LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
 
 JUZ 16.1  QALA ALAM (قَالَ أَلَمْ)
 

 

سورة الكهف

THE CAVE
 

Al-Kahf | Sura # 18| 110 verses | Makkan

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 075

قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا [ (Khidr  عليه السلام) said : 'Did I not tell you that you would not be able to keep patience in my company?' ]
 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 076

قَالَ إِنْ سَأَلْتُكَ عَنْ شَيْءٍ بَعْدَهَا فَلَا تُصَاحِبْنِي قَدْ بَلَغْتَ مِنْ لَدُنِّي عُذْرًا [ Said Musa (عليه السلام), 'If I ask you anything after this, do not stay with me; indeed your condition from me is fulfilled.' ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 077

فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ اسْتَطْعَمَا أَهْلَهَا فَأَبَوْا أَنْ يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ قَالَ لَوْ شِئْتَ لَاتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا [ The two went on till they came upon some villagers, and asked the people for food, but they refused to entertain them. There they found a wall that was crumbling, which he repaired. Musa (عليه السلام) remarked : 'You could have demanded wages for it if you liked (since they did not give us food). ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 078

قَالَ هَذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ سَأُنَبِّئُكَ بِتَأْوِيلِ مَا لَمْ تَسْتَطِعْ عَلَيْهِ صَبْرًا [ (Khidr  عليه السلام said) 'This is the parting of our ways. But I will now explain the things for which you could not restrain. ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 079

أَمَّا السَّفِينَةُ فَكَانَتْ لِمَسَاكِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَأَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَعِيبَهَا وَكَانَ وَرَاءَهُمْ مَلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ غَصْبًا  [ As for the boat, it belonged to some poor people who work on the sea. I wanted to make it defective because there was a King after them who was seizing every boat by force. ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 080

وَأَمَّا الْغُلَامُ فَكَانَ أَبَوَاهُ مُؤْمِنَيْنِ فَخَشِينَا أَنْ يُرْهِقَهُمَا طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا  [ 'And for the boy, his parents were Muslims and we feared that he may incite them to rebellion and disbelief.' ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 081

فَأَرَدْنَا أَنْ يُبْدِلَهُمَا رَبُّهُمَا خَيْرًا مِنْهُ زَكَاةً وَأَقْرَبَ رُحْمًا  [ We hoped their Lord would give them a substitute better than him in virtue and goodness. ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 082

وَأَمَّا الْجِدَارُ فَكَانَ لِغُلَامَيْنِ يَتِيمَيْنِ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ وَكَانَ تَحْتَهُ كَنْزٌ لَهُمَا وَكَانَ أَبُوهُمَا صَالِحًا فَأَرَادَ رَبُّكَ أَنْ يَبْلُغَا أَشُدَّهُمَا وَيَسْتَخْرِجَا كَنْزَهُمَا رَحْمَةً مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَمَا فَعَلْتُهُ عَنْ أَمْرِي ذَلِكَ تَأْوِيلُ مَا لَمْ تَسْطِعْ عَلَيْهِ صَبْرًا  [ 'And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys of the town, and beneath it was their treasure, and their father was a virtuous man; therefore your Lord willed that they should reach their maturity and remove their treasure; by the mercy of your Lord; and I have not done this at my own accord; these are the interpretations of the matters you could not patiently restrain. ]
 
The above verse makes it abundantly clear that if you have Sahih Iman and lead your life as per the commandments of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will not only protect you, but also will protect your children's welfare in both the worlds. 
 
It is observed that most of the parents among Muslims spend their life time and their resources in looking after the welfare of their children only in this world.  They focus their efforts in making their children medical doctors, engineers, business leaders by sending them to big Universities and Business schools but forget to teach them Islam and the requirement of leading their lives as practicing Muslims.  The results of their efforts leads their children to the prosperity of the world, but they become victims of influences and teachings of unbelievers and deviant sects  and go astray.  The priority is to make your children good Muslims as well as make them stand on their feet financially. 

