LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
  

JUZ 24.4  FAMAN ATHLAMU  (فَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ)

 

 

سورة غافر

THE FORGIVER
 

Ghafir| Sura # 40| 85 Verses | Makkan

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful
 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 053
 
وَلَقَدْ آَتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْهُدَى وَأَوْرَثْنَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ الْكِتَابَ [ And indeed We gave Musa (عليه السلام) the guidance, and We caused the children of Israel to inherit the Scripture (the Taurait), ]
  
 
Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 054
 
هُدًى وَذِكْرَى لِأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ [ as guidance and a reminder for those with understanding. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 055
 
فَاصْبِرْ إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنْبِكَ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ بِالْعَشِيِّ وَالْإِبْكَارِ [ So, (be sure and) remain patient (O' Prophet ﷺ). The promise of your Lord is really true! (Since you represent your Ummah) seek forgiveness for the shortcomings (on their behalf) and glorify the praises of your Lord in the early evening and morning. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 056
 
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي آَيَاتِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ سُلْطَانٍ أَتَاهُمْ إِنْ فِي صُدُورِهِمْ إِلَّا كِبْرٌ مَا هُمْ بِبَالِغِيهِ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ [ Surely those who dispute Allah’s signs, with no proof given to them, have nothing in their hearts but greed for dominance, which they will never attain. So seek refuge in Allah. Indeed, He alone is All Hearing, All Seeing. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 057
 
لَخَلْقُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ أَكْبَرُ مِنْ خَلْقِ النَّاسِ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ [ Truly, creating the heavens and the earth is bigger act than creating (and re-creating) the human beings.   But most people  do not understand. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 058
 
وَمَا يَسْتَوِي الْأَعْمَى وَالْبَصِيرُ وَالَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَلَا الْمُسِيءُ قَلِيلًا مَا تَتَذَكَّرُونَ  [ The blind and the seeing are not the same, nor are those who believe and do good deeds equal to the evildoers. How seldom you reflect? ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 059
 
إِنَّ السَّاعَةَ لَآَتِيَةٌ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهَا وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ  [ Surely, the Hour (Day of Judgment) is coming and there is no doubt about it, yet most people do not believe.]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 060
 
إِوَقَالَ رَبُّكُمُ ادْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِي سَيَدْخُلُونَ جَهَنَّمَ دَاخِرِينَ   [ Your Lord has ordained, 'Call upon Me, I will accept your supplication. Surely those who are too proud to worship Me will enter Hell, fully humbled.']
 
From the above verse it is clear that all supplications are accepted by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).  But, there are different ways how these supplications are granted.
(i) If the supplication is as per the grand scheme of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in this Cosmos and the time is appropriate for the servant, his supplication is granted immediately.
 
(ii) Sometimes the supplication is granted after some delay when the time is appropriate. 
 
(iii) Sometimes a  thing is rewarded to the servant which is better than what he had supplicated for.
 
(iv) If the supplication is not to be granted in his life, the servant will be rewarded a lot of bounties on the day of resurrection for all his supplications that were not be granted in this world.  Looking at the bounties, the servant will say that 'I wish none of my prayers were granted in that world'.
 
It is in Hadith -  It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'There is no Muslim who does not offer any du’a in which there is no sin or severing of family ties but Allah will give him one of three things in return, (i) either He will answer his du’a sooner, (ii) or he will store it up for him in the Hereafter, (iii) or He will divert an equivalent evil away from him because of it.' They said : 'We will do a lot of du’a'. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said said, 'Allah is more generous.'  (Ahmad)
 
It is in Hadith - 'Nothing can change the Divine decree except dua'.  (Musnad Ahmad, Ibn Majah, Jami At-Tirmidhi )
 
It is in Hadith -  'No precaution can protect against the decree of Allah. Dua is beneficial with regard to what has been decreed and what has not been decreed. The dua meets the calamity that has been decreed and wrestles with it, until the Day of Resurrection.' (Tabarani)
 
The meanings of the above two Ahadith are, it is already in the Divine decree that if the people sincerely pray,  to avoid the calamity by turning towards their Lord, the calamity will not happen. And if they remain in their evil conduct, forgetting about their Lord, the calamity will sure struck them. 
 
