LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
  

JUZ 19.9   WA QALALLATHEENA  (وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ)

 

 

سورة الشعراء

THE POETS
 

Ash-Shu'araa | Sura # 26| 227 Verses | Makkan

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful

   

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 193

نَزَلَ بِهِ الرُّوحُ الْأَمِينُ [ and brought down by The Trustworthy (Angel) Jibreel (عليه السلام). ]
 
 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 194

عَلَى قَلْبِكَ لِتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُنْذِرِينَ [ Upon your heart (O' Apostle  ﷺ) that you may be of the warners, ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 195

بِلِسَانٍ عَرَبِيٍّ مُبِينٍ [ In a clear Arabic language, ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 196

وَإِنَّهُ لَفِي زُبُرِ الْأَوَّلِينَ [ And it has indeed been (foretold) in the Scriptures of the past Apostles. ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 197

أَوَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُمْ آَيَةً أَنْ يَعْلَمَهُ عُلَمَاءُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ [ Was it not sufficient proof for the deniers that it has been recognized by the knowledgeable among the Children of Israel? ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 198

وَلَوْ نَزَّلْنَاهُ عَلَى بَعْضِ الْأَعْجَمِينَ [ And if We had revealed it (this Quran) to any of the non-Arabs, ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 199

فَقَرَأَهُ عَلَيْهِمْ مَا كَانُوا بِهِ مُؤْمِنِينَ [ and he had recited it to them, they would still not believe in it. ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 200

كَذَلِكَ سَلَكْنَاهُ فِي قُلُوبِ الْمُجْرِمِينَ [ We have caused it (disbelief) to enter in the hearts of the criminals. ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 201

لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ حَتَّى يَرَوُا الْعَذَابَ الْأَلِيمَ [ They will not believe in it until they see the grievous punishment. ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 202

فَيَأْتِيَهُمْ بَغْتَةً وَهُمْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ [ It will come upon them suddenly while they least expect it, ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 203

فَيَقُولُوا هَلْ نَحْنُ مُنْظَرُونَ [ Then they would Say : 'Can we be given (some) more time' ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 204

أَفَبِعَذَابِنَا يَسْتَعْجِلُونَ [ Do they wish to hasten on Our Punishment? ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 205

أَفَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ مَتَّعْنَاهُمْ سِنِينَ [ Just think! If We let them enjoy this life for many years, ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 206

ثُمَّ جَاءَهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يُوعَدُونَ [ then inflicted the punishment as promised, ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 207

مَا أَغْنَى عَنْهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يُمَتَّعُونَ [ would that enjoyment be of any benefit to them (at all)? ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 208

وَمَا أَهْلَكْنَا مِنْ قَرْيَةٍ إِلَّا لَهَا مُنْذِرُونَ [ We have never destroyed a town without sending Apostles to warn, ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 209

ذِكْرَى وَمَا كُنَّا ظَالِمِينَ [ by way of reminder (in advance), and We have never been unjust. ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 210

وَمَا تَنَزَّلَتْ بِهِ الشَّيَاطِينُ [ This Quran is not brought down by the Davils. ]
 
 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 211

وَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَهُمْ وَمَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ [ It is neither (permitted or proper) for them, nor is it within their purview (to do that).]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 212

إِنَّهُمْ عَنِ السَّمْعِ لَمَعْزُولُونَ [ Indeed they have been removed far from even (a chance of) hearing it.]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 213

فَلَا تَدْعُ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آَخَرَ فَتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُعَذَّبِينَ [ So (O' People) do not invoke another deity beside Allah, or you will incur punishment. ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 214

وَأَنْذِرْ عَشِيرَتَكَ الْأَقْرَبِينَ [ And (O' Apostle  ﷺ) warn (everyone including) your nearest kinsfolk. ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 215

وَاخْفِضْ جَنَاحَكَ لِمَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ [ And be gracious to the believers who follow you. ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 216

فَإِنْ عَصَوْكَ فَقُلْ إِنِّي بَرِيءٌ مِمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ [ But, if they disobey you, then say, 'I am not responsible for what you are doing.' ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 217

وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى الْعَزِيزِ الرَّحِيمِ [ And I rely upon the Almighty, the Most Merciful.}

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 218

الَّذِي يَرَاكَ حِينَ تَقُومُ [ Who sees you (O' Prophet  ﷺ) when you stand up (at night in Salah), }

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 219

وَتَقَلُّبَكَ فِي السَّاجِدِينَ [ And your turning over and over among those who prostrated themselves before Allah. ]

The above two verses (218-19) clarify that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) sees the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) doing prostrations in the nights, and He had seen all his ancestors prostrating to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) during their lifetimes.

Thus the Quran testifies that forefathers of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) were all Muslims.  Noor-e-Mohammadi (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was transferred from Hadhrat Adam (عليه السلام) and Hawwa (عليها السلام) to all pious men and women till it  illuminated in the person of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

(i) It is in Hadith - Imam Tirmidhi has recorded a Hadith which he classified as Hasan, as well as Imam Baihaqi from Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said :  'When Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) created me, He made me from the best of creations. Then when He created the tribes, He made me from the best of tribes. And when He created persons He made me from the best of them. Then when He created households, He made me from the best of households. Thus I am the best in terms of household, and the best in terms of Nufoos.’ (Tirmidhi, Baihaqi and others)

(ii) It is in Hadith - The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said : 'Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) chose me among the distinguished people of Arabia. I descend from the best people." (Tabarani)

