LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
  

JUZ 24.5  FAMAN ATHLAMU  (فَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ)

 

 

سورة فصلت

EXPLAINED IN DETAIL
 

Fussilat| Sura # 41| 54 Verses | Makkan

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful
 
 
 
 
Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 001
 
حم  [ Ha-meem ]
 
'Ha-meem'  is known as ‘Solemn Verse' (Ayat-e-Muqatta'at - آیتِ مقطعات). 
 
Fourteen Arabic alphabets have been used, in varied combinations,  in  14 ‘Solemn Verses' (Ayaat-e-Muqatta'at - آیاتِ مقطعات) in the form of initials  of  29 Chapters (سورة) of holy Quran.   Ha-meem ( حم )  is one of them.
 
Since Quran is 'Mubeen' (الْمُبِينِ);  its description is clear and manifest. The meanings of all the verses of Quran, including  'Solemn Verses' (آیاتِ مقطعات) are surely known to its principle addressee, ie., Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  It is also likely that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has informed the meanings of these Verses to some of his Sahabah and  Awliya Allah.
 
We believe  in whatever is meant by the 'Solemn Verses' (آیاتِ مقطعات) by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  
 
Since we have been commanded to read the Quran carefully and try to understand the significance of every verse of the Quran, we do ponder over these verses.  And when we think, by focusing our attention towards Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for guidance,  it comes to our mind that the 'Solemn Verses' (آیاتِ مقطعات) are actually the 'Solemn Titles of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) given by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) throughout the Quran.  Our understanding is based on the fact that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has addressed Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in the Quran by specific names, like Muzzammil (مزمل - O' beloved who covers self  in a coverlet), Muddassir (مدثر  -  O' beloved, who covers self in a bed sheet).  With this understanding, it is most likely that  Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) other names / titles  have been mentioned in Quran  by denoting certain initials/alphabets.

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 002
 
تَنْزِيلٌ مِنَ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ [ (This is) a revelation from the Most Compassionate, Most Merciful. ]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 003
 
كِتَابٌ فُصِّلَتْ آَيَاتُهُ قُرْآَنًا عَرَبِيًّا لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ [ A book whose verses are distinct and described in detail. The Quran is (revealed) in the Arabic language for the people who know. ]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 004
 
بَشِيرًا وَنَذِيرًا فَأَعْرَضَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ فَهُمْ لَا يَسْمَعُونَ [ It bears the good news and also warns.  But most of them turn away. They (just) do not listen. ]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 005
 
وَقَالُوا قُلُوبُنَا فِي أَكِنَّةٍ مِمَّا تَدْعُونَا إِلَيْهِ وَفِي آَذَانِنَا وَقْرٌ وَمِنْ بَيْنِنَا وَبَيْنِكَ حِجَابٌ فَاعْمَلْ إِنَّنَا عَامِلُونَ  [ They say : 'Our hearts are covered (screened) from that to which you invite us, there is deafness in our ears and there is a screen between us and you; so you work (your way) and surely we are working (our way).' ]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 006
 
قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُكُمْ يُوحَى إِلَيَّ أَنَّمَا إِلَهُكُمْ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ فَاسْتَقِيمُوا إِلَيْهِ وَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ وَوَيْلٌ لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ  [ Say (O Prophet  ﷺ) : 'I am human being like yourselves. It is revealed to me that your God is One God, therefore take the Right Path towards Him and implore for His forgiveness. Woe to the idol worshipers  (who associate other gods with Allah). ] 

We will discuss here briefly about  the meaning of - قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُكُمْ  [ Say (O Prophet  ﷺ), 'I am human being 'like yourselves'. ]

There is a difference between saying - قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ   [ Say (O Prophet  ﷺ), 'I am human being];  and -  قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُكُمْ  [ Say (O Prophet  ﷺ), 'I am human being 'like yourselves'. ]

The above verse describes  بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْIf Allah  (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) wanted to emphasize on the ordinary human aspect of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the above verse could have beenقُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ [ Say (O' Prophet ﷺ) I am a human being)].  But in this verse, there is an addition of word مِّثْلُكُمْ, meaning like you in looks or in the pattern of general human beings.

