LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 


 
 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
 
 JUZ 15.6  SUBHANALLAZI (سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي)
 

 

سورة الكهف

THE CAVE
 

Al-Kahf | Sura # 18| 110 verses | Makkan

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 026

قُلِ اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا لَبِثُوا لَهُ غَيْبُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ أَبْصِرْ بِهِ وَأَسْمِعْ مَا لَهُمْ مِنْ دُونِهِ مِنْ وَلِيٍّ وَلَا يُشْرِكُ فِي حُكْمِهِ أَحَدًا Say, 'Allah knows best how long they remained. To Him belongs the Unseen of the heavens and the earth. How well does He see! How well does He hear! They have no guardian besides Him, and none shares with Him in His judgement.' ]

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 027

وَاتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ كِتَابِ رَبِّكَ لَا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَاتِهِ وَلَنْ تَجِدَ مِنْ دُونِهِ مُلْتَحَدًا (O Apostle ) Convey to the world whatever of this Book is revealed to you from your Lord. There is none that can alter His Words. (Tell them) 'You cannot find refuge except in Him.' ] 

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 028

وَوَاصْبِرْ نَفْسَكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُمْ بِالْغَدَاةِ وَالْعَشِيِّ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَهُ وَلَا تَعْدُ عَيْنَاكَ عَنْهُمْ تُرِيدُ زِينَةَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَلَا تُطِعْ مَنْ أَغْفَلْنَا قَلْبَهُ عَنْ ذِكْرِنَا وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ وَكَانَ أَمْرُهُ فُرُطًا And be patient with those who call on their Lord in the morning and evening,  seeking His approval.  And do not turn your eyes away from them. (Neither be close to those) desiring the show and comforts of this life, nor listen to (them) whose heart We have made neglectful of Our remembrance; so that he follows his own lust, and exceeds all bounds of right and decency. ] 

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 029

وَقُلِ الْحَقُّ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ فَمَنْ شَاءَ فَلْيُؤْمِنْ وَمَنْ شَاءَ فَلْيَكْفُرْ إِنَّا أَعْتَدْنَا لِلظَّالِمِينَ نَارًا أَحَاطَ بِهِمْ سُرَادِقُهَا وَإِنْ يَسْتَغِيثُوا يُغَاثُوا بِمَاءٍ كَالْمُهْلِ يَشْوِي الْوُجُوهَ بِئْسَ الشَّرَابُ وَسَاءَتْ مُرْتَفَقًا And say, (O' Prophet , this is) the truth from your Lord. Whoever wills let them believe, and whoever wills let them disbelieve.' Surely We have prepared for the wrongdoers a Fire whose walls will encompass them. When they cry for aid, they will be aided with water-like molten metal, which will burn (their) faces. How evil the drink, and evil is the resting place!

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 030

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ إِنَّا لَا نُضِيعُ أَجْرَ مَنْ أَحْسَنَ عَمَلًا As for those who have faith and do righteous deeds, We shall not waste the reward of those whose who do good deeds.  

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 031

أُولَئِكَ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتُ عَدْنٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهِمُ الْأَنْهَارُ يُحَلَّوْنَ فِيهَا مِنْ أَسَاوِرَ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ وَيَلْبَسُونَ ثِيَابًا خُضْرًا مِنْ سُنْدُسٍ وَإِسْتَبْرَقٍ مُتَّكِئِينَ فِيهَا عَلَى الْأَرَائِكِ نِعْمَ الثَّوَابُ وَحَسُنَتْ مُرْتَفَقًا They will have Gardens of Eden with rivers flowing underneath. They will be adorned with bracelets made of gold and wear green garments made of the finest silk and rich brocade, reclining there,  on couches under canopies. What an excellent reward! What a wonderful repose!

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 032

وَاضْرِبْ لَهُمْ مَثَلًا رَجُلَيْنِ جَعَلْنَا لِأَحَدِهِمَا جَنَّتَيْنِ مِنْ أَعْنَابٍ وَحَفَفْنَاهُمَا بِنَخْلٍ وَجَعَلْنَا بَيْنَهُمَا زَرْعًا Tell them the parable of two men. We gave one two gardens of grapes surrounded by date-palm trees, with corn fields in between. 

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 033

كِلْتَا الْجَنَّتَيْنِ آَتَتْ أُكُلَهَا وَلَمْ تَظْلِمْ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا وَفَجَّرْنَا خِلَالَهُمَا نَهَرًا  Each of the two gardens yielded its produce, without failing in anything. We had also caused a stream to gush forth between the two. 