(iii) It is in Hadith - Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated : Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was transferred from the generation of one prophet to the generation of another prophet.  If a father had two sons, the Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) descended from the one that had the Prophet-hood." (Mawahib al-Ladunniyyah by Qastallani)

(iv) It is in Hadith - The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said : "None of my grandparents committed fornication. I descend from the best fathers and clean mothers. If one of my grandfathers had two sons, I descended from the better one." ( Mawahib al-Ladunniyyah by Qastallani )

(v) It is in Hadith - The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said  : 'All of my ancestors beginning from Adam (علیھ السلا م) were married couples. I am the best of you in terms of ancestors.' (Daylami)

(vi) It is in Hadith - The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said  : 'I am the most honorable person among people. I am not saying it in order to boast.' (Daylami)

(vii) It is in Hadith - 'Prophet Mohammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) descended from the best men of each century.' (Bukhari)

(viii) It is in Hadith - The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said :  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) chose Kinanah among the sons of Ismail (عليه السلام), the Quraish among the sons of Kinana and sons of Hashim among the Quraysh. And He chose me among them.' (Muslim)

(ix) It is in Hadith - Suyuti reported in 'Al-Jami‘ Al-Saghir' on the authority of 'Ali, (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said : 'I was born of the best and noblest lineage after lineage, and nothing of the fornication of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance) touched my birth.' Tabarani in “Al-Awsat”. Haythami said The chain of Narrators of this Hadith have been authenticated by Hakim.

(x) It is in Hadith - Abu Nua’im writes in Dala’il al-Nabuwwa, with the chain of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said, ‘Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) continued to transfer me from the loins of the pure to the wombs of the pure, clean and mannered. No two groups have appeared except I was the best of the two.’

(xi) It is in Hadith -  Imam Tabrani writes in Awsat and Imam Baihaqi in Dala’il, from Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)  that the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said :  'Jibreel (عليه السلام) said to me, I have searched the Earth, the Easts and the Wests, and I did not find a man better than Muhammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ), and I did not find a clan better than the clan of Bani Hashim.' 

(xii) It is in Quran -  يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّمَا الْمُشْرِكُونَ نَجَسٌ [ O' you who believe! the idolaters are nothing but unclean.] (At-Tauba - 28)

(xiii) It is reported that before the fall of Makkah, Abu Sufyan (who had not accepted Islam then) went to visit Ummul Momineen, Umm-e-Habibah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) who was his daughter. He wanted to sit down on the bedding of the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), but Umm-e-Habibah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) did not allow her father to sit on it as he was an unbeliever (then). She said, 'You are a polytheist and hence unclean and this is a pure, clean bedding of the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ).'

(ix) It is in Hadith - The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said : "I descend from the best people. My ancestors are the best people." (Tirmidhi)

(x) It is in Hadith - Anas Ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrates that one day Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood on the pulpit and informed (Sahabah) the names of his ancestors: 

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: Ana, Mohammad Ibn Abdullah, bin Abdul Muttalib, bin Hashim, bin Abd Manaf, bin Qusa'i, bin Kilab, bin Murra, bin Ka'b, bin Lu'ayy, bin Ghalib, bin Fihr, bin Malik, bin an-Nadr, bin Kinanah, bin Khuzaimah, bin Mudrikah, bin Elias, bin Mudar, bin Nizar, bin Ma'ad,  bin Adnan, bin Udad, bin Asha'b, bin Saleh, bin Salooq, bin Hameesa, bin Nabad, bin Khizaar, bin Ismail (عليه السلام), bin Ibrahim (عليه السلام), bin Tariq. 

(Baihaqi, Hakim, Ahmed, Ibn Kathir in Bidaya wan Nihaya and Ibn Asakir also narrated this Hadith).

It is clear from the above Hadith that the father of Ibrahim (عليه السلام) was Tariq, a Momin;  while his uncle Azar was an Idol worshiper.

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 220

إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ [ Indded, He is the All Hearing, the All Knowing. ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 221

هَلْ أُنَبِّئُكُمْ عَلَى مَنْ تَنَزَّلُ الشَّيَاطِينُ [ Shall I inform you upon whom the devils descend? ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 222

تَنَزَّلُ عَلَى كُلِّ أَفَّاكٍ أَثِيمٍ [ They descend on every lying, wicked person, ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 223

يُلْقُونَ السَّمْعَ وَأَكْثَرُهُمْ كَاذِبُونَ [ who gives an (attentive) ear (to half-truths of the devils), mostly passing on sheer lies. ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 224

وَالشُّعَرَاءُ يَتَّبِعُهُمُ الْغَاوُونَ [ As for (evil) poets (who lead people to imaginary fantasy away from the truth),  they are followed  by deviants. ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 225

أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّهُمْ فِي كُلِّ وَادٍ يَهِيمُونَ [ Do you not see that they (the evil poets) roam about in all the (imaginary fantasy) valleys (of thought) ? ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 226

وَأَنَّهُمْ يَقُولُونَ مَا لَا يَفْعَلُونَ [ And they do not practice what they say. ]

 

Juz 19, Ash-Shu'araa, Verse 227

إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَذَكَرُوا اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا وَانْتَصَرُوا مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا ظُلِمُوا وَسَيَعْلَمُ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا أَيَّ مُنْقَلَبٍ يَنْقَلِبُونَ [ But except those (poets) who believe, do righteous deeds, remember Allah and (poetically) avenge (the believers) after being wrongfully slandered.  Very soon the oppressors will come to know the means and manners by which they will be toppled. ]
 

 

 

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Juz 19.1 Wa Qalallatheena

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Juz 19.4  Wa Qalallatheena

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