SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI
Al-Isra | Sura # 17| 111 verses | Makkan
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 057
أُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ يَبْتَغُونَ إِلَى رَبِّهِمُ الْوَسِيلَةَ أَيُّهُمْ أَقْرَبُ وَيَرْجُونَ رَحْمَتَهُ وَيَخَافُونَ عَذَابَهُ إِنَّ عَذَابَ رَبِّكَ كَانَ مَحْذُورًا [ Those they invoke (like angels, Jesus, Uzair, etc., by making their idols and pictures), themselves seek the way to their Lord, (striving) which one of them shall be nearest (to Him); and hope for His grace, and dread His punishment. Indeed, the punishment of your Lord is to be feared!]
The above verse is with reference to the people who make idols of prophets/their religious elders/prophets and worship them.
Deviant sects like Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups quote the above verse to claim that seeking Wasila of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Sahabah, and Awliya Allah is Kufr. Needless to say that they are misguided and they also misguide the people in this context
There is a difference between seeking Waseela of a person claiming him to be god, or son of god and seeking the Wasila of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Sahabah and Awliya Allah. The polytheists of Makka considered certain angels as gods/partners of god. They made their pictures and clay idols and worshiped them. Christians and Jews believe Isa and Uzair (عليهم السلام) as sons of God. They also make their pictures and idols and worship them. This is what has been refuted in the above verse.
Salafis, Deobandis, Khwarij and their like minded groups quote the verses of Quran meant for disbelievers and impose them on Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Sahabah and Awilya Allah.It is in Hadith - وكان ابن عمر يراهم شرار خلق الله وقال إنهم انطلقوا إلى آيات نزلت في الكفار فجعلوها على المؤمنين - Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) considered the Khawarij and the heretics (Salafis and their like minded groups) as the worst beings in creation (meaning worst than Satan and his subordinate Shayateen), and he said : 'They went to verses which were revealed about the disbelievers (the pagans of Makka) and applied them to the Believers (Prophets, Sahabah, Awliya Allah and Muslims). (Bukhari).
The following supplication (Dua) is mentioned in many Ahadith books like Tirmizi, Nasai, Tabrani, Ibn Huzeema, Hakim, Baihaqi, etc. The Dua confirms the fact that his waseelah is equally important both during of his physical span of life, after his death, on the day of Judgment and beyond. The people of the book used to take his waseelah even before his birth and their supplications were answered by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ وَأَتَوَجَّهُ إِلَيْكَ بحبيبِ المصطفى عندكَ يا حبيبنا يَا مُحَمَّدُ اني نتوسلُ بِكَ الى ربكَ فشفعه لنا عِند المولى العظيم يانعمة الرسولُ الطّاهراللَّهُمَّ شافعه فينا بجاه عندكَ
[ O'Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), I implore, I beg to you with the mediation (wasilah) of your revered beloved Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who is chosen by you. O' Beloved of the Al-mighty, O' Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) we implore to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) with your mediation (Wasilah). Kindly mediate for us with Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). O' Sacred Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), O' Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), kindly accept the intercession (Shafa'a) of our Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for us in view of the "honor and grace he has with you. ]
As a matter of fact our Dua will not be accepted by if we do not send Durood on Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) before and after the Dua and seek Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) favor by the mediation (Waseelah) of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).It is in Quran – وَلَا يَمْلِكُ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِهِ الشَّفَاعَةَ إِلَّا مَن شَهِدَ بِالْحَقِّ وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ [And those whom they invoke besides Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) have no power of intercession (shafa’a); only he who bears witness to the Truth, and they know (him – Prophet Mohammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم )]. (Az-Zukhruf - 86).These sects also claim that visiting the grave of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Sahabah, dignitaries of Islam and Awliya Allah is shirk. And they quote all such verses and Ahadith which are essentially meant for the deities and idols worshiped by the non-believers. They equate the dignitaries of Islam with the idols worshiped by idol worshipers and claim that the idols worshiped by Mushrikeen are standing idols, while the dignitaries of Islam are lying Idols in their graves. (Astaghfirullah).