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 083

وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنْ ذِي الْقَرْنَيْنِ قُلْ سَأَتْلُو عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْهُ ذِكْرًا  [ They ask you about Dhul Qarnain.  Say, 'I will narrate to you about him.' ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 084

إِنَّا مَكَّنَّا لَهُ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَآَتَيْنَاهُ مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ سَبَبًا  [ Indeed We gave him authority in the land and bestowed him the means of everything. ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 085

فَأَتْبَعَ سَبَبًا  [ He traveled on a certain road, ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 086

حَتَّى إِذَا بَلَغَ مَغْرِبَ الشَّمْسِ وَجَدَهَا تَغْرُبُ فِي عَيْنٍ حَمِئَةٍ وَوَجَدَ عِنْدَهَا قَوْمًا قُلْنَا يَا ذَا الْقَرْنَيْنِ إِمَّا أَنْ تُعَذِّبَ وَإِمَّا أَنْ تَتَّخِذَ فِيهِمْ حُسْنًا  [ to an extent that when he reached the setting-place of the sun, he found it setting in a muddy spring, and found a nation there; We said, 'O Dhul-Qarnain' (We have given you authority),  either punish them or be kind to them.']
 
 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 087

قَالَ أَمَّا مَنْ ظَلَمَ فَسَوْفَ نُعَذِّبُهُ ثُمَّ يُرَدُّ إِلَى رَبِّهِ فَيُعَذِّبُهُ عَذَابًا نُكْرًا  [ He said : 'I shall punish whosoever is wicked.  He will then be sent back to his Lord who will inflict on him a terrible punishment.']

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 088

وَأَمَّا مَنْ آَمَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَلَهُ جَزَاءً الْحُسْنَى وَسَنَقُولُ لَهُ مِنْ أَمْرِنَا يُسْرًا  [ 'But he who believes and does good deeds will have an excellent reward (from his Lord), also we will issue commands making things easy for him.']

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 089

ثُمَّ أَتْبَعَ سَبَبًا  [ Then he followed (another) road, ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 090

حَتَّى إِذَا بَلَغَ مَطْلِعَ الشَّمْسِ وَجَدَهَا تَطْلُعُ عَلَى قَوْمٍ لَمْ نَجْعَلْ لَهُمْ مِنْ دُونِهَا سِتْرًا  [ till he reached the rising place of the sun, he found it rising upon a nation for which We had not kept any shelter from it (sun). ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 091

كَذَلِكَ وَقَدْ أَحَطْنَا بِمَا لَدَيْهِ خُبْرًا  [ So it is; and Our knowledge encompasses all that he possessed.  ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 092

ثُمَّ أَتْبَعَ سَبَبًا  [ Then he followed (another) road,  ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 093

حَتَّى إِذَا بَلَغَ بَيْنَ السَّدَّيْنِ وَجَدَ مِنْ دُونِهِمَا قَوْمًا لَا يَكَادُونَ يَفْقَهُونَ قَوْلًا [ until, he reached a place between two mountains, where he found a people who could hardly follow a word he was saying. ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 094

قَالُوا يَا ذَا الْقَرْنَيْنِ إِنَّ يَأْجُوجَ وَمَأْجُوجَ مُفْسِدُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَهَلْ نَجْعَلُ لَكَ خَرْجًا عَلَى أَنْ تَجْعَلَ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَهُمْ سَدًّا [ They said : "O Dhul Qarnain! Yjooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog) are causing disorder in this land. May we pay you some amount (as tribute) so that you set a barrier between us and them?' ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 095

قَالَ مَا مَكَّنِّي فِيهِ رَبِّي خَيْرٌ فَأَعِينُونِي بِقُوَّةٍ أَجْعَلْ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَهُمْ رَدْمًا [ He replied : 'What Allah has given me is much better than the money you are offering me. Therefore help me with strength (manpower).  I shall set up a barrier between you and them.' ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 096

