LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

  

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
 
 JUZ 16.4  QALA ALAM (قَالَ أَلَمْ)
 

 

سورة مريم

MARYAM
 

Maryam | Sura # 19| 98 verses | Makkan

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful

 

  

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 071

وَإِنْ مِنْكُمْ إِلَّا وَارِدُهَا كَانَ عَلَى رَبِّكَ حَتْمًا مَقْضِيًّا [ And there is none among you who shall not pass over the Hell (through Sirat Bridge);  this is the decree of your Lord which will be fulfilled. ]
 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 072

ثُمَّ نُنَجِّي الَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا وَنَذَرُ الظَّالِمِينَ فِيهَا جِثِيًّا [ We shall then rescue the pious, and leave the unjust in it, fallen on their knees. ]
 
It is reported in many Ahadith that 'Siraat' is a bridge that will be set up over the Hell on the Day of Judgement.  Everyone will be required to pass over this bridge.  Some people will cross it in the blink of an eye, or like a lightning, or like a wind.  Some will cross like a swift horses. Some will cross running, some walking, some crawling, and some will fall  into the Fire, each according to his deeds. 
(i) It is in Hadith - The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, the Sirat Bridge will be set over Hell. The first Prophet who will cross it with his nation will be I. (Bukhari)

(ii) It is in Hadith - The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'on the Day of Resurrection I will stand by the side of the Sirat Bridge and wait for my nation to cross it. Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will say, 'Ask for whatever you want. Intercede for whomever you wish, for your intercession will be accepted.' After interceding for my nation, I will continue prostrating, and I will not rise to my feet until He says, 'Put all people into Paradise who said 'There is no god except Allah and died with this belief. (Musnad Ahmad)

(iii) It is in Hadith - Abu Sa‘eed al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said,  'then the bridge will be laid across Hell.'  We said, 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is the bridge?’ He said, 'It is a slippery (bridge) on which there are clamps and (hooks like) thorns which are wide at one side and narrow at the other and have bent ends. A plant with such thorns is found in Najd and is called as-Sa'daan. Some of the believers will cross the bridge as quickly as the wink of an eye, some others as quick as lightning, a strong wind, or fast horses or she-camels.  So some will be safe without any harm; some will be safe after receiving some scratches, and some will fall down into Hell (Fire). The last person will cross by being dragged (over the bridge).  Imam Muslim added : Abu Sa‘eed (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I heard that the bridge is narrower than a hair and sharper than a sword.  (Bukhari, Muslim - Part of the Hadith)

(iv) It is in Hadith - Abu Sa‘eed al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'When the believers pass safely over (the bridge across) Hell, they will be stopped at another bridge between Hell and Paradise where they will retaliate against one another for the injustices done among them in the world, and when they are purified of all their sins, they will be admitted to Paradise. By Him in Whose hands the life of Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is, everybody will recognize his dwelling in Paradise better than he recognizes his dwelling in this world.'  (Bukhari)

   

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 073

وَإِذَا تُتْلَى عَلَيْهِمْ آَيَاتُنَا بَيِّنَاتٍ قَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِلَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا أَيُّ الْفَرِيقَيْنِ خَيْرٌ مَقَامًا وَأَحْسَنُ نَدِيًّا  [ Whenever Our clear verses are recited to them, those who disbelieve say to those who believe : 'Which of the two groups (you or us) is superior in status with more impressive dwellings and more imposing as a company?']

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 074

وَكَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُمْ مِنْ قَرْنٍ هُمْ أَحْسَنُ أَثَاثًا وَرِئْيًا  [ But (don't they know) how many generations we have destroyed before them who were superior (to them) in respect of their possessions and outward appearance?]

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 075

قُلْ مَنْ كَانَ فِي الضَّلَالَةِ فَلْيَمْدُدْ لَهُ الرَّحْمَنُ مَدًّا حَتَّى إِذَا رَأَوْا مَا يُوعَدُونَ إِمَّا الْعَذَابَ وَإِمَّا السَّاعَةَ فَسَيَعْلَمُونَ مَنْ هُوَ شَرٌّ مَكَانًا وَأَضْعَفُ جُنْدًا  [ Say : The Most Compassionate Lord grants respite to those who stray into error, until they see what they had been threatened with, either Allah's punishment (in the world) or of the Hour (of Resurrection)" Then will they know who is worse in position, and who is weak in supporters.]

