LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
  

JUZ 24.2  FAMAN ATHLAMU  (فَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ)

 

 

سورة الزمر

THE GROUPS
 

Az-Zumar| Sura # 39| 75 Verses | Makkan

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful
 
 
Juz 24, Az-Zumar, Verse 065
 
وَلَقَدْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ وَإِلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ لَئِنْ أَشْرَكْتَ لَيَحْبَطَنَّ عَمَلُكَ وَلَتَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ  [ Tell them plainly 'because it has already been revealed to you,  as it was revealed to those before you,  that if you commit shirk, all your deeds will become fruitless and you will surely be among the losers.']

 

Juz 24, Az-Zumar, Verse 066
 
بَلِ اللَّهَ فَاعْبُدْ وَكُنْ مِنَ الشَّاكِرِينَ [ Therefore, pray Allah alone and be among those who are grateful to Him.]

 

Juz 24, Az-Zumar, Verse 067
 
وَمَا قَدَرُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ قَدْرِهِ وَالْأَرْضُ جَمِيعًا قَبْضَتُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَالسَّموَاتُ مَطْوِيَّاتٌ بِيَمِينِهِ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ  [ They did not revere Allah as He rightfully deserves. On the Day of Resurrection, the whole earth will be grasped in His Jurisdiction and the heavens will be rolled up under His authority.  Glory be to Him, and High is He above that they associate partners with Him! ]

 

Juz 24, Az-Zumar, Verse 068
 
وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَصَعِقَ مَنْ فِي السَّمَوَاتِ وَمَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا مَنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ ثُمَّ نُفِخَ فِيهِ أُخْرَى فَإِذَا هُمْ قِيَامٌ يَنْظُرُونَ   [ When the (first) trumpet is blown, all who are in the heavens and the earth will fall dead, except those whom Allah wills. Then the trumpet will blow for a second time and they all will be (alive) standing, looking on. ]

 

Juz 24, Az-Zumar, Verse 069
 
وَأَشْرَقَتِ الْأَرْضُ بِنُورِ رَبِّهَا وَوُضِعَ الْكِتَابُ وَجِيءَ بِالنَّبِيِّينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ بِالْحَقِّ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ   [ The light emanating from the Lord will flood the earth, and make it glitter. The book (of deeds) will be placed (in evidence). The prophets and (other) witnesses would be at hand (to testify). The matter would be settled with justice. No one would be wronged at all! ]

 

Juz 24, Az-Zumar, Verse 070
 
وَوُفِّيَتْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَا عَمِلَتْ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَفْعَلُونَ   [ And each person will get recompense  for what he/she did; and Allah is all aware of what they did.]

 

Juz 24, Az-Zumar, Verse 071
 
وَسِيقَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِلَى جَهَنَّمَ زُمَرًا حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءُوهَا فُتِحَتْ أَبْوَابُهَا وَقَالَ لَهُمْ خَزَنَتُهَا أَلَمْ يَأْتِكُمْ رُسُلٌ مِنْكُمْ يَتْلُونَ عَلَيْكُمْ آَيَاتِ رَبِّكُمْ وَيُنْذِرُونَكُمْ لِقَاءَ يَوْمِكُمْ هَذَا قَالُوا بَلَى وَلَكِنْ حَقَّتْ كَلِمَةُ الْعَذَابِ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ  [After the Judgment, the Unbelievers will be driven to Hell in groups.  When they reach there, its gates will be opened and its keepers will say : 'Did there not come to you Apostles from among yourselves, who recited to you the revelations of your Lord and forewarned you about the meeting of this Day?' 'Yes,' they will answer. But at that time the sentence of punishment would have already been  announced against the unbelievers.']

 

Juz 24, Az-Zumar, Verse 072
 
قِيلَ ادْخُلُوا أَبْوَابَ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا فَبِئْسَ مَثْوَى الْمُتَكَبِّرِينَ  [They will be told : 'Enter the gates of Hell to live therein.' Evil shall be the abode of the arrogant.']

