دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية






تفسيرِ اَسدي 







JUZ 21.3  OTLU MA OOHIYA  (اتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ)



سورة الروم


Ar-Room | Sura # 30| 60 Verses | Makkan


بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 031
مُنِيبِينَ إِلَيْهِ وَاتَّقُوهُ وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَلَا تَكُونُوا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ  [ (O' believers), Always turn to Him (in repentance), be mindful of Him, and establish prayers. and do not be of those who associate partners (with Him),]
Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 032
مِنَ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُوا دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُوا شِيَعًا كُلُّ حِزْبٍ بِمَا لَدَيْهِمْ فَرِحُونَ [ (And) of those who have split up their faith and divided into sects, every faction rejoicing in what it has.]
The above verse explains that 'sect' is a group that has split from true faith of Islam.  
There are 73 sects and their innumerable subgroups among Muslim community who all claim that they follow truthful faith and  are on right path of Islam.  As the verse explains, every sect is rejoicing about their faith considering it to be true.  How could it be possible?
It is in Quran - إِنَّ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُوا دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُوا شِيَعًا لَّسْتَ مِنْهُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ ۚ إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُمْ إِلَى اللَّهِ ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ [As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects, Allah has no part in them in the least (they have gone astray). Their affair is with Allah. He will, in the end, tell them the truth of all that they did ( they lost the right path and they will be dwellers of Hellfire for ever).] (Al-Anam - 159)
We have discussed this issue briefly below.   

A person who proclaims Islamic Shahadah and his beliefs are as per truthful Islamic faith based on Quran and Sunnah  is a true Muslim. Authenticity of the declaration depends upon his actual belief, because Iman is concerned with the belief in heart.  If your belief is not correct, you will be treated as unbeliever or hypocrite on the Day of Judgment.  
It is in Hadith - Narrated Umar bin Al-Khattab (ru), I heard Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying, "The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended" (Bukhari, Book # 1, Hadith # 1).
Muslims offer Salah in congregations.  In congregation Salah, they form rows and physically it looks that the person in the back row, is prostrating to the person in the front row.  But intention of the person is taken into account here.  Since the intention of the person is that he is prostrating to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), therefore Salah is valid and is an Ibadah.
Similarly, it is the intention of the person in Islamic belief (Sahih Iman) that makes him a true Muslim or hypocrite.  This is the reason, the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) emphasized that out of 73 Sects of Muslims, only one Group is on the right path and the rest will be thrown in Hell Fire.

It is in Hadith - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: “Jews got divided into seventy one groups and Christians got divided into seventy two groups and my nation will get divided into seventy three groups. All the groups will enter the Hell except one. They asked: Allah’s Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) which one is it? He replied : 'Those who will remain on the path on which I and my companions are today.'(Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah,  Ahmad)