By adding the word مِّثْلُكُمْ, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is emphasizing the distinction of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) from general  human beings. This aspect is made clear from the rest of the verse  يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ  ( I am the Apostle of Allah which makes me distinct from all of you). Our understanding of this verse is also supported from the many Quranic verses and Ahadith.  

It is in Quran - قَدْ جَاءَكُم مِّنَ اللَّهِ نُورٌ وَكِتَابٌ مُّبِينٌ  (From Allah has come to you a Light and a Book manifest.) (Al-Maida - 15). 

The above verse is very clear in describing Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as 'Noor from Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).  In the exegesis (Tafseer) of the above verse, many well known  Ulema have confirmed that the  'light'  refers to Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

It is in Hadith - Narrated by Ibn Omer, Abu Huraira and Anas (رضئ اللھ تعالی عنہم اجمعین). Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) kept fast after fast, sometimes 5 days in a row.  Sahabah tried to emulate (follow his practice), but realized it was not possible.  Prophet Mohammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم told his companions,  ‘I am not like you. I live with my Sustainer  who feeds and provides me with drink. (Bukhari, Muslim). 

Three things are established from the above Hadith.

(i) He is not like any normal human being. He is placed at an exalted state ‘Maqaam-e-Mahmood’ as described in verse أَن يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَّحْمُودًا  ( Allah  will raise you to the highest place of  praise and glory ) (Al-Isra - 79). 

(ii) Bodily he lives in this world, but spiritually he lives with His Sustainer.
 
(iii) Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) provides him with special spiritual food and drink.

The Quran is full of the descriptions of exclusive features of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  We need to take all these verses into consideration to understand the fact of Prophet Mohammad (حقيقتِ محمدي صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

Those who focus their attention on the physical body of Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) they lose sight of the distinctive aspect of Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and start equating him with normal (sinful) human beings and ensure their permanent home in Hell.  Christians did the same mistake. They focused too much attention on the Spiritual aspect of Prophet Isa ( علیھ السلا م) and his miraculous birth and started claiming him to be 'Son of God'.    

The problem with deviant sects like Kharijis, Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups is that the things which are visible to the normal physical eyes are also ignored by them. They do not pay attention to the fact that there is a commonality which is common in two things, but it is the distinction which is the deciding factor of excellence.

They should know that between human being and animals there are many commonalities. The animals are living beings, they eat and they reproduce their species. These are commonalities between animals and human beings. But the distinction between the two is that the human beings are crowned with common sense, intelligence, therefore, they are made masters of the world.

They should know that there are many commonalities between believers and non-believers as well.  The distinction between the two is the Islamic faith.   Because of this distinction, one will go the Paradise and the other will be burned in Hell fire permanently.  

Makkan apostates like Abu Jahel and others used to say, what is the difference between him (Prophet Mohammad ﷺ) and other people of Makkah, as he lives a life of a normal human being.  The deviant sects follow their example.

It is in Quran -   وَقَالُوا مَالِ هَـٰذَا الرَّسُولِ يَأْكُلُ الطَّعَامَ وَيَمْشِي فِي الْأَسْوَاقِ ۙ لَوْلَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ فَيَكُونَ مَعَهُ نَذِيرًا  [ (the apostates of Makka used to say) ‘What is there in this Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and other people of Makkah, as he lives a life of a normal human being.), he eats food like us and goes to around the markets like us’. (Al-Furqan – 7).

But Sahabah never used to think on these lines and they never compared Prophet Mohammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with normal human beings. They looked at Prophet Mohammad’s  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) life as an absolute miracle of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). To them Prophet Mohammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has been an unusual phenomenon of Allah’s (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) omnipotence.

It is in Hadith -  Miswar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  narrate the account of the treaty of Al-Hudaibiya in which Urwa came to Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to negotiate its terms and when returned to his people and said, 'O people! By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) I have been to the kings and to Caesar, Khosrau and An-Najashi, yet I have never seen any of them respected by his courtiers as much as Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is respected by his companions.  By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), if he spat, the spittle would fall in the hand of one of them (Sahaba) who would rub it on his face and skin; if he ordered them, they would carry out his order immediately; if he performed ablution, they would struggle to take the remaining water; and when they spoke, they would lower their voices and would not look at his face constantly out of respect." (Bukhari, Ahmad, Tabarani,  Ibn Hibban, Baihaqi, etc.)