آَتُونِي زُبَرَ الْحَدِيدِ حَتَّى إِذَا سَاوَى بَيْنَ الصَّدَفَيْنِ قَالَ انْفُخُوا حَتَّى إِذَا جَعَلَهُ نَارًا قَالَ آَتُونِي أُفْرِغْ عَلَيْهِ قِطْرًا [ (He said) Bring me ingots of iron,' (which they did) until the space between two mountain sides was filled up. 'Blow your bellows,' he said; (and they blew) until it was red hot. 'Bring me molten brass,' he said, 'so that I may pour over it.' ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 097

فَمَا اسْطَاعُوا أَنْ يَظْهَرُوهُ وَمَا اسْتَطَاعُوا لَهُ نَقْبًا [ So they (Yajooj and Majooj) were not able to scale it nor could they make a hole in it. ]
 
From the above verses it is clear than Dhul Qarnain was a virtuous emperor who had authority on a vast region of the world.  He also enjoyed the Mercy of Allah abundantly.
 
Yajooj and Majooj have been mentioned in Quran in two Surahs, (i) Al-Kahaf, verses 94-97, and (ii) Surah al-Anbiya, verse 96. 
(i) It is in Quran   حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فُتِحَتْ يَأْجُوجُ وَمَأْجُوجُ وَهُم مِّن كُلِّ حَدَبٍ يَنسِلُونَ  [ Until when (the confinement of) Yajooj and Majooj has been opened and they swoop down from every elevated place.  (Al-Anbiya - 96)  
(ii) It is in Hadith - It is related on the authority of Abu Sa`id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he said : 'I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say :  Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj will be let loose (from their confinement) and will emerge upon mankind, as Allah says : (وَهُم مِّن كُلِّ حَدَبٍ يَنسِلُونَ).  They will overwhelm the people, and Muslims will retreat to their cities and strongholds, taking their flocks (animals) with them.
 
Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj will drink all the water of the land (wherever they go) until they will pass over a river and drink it dry, those who come after them will pass by that place and will say, 'there used to be water here once.'  Then there will be no one left (among people) except those who are in their strongholds and cities. Then one of them will say, 'We have defeated the people of the earth; now the people of heaven are left.' One of them will shake his spear and hurl it into the sky, and it will come back stained with (something like) blood, as a test and a trial for them. While this is happening,  Allah will send a worm in their necks, like the worm that is found in date-stones or in the nostrils of sheep, and they will die and their clamor will cease.
 
Then the Muslims will say, 'Who will volunteer to find out what the enemy is doing'?   One of them will step forward and volunteer, knowing that he will likely be killed. He will go down and will find them dead, lying on top of one another. Then he will call out, 'O Muslims! Rejoice that Allah has sufficed you against your enemy!' Then they will come out of their cities and strongholds, and will let their flocks (animals) out to graze, but they will have nothing to graze upon except the flesh  (of Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj), but it will fill them better than any vegetation they have ever eaten before.  (Imam Ahmed,  Ibn Majah).
 
From the above Hadith, it is clear that Yajooj and Majooj will focus on the down land areas in search of water to drink. And they will destroy whatever comes their way. They will not go upland/hilly areas thinking that there is no water over there. 
 

(iii)  It is in Hadith - Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'Every day, Yajooj and Majooj  are trying to dig a way out through the barrier. When they begin to see sunlight through it, the one who is in charge says, 'Go back; you can carry on digging tomorrow,' and when they come back, they will find the opening closed and the barrier more stronger than it was before. This will continue until their time comes and Allah wishes to send them forth. They will dig until they begin to see sunlight, then the one who is in charge will say, 'Go back; you can carry on digging tomorrow, 'In Sha Allah.'  In this case he will make an exception by saying 'In Sha Allah', thus relating the matter to the Will of Allah. They will return on the following day and will find the hole as they left it. They will carry on digging and come out against the people. They will drink all the water and the people will entrench themselves in their fortresses. Yajooj and Majooj  will fire their arrows into the sky and they will fall back to earth with something like blood on them. They will say, 'We have defeated the people of earth, and overcome the people of heaven.'  Then Allah will send a kind of worm in the napes of their necks, and they will be killed by it. 'By Him in Whose hand is the soul of Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the beasts of the earth will become fat (by eating their flesh).' (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Musnad Ahmad)  