(v) The best way to supplicate is, pray Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ),  'O My Lord, you know my difficulty and hardship, and You are the one who alleviate  the hardships of your servants.  I sincerely pray for your forgiveness for my sins, I know,  and I do not know.  I seek your pardon from the waseelah of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and all your beloved servants in both the worlds.'  Say Ameen, and recite durood.
 
It is in Quran -  وَيَسْتَجِيبُ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَيَزِيدُهُمْ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَالْكَافِرُونَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ  [ He answers the prayers of those who believe and do good deeds and gives them even more out of His bounty. As for the unbelievers, they shall have severe punishment.  ]  (Ash-Shura - 26)
 
(vi) Supplications of disbelievers are also granted by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) whenever they are in distress.  But the problem with the disbelievers is that as soon as the difficulty is removed from them, they give the credit to the their false gods, thereby plunging more into the darkness of faithlessness. This is the reason they do not get any share of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) mercy in Hereafter.
 
It is in Quran -  وَلَئِنْ أَذَقْنَاهُ رَحْمَةً مِنَّا مِنْ بَعْدِ ضَرَّاءَ مَسَّتْهُ لَيَقُولَنَّ هَذَا لِي وَمَا أَظُنُّ السَّاعَةَ قَائِمَةً وَلَئِنْ رُجِعْتُ إِلَى رَبِّي إِنَّ لِي عِنْدَهُ لَلْحُسْنَى فَلَنُنَبِّئَنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِمَا عَمِلُوا وَلَنُذِيقَنَّهُمْ مِنْ عَذَابٍ غَلِيظٍ [ And if We let them taste a mercy from Us after being touched with adversity, they will certainly say, 'This is what I deserve. I do not think the Hour will (ever) come. And if in fact I am returned to my Lord, the finest reward with Him will definitely be mine.' But We will surely inform the disbelievers of what they used to do. And We will certainly make them taste a harsh torment. ] (Fussilat - 50)
 
The disbelievers' assertions mentioned in the above verse are because of their worldly prosperity.  They think that their worldly affluence and riches is the testimony that they are on the right path.   
 
(vii) Similar is the state of the followers of deviant sects Kharijis, Salafis, Deobandis, their sub groups and like minded people who claim that their prosperity in this world is the sign that they are on the right path.  However, when they are in distress, or a Jinn/devil overtakes one of their people, they turn towards Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and visit the graves of Awliya Allah for their help in getting rid of the evil.  Once it is removed, they again start talking blasphemy against the prophets, Awliya Allah and stop Muslims from the right path of Islam.  It is obvious that the followers of these sects also do not get any share of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Mercy in Hereafter for their wrongful beliefs.     

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 061
 
اللَّهُ الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ اللَّيْلَ لِتَسْكُنُوا فِيهِ وَالنَّهَارَ مُبْصِرًا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَذُو فَضْلٍ عَلَى النَّاسِ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَشْكُرُونَ  [ It is Allah who has made the night for you so that you may rest in it,  and the day for you to see (and earn your living).  Truly, Allah is Bountiful to mankind, yet most people are ungrateful.]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 062
 
ذَلِكُمُ اللَّهُ رَبُّكُمْ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ فَأَنَّى تُؤْفَكُونَ  [ That is Allah, your Lord, the Creator of all things, there is no one worthy of worship but He, how then you are turned away (from Him)? ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 063
 
كَذَلِكَ يُؤْفَكُ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا بِآَيَاتِ اللَّهِ يَجْحَدُونَ  [ This is how those who deny the signs of Allah turn away. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 064
 