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 034

وَكَانَ لَهُ ثَمَرٌ فَقَالَ لِصَاحِبِهِ وَهُوَ يُحَاوِرُهُ أَنَا أَكْثَرُ مِنْكَ مَالًا وَأَعَزُّ نَفَرًا  And so the man had fruit in abundance. One day he boastfully said to his friend, 'I am more than you in wealth and in honor among people.' 

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 035

وَدَخَلَ جَنَّتَهُ وَهُوَ ظَالِمٌ لِنَفْسِهِ قَالَ مَا أَظُنُّ أَنْ تَبِيدَ هَذِهِ أَبَدًا  And having thus wronged himself, he entered his garden saying, 'I don't think that this (garden) will ever perish!' 

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 036

وَمَا أَظُنُّ السَّاعَةَ قَائِمَةً وَلَئِنْ رُدِدْتُ إِلَى رَبِّي لَأَجِدَنَّ خَيْرًا مِنْهَا مُنْقَلَبًا  [ (He also said) 'Nor do I think that the Last Hour will ever come. Even if (it comes and) I am brought back to my Lord, I will surely find something even better than this as a resort.' 

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 037

قَالَ لَهُ صَاحِبُهُ وَهُوَ يُحَاوِرُهُ أَكَفَرْتَ بِالَّذِي خَلَقَكَ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ مِنْ نُطْفَةٍ ثُمَّ سَوَّاكَ رَجُلًا  Disputing with him, his companion said : 'Do you disbelieve in Him who created you from dust, then a drop of semen, then formed you as a man? 

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 038

لَكِنَّا هُوَ اللَّهُ رَبِّي وَلَا أُشْرِكُ بِرَبِّي أَحَدًا  But as for me, He is Allah , my Lord, and I do not associate anyone with my Lord. 

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 039

وَلَوْلَا إِذْ دَخَلْتَ جَنَّتَكَ قُلْتَ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ إِنْ تَرَنِ أَنَا أَقَلَّ مِنْكَ مَالًا وَوَلَدًا 'And why did you not say when you entered your garden, '(Only) that which Allah wills (comes to pass)', for power belongs only to Allah; though you see me inferior to yourself in riches and children, 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 040

فَعَسَى رَبِّي أَنْ يُؤْتِيَنِ خَيْرًا مِنْ جَنَّتِكَ وَيُرْسِلَ عَلَيْهَا حُسْبَانًا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فَتُصْبِحَ صَعِيدًا زَلَقًا [ 'It may well be that my Lord will give me something better than your garden, and send on it (your garden) a calamity from the sky so that it becomes a barren waste.

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 041

أَوْ يُصْبِحَ مَاؤُهَا غَوْرًا فَلَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ لَهُ طَلَبًا [ Or its water may sink (into the earth), and then you will never be able to seek it out.'

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 042

وَأُحِيطَ بِثَمَرِهِ فَأَصْبَحَ يُقَلِّبُ كَفَّيْهِ عَلَى مَا أَنْفَقَ فِيهَا وَهِيَ خَاوِيَةٌ عَلَى عُرُوشِهَا وَيَقُولُ يَا لَيْتَنِي لَمْ أُشْرِكْ بِرَبِّي أَحَدًا [ And thus it happened. One day, the arrogant man's fruitful gardens were wiped out and he set to wringing his hands with grief over all that he had spent on it, when it was all ruined on its trellises, and he was saying : ‘I wish I had not ascribed any partner to my Lord.'

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 043

وَلَمْ تَكُنْ لَهُ فِئَةٌ يَنْصُرُونَهُ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ وَمَا كَانَ مُنْتَصِرًا [ He had no one to help him besides Allah, nor could he help himself.

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 044

هُنَالِكَ الْوَلَايَةُ لِلَّهِ الْحَقِّ هُوَ خَيْرٌ ثَوَابًا وَخَيْرٌ عُقْبًا [ The real power (protection) comes from Allah, the real (God) worthy of worship. He (Allah) is the best in rewarding (His servants) and best in recompense.  ]
 
Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has taught us so many lessons from the above parable. The foremost is the belief in Allah as the true god, other than Him is all falsehood. It is obvious that the person who boasted about his possessions was not a believer in Allah and he realized after the destruction of his gardens that he should not have believed in the partners of Allah. The second is dependence on the worldly resources and boasting about them is calamitous deed. The other lesson is described in verse 39 that all power and prosperity given to us is the gift of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and we should be thankful to Him for that.  In addition, the belief in resurrection and answering in front of Allah for our deeds is an essential part of our belief.  