It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Abdulla ibn Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said that the (Muslim) Ummah will divide into seventy three groups; all of them will enter Hell except one, namely, the one that follows the way of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) , and that of his companions. (Tirmidhi). 
There are three  major groups among Muslim sects, (i) Kharijis, Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups.  (ii) Shias and their like minded groups, and (iii) Ammanis and their like minded groups. Among Ammanis, there are two major groups, as follows. 
Ammani Group (1) - They claim that all Sects and their uncountable sub groups are truthful Muslims.  They all will get salvation in Hereafter. 
Ammani Group (2)  - They claim that  all Muslims sects are true Muslims. They also claim that  Christians, Jews, and anyone who believes in one God are believers just like Muslims and they will all get salvation on the day of Judgement. 
They claims that oral recitation of Shahadah (Kalima Tayyiba) is sufficient for a person to be a Muslim. The actual beliefs of deviant sects do not matter. They misquote certain Quranic verses, Ahadith and statements of some scholars in this context and emphasize that everyone from all 73 Sects and their countless sub groups are Muslims.  No one can call their beliefs as deviant or Kufr.  They maintain cozy relationships with people belonging to all sects and call them brothers in faith,  in spite of the fact that the followers of these sects profess Kufria/blasphemous beliefs openly.  When someone draws their attention towards this attitude and reminds them about their responsibility to spread Sahih Iman in the world, they call him takfeeri.
This group, in reality, are challenging the commandments of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), His Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and all our Imams of the past 1400 years who have elaborated what is Kufr, Shirk and what is  Iman.  The definitions used by our Ulema in this context clearly specify that even if you recite Kalima Tayyiba, and claim yourself as Muslim, there are certain beliefs/actions on your part that take you out of the fold of Islam. These are as follows.
(1) A person who denies Islam and its testimony (Kalima Tayyiba) or a person who considers belief in Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is optional, not compulsory for salvation in Hereafter is 'Infidel' (Kafir).  
(2) A person who associates divinity (Uloohiyat) with anything other than Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and considers it worshipable, is a Polytheist (Mushrik). 
(3) A person who recites Kalima Tayyiba and claims himself to be Muslim but denies Islam in his heart, is known as 'Hypocrite' (Munafiq). 
(4) A Muslim who leaves the fold of Islam is known as 'Apostate' (Murtad).
(5) There are many types of 'Hypocrite Apostates' (Murtad Munafiq), as follows.
(i) A  person who recites Kalima Tayyiba, claims himself to be Muslim, but at the same time disrespects, and does  blasphemy of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Sahabah, Imams and Awliya Allah is  known as Hypocrite Apostate (Murtad Munafiq).
(ii) A person who recites Kalima Tayyiba and claims himself to be Muslim but believes his God to have human-like physical body, two eyes, two hands, two legs, who is sitting over the skies, is known as 'Hypocrite Apostate (Murtad Munafiq).
(iii) A person who recites Kalima Tayyiba, claims himself to be Muslim, but at the same time visits Hindu temples, Sikh Gurduwaras, Jew Synagogues, Christian Churches and participates in their services, is known as 'Hypocrite Apostate' (Murtad Munafiq).
(iv) It is in Quran -  لَا تَعْتَذِرُوا قَدْ كَفَرْتُم بَعْدَ إِيمَانِكُمْ  [ Make no excuse; you have done Kufr after your Iman.] (At-Tauba - 66).
All Ahle Sunnah Ulema are unanimous on the above issue.  
They not only claim  all 73 Sects and their sub groups are true Muslims, but also believe that everyone who believes in the existence of one God, irrespective of his actual perception and understanding, is a believer on par with Muslims.  With this understanding they declare Christians, Jews, Buddhists, and others as believers, just like Muslims. Their believes are identical with Perennialism. Perennial philosophy has its roots in Platonism which was condemned by Imam Ghazali during his lifetime (1058-1111).
It is important to note that when a person comes under the influence of Ammani ideology, he starts to defy logic by claiming all deviant Sects and their uncountable sub groups are Muslims irrespective of their open kufria/Blasphemous beliefs.  
When this ideology, takes root in his mind, he starts claiming that there is a difference between the people of the book and disbelievers, as people of the book (Ahle Kitab) believe in the existence of one God. 
When he further progresses, he begins to claim that Christians and Jews are 'believers' just like Muslims because they also believe in one God. 
Then he claims that belief in Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is optional, not necessary for salvation in Hereafter. 
Then he  imposes 'the belief in one God theory' on other religions and start claiming that Buddhists, Hindus and others are also believers because they also believe in one ultimate reality/God.  

It is in Hadith - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said - Among Muslims, there will be some people (scholars and their followers) who will lead people according to principles other than Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) Sunnah. There will be some others who will invite people to the doors of Hell and whoever accepts their invitation, he will be thrown in Hell. These misguided people will be from within the Muslim community. Muslims should stick to their chief (who is on the right path of Islam). If they do not find a Chief or the righteous group, they should "Keep away from all those different sects (Ammanis, Salafis, Deobandis, Shias, etc.), even if they had to bite (eat) the root of a tree, till they meet Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی). Part of Hadith. (Bukhari Book # 56, Hadith # 803 and Muslim Book # 20, Hadith # 4553).

It is in Quran - وَمَن يُشَاقِقِ الرَّسُولَ مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَىٰ وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّىٰ وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا [And whoever opposes the Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) after the path of guidance has become clear to him, and follows the path other than that of the (true) believers, We shall keep him in the same (state of disorientation) he has (himself) turned to, and shall (eventually) cast him into Hellfire and that is an evil dwelling.] (An-Nisa - 115)

Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 033
وَإِذَا مَسَّ النَّاسَ ضُرٌّ دَعَوْا رَبَّهُمْ مُنِيبِينَ إِلَيْهِ ثُمَّ إِذَا أَذَاقَهُمْ مِنْهُ رَحْمَةً إِذَا فَرِيقٌ مِنْهُمْ بِرَبِّهِمْ يُشْرِكُونَ   [ And when a harm touches people, they cry to their Lord, turning to Him in repentance. But when He gives them a taste of His Mercy, a group of them associate (partners in worship) with their Lord.]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 034
لِيَكْفُرُوا بِمَا آَتَيْنَاهُمْ فَتَمَتَّعُوا فَسَوْفَ تَعْلَمُونَ   [ (As if) to show their ingratitude for all that We have granted them.  Enjoy your (brief) life, then, for you will soon know.]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 035
أَمْ أَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَانًا فَهُوَ يَتَكَلَّمُ بِمَا كَانُوا بِهِ يُشْرِكُونَ [ Or have We sent down on them an ordinance of authority which speaks in favor of their associating partners with Him? ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 036
وَإِذَا أَذَقْنَا النَّاسَ رَحْمَةً فَرِحُوا بِهَا وَإِنْ تُصِبْهُمْ سَيِّئَةٌ بِمَا قَدَّمَتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ إِذَا هُمْ يَقْنَطُونَ [ When We give people a taste of mercy, they become prideful (because) of it, but if something bad happens to them because of their own misdeeds, they immediately lose all hope. ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 037
أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْسُطُ الرِّزْقَ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَيَقْدِرُ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآَيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ [ Have they never considered that Allah expands provision for whom He wills, and straitens it (for whom He wills).  Verily, in this are signs for the people who believe. ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 038
فَآَتِ ذَا الْقُرْبَى حَقَّهُ وَالْمِسْكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ لِلَّذِينَ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَ اللَّهِ وَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ [ So give relatives their due, as well as the needy and the traveler.  That is best for those who seek Allah's approval; It is they who will prosper. ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 039
وَمَا آَتَيْتُمْ مِنْ رِبًا لِيَرْبُوَاْ فِي أَمْوَالِ النَّاسِ فَلَا يَرْبُواْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَمَا آَتَيْتُمْ مِنْ زَكَاةٍ تُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَ اللَّهِ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُضْعِفُونَ [ Whatever you lend out in usury to gain value through other people’s wealth will not increase in Allah's eyes, but whatever you give in charity, in your desire for Allah’s approval, will (surely) earn multiple rewards. ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 040
اللَّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ ثُمَّ رَزَقَكُمْ ثُمَّ يُمِيتُكُمْ ثُمَّ يُحْيِيكُمْ هَلْ مِنْ شُرَكَائِكُمْ مَنْ يَفْعَلُ مِنْ ذَلِكُمْ مِنْ شَيْءٍ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ [ Allah is He Who creates you, then He sustains you (by providing for you), and then He causes you to die and then He will bring you to life again. Are there any among the partners you associate (with Allah) that do anything of that? All Glorified He is, and infinitely Exalted above what they associate (with Him). ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 041
ظَهَرَ الْفَسَادُ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِي النَّاسِ لِيُذِيقَهُمْ بَعْضَ الَّذِي عَمِلُوا لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ  [ Mischief (war between Roman and Persian empires) has appeared in the land and the sea in consequence of man’s own misdeeds. Through such wars Allah lets people taste the fruit of their deeds, so that they may turn back from evil. ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 042
قُلْ سِيرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ فَانْظُرُوا كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلُ كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ مُشْرِكِينَ  [ Say, (O Prophet  ﷺ) : 'Travel throughout the land and see what was the end of those (destroyed) before (you). Most of them were polytheists.' ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 043
فَأَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ الْقَيِّمِ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ يَوْمٌ لَا مَرَدَّ لَهُ مِنَ اللَّهِ يَوْمَئِذٍ يَصَّدَّعُونَ [ Therefore (O' People) stand firm in your devotion to the true faith before that Day arrives on which there will be no chance of averting from Allah. On that Day, they shall be divided in two groups. ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 044
فَمَنْ كَفَرَ فَعَلَيْهِ كُفْرُهُ وَمَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَلِأَنْفُسِهِمْ يَمْهَدُونَ [ Those who disbelieved will suffer from their disbelief, and those who have done righteous deeds will prepare a good place (in Paradise) for themselves, ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 045
لِيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْكَافِرِينَ  [ so that He may (generously) reward those who believe and do good, out of His grace. He truly does not like the disbelievers. ]
Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 046
وَمِنْ آَيَاتِهِ أَنْ يُرْسِلَ الرِّيَاحَ مُبَشِّرَاتٍ وَلِيُذِيقَكُمْ مِنْ رَحْمَتِهِ وَلِتَجْرِيَ الْفُلْكُ بِأَمْرِهِ وَلِتَبْتَغُوا مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ  [ And among his signs is that He sends out the winds bearing good news, giving you a taste of His mercy, making the ships sail at His command, enabling you to (journey in) search of His bounty so that you may be grateful. ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 047
وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ رُسُلًا إِلَى قَوْمِهِمْ فَجَاءُوهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ فَانْتَقَمْنَا مِنَ الَّذِينَ أَجْرَمُوا وَكَانَ حَقًّا عَلَيْنَا نَصْرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ  [ We sent before you,  Apostles to their respective people, and they brought them clear signs. Some rejected them while others believed, then We subjected the deniers to Our retribution and We aided the believers.  It is incumbent upon us to help the Believers.]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 048
اللَّهُ الَّذِي يُرْسِلُ الرِّيَاحَ فَتُثِيرُ سَحَابًا فَيَبْسُطُهُ فِي السَّمَاءِ كَيْفَ يَشَاءُ وَيَجْعَلُهُ كِسَفًا فَتَرَى الْوَدْقَ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ خِلَالِهِ فَإِذَا أَصَابَ بِهِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ إِذَا هُمْ يَسْتَبْشِرُونَ  [ It is Allah who sends the breezes that raise clouds, then spreads them over the sky as He please, fold on fold, then you see the drops of rain falling from them. When He sends it down to those of His servants as He will, they rejoice,]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 049
وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يُنَزَّلَ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ لَمُبْلِسِينَ  [ although they had utterly lost hope just before it was sent down to them. ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 050
فَانْظُرْ إِلَى آَثَارِ رَحْمَةِ اللَّهِ كَيْفَ يُحْيِي الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا إِنَّ ذَلِكَ لَمُحْيِي الْمَوْتَى وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ  [ Look at the effects of Mercy of Allah, how He revives  the earth after its death. Surely, it is He Who will raise the dead (on the Day of Resurrection), and He has power over all things. ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 051
وَلَئِنْ أَرْسَلْنَا رِيحًا فَرَأَوْهُ مُصْفَرًّا لَظَلُّوا مِنْ بَعْدِهِ يَكْفُرُونَ  [ And if We send a (dry) wind which turns their crops yellow, behold they will become even more firm in their disbelief. ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 052
فَإِنَّكَ لَا تُسْمِعُ الْمَوْتَى وَلَا تُسْمِعُ الصُّمَّ الدُّعَاءَ إِذَا وَلَّوْا مُدْبِرِينَ  [ So (O' Prophet  ﷺ) certainly you cannot make the dead hear (the truth). Nor can you make the deaf hear the call when they turn their backs and walk away. ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 053
وَمَا أَنْتَ بِهَادِ الْعُمْيِ عَنْ ضَلَالَتِهِمْ إِنْ تُسْمِعُ إِلَّا مَنْ يُؤْمِنُ بِآَيَاتِنَا فَهُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ [ Nor can you lead the blind out of their misguidance. You can make none hear (the truth) except those who believe in Our revelations, (fully) submitting (to Allah like Muslims). ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 054
اللَّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ ضَعْفٍ ثُمَّ جَعَلَ مِنْ بَعْدِ ضَعْفٍ قُوَّةً ثُمَّ جَعَلَ مِنْ بَعْدِ قُوَّةٍ ضَعْفًا وَشَيْبَةً يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَهُوَ الْعَلِيمُ الْقَدِيرُ [ It is Allah Who has created you in weakness (as a baby), then gave you strength after weakness (in youth), then gave after strength,  weakness and grey hair (in old age). He creates what He wills. And He is All Knower, All Omnipotent. ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 055
وَيَوْمَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ يُقْسِمُ الْمُجْرِمُونَ مَا لَبِثُوا غَيْرَ سَاعَةٍ كَذَلِكَ كَانُوا يُؤْفَكُونَ [ And on the Day the Hour will arrive, the wicked will swear that they did not stay (in this world) more than an hour. In this way they were always deluded (in the world). ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 056
وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ وَالْإِيمَانَ لَقَدْ لَبِثْتُمْ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْبَعْثِ فَهَذَا يَوْمُ الْبَعْثِ وَلَكِنَّكُمْ كُنْتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ [ But those who are given knowledge and faith will say : 'In fact you have stayed, according to the Book of Allah, till the Day of Resurrection and this is the Day of Resurrection, but you were not aware.' ]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 057
فَيَوْمَئِذٍ لَا يَنْفَعُ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مَعْذِرَتُهُمْ وَلَا هُمْ يُسْتَعْتَبُونَ [ Their excuses will be of no avail to them on that day, and they will not be allowed to beg for favor.]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 058
وَلَقَدْ ضَرَبْنَا لِلنَّاسِ فِي هَذَا الْقُرْآَنِ مِنْ كُلِّ مَثَلٍ وَلَئِنْ جِئْتَهُمْ بِآَيَةٍ لَيَقُولَنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِنْ أَنْتُمْ إِلَّا مُبْطِلُونَ [ We have certainly set forth every (kind of) lesson for the people in this Quran. And no matter what sign you bring to them (O Prophet ﷺ ), the disbelievers will definitely say (to the believers), 'You are only a people of falsehood.']


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 059
كَذَلِكَ يَطْبَعُ اللَّهُ عَلَى قُلُوبِ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ [ This is how Allah seals the hearts of those unwilling to know (the truth).]


Juz 21, Ar-Room, Verse 060
فَاصْبِرْ إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ وَلَا يَسْتَخِفَّنَّكَ الَّذِينَ لَا يُوقِنُونَ [ So, be patient (O' Prophet ﷺ). Allah's promise is True, and do not let those who lack certainty dishearten you. ]





Juz 21.1  Otlu Ma Oohiya

Juz 21.2  Otlu Ma Oohiya

Juz 21.4  Otlu Ma Oohiya