 
(iv) It is in Hadith -  An-Nawwas bin Sam'an al-Kilabi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) mentioned (about) Dajjal one morning. 'Sometimes he described him as insignificant and sometimes he described him as so significant that we felt as if he was in the cluster of palm trees.
 
(After describing about Dajjal, and the descent of Isa - عليه السلام)  the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said :
 
Then Allah will send Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj.  Isa (عليه السلام) and his companions will implore to Allah, and Allah will send against them insects which will attack their necks, and in the morning they will perish. Then Isa (عليه السلام) and his companions will come down and they will not find a single spot on earth that is free from their putrefaction and stench. Then 'Isa (عليه السلام) and his companions will again implore Allah, and He will send birds with necks like those of wild bactrian camels, and they will carry them and throw them wherever Allah wills.  Ibn Jabir said : 'Ata' bin Yazid As-Saksaki' told me, from Ka`b or someone else : 'They will throw them into Al-Mahbal.'  Ibn Jabir said : 'I said, 'O Abu Yazid, where is Al-Mahbal' He said, 'In the east (where the sun rises).' He said :  Then Allah will send rain which no house of clay or (tent of) camel's hair will be able to keep out, for forty days, and the earth will be washed until it looks like a mirror.  (Musnad Ahmad - Part of the Hadith)
 

(v) It is in Hadith - The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to Ummul Momineen Zainab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) one day in a state of alarm, saying, ‘Woe to the Arabs! A great evil has drawn nigh! Today a whole has appeared in the rampart of Yajooj and Majooj the size of this (and he made a ring shape with his thumb and index.’ Ummul Momineen Zainab bint Jaḥsh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : O'Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), will we be destroyed while there are righteous from among us?’ He answered, ‘Indeed, if wickedness becomes rife.' (Bukhari)

From the above Hadith, it is clear that Yajooj and Majooj and their place of confinement is kept hidden from general people. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is aware of it.  It is also possible that Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has disclosed these facts to some of his Sahabah and Awliya Allah.   

It is in Hadith -  It is narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), who said : 'I have memorized two kinds of knowledge from Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  I have propagated one of them to you and if I propagated the second, then my throat would be cut (by the people). (Bukhari, Book 1).

From the above Quranic verses and related Ahadith, it is not clear that Yajooj and Majooj are from human beings.  Unlike Dajjal who will attempt to mislead people away from Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), the entire tribulation of Yajooj and Majooj seems to be drinking and emptying the water resources of the Earth thereby killing people out of thirst and starvation.  Also, their bodies will stink horribly. When they die, they die over one another.
 
Are Yajooj and Majooj human beings or Non-Humans. Are they only two or more.  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) know best about them. 
 
There are differences of opinion among scholars about Yajooj and Majooj.  Some say they are not humans, while others say they are humans.  Some people who are heavily influenced by stories in Bible (Ezekiel 38 : 1 - 4 ) claim that Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog) are the people of some countries, like Europe, Russia, Turkey, etc. 

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 098

قَالَ هَذَا رَحْمَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّي فَإِذَا جَاءَ وَعْدُ رَبِّي جَعَلَهُ دَكَّاءَ وَكَانَ وَعْدُ رَبِّي حَقًّا [ He said : This is a mercy from my Lord, but when the promise of my Lord comes to pass He will make it level with the ground, and the promise of my Lord is indeed true. ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 099

وَتَرَكْنَا بَعْضَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ يَمُوجُ فِي بَعْضٍ وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَجَمَعْنَاهُمْ جَمْعًا  [ On that Day, (of resurrection, there will be a lot of confusion and stampede among people and) We will let them surge over one another and the Trumpet will be blown, and We will gather all of them together. ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 100