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 045

وَاضْرِبْ لَهُمْ مَثَلَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا كَمَاءٍ أَنْزَلْنَاهُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فَاخْتَلَطَ بِهِ نَبَاتُ الْأَرْضِ فَأَصْبَحَ هَشِيمًا تَذْرُوهُ الرِّيَاحُ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُقْتَدِرًا [ Present  to them the parable of the life of this world. : (It is) like the water We send down from the sky. Then the earth’s vegetation mingles with it. Then it becomes chaff, scattered by the wind. And Allah has power over all things. ]

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 046

الْمَالُ وَالْبَنُونَ زِينَةُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَالْبَاقِيَاتُ الصَّالِحَاتُ خَيْرٌ عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ ثَوَابًا وَخَيْرٌ أَمَلًا Wealth and children are an adornment of the life of this world, but lasting righteous deeds are better with your Lord in reward and better in hope. ]
 
Everything in this Cosmos, from the tiny particle to the magnanimous stars and skies and whatever in them all belongs to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). Therefore, we, our children and our possessions in this world all belong to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).  The problem starts when someone considers that he owns something in this world. What we actually own is our deeds on which our salvation or otherwise depends. 
 
The above facts are known to almost everyone of us in theory.  The thing is we don't have realization in our hearts.  We pray, Our Lord guide us and help us realize these things and turn us towards You and help us follow the teachings of Your Noble Apostle and our Master (آقا) Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Our Lord, forgive our sins and save us from the ignominy in Hereafter.  Ameen. 

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 047

وَيَوْمَ نُسَيِّرُ الْجِبَالَ وَتَرَى الْأَرْضَ بَارِزَةً وَحَشَرْنَاهُمْ فَلَمْ نُغَادِرْ مِنْهُمْ أَحَدًا And the Day when We move the mountains (as dust in the air) and you see the earth flattened plain, and We shall resurrect (and gather) all people together, not leaving out any one of them. ]

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 048

وَعُرِضُوا عَلَى رَبِّكَ صَفًّا لَقَدْ جِئْتُمُونَا كَمَا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ بَلْ زَعَمْتُمْ أَلَّنْ نَجْعَلَ لَكُمْ مَوْعِدًا  They will be presented before their Lord in rows (and He will say): 'Well, you have come to Us as We had first created you, even though you imagined We had fixed no time for this meeting.' ]

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 049

وَوُضِعَ الْكِتَابُ فَتَرَى الْمُجْرِمِينَ مُشْفِقِينَ مِمَّا فِيهِ وَيَقُولُونَ يَا وَيْلَتَنَا مَالِ هَذَا الْكِتَابِ لَا يُغَادِرُ صَغِيرَةً وَلَا كَبِيرَةً إِلَّا أَحْصَاهَا وَوَجَدُوا مَا عَمِلُوا حَاضِرًا وَلَا يَظْلِمُ رَبُّكَ أَحَدًا  [ The record of their deeds will be set up. Then you will see the sinful apprehensive of what is in it. They will say, ‘Woe to us! What a book is this! It omits nothing, big or small, without enumerating it.’ They will find in it whatever they had done, and your Lord does not wrong anyone. ]

 

Juz 15,  Al-Kahf, Verse 050

وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآَدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ كَانَ مِنَ الْجِنِّ فَفَسَقَ عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِ أَفَتَتَّخِذُونَهُ وَذُرِّيَّتَهُ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِنْ دُونِي وَهُمْ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ بِئْسَ لِلظَّالِمِينَ بَدَلًا   [ When We said to the angels, ‘Prostrate before Adam,’ they prostrated, but not Iblis. He was one of the jinn, so he transgressed against his Lord’s command. Will you then take him and his offspring for guardians in place of your Lord, though they are your enemies? How evil a substitute  wrongdoers have chosen! ]
 
 
 

 

RELATED READING

 

Juz 15.1 Subhanallazi

Juz 15.2 Subhanallazi

Juz 15.3 Subhanallazi 

Juz 15.4 Subhanallazi

Juz 15.5 Subhanallazi

Juz 15.7 Subhanallazi