SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI
JUZ 17.3 IQTARABA (اقْتَرَبَ)
Al-Anbiyaa | Sura # 21| 112 verses | Makkan
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 057وَتَاللَّهِ لَأَكِيدَنَّ أَصْنَامَكُمْ بَعْدَ أَنْ تُوَلُّوا مُدْبِرِينَ [ 'And by Allah, I have a plan for your idols after you go away and turn your backs,' ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 058فَجَعَلَهُمْ جُذَاذًا إِلَّا كَبِيرًا لَهُمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ إِلَيْهِ يَرْجِعُونَ [ And then he broke all of them (the idols in their temple) to pieces except the one biggest in their sight, so that they might be able turn back to it (to ask what had happened)! ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 059قَالُوا مَنْ فَعَلَ هَذَا بِآَلِهَتِنَا إِنَّهُ لَمِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ [ 'Who has done all this to our gods?' they exclaimed. 'Indeed, he is one of the worst wrongdoers!' ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 060قَالُوا سَمِعْنَا فَتًى يَذْكُرُهُمْ يُقَالُ لَهُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ [ Some said, 'We heard a young man, called Ibrahim (عليه السلام), speaking (ill) of them (idols).' ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 061قَالُوا فَأْتُوا بِهِ عَلَى أَعْيُنِ النَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَشْهَدُونَ [ They said : 'Then bring him before the people, so that they may see him and bear witness against him!' ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 062قَالُوا أَأَنْتَ فَعَلْتَ هَذَا بِآَلِهَتِنَا يَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ [ (When Ibrahim عليه السلام came, they said) Did you do this to our gods, O' Ibrahim (عليه السلام).' ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 063قَالَ بَلْ فَعَلَهُ كَبِيرُهُمْ هَذَا فَاسْأَلُوهُمْ إِنْ كَانُوا يَنْطِقُونَ [ He said, ‘Rather the biggest (Idol) of them may have done it. Ask them, if they can speak.’ ]Some people wrongly consider that Ibrahim (عليه السلام) lied to the Idol worshipers. This is not a correct understanding. As a matter of fact, it was a Mercy of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) on the idol worshipers. Their conscience was hit by this action. They were made to realize that the Idol worship they were doing was wrong.It is in Quran - وَلَقَدْ آَتَيْنَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ رُشْدَهُ مِنْ قَبْلُ وَكُنَّا بِهِ عَالِمِينَ [ And indeed, We had granted Ibrahim (عليه السلام) sound judgment early on, for We knew him well (as he was our chosen Apostle). ] (Al-Anbiya - 51)Prophets are innocent, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) protects them from any kind of apparent or hidden wrongdoing. Therefore, among their actions and sayings if something looks not based on facts to the general people, it is actually a wisdom on their part for the greater good of humanity.Prophets do not act on their own, whatever they do or say is the revelation that comes to them from Allah.
It is in Quran - وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ - إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ [ The Prophet ﷺ does not speak out of desire. It is the revelation that is coming to him.] (An-Najm - 3-4)
It is in Hadith - Qatadah reported : I said, 'Ummul Momineen, tell me about the character of the Apostle of Allah, (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)'. Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said, 'Have you not read the Quran?' I said, 'Of course!' Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said, 'Verily, the character of the Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was the Quran.' (Muslim).A Hadith is mentioned in some books of Ahadith that Ibrahim (عليه السلام) told 3 lies during his lifetime.It is in Hadith - Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Ibrahim (عليه السلام) did not tell a lie except on three occasion. Twice for the Sake of Allah when he said, 'I am sick,' and he said, '(I have not done this but) the big idol has done it.' The (third was) that while Ibrahim (عليه السلام) and (his wife) Sarah (عليها السلام) were going (on a journey) they passed by (the territory of) a tyrant. Someone said to the tyrant, 'This man (Ibrahim عليه السلام ) is accompanied by a very charming lady.' So, he sent for Ibrahim (عليه السلام) and asked him about Sarah (عليها السلام) saying, 'Who is this lady?' Ibrahim (عليه السلام) said, 'She is my sister.' Ibrahim (عليه السلام) went to Sarah (عليها السلام) and said, 'O Sarah (عليها السلام)! There are no believers on the surface of the earth except you and I. This man asked me about you and I have told him that you are my sister, so don't contradict my statement.' The tyrant then called Sarah (عليها السلام) and when she went to him, he tried to take hold of her with his hand, but (his hand got stiff and) he was confounded. He asked Sarah (عليها السلام). 