It is in Quran – وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ - إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ [ (Prophet Mohammad -صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) does not say anything with his self desire, except that this is the revelation which is coming to him (from Allah).]  (An-Najm – 3-4). 

Prophet Mohammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) represents humanity in all his actions.  He shows happiness on certain things and displeasure on certain things. He shows fore knowledge of certain things and his unawareness of certain things.   He pleads with Almighty for His forgiveness.  He walks in streets like normal human beings.  He fights with infidels along with his companions and sometimes the results of the battles are inconclusive and sometimes he wins.  He becomes concerned when something goes wrong with his family members and his companions and shares happiness with them on happy occasions.

Why it is so? Did you ever think about that?  Read this Quranic verse to understand this phenomenon.

It is in Quran -  لَّقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ [ Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is an exemplary model (for all of you)] (Al-Ahzab – 21).

He is an icon of humanity and of all creations.   Since he is the root of all creations, therefore, whatever form Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) chose for him to manifest, he will show that form’s perfection.   In other words, he is a perfect human being.  Like him there is none.   He represents various facets of humanity at various stages of his life.   Sometimes, he shows utmost humility of a desperate human being and on other occasions, pointing his finger towards the moon splits it into two, which was witnessed by all Quraish.   This miracle is mentioned in Holy Quran as well.

It is in Quran -    اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ - وَإِن يَرَوْا آيَةً يُعْرِضُوا وَيَقُولُوا سِحْرٌ مُّسْتَمِرٌّ [The Hour (the Day of Resurrection) came near and the moon was split.  And if they see any sign, then turn their faces and say this is magic perpetual]. (Al-Qamar -1-2).

It is in Hadith - It is narrated by Ibn Omer, Abu Huraira and  Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). (Prophet Mohammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم   told his companions) ‘I am not like you. I live with my Sustainer (Rabbul Aalameen) who feeds and provides me with drink.’ (Bukhari, Muslim)

It is established from Quran and Ahadith that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the root of all creation

It is in Hadith - It is related that Jābir Ibn  Abd Allah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم),  "O Apostle of Allāh (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) may my father and mother be sacrificed for you, tell me the first thing Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) created before all things.'  The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said:   O' Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), the first thing Allah  (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) created was the light of your Prophet (  صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) from His light. (And everything else was created from that light).  (Part of the Hadith). 

The above Hadith was narrated by Abd al-Razzaq (d. 211 AH) in his Musannaf according to Qastallani in al-Mawahib al-Laduniyya (1:55) and Zarqani in his Sharh al-Mawahib (1:56 of the Matba`a al-amira edition, Cairo). 

There cannot be any doubt as to the reliability of Abd al-Razzaq as a narrator.  Bukhari took 120 narrations from him while  Muslim took 400. 

Biahaqi also narrated the above Hadith with a different wording in "Dala'il al-Nubuwwa, according to Zurqani in his Sharh al-Mawahib (1:56 of the Matba'a al-amira, Cairo).  Also Diyarbakri narrated it in 'Taarikh al-Khamis (1-20). 

The authenticity of the above Hadith is also proved from the following Quranic verses and Ahadith. 

(i) It is in Quran –   يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ شَاهِدًا وَمُبَشِّرًا وَنَذِيرًا - وَدَاعِيًا إِلَى اللَّهِ بِإِذْنِهِ وَسِرَاجًا مُّنِيرًا [ O’ Prophet  ﷺ)! Truly,  We have sent you as a Witness, a Bearer of Glad Tidings and Warner (for the entire Cosmos); and as one who invites to Allah's (Grace) by His consent, and as a lamp spreading light (into the whole cosmos).] (Al - Ahzab 45-46).

The above verse describes Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as 'Lamp spreading light (into the whole cosmos).  He is also referred as a Witness, a bearer of glad tidings and warner to humanity.  A witness is the one who knows about all the physical and spiritual aspects of this cosmos.  