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 076

وَيَزِيدُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا هُدًى وَالْبَاقِيَاتُ الصَّالِحَاتُ خَيْرٌ عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ ثَوَابًا وَخَيْرٌ مَرَدًّا  [ Allah increases in guidance those who follow the Right Way.  Lasting acts of righteousness are better in the sight of your Lord as reward and are beneficial for a better end.]

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 077

أَفَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي كَفَرَ بِآَيَاتِنَا وَقَالَ لَأُوتَيَنَّ مَالًا وَوَلَدًا  [ Have you seen (O Prophet  ﷺ) the one who rejects Our revelations yet boasts, 'I will definitely be granted (a lot of) wealth and children (in the life after death, if there is one)?']

The above was the usual claim of the rich among Makkan pagans who used to boast about their worldly possessions and considered that their worldly possessions show their Lord is happy with them and they were on the right path.  They used to claim that, if there is a Hereafter, there also, they will be as prosperous as they are in this world.  

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 078

أَطَّلَعَ الْغَيْبَ أَمِ اتَّخَذَ عِنْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ عَهْدًا  [ Has he gained knowledge of the unseen or taken a promise from the Most Compassionate?]

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 079

كَلَّا سَنَكْتُبُ مَا يَقُولُ وَنَمُدُّ لَهُ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ مَدًّا [ Not indeed. We shall certainly record what he says and will prolong his punishment.]

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 080

وَنَرِثُهُ مَا يَقُولُ وَيَأْتِينَا فَرْدًا [ To Us will return all that he talks of,  and he shall appear before Us all alone (to reply for his deeds.]

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 081

وَاتَّخَذُوا مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ آَلِهَةً لِيَكُونُوا لَهُمْ عِزًّا [ Leaving Allah, they have taken other gods, seeking strength (and protection) from them.]

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 082

كَلَّا سَيَكْفُرُونَ بِعِبَادَتِهِمْ وَيَكُونُونَ عَلَيْهِمْ ضِدًّا [ No way,  soon these (false gods will) reject their worship and become their enemies.]

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 083

أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّا أَرْسَلْنَا الشَّيَاطِينَ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ تَؤُزُّهُمْ أَزًّا [ Don't you see ( O' Prophet  ﷺ)  We have sent the devils against the disbelievers, constantly inciting them (for sin)? ]

The above verse testifies that if someone does sins, neglecting the divine commandments, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) imposes on them devils who incite them to do more sins, and in that state they die. 

Once the devils join your company, it is very difficult to get rid of them.  It is important that people seek forgiveness from their Lord and come back to Sahih Iman, relinquishing sins.   

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 084

فَلَا تَعْجَلْ عَلَيْهِمْ إِنَّمَا نَعُدُّ لَهُمْ عَدًّا [ So ( O' Prophet  ﷺ), don't be in haste against them, for sure We are  counting down their days. ]

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 085

يَوْمَ نَحْشُرُ الْمُتَّقِينَ إِلَى الرَّحْمَنِ وَفْدًا [ The day We shall gather the righteous in front of the Most Gracious, like the guests gathered in front of the King  to received honors.]

It is an important verse.  We provide below a brief explanation about it.

Allah (اللہ) is the comprehensive name encompassing all His attributes. To be gracious towards His servants is one of His attributes. With the above verse it is known that His attribute of Rahmaniyat (رحمانيت) is ruling the world.  What the believers will see in front of them on the Day of Resurrection is  'Tajalli-e-Rahman, (تجلئ رحمان) who is the King of this Cosmos.  Thus we know that  Tajalli-e-Rahman (تجلئ رحمان)  is ruling this Cosmos.

Read the above verse one more time, Allah (اللہ) says that 'We shall gather the righteous in front of 'the Most Gracious' (الرَّحْمَنِ).  What it means?  It means that He will gather us all in front of His 'Tajalli-e-Rahman (تجلئ رحمان) who is the King of this Cosmos.  With this understanding,  it is much easier to understand the following verses.

It is in Quran - الرَّحْمَنُ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ اسْتَوَى [ The Most Gracious  established the authority on the Throne.  (Taa Haa - 005)

It is in Quran  -  إِنَّ رَبَّكُمُ اللَّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ ثُمَّ اسْتَوَىٰ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ  [ Indeed, your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and earth in six days and then established Himself above the Throne. ] (Al-A'raaf - 54)

   

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 086

وَنَسُوقُ الْمُجْرِمِينَ إِلَى جَهَنَّمَ وِرْدًا [ And (We will) drive the disbelieving criminals to Hell like thirsty cattle.] 