It is in Quran - إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ (Your guardian (or solver of grievances) can be Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and those who believe, who establish Salah, and pay Zakat and bow down (in prayer) (Al-Maeda - 55)
It is in Hadith - A man came to `Uthman ibn `Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) for a certain need, but the latter could not pay him any attention nor look into his need, upon which he complained of his condition to `Uthman ibn Hunayf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who told him : "Go and make ablution, then go to the mosque and pray two raka, then recite (this dua)," and he mentioned the invocation of the blind man, "then go (to `Uthman - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ again)." The man went, did as he was told, then came to `Uthman's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) door. The door was opened, and an attendant came our, took his hand and brought him to `Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who sat him with him on top of the carpet, and said: "Tell me what is your need is." After this the man went out, met `Uthman ibn Hunayf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) again, and said to him: "May Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) reward you! Previously he would not look into my need nor pay any attention to me, until you spoke to him." He replied : "I did not speak to him, but I saw the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when a blind man came to him complaining of his failing eyesight," and he mentioned to him the substance of the previous narration. He not only called to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), but to Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) also. Thus the Sahaba taught invoking the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) even after his death. (Baihaqi, Abu Nu`aym in the Ma`rifa, Mundhiri Targhib 1:473-474, Haythami, and Tabarani in the Kabir 9:17-18 and the Saghir 1:184/201-202 )
Look, in the above Ahadith, the words "Bijaahihi Indaka" is there, which means 'honor, grace, dignity'. These Ahadith also confirm that we can call 'Ya Mohammad, Ya Mustafa, Ya Habeebana, Ya Rasulullah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), after the death of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).It is in Hadith - Narrated by al-Hakim that Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) placed his forehead on the grave of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Marwan Ibn al-Hakam, the Governor of Madina, saw him and held his neck. Abu Ayyub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said I did not come to the Stone (Idol). I came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : Do not weep for Islam if the qualified people were in-charge, but weep for it, if it was under the charge of unqualified. (Al-Hakim related this Hadith in Mustadrak and said it is Sahih. ad-Dhahabi (who is held in great respect by Salafis) agreed to his authentication.
In the above Hadith, there is clear distinction between Idols worshiped by Idol worshipers and the Graves of Prophets, Sahabah and Awliya Allah. Paying respects, placing forehead on the Mazar or kissing the Mazars of Islamic dignitaries is the tradition of Sahabah.
It is in Hadith - Mu`adh Ibn Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to the Grave of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and sat weeping and Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) rubbed his face against the Grave of Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). (Ibn Majah 2:1320, Ahmad, al-Tabarani, al-Subki, and Ibn Asakir).
The above Hadith confirms the fact that kissing of Graves and placing head and rubbing face on the Graves is the tradition of Sahabah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين ).