'Pray to Allah for me, and I shall not harm you.' So Sarah (عليها السلام) supplicated to Allah to cure him and he got cured. He tried to take hold of her for the second time, but his hand got more stiffer than before and was more confounded. He again requested Sarah (عليها السلام), 'Pray to Allah for me', and I will not harm you.' Sarah (عليها السلام) supplicated to Allah again and he became alright. He then called one of his guards (who had brought her) and said, 'You have not brought me a human being but have brought me a devil.' The tyrant then gave Hajira (عليها السلام) as a girl servant to Sarah (عليها السلام). Sarah (عليها السلام) came back (to Ibrahim عليه السلام ) while he was praying. Ibrahim (عليه السلام), gesturing with his hand, asked, 'What has happened?' She replied, 'Allah has spoiled the evil plot of the infidel and gave me Hajira (عليها السلام) for service.' (Abu Huraira رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) then addressed his listeners saying, 'That (Hajira عليها السلام) was your mother, O' Bani Ma-is-Sama (بَنِي مَاءِ السَّمَاءِ) (the Arabs, the descendants of Ismail (عليه السلام), the son of Hajira (عليها السلام). (Bukhari, Muslim and others)It is important to read the following Hadith, to understand this issue in its proper perspective.It is in Hadith - Imam Razi reported a Hadith from Imam Abu Hanifa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in his Tafseer al-Kabir. Someone mentioned before Imam Abu Hanifa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that it is in Hadith that Ibrahim (عليه السلام) said 3 lies. The Imam said, no. The narrator of the Hadith has told one lie.(This Hadith is also mentioned by Shaikh Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) in his Tafseer-e-Siddiqui, verse 63, Surah Al-Anbiya.)In view of the observation of Imam-e-Azam Abu Hanifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), the Hadith that Ibrahim (عليه السلام) said 3 lies is clouded in uncertainty.In verse 63, Sura al-Anbiya above, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) does not say that Prophet Ibrahim (عليه السلام) lied to his people. And before this verse, in the same Sura, verse 51, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says that 'And indeed, We had granted Ibrahim (عليه السلام) sound judgment early on, for We knew him well (as he was our chosen Apostle).'Explaining things to his people in that fashion by Ibrahim (عليه السلام) was his sound judgement and wisdom which was provided to him by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). Thus it is clear that the statements of Ibrahim (عليه السلام) do not come under the category of 'lie' as is wrongly understood.Let us discuss briefly the three statements mentioned in the Hadith.(i) The first statement of Ibrahim (عليه السلام) to his idol worshiping people was, when they were going out of their town for some festival. He told them that he was not feeling well and he stayed back.It is in Quran - فَقَالَ إِنِّي سَقِيمٌ [ And (Ibrahim عليه السلام) said, 'Indeed, I am ill.' ] (As-Saaffaat - 89)Why did he stay back? It was because he wanted to explain the wrongdoing of his people in a way they can understand fully. Once he stayed back, when all of them had gone to the festival, he entered the big temple and broke all idols leaving the biggest idol intact.(ii) The second occasion was, when they came back and asked him as to who has broken the idols? His reply is described in (Verse 63, Al-Anbiya). 'He told them 'the biggest (Idol) may have done it. Ask them, if they can speak.'It is obvious that on both these occasions it was the Mercy of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) on the people of Ibrahim (عليه السلام) to explain them facts in this manner.(iii) The third statement is not mentioned in the Quran. It is mentioned in the Bible that Ibrahim (عليه السلام) lied and declared his wife to be his sister (Genesis 12 : 12, 13, 18, 19). As per the Bible, this incident took place when Ibrahim (عليه السلام) went to Egypt. And according to Bible, the age of Ibrahim (عليه السلام) at that time was 75, and Sarah (عليها السلام) was 65 years old. In such a scenario, it cannot be that someone informed a tyrant that a youthful charming woman is accompanied by Ibrahim (عليه السلام) and the tyrant calling them to his palace and Ibrahim (عليه السلام) stating them that Sara (عليها السلام) was his sister, and that Sara (عليها السلام) getting Hajira (عليها السلام) as her maid servant from that tyrant, all these are conflicting and contradictory stories.