وَعَرَضْنَا جَهَنَّمَ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَرْضًا [ And We will display Hell on that Day in front of the disbelievers. ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 101

الَّذِينَ كَانَتْ أَعْيُنُهُمْ فِي غِطَاءٍ عَنْ ذِكْرِي وَكَانُوا لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ سَمْعًا [ (In the world) These unbelievers eyes had been veiled from My message, and they also could not hear it. ]

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 102

أَفَحَسِبَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَنْ يَتَّخِذُوا عِبَادِي مِنْ دُونِي أَوْلِيَاءَ إِنَّا أَعْتَدْنَا جَهَنَّمَ لِلْكَافِرِينَ نُزُلًا [ Do the unbelievers think they can make My own creatures their protectors against Me?  We have prepared Hell for the hospitality of these infidels. ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 103

قُلْ هَلْ نُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِالْأَخْسَرِينَ أَعْمَالًا [ Say : 'Shall I inform you who are the greatest losers in respect of their deeds?' ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 104

الَّذِينَ ضَلَّ سَعْيُهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ يَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّهُمْ يُحْسِنُونَ صُنْعًا [ (They are) those whose efforts are in vain in this worldly life, while they think they are doing good!' ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 105

أُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآَيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ وَلِقَائِهِ فَحَبِطَتْ أَعْمَالُهُمْ فَلَا نُقِيمُ لَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَزْنًا [ They are those who deny the Signs of their Lord and the fact of their having to meet Him (in the Hereafter). Vain will be their deeds, nor shall We, on the Day of Judgment, will give them any weight. ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 106

ذَلِكَ جَزَاؤُهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ بِمَا كَفَرُوا وَاتَّخَذُوا آَيَاتِي وَرُسُلِي هُزُوًا [ Hell is their recompense for having denied the truth and ridicule of My signs and My Apostles.]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 107

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ كَانَتْ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتُ الْفِرْدَوْسِ نُزُلًا [ But surely those who believe and do good deeds will have gardens of Paradise as gift,]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 108

خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا لَا يَبْغُونَ عَنْهَا حِوَلًا [ They will abide there in for ever, never wishing to go away from there. ]

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 109

قُلْ لَوْ كَانَ الْبَحْرُ مِدَادًا لِكَلِمَاتِ رَبِّي لَنَفِدَ الْبَحْرُ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَنْفَدَ كَلِمَاتُ رَبِّي وَلَوْ جِئْنَا بِمِثْلِهِ مَدَدًا  [ Say, 'If the sea were ink for (writing) the words of my Lord, the sea would run out long before the words of my Lord ran out, even if We were to add another sea to it.']

 

Juz 16,  Al-Kahf, Verse 110

قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُكُمْ يُوحَى إِلَيَّ أَنَّمَا إِلَهُكُمْ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ فَمَنْ كَانَ يَرْجُوا لِقَاءَ رَبِّهِ فَلْيَعْمَلْ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا وَلَا  يُشْرِكْ بِعِبَادَةِ رَبِّهِ أَحَدًا  [ Say (O' Prophet ﷺ), I am a human  like you, (but) my Lord sends divine revelations to me.  Indeed your God is only One God; so whoever expects to meet his Lord must perform good deeds and not ascribe anyone as partner in the worship of his Lord.]
 
We will discuss briefly about  the meaning of - قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُكُمْ  [ Say (O' Prophet  ﷺ), 'I am human being 'like yourselves'. ]?