(ii) It is in Quran  -  اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكَاةٍ فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ ۖ الْمِصْبَاحُ فِي زُجَاجَةٍ ۖ الزُّجَاجَةُ كَأَنَّهَا كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّيٌّ يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ زَيْتُونَةٍ لَّا شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَلَا غَرْبِيَّةٍ يَكَادُ زَيْتُهَا يُضِيءُ وَلَوْ لَمْ تَمْسَسْهُ نَارٌ ۚ نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ ۗ يَهْدِي اللَّهُ لِنُورِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ ۗ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الْأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ  [ Allah  is the Light of the Heavens and Earth.  The similitude of His light is as a niche wherein is a lamp.  The lamp is in a glass.  The glass is as it were a shining star. (This lamp is) kindled from a blessed tree, an olive neither of the East nor of the West, whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself) though no fire touched it. Light upon Light (نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ ).  Allah guides to His light whom He will.  And Allah speaks to mankind in allegories, for Allah  is Knower of all things.]  (An-Nur - 35). 

Suyūtī said in al-Riyād al-Aniqa : Ibn Jubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and K'ab al-Āhbar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'What is meant by the second light [in Light upon Light (نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ )] is  Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) (as it is also described in verse Al-Ahzab- 46, above. 

(iii) It is in Quran - قَدْ جَاءَكُم مِّنَ اللَّهِ نُورٌ وَكِتَابٌ مُّبِينٌ  (From Allah has come to you a Light and a Book manifest.) (Al-Maida - 15). 

The above verse is very clear in describing Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as 'Noor from Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).  In the exegesis (Tafseer) of the above verse, many well known  Ulema have confirmed that the  'light'  refers to Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

References - (1) Suyuti in Tafsir al-Jalalayn.   (2) Feruzabadi in the Tafsir Ibn 'Abbas entitled Tanwir al-miqbas (p. 72). (3) Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, in his Tafsir al-kabir (11:189). (4) Qadi Baidawi in his Tafsir entitled Anwar at-Tanzil. (5) Al-Baghawi in his Tafsir entitled Ma`alim at-Tanzil (2:23).  (6) Al-Shirbini in his Tafsir entitled al-Siraj al-Munir (p. 360). (7) The author of Tafsir Abi Sa`ud (4:36). (8) Thana’ullah Pani Pati in his Tafsir al-Mazhari, (3:67). (9) Shaikh Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) in his Tafseer-e-Siddiqui.  (10) Ibn Jarir al-Tabari in his Tafsir jami` al-bayan (6:92)  (11) Al-Khazin in his Tafsir (2:28). (12) Al-Nasafi in his commentary entitled Tafsir Al-Madarik (1:276) and al-Qasimi in his Mahasin at-ta’wil (6:1921). (13) Ahmad al-Sawi in Tafsir al-Jalalayn (1:258). (14) Sayyid Mahmud al-Alusi in his commentary entitled Tafsir Ruh al-Ma`ani (6:97) and many others.   

(iv) It is in Quran -  وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنشَأَكُم مِّن نَّفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ فَمُسْتَقَرٌّ وَمُسْتَوْدَعٌ ۗ قَدْ فَصَّلْنَا الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَفْقَهُونَ  [ And look, He is Who have created you from single soul  (نَّفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ) then there is (for you) a resting-place and a depository; indeed We have detailed our signs  for the people who understand.] (Al-Ana’am – 98).

Some people say that the above verse refers to  Prophet Adam ( علیھ السلا م ). Their contention is true as far as the Human beings are concerned. But as far as the entire creation is concerned, everything in this cosmos was created from the Noor of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). 

(vi) It is in Hadith - Narrated by Abu Hurayrah  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). When Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was asked since how long he is the Prophet, he replied, ‘When Adam (علیھ السلا م ) had not yet had his spirit joined to his body (Tirmidhi).


(vii) It is in Quran –  وَإِذْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ النَّبِيِّينَ لَمَا آتَيْتُكُم مِّن كِتَابٍ وَحِكْمَةٍ ثُمَّ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مُّصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَكُمْ لَتُؤْمِنُنَّ بِهِ وَلَتَنصُرُنَّهُ ۚ قَالَ أَأَقْرَرْتُمْ وَأَخَذْتُمْ عَلَىٰ ذَ‌ٰلِكُمْ إِصْرِي ۖ قَالُوا أَقْرَرْنَا ۚ قَالَ فَاشْهَدُوا وَأَنَا مَعَكُم مِّنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ [ Behold! Allah took the covenant (promise) of (all) the prophets, saying : 'I give you a Book and Wisdom; then comes to you an Apostle (Mohammad – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), confirming what is with you; do you believe in him and render him help.' Allah  said : 'Do you agree, and take this my Covenant as binding on you?' They said : 'We agree.' He said : 'Then bear witness, and I am with you among the witnesses.] (Aal-e-Imran – 81).

