SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI
Al-Baqara | Sura # 2| 286 verses | Madinah
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 062
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَالَّذِينَ هَادُوا وَالنَّصَارَى وَالصَّابِئِينَ مَنْ آَمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآَخِرِ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَلَهُمْ أَجْرُهُمْ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ - [ Indeed the faithful, the Jews, the Christians, and the Sabeians, those of them who have faith in Allah and the Last Day and act righteously, they shall have their reward near their Lord, and they will have no fear, nor will they grieve.]
Ammanis use the above Quranic verse in defense of their faith. It is obvious that they are misleading people.
Who are Ammanis?
The founder of this Sect is King Abdullah II of Jordan (born 1962). They claim that all 73 Sects and their sub groups are true Muslims. They also claim that Christians, Jews, Buddhists and followers of all other religions are 'believers' just like Muslims.
They use a strange 'Common Ground' logic, which is highly deceptive and goes directly against the core teachings of Islam. According to Ammani Common Ground Logic, everyone who believes in the existence of one God, irrespective of his actual perception and understanding, is a "believer". Since followers of all religions accept the existence of God in one way or another, they are believers, just like Muslims.
As per Ammani logic, Makkan pagans during the time of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) come under 'believers' as they believed in Allah.
It is Quran - قُلْ مَن يَرْزُقُكُم مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ أَمَّن يَمْلِكُ السَّمْعَ وَالْأَبْصَارَ وَمَن يُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَيُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَمَن يُدَبِّرُ الْأَمْرَ ۚ فَسَيَقُولُونَ اللَّهُ ۚ [Meaning - "Say, Who is it that gives you all sustenance from the sky and earth, governs sight and hearing, brings forth life from the dead and death from the living and plans the affairs of man? They will all say Allah" (Younus - 31).
Then what was the need for Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to preach Islam to them?
Ammanis have published their own Quran titled 'Study Quran' in 2015 in line with Christian Bible and Jewish Torah/Talmud. It does not contain verses of Quran in Arabic. One has to read only English version of Ammani interpretations of Quranic verses.
What Ammanis believe is known as Ammanism. Ammanism is nothing but Perennialism or Perennial philosophy which has its roots in Platonism. This philosophy is also known as 'Universalism' and 'Traditionalism' and 'Sulah-e-Kulli' (acceptance of all religions as truthful). Followers of all these philosophies claim that all religions are truthful and you follow any religion, you will get salvation in Hereafter.As we have described above, Ammanis claim this verse supports their beliefs. Let us see how far they are correct.
It is in Quran - وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ [ Whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted from him, and in the Hereafter he will be among the losers.] (Aal-e-Imran - 85)
It is in Quran - وَإِذْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ النَّبِيِّينَ لَمَا آتَيْتُكُم مِّن كِتَابٍ وَحِكْمَةٍ ثُمَّ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مُّصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَكُمْ لَتُؤْمِنُنَّ بِهِ وَلَتَنصُرُنَّهُ ۚ قَالَ أَأَقْرَرْتُمْ وَأَخَذْتُمْ عَلَىٰ ذَٰلِكُمْ إِصْرِي ۖ قَالُوا أَقْرَرْنَا ۚ قَالَ فَاشْهَدُوا وَأَنَا مَعَكُم مِّنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ [Allah took a pledge from the prophets, saying, ‘If, after I have bestowed Scripture and wisdom upon you, an Apostle comes confirming what you have been given, you must believe in him and support him. Do you affirm this and accept My pledge as binding on you?’ They said, ‘We do.’ He said, ‘Then bear witness and I too will bear witness.] (Aal-e-Imran - 81)
It is in Quran - إِنَّ الدِّينَ عِندَ اللَّهِ الْإِسْلَامُ ۗ وَمَا اخْتَلَفَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَهُمُ الْعِلْمُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ ۗ وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ سَرِيعُ الْحِسَابِ [ True religion, in Allah's eyes, is Islam. Those who were given the Scripture disagreed out of rivalry, only after they had been given knowledge. If anyone denies Allah's revelations, Allah is swift to take account- (Aal-e-Imran - 19)
The right path of Islam remained the same ever since Hadhrat Adam (عليه السلام) descended on Planet Earth.