اللَّهُ الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ قَرَارًا وَالسَّمَاءَ بِنَاءً وَصَوَّرَكُمْ فَأَحْسَنَ صُوَرَكُمْ وَرَزَقَكُمْ مِنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ ذَلِكُمُ اللَّهُ رَبُّكُمْ فَتَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ رَبُّ الْعَالَمِينَ  [ It is Allah Who has made for you the earth a place of residence,  and the sky as a canopy, has given you shape and made your shapes good looking and has provided you with good things. That is Allah, your Lord, then blessed be Allah, the Lord of the worlds. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 065
 
هُوَ الْحَيُّ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ فَادْعُوهُ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ  [ He is the Living, there is no god but He, so call on Him, and dedicate your religion entirely to Him.  Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 066
 
قُلْ إِنِّي نُهِيتُ أَنْ أَعْبُدَ الَّذِينَ تَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ لَمَّا جَاءَنِيَ الْبَيِّنَاتُ مِنْ رَبِّي وَأُمِرْتُ أَنْ أُسْلِمَ لِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ  [ Say, (O Prophet  ﷺ), 'I have been forbidden to worship those (idols) you worship besides Allah, since clear proofs have come to me from my Lord.   And I have been commanded to submit to the Lord of all worlds.' ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 067
 
هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ مِنْ نُطْفَةٍ ثُمَّ مِنْ عَلَقَةٍ ثُمَّ يُخْرِجُكُمْ طِفْلًا ثُمَّ لِتَبْلُغُوا أَشُدَّكُمْ ثُمَّ لِتَكُونُوا شُيُوخًا وَمِنْكُمْ مَنْ يُتَوَفَّى مِنْ قَبْلُ وَلِتَبْلُغُوا أَجَلًا مُسَمًّى وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ  [ It is He who created you from dust, then from a drop of semen, then from a tiny clinging form, then He brought you forth as infants, then He allowed you to reach maturity, then He let you grow old, though some of you die sooner, and reach your appointed term, so that you may understand (the reality of life). ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 068
 
هُوَ الَّذِي يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ فَإِذَا قَضَى أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ  [ It is He who gives life and death.  When He decides (to create) a thing, He simply says, 'Be', and 'it is' (comes into existence). ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 069
 
أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي آَيَاتِ اللَّهِ أَنَّى يُصْرَفُونَ  [ Do you not see how those who argue about the revelations of Allah turn away from the Right Path? ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 070
 
الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِالْكِتَابِ وَبِمَا أَرْسَلْنَا بِهِ رُسُلَنَا فَسَوْفَ يَعْلَمُونَ  [ Those who have rejected the book, and that which We revealed to Our Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), would soon come to know, ]
 
 
Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 071
 
إِذِ الْأَغْلَالُ فِي أَعْنَاقِهِمْ وَالسَّلَاسِلُ يُسْحَبُونَ  [ when shackles will be around their necks and chains (on their legs). They will be dragged, ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 072
 
فِي الْحَمِيمِ ثُمَّ فِي النَّارِ يُسْجَرُونَ  [ in boiling water, and are then thrown into the Fire, where they will be consumed. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 073
 
ثُمَّ قِيلَ لَهُمْ أَيْنَ مَا كُنْتُمْ تُشْرِكُونَ  [ It will then be said to them, 'Where are those (associates) whom you used to consider divine, ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 074
 
مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ قَالُوا ضَلُّوا عَنَّا بَلْ لَمْ نَكُنْ نَدْعُواْ مِنْ قَبْلُ شَيْئًا كَذَلِكَ يُضِلُّ اللَّهُ الْكَافِرِينَ [ besides Allah?' They will answer : 'They have forsaken us, now we have come to know that those to whom we used to invoke, were in fact nothing.'   Thus Allah confounds the disbelievers. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 075
 
ذَلِكُمْ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَفْرَحُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَبِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَمْرَحُونَ [ It will be said : 'You have met this fate because during your life on earth, you took delight in things other than the truth and you led a wanton life.' ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 076
 
ادْخُلُوا أَبْوَابَ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا فَبِئْسَ مَثْوَى الْمُتَكَبِّرِينَ [ 'Enter the gates of Hell, to stay there forever. What an evil home for the arrogant!' ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 077
 