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 087

لَا يَمْلِكُونَ الشَّفَاعَةَ إِلَّا مَنِ اتَّخَذَ عِنْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ عَهْدًا [ (Those who have taken deities so that they may intercede with Allah on their behalf should know that) none will have a right of intercession except such as have a covenant with the 'Most Gracious' (الرَّحْمَنِ). ]

The above verse clarifies an important issue.  Who are the people who have taken covenant with the 'Most Gracious' (الرَّحْمَنِ) to intercede? They are Prophets, Sahabah, Awliya Allah, etc. 

Who are the ones who do not have the right to intercede in this world and on the day of resurrection?  They are the Idols worshiped by non believers, their deities, false gods and those to whom they associate divinity.
 
Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is the Lord of this Cosmos who has the right to be worshiped.  Other than Him, all are His servants.  And among servants, the Prophets, Awliya Allah and His righteous servants can intercede the for the people in this world and in Hereafter. 
 
How can Prophets and Awliya Allah help us in this world?  They can pray Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) to forgive our sins and set right our issues in this world.  And in Hereafter, they can intercede the sinners in taking them out of Hell and in reduction of their punishment.
It is in Quran - إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ  (Your guardian (or solver of grievances) can be Allah ( عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and those who believe, who establish Salah, and pay Zakat  and bow down (in prayer) (Al-Maida - 55).

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 088

وَقَالُوا اتَّخَذَ الرَّحْمَنُ وَلَدًا [ They say : (Allah) the Most Gracious has begotten a son!' ] 

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 089

لَقَدْ جِئْتُمْ شَيْئًا إِدًّا  [ By such an assertion, you have put forth a monstrous thing.

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 090

تَكَادُ السَّمَوَاتُ يَتَفَطَّرْنَ مِنْهُ وَتَنْشَقُّ الْأَرْضُ وَتَخِرُّ الْجِبَالُ هَدًّا [ The heavens are about to burst, the earth to split apart, and the mountains to crumble to pieces.

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 091

أَنْ دَعَوْا لِلرَّحْمَنِ وَلَدًا [ Because you attribute a son to (Allah) the Most Gracious. 

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 092

وَمَا يَنْبَغِي لِلرَّحْمَنِ أَنْ يَتَّخِذَ وَلَدًا [ It does not befit (the majesty of) the Most Compassionate to have a son. ]
 
The Jews and Christians and others who claim Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has begotten a son and those who claim that the angels are His daughters, are involved in the biggest sin of all.  A monstrous sin indeed which is not pardonable by any standard unless they repent and come back to Sahih Iman. 
 
The Ammani deviant sect and their like minded groups who claim Jews and Christians are 'believers' on par with Muslims, also have crossed the red line of Sahih Iman.  It is important that they repent, seek Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) forgiveness and come back to Sahih Iman for their salvation in Hereafter.  

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 093

إِنْ كُلُّ مَنْ فِي السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ إِلَّا آَتِي الرَّحْمَنِ عَبْدًا [ All those who are in the heavens and the earth will come to the Most Gracious as His servants.

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 094

لَقَدْ أَحْصَاهُمْ وَعَدَّهُمْ عَدًّا [ He knows their number and has counted each one of them.] 

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 095

وَكُلُّهُمْ آَتِيهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَرْدًا [ And each one of them will come alone before Him on the Day of Resurrection.] 

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 096

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَيَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ الرَّحْمَنُ وُدًّا [ Surely, those who believe and do righteous deeds, the Most Compassionate will assign for them love (in the hearts of the inhabitants of the heaven and earth, so that they will receive welcome throughout the creation, no matter if they are weak and small in number now). ] 

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 097

فَإِنَّمَا يَسَّرْنَاهُ بِلِسَانِكَ لِتُبَشِّرَ بِهِ الْمُتَّقِينَ وَتُنْذِرَ بِهِ قَوْمًا لُدًّا [ We have therefore made this Quran easy upon your tongue, (O' Prophet ﷺ) for you to announce glad tidings with it to those who fear, and warn those who are quarrelsome.

 

Juz 16,  Maryam, Verse 098

وَكَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُمْ مِنْ قَرْنٍ هَلْ تُحِسُّ مِنْهُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ أَوْ تَسْمَعُ لَهُمْ رِكْزًا [ And many a generation We did destroy before them; do you see any one of them or hear their faintest sound? ]

 

  

 

RELATED READING

 

Juz 16.1 Qala Alam

Juz 16.2  Qala Alam

Juz 16.3  Qala Alam

Juz 16.5  Qala Alam

Juz 16.6  Qala Alam

Juz 16.7  Qala Alam

Juz 16.8  Qala Alam