 

Juz 24, Az-Zumar, Verse 073
 
وَسِيقَ الَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا رَبَّهُمْ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ زُمَرًا حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءُوهَا وَفُتِحَتْ أَبْوَابُهَا وَقَالَ لَهُمْ خَزَنَتُهَا سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ طِبْتُمْ فَادْخُلُوهَا خَالِدِينَ [As for those who fear their Lord, they shall be guided towards paradise in groups. When they reach there, its gates will be opened, and its keepers will say : 'Peace be on you! You have done well, now enter (the Paradise) to live therein forever.']

 

Juz 24, Az-Zumar, Verse 074
 
وَقَالُوا الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي صَدَقَنَا وَعْدَهُ وَأَوْرَثَنَا الْأَرْضَ نَتَبَوَّأُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ حَيْثُ نَشَاءُ فَنِعْمَ أَجْرُ الْعَامِلِينَ [They will say : 'Praise be to Allah Who has truly fulfilled His promise and gave us this place to inherit, now we can live in Paradise wherever we like.'  How excellent will be the reward for the righteous?]

 

Juz 24, Az-Zumar, Verse 075
 
وَتَرَى الْمَلَائِكَةَ حَافِّينَ مِنْ حَوْلِ الْعَرْشِ يُسَبِّحُونَ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ بِالْحَقِّ وَقِيلَ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ [ And you will see the angels surrounding the Throne (of Allah) from all round, glorifying the praise of their Lord. They (the people) will be judged with truth, and it will be said : 'All praises are due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds!' ]
 

 

سورة غافر

THE FORGIVER
 

Ghafir| Sura # 40| 85 Verses | Makkan

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful

 
Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 001
 
حم  [ Ha-meem ]
 
'Ha-meem'  is known as ‘Solemn Verse' (Ayat-e-Muqatta'at - آیتِ مقطعات). 
 
Fourteen Arabic alphabets have been used, in varied combinations,  in  14 ‘Solemn Verses' (Ayaat-e-Muqatta'at - آیاتِ مقطعات) in the form of initials  of  29 Chapters (سورة) of holy Quran.   Ha-meem ( حم )  is one of them.
 
Since Quran is 'Mubeen' (الْمُبِينِ);  its description is clear and manifest. The meanings of all the verses of Quran, including  'Solemn Verses' (آیاتِ مقطعات) are surely known to its principle addressee, ie., Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  It is also likely that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has informed the meanings of these Verses to some of his Sahabah and  Awliya Allah.
 
We believe  in whatever is meant by the 'Solemn Verses' (آیاتِ مقطعات) by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  
 
Since we have been commanded to read the Quran carefully and try to understand the significance of every verse of the Quran, we do ponder over these verses.  And when we think, by focusing our attention towards Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for guidance,  it comes to our mind that the 'Solemn Verses' (آیاتِ مقطعات) are actually the 'Solemn Titles of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) given by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) throughout the Quran.  Our understanding is based on the fact that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has addressed Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in the Quran by specific names, like Muzzammil (مزمل - O' beloved who covers self  in a coverlet), Muddassir (مدثر  -  O' beloved, who covers self in a bed sheet).  With this understanding, it is most likely that  Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) other names / titles  have been mentioned in Quran  by denoting certain initials/alphabets.

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 002
 
تَنْزِيلُ الْكِتَابِ مِنَ اللَّهِ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ [ The revelation of this Book (the Quran) is from Allah, the Almighty, All Knowing,]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 003
 
غَافِرِ الذَّنْبِ وَقَابِلِ التَّوْبِ شَدِيدِ الْعِقَابِ ذِي الطَّوْلِ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ إِلَيْهِ الْمَصِيرُ [ the Forgiver of sins, Who accepts the repentance, Stern in punishment, and the Lord of the Bounty; there is no god but He, to Whom all shall return.]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 004
 
