SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI
JUZ 19.5 WA QALALLATHEENA (وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ)
Ash-Shu'araa | Sura # 26| 227 Verses | Makkan
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 065وَأَنْجَيْنَا مُوسَى وَمَنْ مَعَهُ أَجْمَعِينَ [ And saved Musa (عليه السلام) and all those who were with him. ]Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 066ثُمَّ أَغْرَقْنَا الْآَخَرِينَ [ And We drowned the others (Pharaoh and his people who followed them). ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 067إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآَيَةً وَمَا كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ [ Surely in this is a sign. Yet most of them would not believe. ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 068وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ [ And indeed, your Lord is Mighty and Merciful.]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 069وَاتْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ نَبَأَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ [ And relate to them (O' Prophet ﷺ) the story of Ibrahim (عليه السلام). ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 070إِذْ قَالَ لِأَبِيهِ وَقَوْمِهِ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ [ When he questioned (the brother of ) his father and his people, 'What is that you worship (besides Allah)?' ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 071قَالُوا نَعْبُدُ أَصْنَامًا فَنَظَلُّ لَهَا عَاكِفِينَ [ They replied, 'We worship idols, to which we are fully devoted.' ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 072قَالَ هَلْ يَسْمَعُونَكُمْ إِذْ تَدْعُونَ [ Ibrahim (عليه السلام) asked, can they hear when you call upon them? ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 073أَوْ يَنْفَعُونَكُمْ أَوْ يَضُرُّونَ [ Can they help you or harm you? ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 074قَالُوا بَلْ وَجَدْنَا آَبَاءَنَا كَذَلِكَ يَفْعَلُونَ [ They replied, 'No! But we found our forefathers doing the same.' ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 075قَالَ أَفَرَأَيْتُمْ مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْبُدُونَ [ Ibrahim (عليه السلام) said, 'Have you (ever) considered what you have been worshiping? ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 076أَنْتُمْ وَآَبَاؤُكُمُ الْأَقْدَمُونَ [ You and your forefathers. ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 077فَإِنَّهُمْ عَدُوٌّ لِي إِلَّا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ [ (Then Ibrahim عليه السلام) said, they (those who worship beside Allah) are enemies to me. (I worship none) except the Lord of the worlds, ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 078الَّذِي خَلَقَنِي فَهُوَ يَهْدِينِ [ Who created me and guides me, ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 079وَالَّذِي هُوَ يُطْعِمُنِي وَيَسْقِينِ [ And Who feeds me and gives me drink, ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 080وَإِذَا مَرِضْتُ فَهُوَ يَشْفِينِ [ And Who cures me when I am sick. ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 081وَالَّذِي يُمِيتُنِي ثُمَّ يُحْيِينِ [ And Who will cause me to die and then bring me back to life, ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 082وَالَّذِي أَطْمَعُ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ لِي خَطِيئَتِي يَوْمَ الدِّينِ [ 'And Who, I hope, will forgive me my faults on the day of Judgment.' ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 083رَبِّ هَبْ لِي حُكْمًا وَأَلْحِقْنِي بِالصَّالِحِينَ [ My Lord, bestow upon me wisdom; unite me with the righteous; ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 084وَاجْعَلْ لِي لِسَانَ صِدْقٍ فِي الْآَخِرِينَ [ Bless me with honorable mention among later generations, ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 085وَاجْعَلْنِي مِنْ وَرَثَةِ جَنَّةِ النَّعِيمِ [ and make me one of the inheritors of the Paradise of Delight. ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 086وَاغْفِرْ لِأَبِي إِنَّهُ كَانَ مِنَ الضَّالِّينَ [ And forgive (the brother of) my father, for he has been of those who have been misguided, ]
Arabic word ( أبي ) is commonly used for (i) biological father, (ii) 'step father', and (iii) 'brother of father'.
It is in Quran - وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ لِأَبِيهِ آزَرَ أَتَتَّخِذُ أَصْنَامًا آلِهَةً ۖ إِنِّي أَرَاكَ وَقَوْمَكَ فِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ [ And when Ibrahim (عليه السلام) said to his father, Azar : 'Do you take idols for gods? Surely I see you and your people in manifest error'.] (Al-Anaam - 74).
The literal meanings of this verse that comes to a reader's mind are : Ibrahim (عليه السلام) said to his father whose name was Azar. But as per the rules of laconic usage, descriptive linguistics and rhetoric, this is a wrong understanding because it is mentioned that "Ibrahim (عليه السلام) said to his father, Azar", which denotes different meanings.
Like, no one says, 'My father, Husain, is coming'. We only say 'My father is coming'.
If we talk of a relationship and a name at the same time, people will understand that there are more than one person associated with that relationship. If we have only one person associated with the relationship (like father), we will only say, 'My father is coming'.
If Azar was the biological father of Ibrahim (عليه السلام), it would have been enough to say, 'He said to his father'. But the Quranic verse emphasizes 'Ibrahim (عليه السلام) said to his father, Azar'. This shows that Azar was not biological father of Ibrahim (عليه السلام).