فَاصْبِرْ إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ فَإِمَّا نُرِيَنَّكَ بَعْضَ الَّذِي نَعِدُهُمْ أَوْ نَتَوَفَّيَنَّكَ فَإِلَيْنَا يُرْجَعُونَ [ So be patient, (O Prophet  ﷺ), Allah's promise is true. Whether We let you witness the evil consequences with which they are being warned, or We recall you before We smite them, in any case, they shall all return to Us. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 078
 
وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا رُسُلًا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ قَصَصْنَا عَلَيْكَ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ لَمْ نَقْصُصْ عَلَيْكَ وَمَا كَانَ لِرَسُولٍ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ بِآَيَةٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ فَإِذَا جَاءَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ قُضِيَ بِالْحَقِّ وَخَسِرَ هُنَالِكَ الْمُبْطِلُونَ [ We have sent Apostles before you. Some We have told you about, and others We did not. No Apostle can produce a miracle except with Allah's permission. Then, when Allah's command comes, just judgment will be passed, and those who followed falsehood will be lost,  then and there. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 079
 
اللَّهُ الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَنْعَامَ لِتَرْكَبُوا مِنْهَا وَمِنْهَا تَأْكُلُونَ [ It is Allah Who has made cattle for you so that you may ride on some of them and eat (the meat of) some of them. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 080
 
وَلَكُمْ فِيهَا مَنَافِعُ وَلِتَبْلُغُوا عَلَيْهَا حَاجَةً فِي صُدُورِكُمْ وَعَلَيْهَا وَعَلَى الْفُلْكِ تُحْمَلُونَ [ Also, you find in them (other) benefits. And by means of them you may reach destinations you desire. And you are carried upon (some of) them and upon ships. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 081
 
وَيُرِيكُمْ آَيَاتِهِ فَأَيَّ آَيَاتِ اللَّهِ تُنْكِرُونَ [ And (thus) He shows you His signs. So, which of Allah's signs do you deny? ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 082
 
أَفَلَمْ يَسِيرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ فَيَنْظُرُوا كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ كَانُوا أَكْثَرَ مِنْهُمْ وَأَشَدَّ قُوَّةً وَآَثَارًا فِي الْأَرْضِ فَمَا أَغْنَى عَنْهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ   [ Have they not traveled in the land and seen how was the end of those before them who were far more numerous than they and more strong, and have left behind them traces on the earth.  And yet nothing of what they did profited them. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 083
 
فَلَمَّا جَاءَتْهُمْ رُسُلُهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ فَرِحُوا بِمَا عِنْدَهُمْ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ وَحَاقَ بِهِمْ مَا كَانُوا بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِءُونَ  [ When their Apostles came to them with clear proofs, they were prideful in whatever (worldly) knowledge they had, and were (ultimately) overwhelmed by what they used to ridicule. ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 084
 
فَلَمَّا رَأَوْا بَأْسَنَا قَالُوا آَمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَحْدَهُ وَكَفَرْنَا بِمَا كُنَّا بِهِ مُشْرِكِينَ  [ So when they saw Our punishment, they said : 'We believe in Allah alone and reject all what we associated as partners with Him.' ]

 

Juz 24, Ghafir, Verse 085
 
فَلَمْ يَكُ يَنْفَعُهُمْ إِيمَانُهُمْ لَمَّا رَأَوْا بَأْسَنَا سُنَّةَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي قَدْ خَلَتْ فِي عِبَادِهِ وَخَسِرَ هُنَالِكَ الْكَافِرُونَ  [ But after seeing Our punishment, their professing the faith (of Islam) was of no use to them; such was the practice of Allah in dealing with His servants in the past, and thus the disbelievers were lost. ]

 

 

 

RELATED READING

 

Juz 24.1  Faman Athlamu

Juz 24.2  Faman Athlamu

Juz 24.3  Faman Athlamu

Juz 24.6  Faman Athlamu