مَا يُجَادِلُ فِي آَيَاتِ اللَّهِ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَلَا يَغْرُرْكَ تَقَلُّبُهُمْ فِي الْبِلَادِ [ None disputes the revelations of Allah but those who disbelieve; so (O' Believers) let not their worldly affluence in the land deceive you.]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 005
 
كَذَّبَتْ قَبْلَهُمْ قَوْمُ نُوحٍ وَالْأَحْزَابُ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ وَهَمَّتْ كُلُّ أُمَّةٍ بِرَسُولِهِمْ لِيَأْخُذُوهُ وَجَادَلُوا بِالْبَاطِلِ لِيُدْحِضُوا بِهِ الْحَقَّ فَأَخَذْتُهُمْ فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عِقَابِ [ Before them the people of Nooh (عليه السلام) denied and so did others after them. Every (disbelieving) nation plotted against their Apostle to seize him, and disputed  by means of falsehood to refute therewith the truth.  So I seized them (with punishment), and how severe was My Punishment! ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 006
 
وَكَذَلِكَ حَقَّتْ كَلِمَةُ رَبِّكَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَنَّهُمْ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ [ And so your Lord’s decree has been proven true against the disbelievers, that they will be the inmates of the Fire. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 007
 
الَّذِينَ يَحْمِلُونَ الْعَرْشَ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهُ يُسَبِّحُونَ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَيُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَ لِلَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا رَبَّنَا وَسِعْتَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ رَحْمَةً وَعِلْمًا فَاغْفِرْ لِلَّذِينَ تَابُوا وَاتَّبَعُوا سَبِيلَكَ وَقِهِمْ عَذَابَ الْجَحِيمِ  [ Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allah) and those who are around it,  glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe, (saying) : 'Our Lord! Your Mercy and knowledge have encompassed all things, so forgive those who repent and follow Your path, and spare them from the punishment of Hell. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 008
 
رَبَّنَا وَأَدْخِلْهُمْ جَنَّاتِ عَدْنٍ الَّتِي وَعَدْتَهُمْ وَمَنْ صَلَحَ مِنْ آَبَائِهِمْ وَأَزْوَاجِهِمْ وَذُرِّيَّاتِهِمْ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ  [ Our Lord! Admit them into the Gardens of Eternity which You have promised them, along with the righteous among their parents, spouses and descendants. You (alone) are truly the Almighty, All Wise. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 009
 
وَقِهِمُ السَّيِّئَاتِ وَمَنْ تَقِ السَّيِّئَاتِ يَوْمَئِذٍ فَقَدْ رَحِمْتَهُ وَذَلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ  [ And protect them from (the consequences of their) evil deeds.   He whom You will deliver from the punishment of their sins on that Day,  will surely earn Your Mercy,  and that will surely be the highest achievement (for him).]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 010
 
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يُنَادَوْنَ لَمَقْتُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ مِنْ مَقْتِكُمْ أَنْفُسَكُمْ إِذْ تُدْعَوْنَ إِلَى الْإِيمَانِ فَتَكْفُرُونَ   [ (On the Day of Judgment) the unbelievers would be informed, 'Surely at this time you hate yourself.  But earlier (in your previous life) Allah´s dislike for you was far greater  because you refused when you were invited to believe.' ]
 
 
Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 011
 
قَالُوا رَبَّنَا أَمَتَّنَا اثْنَتَيْنِ وَأَحْيَيْتَنَا اثْنَتَيْنِ فَاعْتَرَفْنَا بِذُنُوبِنَا فَهَلْ إِلَى خُرُوجٍ مِنْ سَبِيلٍ [ They will say : 'Our Lord! Twice have You made us die and twice have You given us life.  We now confess our sins. Is there any way out?' ]
 