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 064فَرَجَعُوا إِلَى أَنْفُسِهِمْ فَقَالُوا إِنَّكُمْ أَنْتُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ [ So they came back to their senses, saying (to one another, it is not Ibrahim عليه السلام), 'You yourselves are truly the wrongdoers!' ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 065ثُمَّ نُكِسُوا عَلَى رُءُوسِهِمْ لَقَدْ عَلِمْتَ مَا هَؤُلَاءِ يَنْطِقُونَ [ Then they (quickly) regressed to their (original) mind-set, (and said to Ibrahim عليه السلام), 'You already know that those (idols) cannot speak. ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 066قَالَ أَفَتَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لَا يَنْفَعُكُمْ شَيْئًا وَلَا يَضُرُّكُمْ [ (Ibrahim عليه السلام) said, 'Do you then worship, besides Allah, things that can neither be of any good to you, nor can they harm? ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 067أُفٍّ لَكُمْ وَلِمَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ [ ('Shame on you, and shame on what you worship instead of Allah. Will you not use reason?' ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 068قَالُوا حَرِّقُوهُ وَانْصُرُوا آَلِهَتَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ فَاعِلِينَ [ They (got mad in anger and) said, 'Burn him up to avenge your gods, if you must act.' ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 069قُلْنَا يَا نَارُ كُونِي بَرْدًا وَسَلَامًا عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ [ ( And when they threw him in fire) We commanded, O' fire, be cool and peaceful for Ibrahim (عليه السلام). ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 070وَأَرَادُوا بِهِ كَيْدًا فَجَعَلْنَاهُمُ الْأَخْسَرِينَ [ (They intended to harm him, but We made them suffer the greatest loss. ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 071وَنَجَّيْنَاهُ وَلُوطًا إِلَى الْأَرْضِ الَّتِي بَارَكْنَا فِيهَا لِلْعَالَمِينَ [ (And We saved him and (his nephew) Loot (عليهم السلام) (and directed them) to the land which We have blessed for the nations. ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 072وَوَهَبْنَا لَهُ إِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ نَافِلَةً وَكُلًّا جَعَلْنَا صَالِحِينَ [ And We blessed him with (son) Ishaq (عليه السلام) and (grandson) Yaqoob (عليه السلام), as an additional favor, making all of them righteous. ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 073وَجَعَلْنَاهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَهْدُونَ بِأَمْرِنَا وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْهِمْ فِعْلَ الْخَيْرَاتِ وَإِقَامَ الصَّلَاةِ وَإِيتَاءَ الزَّكَاةِ وَكَانُوا لَنَا عَابِدِينَ [ And We made them leaders, guiding people by Our command, and We revealed to them to do good deeds, and to establish Salah, and pay Zakat. They were Our servants devoted to worshiping Us with all sincerity. ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 074وَلُوطًا آَتَيْنَاهُ حُكْمًا وَعِلْمًا وَنَجَّيْنَاهُ مِنَ الْقَرْيَةِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ تَعْمَلُ الْخَبَائِثَ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَوْمَ سَوْءٍ فَاسِقِينَ [ And to Loot (عليه السلام) We gave wisdom and knowledge, and saved him from the society engrossed in shameful practices. They were certainly an evil, rebellious people. ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 075وَأَدْخَلْنَاهُ فِي رَحْمَتِنَا إِنَّهُ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ [ And We admitted him into Our Mercy, for he was one of the Righteous. ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 076وَنُوحًا إِذْ نَادَى مِنْ قَبْلُ فَاسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ فَنَجَّيْنَاهُ وَأَهْلَهُ مِنَ الْكَرْبِ الْعَظِيمِ [ And (also remember) Nooh (عليه السلام). He had called out to Us long before (Ibrahim عليه السلام), and We answered his prayer and saved him and (those of) his family and people (who believed in him) from the tremendous distress. ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 077وَنَصَرْنَاهُ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآَيَاتِنَا إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَوْمَ سَوْءٍ فَأَغْرَقْنَاهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ [ And We helped him against the people who denied Our signs. They were indeed an evil lot; so We drowned them all. ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 078وَدَاوُودَ وَسُلَيْمَانَ إِذْ يَحْكُمَانِ فِي الْحَرْثِ إِذْ نَفَشَتْ فِيهِ غَنَمُ الْقَوْمِ وَكُنَّا لِحُكْمِهِمْ شَاهِدِينَ [ And remember Dawood and Sulaiman (عليهم السلام), when they gave judgment in the matter of the field into which the sheep of certain people had strayed at night. We did witness their judgment.]