It is in Quran - وَمَا كَانَ اسْتِغْفَارُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لِأَبِيهِ إِلَّا عَن مَّوْعِدَةٍ وَعَدَهَا إِيَّاهُ فَلَمَّا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ أَنَّهُ عَدُوٌّ لِّلَّهِ تَبَرَّأَ مِنْهُ ۚ إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لَأَوَّاهٌ حَلِيمٌ [ Ibrahim (عليه السلام) would not have asked forgiveness for his father but for a promise he made to him, and when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, he renounced him. Ibrahim (عليه السلام) had a tender heart and was forbearing.] (At-Tauba -114).
Read the above verse carefully; it says 'Ibrahim (عليه السلام) would not have asked forgiveness for his father but for a promise he made to him'.
Remember, we do not pray for our parents because we make a promise to them. We do it as mandatory and obligatory on us. We might make a promise to our relatives that we will do dua for them in a specific issue. Thus, the verse shows the relationship of Ibrahim (عليه السلام) with Azar, was not that of son and biological father, rather it was the relationship between two relatives. He asked for forgiveness for (his uncle) Azar because he promised him once. But when Ibrahim (عليه السلام) realized that he was an Idol worshiper and the enemy of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), he renounced him.The verse (Ash-Shu'araa - 85) also singles out his uncle (the brother of his father) - وَاغْفِرْ لِأَبِي إِنَّهُ كَانَ مِنَ الضَّالِّينَ [ Forgive (the brother of) my father, for he has been of those who have been misguided, ]
As against the above, read the following verse in which Ibrahim (عليه السلام) is praying for protection for himself, his both parents (who were Momineen) and he has also joined other believers in this Dua.
(i) It is in Quran - رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الْحِسَابُ [ 'O our Lord, forgive me, my parents and the believers on the Day (when) the reckoning is done.' ] (Ibrahim - 41)
(ii) It is in Hadith - Anas Ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrates that one day Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood on the pulpit and informed (sahabah) the names of his ancestors:
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: Ana, Mohammad Ibn Abdullah, bin Abdul Muttalib, bin Hashim, bin Abd Manaf, bin Qusa'i, bin Kilab, bin Murra, bin Ka'b, bin Lu'ayy, bin Ghalib, bin Fihr, bin Malik, bin an-Nadr, bin Kinanah, bin Khuzaimah, bin Mudrikah, bin Elias, bin Mudar, bin Nizar, bin Ma'ad, bin Adnan, bin Udad, bin Asha'b, bin Saleh, bin Salooq, bin Hameesa, bin Nabad, bin Khizaar, bin Ismail (عليه السلام), bin Ibrahim (عليه السلام), bin Tariq.
(Baihaqi, Hakim, Ahmed, Ibn Kathir in Bidaya wan Nihaya and Ibn Asakir also narrated this Hadith).
(iii) Ibn Jarir at-Tabari in his Tafsir and History book has mentioned that - Azar was not the father of Ibrahim (عليه السلام). ( History of Tabari, Vol. 1, Page 119. and Tafsir-e-Tabari by Ibn Jarir al-Tabari, Vol. 7, page 158).
(iv) Ibn Kathir has written in al-Bidaya wan Nihaya - Ibrahim (عليه السلام) was the son of Tariq. When Tareq was 75 years old, Ibrahim (عليه السلام) was born to him. (al-Bidaya wan Nihaya, vol 1, page 139)(v) Hadhrat Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) has written in his Tafseer, Verse 41, Surah Ibrahim that Azar was the brother of the father of Ibrahim (عليه السلام).
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 087وَلَا تُخْزِنِي يَوْمَ يُبْعَثُونَ [ 'And let me not be in disgrace on the Day when (people) will be resurrected. ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 088يَوْمَ لَا يَنْفَعُ مَالٌ وَلَا بَنُونَ [ the Day when neither wealth nor children will be of any benefit. ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 089إِلَّا مَنْ أَتَى اللَّهَ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ [ Only those who come before Allah with a pure heart (will be saved).' ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 090وَأُزْلِفَتِ الْجَنَّةُ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ [ When paradise shall be brought within the sight of the righteous; ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 091وَبُرِّزَتِ الْجَحِيمُ لِلْغَاوِينَ [ and the Hellfire will be displayed to the deviant. ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 092وَقِيلَ لَهُمْ أَيْنَ مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْبُدُونَ [ And they will be asked, Where are those whom you worshiped, ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 093مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ هَلْ يَنْصُرُونَكُمْ أَوْ يَنْتَصِرُونَ [ 'besides Allah? Can they help you or help themselves?' ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 094فَكُبْكِبُوا فِيهَا هُمْ وَالْغَاوُونَ [ Then they will be hurled into the Flame headlong, one upon another; they (the idols), and the rebellious (who worshiped them), ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 095وَجُنُودُ إِبْلِيسَ أَجْمَعُونَ [ together with the armies of Satan. ]
Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 096قَالُوا وَهُمْ فِيهَا يَخْتَصِمُونَ [ There the deviant will cry while disputing with their idols.]