 
Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 012
 
ذَلِكُمْ بِأَنَّهُ إِذَا دُعِيَ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ كَفَرْتُمْ وَإِنْ يُشْرَكْ بِهِ تُؤْمِنُوا فَالْحُكْمُ لِلَّهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْكَبِيرِ [ (They will be told, no way.) This is because when Allah alone was invoked, you (staunchly) disbelieved. But when others were associated with Him (in worship),  you (readily) believed. So (Today) the judgment belongs to  Allah, the Great and Exalted.' ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 013
 
هُوَ الَّذِي يُرِيكُمْ آَيَاتِهِ وَيُنَزِّلُ لَكُمْ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ رِزْقًا وَمَا يَتَذَكَّرُ إِلَّا مَنْ يُنِيبُ [ It is He Who shows you His signs,  and sends down sustenance from the heavens for you. Yet, none learns from these signs, except those who turn to Him. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 014
 
فَادْعُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْكَافِرُونَ [ So (O' Believers) call upon Allah with sincere devotion, even to the dismay of the disbelievers. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 015
 
رَفِيعُ الدَّرَجَاتِ ذُو الْعَرْشِ يُلْقِي الرُّوحَ مِنْ أَمْرِهِ عَلَى مَنْ يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ لِيُنْذِرَ يَوْمَ التَّلَاقِ  [The Highly Exalted, the Lord of the Throne,  sends Angel (Jibreel  عليه السلام) carrying His message to any of His (chosen) servants (Prophets) He wants. So that His servant (the Prophet) may sound the alarm about the day of the meeting (with the Lord). ]
 
The advent of prophets ended after the advent of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Thus Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the seal of prophet-hood. 
It is in Quran  -  مَّا كَانَ مُحَمَّدٌ أَبَا أَحَدٍ مِّن رِّجَالِكُمْ وَلَـٰكِن رَّسُولَ اللَّهِ وَخَاتَمَ النَّبِيِّينَ [ Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is not the father of (any one of your men, but (he is) the Apostle of Allah and last of the prophets.] (Al-Ahzab - 40)

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 016
 
يَوْمَ هُمْ بَارِزُونَ لَا يَخْفَى عَلَى اللَّهِ مِنْهُمْ شَيْءٌ لِمَنِ الْمُلْكُ الْيَوْمَ لِلَّهِ الْوَاحِدِ الْقَهَّارِ [ The Day when they all shall come forth from their graves with nothing hidden from Allah, it will be asked : 'Whose is the Kingdom today?' No one shall dare to speak, and Allah Himself will say : 'To Allah, the One and Only, the Invincible!' ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 017
 
الْيَوْمَ تُجْزَى كُلُّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ لَا ظُلْمَ الْيَوْمَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَرِيعُ الْحِسَابِ [ This Day every one shall be recompensed for what he/she has earned. Today no injustice (shall be done to anyone). Truly, Allah is Swift in reckoning.' ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 018
 
وَأَنْذِرْهُمْ يَوْمَ الْآَزِفَةِ إِذِ الْقُلُوبُ لَدَى الْحَنَاجِرِ كَاظِمِينَ مَا لِلظَّالِمِينَ مِنْ حَمِيمٍ وَلَا شَفِيعٍ يُطَاعُ  [ Warn them (O' Prophet  ﷺ) for the Day that is drawing near, when the hearts will leap up to the throats with grief; when the wrongdoers will have neither a close friend nor intercessor to be heard. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 019
 
يَعْلَمُ خَائِنَةَ الْأَعْيُنِ وَمَا تُخْفِي الصُّدُورُ [ Allah knows the eyes' deceptive glances and what the hearts conceal. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 020
 
وَاللَّهُ يَقْضِي بِالْحَقِّ وَالَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِهِ لَا يَقْضُونَ بِشَيْءٍ إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ [ Allah decides and concludes everything with justice. Those (Idols) they pray beside Him, (can) decide nothing. Allah is certainly the One Who hears and sees (everything). ]
 

 

    

 

RELATED READING

 

Juz 24.1  Faman Athlamu

Juz 24.3  Faman Athlamu

Juz 24.4  Faman Athlamu

Juz 24.6  Faman Athlamu