There is a difference between saying - قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ   [ Say (O Prophet  ﷺ), 'I am human being];  and -  قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُكُمْ  [ Say (O Prophet  ﷺ), 'I am human being 'like yourselves'. ]

By saying  مِثْلُكُمْ (like yourselves), the commonality has been mentioned in this verse. But the Quran is full of the descriptions of exclusive features of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  We need to take all these verses into consideration to understand the fact of Prophet Mohammad (حقيقتِ محمدي صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

Those who focus their attention on the physical body of Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) lose sight of the distinctive aspect of Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and start equating him with normal (sinful) human beings and ensure their permanent residence in Hell.  Christians did the same mistake. They focused too much attention on the Spiritual aspect of Prophet Isa ( علیھ السلا م) and his miraculous birth and started claiming him to be 'Son of God'.    

The problem with deviant sects like Kharijis, Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups is that the things which are visible to the normal physical eyes are also ignored by them. They do not pay attention to the fact that there is a commonality which is common in two things, but it is the distinction which is the deciding factor of excellence.

They should know that between human being and animals there are many commonalities. The animals are living beings, they eat and they reproduce their species. These are commonalities between animals and human beings. But the distinction between the two is that the human beings are crowned with common sense, intelligence, therefore, they are made masters of the world.

They should know that there are many commonalities between believers and non-believers as well.  The distinction between the two is the Islamic faith.   Because of this distinction, one will go the Paradise and the other will be burned in Hell fire permanently.  

Makkan apostates like Abu Jahel and others used to say, what is the difference between him (Prophet Mohammad ﷺ) and other people of Makkah, as he lives a life of a normal human being.  The deviant sects follow their example.

It is in Quran -   وَقَالُوا مَالِ هَـٰذَا الرَّسُولِ يَأْكُلُ الطَّعَامَ وَيَمْشِي فِي الْأَسْوَاقِ ۙ لَوْلَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ فَيَكُونَ مَعَهُ نَذِيرًا  [ (the apostates of Makka used to say) ‘What is there in this Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and other people of Makkah, as he lives a life of a normal human being.), he eats food like us and goes to around the markets like us’. (Al-Furqan – 7).

But Sahabah never used to think on these lines and they never compared Prophet Mohammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with normal human beings. They looked at Prophet Mohammad’s  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) life as an absolute miracle of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). To them Prophet Mohammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has been an unusual phenomenon of Allah’s (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) omnipotence.

It is in Hadith -  Miswar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  narrate the account of the treaty of Al-Hudaibiya in which Urwa came to Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to negotiate its terms and when returned to his people and said, 'O people! By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) I have been to the kings and to Caesar, Khosrau and An-Najashi, yet I have never seen any of them respected by his courtiers as much as Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is respected by his companions.  By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), if he spat, the spittle would fall in the hand of one of them (Sahaba) who would rub it on his face and skin; if he ordered them, they would carry out his order immediately; if he performed ablution, they would struggle to take the remaining water; and when they spoke, they would lower their voices and would not look at his face constantly out of respect." (Bukhari, Ahmad, Tabarani,  Ibn Hibban, Baihaqi, etc.)

It is in Quran – وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ - إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ [ (Prophet Mohammad -صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) does not say anything with his self desire, except that this is the revelation which is coming to him (from Allah).]  (An-Najm – 3-4). 

Prophet Mohammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) represents humanity in all his actions.  He shows happiness on certain things and displeasure on certain things. He shows fore knowledge of certain things and his unawareness of certain things.   He pleads with Almighty for His forgiveness.  He walks in streets like normal human beings.  He fights with infidels along with his companions and sometimes the results of the battles are inconclusive and sometimes he wins.  He becomes concerned when something goes wrong with his family members and his companions and shares happiness with them on happy occasions.

Why it is so? Did you ever think about that?  Read this Quranic verse to understand this phenomenon.

It is in Quran -  لَّقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ [ Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is an exemplary model (for all of you)] (Al-Ahzab – 21).

He is an icon of humanity and of all creations.   Since he is the root of all creations, therefore, whatever form Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) chose for him to manifest, he will show that form’s perfection.   In other words, he is a perfect human being.  Like him there is none.   He represents various facets of humanity at various stages of his life.   Sometimes, he shows utmost humility of a desperate human being and on other occasions, pointing his finger towards the moon splits it into two, which was witnessed by all Quraish.   This miracle is mentioned in Holy Quran as well.