Adam (عليه السلام) himself was a prophet. He taught Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) message to his children, who in turn passed it on to their children, and so on. As time passed, some people got distracted by worldly affairs and chased their evil desires leaving Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) teachings. Since Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) mercy covers everything, He sent prophets and apostles, one after the other, to remind people and bring them back to the right path.
Who are the people described as 'Indeed the Faithfuls' (إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا) in the above verse?
They are the people who followed Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) right path since the time of Adam (عليه السلام). Time and again, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) sent guidance to mankind, but when people rejected faith and distorted religion, they were punished. Also, over centuries, the earlier scriptures were corrupted and a time came, when most of the people lost this right path. Then Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) mercy turned again. Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) wanted to gather all mankind under a faith and a final scripture (Quran) that cannot be changed by people till Qiyamah. And He sent Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with Quran that encompassed all previous religions. And naturally, it was required from the followers of all other faiths to believe in Islam.The above verse testifies that the nations who lived before the time of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), who had true faith, and practiced good deeds as per the instructions of their prophets will receive their reward on the day of judgment.Islam does not deny and reject previous prophets. As a matter of fact, Islam builds on previous religions, and corrects what was distorted by people over a period of time. Those who accept Islam inherit the true faith of all Prophets sent by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).Similarly, Quran is the book that envelopes all the previous scriptures and clarifies many matters that were omitted or changed by people.It is in Quran - إِنَّ هَـٰذَا الْقُرْآنَ يَقُصُّ عَلَىٰ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَكْثَرَ الَّذِي هُمْ فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ [ Truly, this Quran explains to the Children of Israel most of what they differ about. ] (An-Naml - 76)This brings us to the conclusion that whoever believes in Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and the message of Islam, will have no fear or grief on the day of Judgment. After the advent of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) the claim of truthfulness of other religions has no base whatsoever.
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 063
وَإِذْ أَخَذْنَا مِيثَاقَكُمْ وَرَفَعْنَا فَوْقَكُمُ الطُّورَ خُذُوا مَا آَتَيْنَاكُمْ بِقُوَّةٍ وَاذْكُرُوا مَا فِيهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ - [ Remember when We took your pledge, and made the mountain tower high above you, and said, ‘Hold fast to what We have given you and bear its contents in mind, so that you may be conscious of Allah.’ ]
When Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) received Torah during his 40 days seclusion on Mount Sinai, he came down and saw his people worshiping a calf idol made of gold. He was angry on them and Israelis were punished for their idol worship. After their repentance, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) pardoned them. After their pardon, when things became normal, Musa (عليه السلام) informed them about the commandments of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) he received during his stay at Mount Sinai. Listening to these commands, Israelis got divided. Some wanted to reject all the commandments and others accepted a few commandments and rejected the others. They started making all types of excuses to avoid following these commandments. At this time, the mountain was raised over their heads and they were reprimanded to 'hold fast to what Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has given them. They were warned to bear the contents of all commandments in mind and to implement them in their lives as a whole.
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 064
ثُمَّ تَوَلَّيْتُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ ذَلِكَ فَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَتُهُ لَكُنْتُمْ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ - [ Even after that you turned away. Had it not been for Allah’s favor and mercy on you, you would certainly have been lost. ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 065
وَلَقَدْ عَلِمْتُمُ الَّذِينَ اعْتَدَوْا مِنْكُمْ فِي السَّبْتِ فَقُلْنَا لَهُمْ كُونُوا قِرَدَةً خَاسِئِينَ - [ And you had already known about those who transgressed among you concerning the Sabbath, and We said to them, "Be apes, despised. ]
Sabbath is an important day (Saturday) in Jewish tradition which was granted to them on their own request. Israelis wanted to relax one day in a week when they would not work in order to focus on their worship. This kind of break allowed them to balance between worldly pursuits and worship/meditation.