It is in Hadith - Yahya related from Imam Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he heard that AIi Ibn Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to rest his head on Graves and lie on them (holding the grave with his stretched hands while his head, entire face and chest is rested on the Grave). Imam Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'As far as we can see, it is only forbidden to sit on the Graves to relieve oneself.' (Muatta' Imâm Malik - Book 16)
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 058وَإِنْ مِنْ قَرْيَةٍ إِلَّا نَحْنُ مُهْلِكُوهَا قَبْلَ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ أَوْ مُعَذِّبُوهَا عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا كَانَ ذَلِكَ فِي الْكِتَابِ مَسْطُورًا [ And there is not a community (of disbelievers and rebels), but We shall destroy it before the Day of Resurrection or afflict it with most severe torment. This (decree) is written in the Book (the Protected Tablet).]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 059وَمَا مَنَعَنَا أَنْ نُرْسِلَ بِالْآَيَاتِ إِلَّا أَنْ كَذَّبَ بِهَا الْأَوَّلُونَ وَآَتَيْنَا ثَمُودَ النَّاقَةَ مُبْصِرَةً فَظَلَمُوا بِهَا وَمَا نُرْسِلُ بِالْآَيَاتِ إِلَّا تَخْوِيفًا [Nothing keeps Us from sending signs except that the ancient people denied them. We gave Thamud the she-camel as an eye-opener, but they wronged her. We do not send the signs except as deterrence. ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 060
وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لَكَ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ أَحَاطَ بِالنَّاسِ وَمَا جَعَلْنَا الرُّؤْيَا الَّتِي أَرَيْنَاكَ إِلَّا فِتْنَةً لِلنَّاسِ وَالشَّجَرَةَ الْمَلْعُونَةَ فِي الْقُرْآَنِ وَنُخَوِّفُهُمْ فَمَا يَزِيدُهُمْ إِلَّا طُغْيَانًا كَبِيرًا [And (remember) when We said to you : ‘Indeed, your Lord has encompassed (all) mankind (within His knowledge). And We have made the vision that We showed you but a trial for the people; (the believers believed in it, while those having superficial vision were confused) and also that tree (of Zaqqum) which has been cursed in the Quran. And We warn them, but this (warning too) does not add anything to them except greater disobedience and rebelliousness.’ ]
The word Ru'ya ( الرُّؤْيَا) is used for vision (seeing while awake) and dream. Here it may mean Meiraj-un-Nabi (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) which was made known to the disbelievers and believers both. While the believers believed in it, the disbelievers did not believe.
It is also possible that the above verse refers to a vision or dream the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw on some other occasion.
Zaqqum is a cursed tree which will grow in the bottom of Hell and its dwellers will eat from it. It is a cursed tree because it is not given to the dwellers of Hell as Mercy of Allah, rather it will be curse for them as it will burn in the bellies as boiling water.
It is in Quran - إِنَّ شَجَرَتَ الزَّقُّومِ - طَعَامُ الْأَثِيمِ [ Indeed, the tree of zaqqum is food for the sinful.] (Ad-Dukhaan - 43-44)
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 061وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآَدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ قَالَ أَأَسْجُدُ لِمَنْ خَلَقْتَ طِينًا [ When We asked the angels to bow before Adam (عليه السلام), they all bowed down except Iblis, who said : 'Can I bow before him whom You created from clay?' ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 062قَالَ أَرَأَيْتَكَ هَذَا الَّذِي كَرَّمْتَ عَلَيَّ لَئِنْ أَخَّرْتَنِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ لَأَحْتَنِكَنَّ ذُرِّيَّتَهُ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا [ Then he said : 'Do you see this is the one whom You have honored above me? If You give me respite till the Day of Resurrection, I will certainly uproot all but a few of his descendants.' ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 063قَالَ اذْهَبْ فَمَنْ تَبِعَكَ مِنْهُمْ فَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ جَزَاؤُكُمْ جَزَاءً مَوْفُورًا [ Allah said : 'Go away! Hell is your reward, and the reward of those who follow you, an ample reward it shall be. ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 064وَاسْتَفْزِزْ مَنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ مِنْهُمْ بِصَوْتِكَ وَأَجْلِبْ عَلَيْهِمْ بِخَيْلِكَ وَرَجِلِكَ وَشَارِكْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَولَادِ وَعِدْهُمْ وَمَا يَعِدُهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ إِلَّا غُرُورًا [ Mislead any of them you may with your voice, attack them with your cavalry and soldiers on foot, and become a partner in their wealth and children, and make promises to them.' But Satan promises them nothing but delusion. ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 065إِنَّ عِبَادِي لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَانٌ وَكَفَى بِرَبِّكَ وَكِيلًا [ ‘As for My servants, you shall have no authority over them.’ And your Lord is sufficient for them as protector.]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 066رَبُّكُمُ الَّذِي يُزْجِي لَكُمُ الْفُلْكَ فِي الْبَحْرِ لِتَبْتَغُوا مِنْ فَضْلِهِ إِنَّهُ كَانَ بِكُمْ رَحِيمًا [ (O' People) Your Lord is He who sails for you the ships in the sea, that you may seek His grace. Indeed He is most merciful to you. ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 067وَإِذَا مَسَّكُمُ الضُّرُّ فِي الْبَحْرِ ضَلَّ مَنْ تَدْعُونَ إِلَّا إِيَّاهُ فَلَمَّا نَجَّاكُمْ إِلَى الْبَرِّ أَعْرَضْتُمْ وَكَانَ الْإِنْسَانُ كَفُورًا [ When a calamity befalls you on the sea, all those you invoke fail you except Him. But when He brings you safely to the shore, you turn away, for man is most ungrateful.]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 068أَفَأَمِنْتُمْ أَنْ يَخْسِفَ بِكُمْ جَانِبَ الْبَرِّ أَوْ يُرْسِلَ عَلَيْكُمْ حَاصِبًا ثُمَّ لَا تَجِدُوا لَكُمْ وَكِيلًا [ Do you feel free of this fear that He may sink you (into the land) right at the shore or may send you a stone storm? Then you will not find any helper for yourselves.]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 069أَمْ أَمِنْتُمْ أَنْ يُعِيدَكُمْ فِيهِ تَارَةً أُخْرَى فَيُرْسِلَ عَلَيْكُمْ قَاصِفًا مِنَ الرِّيحِ فَيُغْرِقَكُمْ بِمَا كَفَرْتُمْ ثُمَّ لَا تَجِدُوا لَكُمْ عَلَيْنَا بِهِ تَبِيعًا [ Or have you become fearless that He may take you back once more (into the sea) and let loose upon you the ship-wrecking tempest and drown you (into the sea) because of your disbelief. Then you will not find any helper against Us?]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 070وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آَدَمَ وَحَمَلْنَاهُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ وَرَزَقْنَاهُمْ مِنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَفَضَّلْنَاهُمْ عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِمَّنْ خَلَقْنَا تَفْضِيلًا [ Certainly We have honored the Children of Adam (عليه السلام), and carried them over land and sea, and provided them with all the good things, and favored them far above most of Our creation. ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 071يَوْمَ نَدْعُوا كُلَّ أُنَاسٍ بِإِمَامِهِمْ فَمَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ فَأُولَئِكَ يَقْرَءُونَ كِتَابَهُمْ وَلَا يُظْلَمُونَ فَتِيلًا [ The day We shall summon every group of people with their Leader, then whoever is given his book in his right hand, they will read it, and they will not be wronged so much as a single thread inside date. ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 072
وَمَنْ كَانَ فِي هَذِهِ أَعْمَى فَهُوَ فِي الْآَخِرَةِ أَعْمَى وَأَضَلُّ سَبِيلًا [ But whoever is blind (to the truth) in this (world) will be blind in the Hereafter, and (even) farther astray from the path. ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 073وَإِنْ كَادُوا لَيَفْتِنُونَكَ عَنِ الَّذِي أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ لِتَفْتَرِيَ عَلَيْنَا غَيْرَهُ وَإِذًا لَاتَّخَذُوكَ خَلِيلًا [ And indeed, they were about to (plan to) tempt you away from that which We revealed, in order that you invent about Us something (of their evil desires); and then they would have taken you as a friend. ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 074وَلَوْلَا أَنْ ثَبَّتْنَاكَ لَقَدْ كِدْتَ تَرْكَنُ إِلَيْهِمْ شَيْئًا قَلِيلًا [ And had We not made you stand firm, then it was near that, (in order to bring them to the right path) you would have inclined (to be soft) towards them. ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 075إِذًا لَأَذَقْنَاكَ ضِعْفَ الْحَيَاةِ وَضِعْفَ الْمَمَاتِ ثُمَّ لَا تَجِدُ لَكَ عَلَيْنَا نَصِيرًا [ (In case you were not firm on them) it would have amounted to double anguish for you in life and in Hereafter. (Allah is firm on punishing them. Even if you plead for them) you would not find a helper (for them) against Us.]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 076وَإِنْ كَادُوا لَيَسْتَفِزُّونَكَ مِنَ الْأَرْضِ لِيُخْرِجُوكَ مِنْهَا وَإِذًا لَا يَلْبَثُونَ خِلَافَكَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا [ And indeed they were about to scare you off the land, to expel you from it. If they do so, they will not be able to stay there much longer after you.]
