَعَدَسِهَا وَبَصَلِهَا قَالَ أَتَسْتَبْدِلُونَ الَّذِي هُوَ أَدْنَى بِالَّذِي هُوَ خَيْرٌ اهْبِطُوا مِصْرًا فَإِنَّ لَكُمْ مَا سَأَلْتُمْ وَضُرِبَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الذِّلَّةُ وَالْمَسْكَنَةُ وَبَاءُو بِغَضَبٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يَكْفُرُونَ بِآَيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَيَقْتُلُونَ النَّبِيِّينَ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ ذَلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوْا وَكَانُوا يَعْتَدُونَ [ Remember when you said, 'Musaؑ, we cannot bear to eat only one kind of food, so pray to your Lord to bring out for us some of the Earth’s produce, its herbs and cucumbers, its garlic, lentils, and onions.' He said, 'Would you exchange better for worse? Go to Egypt and there you will find what you have asked for.' They were struck with humiliation and wretchedness, and they incurred the wrath of Allah because they persistently denied His messages and killed prophets contrary to all that is right. All this was because they disobeyed and were lawbreakers.]As described in verse 57 above, when Israelis were wandering in the desert Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) provided them with food and sustenance in the shape of 'Manna' (الْمَنَّ) and Quail (السَّلْوَى). And to protect them from the sun, they were provided with a cloud that stopped sun's radiation and heat reaching the ground.When they complained about the scarcity of water, Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) prayed for them (verse 60). Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) accepted the prayer and he was asked to strike his wooden staff on a rock. He did that and a miracle happened. Twelve springs gushed out of that rock and all 12 tribes of Israelis benefited from that miraculous water.The Israelis were not content with that. They started complaining about one type of food, ie., Manna and Salwa. They asked Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) to pray Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) to provide Earth's produce like herbs, cucumbers, garlic, lentils, onions etc (verse 61). Musa (عليه السلام) chided them and said 'you want inferior food in place of a superior food provided to you'.Later, when Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) prayed, Israelis were asked to enter the gate of a nearby town called 'Arbaha' (probably in the present day Palestine) by prostrating and uttering the word 'Hittatun' (حِطَّةٌ), meaning 'our Lord forgive us'. They were promised abundance of food in that town. They were also promised that they will be forgiven for their past wrongdoings. (verse 58). But, as the Israelis were arrogant, they changed that word and said 'Hintatun', meaning 'Wheat' as they were longing for the food produced by Earth.Their continued rejection of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) commands and disregard for his bounties resulted in another punishment (verse 59). Plague caught them and many of the wrongdoers perished.