It is in Quran -    اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ - وَإِن يَرَوْا آيَةً يُعْرِضُوا وَيَقُولُوا سِحْرٌ مُّسْتَمِرٌّ [The Hour (the Day of Resurrection) came near and the moon was split.  And if they see any sign, then turn their faces and say this is magic perpetual]. (Al-Qamar -1-2).

It is in Hadith - It is narrated by Ibn Omer, Abu Huraira and  Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). (Prophet Mohammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم   told his companions) ‘I am not like you. I live with my Sustainer (Rabbul Aalameen) who feeds and provides me with drink.’ (Bukhari, Muslim)

It is established from Quran and Ahadith that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the root of all creation

It is in Hadith - It is related that Jābir Ibn  Abd Allah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم),  "O Apostle of Allāh (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) may my father and mother be sacrificed for you, tell me the first thing Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) created before all things.'  The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said:   O' Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), the first thing Allah  (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) created was the light of your Prophet (  صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) from His light. (And everything else was created from that light).  (Part of the Hadith). 

The above Hadith was narrated by Abd al-Razzaq (d. 211 AH) in his Musannaf according to Qastallani in al-Mawahib al-Laduniyya (1:55) and Zarqani in his Sharh al-Mawahib (1:56 of the Matba`a al-amira edition, Cairo). 

There cannot be any doubt as to the reliability of Abd al-Razzaq as a narrator.  Bukhari took 120 narrations from him while  Muslim took 400. 

Biahaqi also narrated the above Hadith with a different wording in "Dala'il al-Nubuwwa, according to Zurqani in his Sharh al-Mawahib (1:56 of the Matba'a al-amira, Cairo).  Also Diyarbakri narrated it in 'Taarikh al-Khamis (1-20). 

The authenticity of the above Hadith is also proved from the following Quranic verses and Ahadith. 

(i) It is in Quran –   يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ شَاهِدًا وَمُبَشِّرًا وَنَذِيرًا - وَدَاعِيًا إِلَى اللَّهِ بِإِذْنِهِ وَسِرَاجًا مُّنِيرًا [ O’ Prophet  ﷺ)! Truly,  We have sent you as a Witness, a Bearer of Glad Tidings and Warner (for the entire Cosmos); and as one who invites to Allah's (Grace) by His consent, and as a lamp spreading light (into the whole cosmos).] (Al - Ahzab 45-46).

The above verse describes Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as 'Lamp spreading light (into the whole cosmos).  He is also referred as a Witness, a bearer of glad tidings and warner to humanity.  A witness is the one who knows about all the physical and spiritual aspects of this cosmos.  

(ii) It is in Quran  -  اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكَاةٍ فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ ۖ الْمِصْبَاحُ فِي زُجَاجَةٍ ۖ الزُّجَاجَةُ كَأَنَّهَا كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّيٌّ يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ زَيْتُونَةٍ لَّا شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَلَا غَرْبِيَّةٍ يَكَادُ زَيْتُهَا يُضِيءُ وَلَوْ لَمْ تَمْسَسْهُ نَارٌ ۚ نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ ۗ يَهْدِي اللَّهُ لِنُورِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ ۗ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الْأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ  [ Allah  is the Light of the Heavens and Earth.  The similitude of His light is as a niche wherein is a lamp.  The lamp is in a glass.  The glass is as it were a shining star. (This lamp is) kindled from a blessed tree, an olive neither of the East nor of the West, whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself) though no fire touched it. Light upon Light (نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ ).  Allah guides to His light whom He will.  And Allah speaks to mankind in allegories, for Allah  is Knower of all things.]  (An-Nur - 35). 

Suyūtī said in al-Riyād al-Aniqa : Ibn Jubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and K'ab al-Āhbar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'What is meant by the second light [in Light upon Light (نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ )] is  Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) (as it is also described in verse Al-Ahzab- 46, above. 