It is reported that during the time of Dawood (عليه السلام) a small community of Jews lived by the side of a Sea. Their livelihood was catching fish from the ocean and selling it in nearby towns. It so happened that a lot of fish used to appear near the shore on Saturday. On other days, they had to fish far away in the sea. In this, it was a trial for them from their Lord.
It is in Quran - وَاسْأَلْهُمْ عَنِ الْقَرْيَةِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ حَاضِرَةَ الْبَحْرِ إِذْ يَعْدُونَ فِي السَّبْتِ إِذْ تَأْتِيهِمْ حِيتَانُهُمْ يَوْمَ سَبْتِهِمْ شُرَّعًا وَيَوْمَ لَا يَسْبِتُونَ ۙ لَا تَأْتِيهِمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ نَبْلُوهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ [And ask them (O'Prophet ﷺ) about the town that was by the sea, when they transgressed in Sabbath, when their fish came to them openly on their sabbath day, and the day they had no Sabbath they did not come to them. Thus did We give them trial because they were defiantly disobedient. ] (Al-Araaf - 163).
A difference of opinion occurred in that town among people. Some people did not like that practice and opposed it. They warned others against catching the fish appearing on Saturday. When matters could not be resolved, the people who opposed left that town and started living at a nearby place. They knew that the people who were attempting to catch the fish appearing on Saturday (Sabbath day) may face Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) wrath.
It is in Quran - وَإِذْ قَالَتْ أُمَّةٌ مِّنْهُمْ لِمَ تَعِظُونَ قَوْمًا ۙ اللَّهُ مُهْلِكُهُمْ أَوْ مُعَذِّبُهُمْ عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا ۖ قَالُوا مَعْذِرَةً إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ [And when a community among them said, "Why do you advise (or warn) a people whom Allah is (about) to destroy or to punish with a severe punishment?" they [the advisors] said, "To be absolved before your Lord and perhaps they may fear Him.] (Al-Araaf - 164).
The people who wanted to catch the fish appearing on Saturday devised a plan. They started putting their nets in the water on Friday night, in order for fish to get trapped on Saturday. On Sunday they used to go and catch that fish. With this practice, they claimed that they were not braking the religious laws and at the same time making a lot of money by selling excessive catch. This practice was continued for some time.
It so happened that one day the people who had left this community realized that there is no activity in the town they left. No one was seen selling the fish either. When they went their to see what was going on, they were aghast to see their relatives who had been turned into apes. Certain facial features allowed them to recognize them individually. And within 3 days, all the apes died. That is how the entire town was destroyed.
It is in Quran - فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ أَنجَيْنَا الَّذِينَ يَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ السُّوءِ وَأَخَذْنَا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا بِعَذَابٍ بَئِيسٍ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ [ And when they forgot that by which they had been reminded, We saved those who had forbidden evil and seized those who wronged, with a wretched punishment, because they were defiantly disobeying.] (Al-Araaf - 165).
It is in Quran - فَلَمَّا عَتَوْا عَن مَّا نُهُوا عَنْهُ قُلْنَا لَهُمْ كُونُوا قِرَدَةً خَاسِئِينَ [ So when they were insolent about that which they had been forbidden, We said to them, "Be apes, despised.] (Al-Araaf - 166).