The above verse is related to an incident during the time of Dawood (عليه السلام). It so happened that the sheep of a person entered the garden of grapes of another person during the night when the grapes were fully grown and were about to be harvested and caused severe damage to the crop.
It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Ibn Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who said that the Grapes which had grown and their bunches were spoiled by the sheep. Dawud (عليه السلام) ruled that the owner of the grapes should keep the sheep. Sulaiman (عليه السلام) said, 'Not like this, O Prophet of Allah!'. Dawood (عليه السلام) said, 'How then'? Sulaiman (عليه السلام) said : 'Give the (garden of the) grapes to the owner of the sheep and let him tend them until the grapes grow back as they were, and give the sheep to the owner of the grapes (garden) and let him benefit from them until the grapes have grown back as they were. Then the grapes should be given back to their owner, and the sheep should be given back to their owner.' (Ibn Jarir)
There is another incident in which Dawood and Sulaiman (عليهم السلام) gave different judgments. It is mentioned in the following Hadith.
It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'There were two women who each had a son. The wolf came and took one of the children. They both claimed that the remaining child belonged to them. Their dispute was referred to Dawood (عليه السلام). He ruled that the (remaining) child belonged to the older woman. They left. Then Sulaiman (عليه السلام) called them back and said, 'Give me a sword and I will divide him (the child) between the two of you.'' The younger woman said, 'May Allah have mercy on you! He is her child, do not cut him up!'' So he ruled that the child belonged to the younger woman). (Bukhari, Muslim, Nasai, Ahmad)
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 079فَفَهَّمْنَاهَا سُلَيْمَانَ وَكُلًّا آَتَيْنَا حُكْمًا وَعِلْمًا وَسَخَّرْنَا مَعَ دَاوُودَ الْجِبَالَ يُسَبِّحْنَ وَالطَّيْرَ وَكُنَّا فَاعِلِينَ [ We made Sulaiman (عليه السلام) understand the case more clearly. We granted each of them sound, wise judgment and knowledge (pertaining to the mission and in accordance with the time and conditions of each). And We subdued the mountains, as well as birds, to glorify Us along with Dawood (عليه السلام). It is We Who do all these things.]The above verse refers to the beauty of the voice of Dawood (عليه السلام). When he recited Zabur, the birds would stop and hover in the air, and would repeat after him, and the mountains would respond and echo his words.It is in Hadith – It is narrated by Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, O’Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), you have been given a flute of the People of Dawood ( عليه السلام ). (Tirmizi).It is in Quran - وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا دَاوُودَ مِنَّا فَضْلًا ۖ يَا جِبَالُ أَوِّبِي مَعَهُ وَالطَّيْرَ ۖ وَأَلَنَّا لَهُ الْحَدِيدَ - أَنِ اعْمَلْ سَابِغَاتٍ وَقَدِّرْ فِي السَّرْدِ ۖ وَاعْمَلُوا صَالِحًا ۖ إِنِّي بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ [ And We certainly gave Dawood (عليه السلام) from Us bounty. (We said), 'O mountains, repeat (Our) praises with him, and the birds (as well).' And We made iron soft for him, (and commanded), 'Make full coats of mail (jackets composed of metal rings serving as armor) and calculate (precisely) the links, and work (all of you with) righteousness. Indeed I am seeing what you (all) do.' ] (Saba - 10-11)
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 080وَعَلَّمْنَاهُ صَنْعَةَ لَبُوسٍ لَكُمْ لِتُحْصِنَكُمْ مِنْ بَأْسِكُمْ فَهَلْ أَنْتُمْ شَاكِرُونَ [ We taught him the art of making body armor to protect you in battle. Will you then be grateful? ]Dawood (عليه السلام) was the first one to make rings of chain-armor. Before this new armor, they used to wear plated armor.