(iii) It is in Quran - قَدْ جَاءَكُم مِّنَ اللَّهِ نُورٌ وَكِتَابٌ مُّبِينٌ  (From Allah has come to you a Light and a Book manifest.) (Al-Maida - 15). 

The above verse is very clear in describing Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as 'Noor from Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).  In the exegesis (Tafseer) of the above verse, many well known  Ulema have confirmed that the  'light'  refers to Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

References - (1) Suyuti in Tafsir al-Jalalayn.   (2) Feruzabadi in the Tafsir Ibn 'Abbas entitled Tanwir al-miqbas (p. 72). (3) Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, in his Tafsir al-kabir (11:189). (4) Qadi Baidawi in his Tafsir entitled Anwar at-Tanzil. (5) Al-Baghawi in his Tafsir entitled Ma`alim at-Tanzil (2:23).  (6) Al-Shirbini in his Tafsir entitled al-Siraj al-Munir (p. 360). (7) The author of Tafsir Abi Sa`ud (4:36). (8) Thana’ullah Pani Pati in his Tafsir al-Mazhari, (3:67). (9) Shaikh Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) in his Tafseer-e-Siddiqui.  (10) Ibn Jarir al-Tabari in his Tafsir jami` al-bayan (6:92)  (11) Al-Khazin in his Tafsir (2:28). (12) Al-Nasafi in his commentary entitled Tafsir Al-Madarik (1:276) and al-Qasimi in his Mahasin at-ta’wil (6:1921). (13) Ahmad al-Sawi in Tafsir al-Jalalayn (1:258). (14) Sayyid Mahmud al-Alusi in his commentary entitled Tafsir Ruh al-Ma`ani (6:97) and many others.   

(iv) It is in Quran -  وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنشَأَكُم مِّن نَّفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ فَمُسْتَقَرٌّ وَمُسْتَوْدَعٌ ۗ قَدْ فَصَّلْنَا الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَفْقَهُونَ  [ And look, He is Who have created you from single soul  (نَّفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ) then there is (for you) a resting-place and a depository; indeed We have detailed our signs  for the people who understand.] (Al-Ana’am – 98).

Some people say that the above verse refers to  Prophet Adam ( علیھ السلا م ). Their contention is true as far as the Human beings are concerned. But as far as the entire creation is concerned, everything in this cosmos was created from the Noor of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). 

(vi) It is in Hadith - Narrated by Abu Hurayrah  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). When Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was asked since how long he is the Prophet, he replied, ‘When Adam (علیھ السلا م ) had not yet had his spirit joined to his body (Tirmidhi).


(vii) It is in Quran –  وَإِذْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ النَّبِيِّينَ لَمَا آتَيْتُكُم مِّن كِتَابٍ وَحِكْمَةٍ ثُمَّ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مُّصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَكُمْ لَتُؤْمِنُنَّ بِهِ وَلَتَنصُرُنَّهُ ۚ قَالَ أَأَقْرَرْتُمْ وَأَخَذْتُمْ عَلَىٰ ذَ‌ٰلِكُمْ إِصْرِي ۖ قَالُوا أَقْرَرْنَا ۚ قَالَ فَاشْهَدُوا وَأَنَا مَعَكُم مِّنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ [ Behold! Allah took the covenant (promise) of (all) the prophets, saying : 'I give you a Book and Wisdom; then comes to you an Apostle (Mohammad – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), confirming what is with you; do you believe in him and render him help.' Allah  said : 'Do you agree, and take this my Covenant as binding on you?' They said : 'We agree.' He said : 'Then bear witness, and I am with you among the witnesses.] (Aal-e-Imran – 81).

(viii) It is in Hadith  - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said 'Allah gives and I distribute'. (Bukhari and Muslim) 

The above Hadith establishes the pivotal and central role of Prophet Mohammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  The process of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) giving and Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) distributing is eternal, from the time this Cosmos came into existence.