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 066
وَفَجَعَلْنَاهَا نَكَالًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهَا وَمَا خَلْفَهَا وَمَوْعِظَةً لِلْمُتَّقِينَ - [And We made it a deterrent punishment for those who were present and those who succeeded and a lesson for those who fear Allah ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 067
وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَى لِقَوْمِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَنْ تَذْبَحُوا بَقَرَةً قَالُوا أَتَتَّخِذُنَا هُزُوًا قَالَ أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ أَنْ أَكُونَ مِنَ الْجَاهِلِينَ - [Remember when Musaؑ said to his people, ‘Allah commands you to sacrifice a cow.’ They said, Are you making fun of us?’ He answered, ‘God forbid that I should be so ignorant.’ ]It was the usual practice of Israelis not to act on Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) commands without showing some resistance. They resisted for every divine command and in the process were punished many a times. When Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) conveyed them the divine command to sacrifice a cow, they pretended that they consider it a joke. There was a specific reason for this command which is elaborated in verses (72 & 73) but at that time the reason was not disclosed to them. When Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) conveyed to them that they must act on this divine command, they started giving excuses by asking unnecessary questions about the type of cow they needed to sacrifice. All this was their usual resistance in delay in accepting divine commands.One more point is important here. Look at the following verses (68-70), they are addressing Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) not as 'their Lord', rather as the Lord of Prophet Musa (عليه السلام).It is in Quran - قَالُوا يَا مُوسَىٰ إِنَّا لَن نَّدْخُلَهَا أَبَدًا مَّا دَامُوا فِيهَا ۖ فَاذْهَبْ أَنتَ وَرَبُّكَ فَقَاتِلَا إِنَّا هَاهُنَا قَاعِدُونَ [They said, ‘We will never enter it, Musaؑ, as long as they are there. So you and your Lord go and fight. We will keep sitting here.] (Al-Maaida- 24)
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 068قَالُوا ادْعُ لَنَا رَبَّكَ يُبَيِّنْ لَنَا مَا هِيَ قَالَ إِنَّهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّهَا بَقَرَةٌ لَا فَارِضٌ وَلَا بِكْرٌ عَوَانٌ بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ فَافْعَلُوا مَاتُؤْمَرُونَ - [They said, `Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is.' He replied, `Says He, "It indeed is a cow neither too old nor too young, but of middle age, in between." Now do as you are commanded.' ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 069قَالُوا ادْعُ لَنَا رَبَّكَ يُبَيِّنْ لَنَا مَا لَوْنُهَا قَالَ إِنَّهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّهَا بَقَرَةٌ صَفْرَاءُ فَاقِعٌ لَوْنُهَا تَسُرُّ النَّاظِرِينَ - [ They said, ‘Call on your Lord for us, to show us what color it should be.’ He answered, ‘Allah says it should be a bright yellow cow, pleasing to the eye.]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 070قَالُوا ادْعُ لَنَا رَبَّكَ يُبَيِّنْ لَنَا مَا هِيَ إِنَّ الْبَقَرَ تَشَابَهَ عَلَيْنَا وَإِنَّا إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَمُهْتَدُونَ - [ They said, "Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is. Indeed, all cows look alike to us. And indeed we, if Allah wills, will be guided.]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 071قَقَالَ إِنَّهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّهَا بَقَرَةٌ لَا ذَلُولٌ تُثِيرُ الْأَرْضَ وَلَا تَسْقِي الْحَرْثَ مُسَلَّمَةٌ لَا شِيَةَ فِيهَا قَالُوا الْآَنَ جِئْتَ بِالْحَقِّ فَذَبَحُوهَا وَمَا كَادُوا يَفْعَلُونَ - [He replied, He says ‘It is a perfect and unblemished cow, not trained to till the earth or water the fields.’ They said, ‘Now you have brought the truth,’ and so they slaughtered it, though they almost failed to do so.]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 072وَإِذْ قَتَلْتُمْ نَفْسًا فَادَّارَأْتُمْ فِيهَا وَاللَّهُ مُخْرِجٌ مَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْتُمُونَ - [Remember when you killed a man and blamed each other for the deed, Allah brought to light what you concealed.]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 073فَقُلْنَا اضْرِبُوهُ بِبَعْضِهَا كَذَلِكَ يُحْيِي اللَّهُ الْمَوْتَى وَيُرِيكُمْ آَيَاتِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ - [We said, ‘Strike the body with a part of the cow’: thus Allah brings the dead to life and shows His signs so that you may understand.]It is reported that there was a wealthy man among Israelis who had no children. As per the laws those days, his relatives would inherit all his wealth. But, one of his nephew wanted to usurp all his wealth. He hatched a perfect murder plan and carried out single handed in the darkness of the night. He killed his uncle and took the body and placed in the backyard of a house in the neighboring village. It was a perfect murder without a trace of evidence. Next day, when the body was found in the house of a person in the neighboring village, everyone thought that the owner of that house had killed him. The nephew who had killed that person started making hue and cry and called for revenge from the person in whose house he had put the dead body. The people of that village saw a clear conspiracy and this way the blame game started between two neighboring villages.As per the law existed then, if a person was murdered and the murderer was unknown, the family of the victim would ask the accused/suspected party (in this case the people of other village) to select fifty eminent members from among them to swear by God that they did not commit the murder, nor had they any knowledge of the killers. If the prominent members were less than fifty, the oaths had to be repeated, until the number reached fifty. Once they swore by God about their innocence, the public treasury would take the responsibility of paying the blood money to the victim’s family. In this case the murder would get double benefit.
But Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) wanted to bring out the truth. This way, Israelis would know how the people will be resurrected on the day of Judgement. It was also to show them that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is aware of what they do in public and in hiding. It was also the reason to explain Israelis that cow is a Halal animal that is used for milk, meat and other purposes. There is no special significance of cow and there is no divinity is associated with cow.
When the dispute flared up, Israelis approached Musa (عليه السلام) for help. On this Musa (عليه السلام) asked them to slaughter a cow. They did not know the reason behind this command. They got angry on him saying, are you joking. We came to you for help in this serious issue where people are about to kill each other, and you are asking us to slaughter a cow. They delayed the slaughter to an extent that the body of the slain person started decaying. And finally when they slaughtered the cow, they were asked to bring a part of that cow and touch the dead body with it. When the the part of the sacrificed cow was touched with the dead body the slain person miraculously came to life momentarily and named his killer.
It is in Quran - يُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَيُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَيُحْيِي الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا ۚ وَكَذَٰلِكَ تُخْرَجُونَ [ He brings forth the living from the dead, and brings forth the dead from the living, and revives the Earth after its death. Likewise you shall be raised. (Ar-Room - 19)
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 074ثُمَّ قَسَتْ قُلُوبُكُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ ذَلِكَ فَهِيَ كَالْحِجَارَةِ أَوْ أَشَدُّ قَسْوَةً وَإِنَّ مِنَ الْحِجَارَةِ لَمَا يَتَفَجَّرُ مِنْهُ الْأَنْهَارُ وَإِنَّ مِنْهَا لَمَا يَشَّقَّقُ فَيَخْرُجُ مِنْهُ الْمَاءُ وَإِنَّ مِنْهَا لَمَا يَهْبِطُ مِنْ خَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ وَمَا اللَّهُ بِغَافِلٍ عَمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ - [Even after that, your hearts became as hard as rocks, or even harder, for there are rocks from which streams spring out, and some from which water comes when they split open, and others which fall down in awe of Allah. He is not unaware of what you do.]Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says, even the hard rocks show mercy and compassion and often water flows out of them that benefits humankind. But the hearts of the children of Israel are harder than rocks. Why it is so? It is because they do not want to accept and act upon the commandments of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).It is important that we fill our heart with love, compassion and faith in Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). How can we do it? We can do it from the Zikr of Allah. We will discuss details about Zikr and remembrance of Allah at an appropriate place in the Tafseer.It is in Quran - إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِذَا تُلِيَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُهُ زَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَعَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ [ The true believers are those whose hearts tremble when Allah is mentioned, and when His revelations are recited to them, their faith is strengthened, and they trust in their Lord.] (Al-Anfaal - 2)
It is in Quran - أَفَمَن شَرَحَ اللَّهُ صَدْرَهُ لِلْإِسْلَامِ فَهُوَ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ مِّن رَّبِّهِ ۚ فَوَيْلٌ لِّلْقَاسِيَةِ قُلُوبُهُم مِّن ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ ۚ أُولَـٰئِكَ فِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ [ If Allah renders one's heart content with submission, he will be following a light from his Lord. Therefore, woe to those whose hearts are hardened against Allah's message; they have gone far astray.] (Az-Zumar - 22).