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 081وَلِسُلَيْمَانَ الرِّيحَ عَاصِفَةً تَجْرِي بِأَمْرِهِ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ الَّتِي بَارَكْنَا فِيهَا وَكُنَّا بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَالِمِينَ [ And to Sulaiman (عليه السلام) We subjected the wind, blowing at his command toward the land that We had blessed. It is We who have knowledge of everything. ]It is reported that Sulaiman (عليه السلام) had a massive mat made of wood on which he would place all the requirements of his kingship and command the wind to carry it. The wind then would carry him aloft, shading him and protecting him from the heat, until he reached wherever he wanted to go in the land.
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 082وَمِنَ الشَّيَاطِينِ مَنْ يَغُوصُونَ لَهُ وَيَعْمَلُونَ عَمَلًا دُونَ ذَلِكَ وَكُنَّا لَهُمْ حَافِظِينَ [ And (We subjected) some Shayateen (Headstrong jinns) that dived (in the oceans) for him (to bring pearls), and performed other duties. It is We Who kept them in check. ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 083وَأَيُّوبَ إِذْ نَادَى رَبَّهُ أَنِّي مَسَّنِيَ الضُّرُّ وَأَنْتَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ [ And remember Ayyub (عليه السلام), when he called his Lord saying, 'Hardship has afflicted me, and You are the Most Merciful of all those who have mercy. ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 084فَاسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ فَكَشَفْنَا مَا بِهِ مِنْ ضُرٍّ وَآَتَيْنَاهُ أَهْلَهُ وَمِثْلَهُمْ مَعَهُمْ رَحْمَةً مِنْ عِنْدِنَا وَذِكْرَى لِلْعَابِدِينَ [ So We listened to him : We removed the distress that was on him, and We restored his people to him, and doubled their number as a Grace from Ourselves, and a thing for commemoration, for all who serve Us. ]
Prophet Ayyub (عليه السلام) was the descendant of Prophet Ishaq (عليه السلام). He lived in Syria. He was very humble and used to glorify Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) devotedly. Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) had provided him with many bounties, like big house, lands, farms, live stock, servants and many children.
Then Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) tested him. He was striped of all his wealth and possessions. But, it did not matter to Ayyub (عليه السلام) as he remained committed to the glorification of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). Then Ayyub (عليه السلام) lost all his children, one by one. Then he lost his health as he was afflicted with a loathsome disease with terrible pain. The disease worsened day by day to an extent that people of his community abandoned him outside the town where no one visited him except his wife who remained with him through all these trials. She worked in the homes of people to make a living and to look after him who was abandoned alone. Even in this condition, Ayyub (عليه السلام) did not loose heart and remained steadfast in the glorification of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).
Ayyub (عليه السلام) remained in this state for about 18 years. Then one day he prayed - وَأَيُّوبَ إِذْ نَادَى رَبَّهُ أَنِّي مَسَّنِيَ الضُّرُّ وَأَنْتَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ [ And remember Ayyub (عليه السلام), when he called his Lord saying, 'Hardship has afflicted me, and You are the Most Merciful of all those who have mercy. ] (Al-Anbiya - 83)
Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) responded to his supplication and removed all afflictions from him and he became as sound as he had been previously. His wife was not there at that time. When she returned to him, she did not recognize her husband standing in front of her hale and hearty. She asked him, 'May Allah bless you, have you seen the Prophet of Allah who was ill here? And by Allah, I have not seen a man, more similar to him when he was healthy, than you. Prophet Ayyub (عليه السلام) said 'it is me only'. Later Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) returned all his wealth, possessions and his children.
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 085وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِدْرِيسَ وَذَا الْكِفْلِ كُلٌّ مِنَ الصَّابِرِينَ [ And (remember) Isma'il, Idris, and Zul-kifl (عليهم السلام). They were all steadfast. ]
Juz 17, Al-Anbiyaa, Verse 086وَأَدْخَلْنَاهُمْ فِي رَحْمَتِنَا إِنَّهُمْ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ [ And We admitted them into Our mercy for they were truly righteous. ]