This is a Makkan Sura revealed at the time when Pagans' persecution was at its peak. Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was trying hard and praying that the Pagan leaders realize their folly and come back to the fold of Islam. But Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) wanted to punish them for their persecution of Muslims. The prophesy of the above verse came true within a span of two years when 70 pagan leaders of Makka were killed in the battle of Badr.
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 077سُنَّةَ مَنْ قَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا قَبْلَكَ مِنْ رُسُلِنَا وَلَا تَجِدُ لِسُنَّتِنَا تَحْوِيلًا [ A precedent of those We have sent from among Our Apostles before you, and you will not find any change in Our precedent. ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 078أَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَى غَسَقِ اللَّيْلِ وَقُرْآَنَ الْفَجْرِ إِنَّ قُرْآَنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا [ Establish Salah at the decline of the sun until the darkness of the night and (also the recitation of) the Qur'an of dawn. Indeed, the recitation of dawn is witnessed (by angels). ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 079وَمِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَتَهَجَّدْ بِهِ نَافِلَةً لَكَ عَسَى أَنْ يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا [ During a part of the night, pray Tahajjud, an additional prayer for you (O Prophet ﷺ), very soon your Lord will exalt you to (the highest) station of glory. (مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا). ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 080
وَقُلْ رَبِّ أَدْخِلْنِي مُدْخَلَ صِدْقٍ وَأَخْرِجْنِي مُخْرَجَ صِدْقٍ وَاجْعَلْ لِي مِنْ لَدُنْكَ سُلْطَانًا نَصِيرًا [ And pray : 'O my Lord, let my entry be with honor, and let my exit be with honor, and grant me from yourself sustaining authority. ]
Probably this refers to Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) immigration (entry) in the Madina and his exit from Makka. Or may be this prayer is for something else, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) know best.
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 081وَقُلْ جَاءَ الْحَقُّ وَزَهَقَ الْبَاطِلُ إِنَّ الْبَاطِلَ كَانَ زَهُوقًا [ And say, ‘The truth has come, and falsehood has vanished. Indeed falsehood is bound to vanish.’ ]
The above verse was a prophesy of the end of Makkan persecution and rise of Islam in Arabian Peninsula and all over the world. It began from the battle of Badar, followed by the fall of Makka and Islamic rule all over Arabian Peninsula in less than 10 years. And within a century, Muslims conquered most of the known world at that time.
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 082وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْآَنِ مَا هُوَ شِفَاءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَلَا يَزِيدُ الظَّالِمِينَ إِلَّا خَسَارًا [ We send down in the Quran that which is a cure and mercy for the believers; and it increases the wrongdoers only in loss. ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 083وَإِذَا أَنْعَمْنَا عَلَى الْإِنْسَانِ أَعْرَضَ وَنَأَى بِجَانِبِهِ وَإِذَا مَسَّهُ الشَّرُّ كَانَ يَئُوسًا [ When We are gracious to a man, he turns away and moves aside; yet when evil befalls him he begins to despair. ]
Juz 15, Al-Isra, Verse 084قُلْ كُلٌّ يَعْمَلُ عَلَى شَاكِلَتِهِ فَرَبُّكُمْ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ هُوَ أَهْدَى سَبِيلًا [ Say : 'Each one acts according to his disposition, and your Lord knows well who (will) follow the right path.']