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 075أَفَتَطْمَعُونَ أَنْ يُؤْمِنُوا لَكُمْ وَقَدْ كَانَ فَرِيقٌ مِنْهُمْ يَسْمَعُونَ كَلَامَ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ يُحَرِّفُونَهُ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا عَقَلُوهُ وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ - [Do you (O' Prophet ﷺ) really hope they will follow you in faith when a group of them heard Allah’s Word and then, after grasping it, knowingly distorted it? ]
Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and his companions hoped that Jewish tribes of Madina will join Islamic fold sooner than others because they were the people of scriptures and knew about the Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) advent from their scriptures. In the above verse, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is consoling Muslims that they should not expect much as Jews have a long history of transgressing against Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) commands and opposing His prophets. Not only did Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) word reached them, but they also understood it fully and knew about the reward and punishment for their actions. Yet they chose to distort these commandments.
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 076وَإِذَا لَقُوا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا قَالُوا آَمَنَّا وَإِذَا خَلَا بَعْضُهُمْ إِلَى بَعْضٍ قَالُوا أَتُحَدِّثُونَهُمْ بِمَا فَتَحَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لِيُحَاجُّوكُمْ بِهِ عِنْدَ رَبِّكُمْ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ - [When they meet the believers, they say, ‘We too believe. But when they are alone with each other they say, ‘How could you tell them about God’s revelation to us? They will be able to use it to argue against you before your Lord! Have you no sense?’ ]In the beginning of Sura al-Baqara, there was mention of hypocrites in general. In the above verse, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is describing the hypocrites among Jews in Madina. Some Jews had joined the Islamic fold for the name sake. When they meet Muslims, they will claim they are believers. But when they meet each other, they will emphasize with each other the importance of hiding the prophesies about Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in their scriptures.
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 077أَوَلَا يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا يُسِرُّونَ وَمَا يُعْلِنُونَ - [Do they not know that Allah is well aware of what they conceal and what they declare?]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 078وَمِنْهُمْ أُمِّيُّونَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا أَمَانِيَّ وَإِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا يَظُنُّونَ - [Some of them are uneducated, and know the Scripture only through wishful thinking. They rely on guesswork.]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 079فَوَيْلٌ لِلَّذِينَ يَكْتُبُونَ الْكِتَابَ بِأَيْدِيهِمْ ثُمَّ يَقُولُونَ هَذَا مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ لِيَشْتَرُوا بِهِ ثَمَنًا قَلِيلًا فَوَيْلٌ لَهُمْ مِمَّا كَتَبَتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَوَيْلٌ لَهُمْ مِمَّا يَكْسِبُونَ - [So woe to those who write the scripture with their own hands, then say, "This is from Allah," in order to exchange it for a small price. Woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for what they earn. ]
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 080وَقَالُوا لَنْ تَمَسَّنَا النَّارُ إِلَّا أَيَّامًا مَعْدُودَةً قُلْ أَتَّخَذْتُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ عَهْدًا فَلَنْ يُخْلِفَ اللَّهُ عَهْدَهُ أَمْ تَقُولُونَ عَلَى اللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ - [ They say, ‘The Fire will only touch us for a few days.’ Say to them, ‘Have you received a promise from Allah, for Allah never breaks His promise or are you saying things about Him of which you have no real knowledge?’ ]
All this talk about being barely touched by the fire for a few short days was indeed wishful thinking on the part of Jews. The rabbis among Jews used to rationalize sin, and glorify the earnings they received for falsifying the scriptures. Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says, (O'Prophet ﷺ), ask them, 'Have you received a promise from Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in this regard because Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) never breaks His promise. Or, are you saying things about Him of which you no real knowledge?
Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 081
بَلَى مَنْ كَسَبَ سَيِّئَةً وَأَحَاطَتْ بِهِ خَطِيئَتُهُ فَأُولَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ - [ Truly those who do evil and are surrounded by their sins are the inhabitants of the Fire, they will remain there.]Juz 1, Al-Baqara, Verse 082
وَالَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُولَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ - [And those who believe and do good deeds are the inhabitants of the Paradise, they will remain there.]