(viii) It is in Hadith  - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said 'Allah gives and I distribute'. (Bukhari and Muslim) 

The above Hadith establishes the pivotal and central role of Prophet Mohammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  The process of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) giving and Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) distributing is eternal, from the time this Cosmos came into existence. 

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 007
 
الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ بِالْآَخِرَةِ هُمْ كَافِرُونَ  [ (Those who associate other gods with Allah)  They (also) do not pay Zakat and deny the Hereafter. ]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 008
 
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ  [ As for those who have faith and do righteous deeds, there will be an everlasting reward for them. ]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 009
 
قُلْ أَئِنَّكُمْ لَتَكْفُرُونَ بِالَّذِي خَلَقَ الْأَرْضَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ وَتَجْعَلُونَ لَهُ أَنْدَادًا ذَلِكَ رَبُّ الْعَالَمِينَ [ Ask (them, O Prophet  ﷺ), 'How can you disbelieve in the One Who created the earth in two Days? And how can you set up equals with Him? That is the Lord of all worlds. ]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 010
 
وَجَعَلَ فِيهَا رَوَاسِيَ مِنْ فَوْقِهَا وَبَارَكَ فِيهَا وَقَدَّرَ فِيهَا أَقْوَاتَهَا فِي أَرْبَعَةِ أَيَّامٍ سَوَاءً لِلسَّائِلِينَ  [ He placed firm mountains over it, and He blessed it and apportioned its provisions to all who would seek them, (all) in four days. ]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 011
 
ثُمَّ اسْتَوَى إِلَى السَّمَاءِ وَهِيَ دُخَانٌ فَقَالَ لَهَا وَلِلْأَرْضِ اِئْتِيَا طَوْعًا أَوْ كَرْهًا قَالَتَا أَتَيْنَا طَائِعِينَ   [ Then He turned to the Heaven while it was smoke and said to it and to the earth, 'Come willingly or unwillingly.' They said, 'We come willingly.' ]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 012
 
فَقَضَاهُنَّ سَبْعَ سَمَوَاتٍ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ وَأَوْحَى فِي كُلِّ سَمَاءٍ أَمْرَهَا وَزَيَّنَّا السَّمَاءَ الدُّنْيَا بِمَصَابِيحَ وَحِفْظًا ذَلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ [ So He formed the heaven into seven heavens in two Days, assigning to each its mandate. And We adorned the lowest heaven with (stars like) lamps (for beauty) and for protection. That is the design of the Almighty, All Knowing.']

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 013
 
فَإِنْ أَعْرَضُوا فَقُلْ أَنْذَرْتُكُمْ صَاعِقَةً مِثْلَ صَاعِقَةِ عَادٍ وَثَمُودَ [ Now if they turn away, say to them : 'I have given you warning of a thunderbolt, like the thunderbolt which struck Aad and Thamud.']

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 014
 
إِذْ جَاءَتْهُمُ الرُّسُلُ مِنْ بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوا إِلَّا اللَّهَ قَالُوا لَوْ شَاءَ رَبُّنَا لَأَنْزَلَ مَلَائِكَةً فَإِنَّا بِمَا أُرْسِلْتُمْ بِهِ كَافِرُونَ  [ The Apostles came to them (and told them what lay) ahead of them as well as behind them, and instructed them to worship no one except Allah. But they said, 'Had our Lord wanted this, He would have sent us angels (to preach). We (hereby) reject that which (you claim) has been revealed to you.']

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 015
 
فَأَمَّا عَادٌ فَاسْتَكْبَرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَقَالُوا مَنْ أَشَدُّ مِنَّا قُوَّةً أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّ اللَّهَ الَّذِي خَلَقَهُمْ هُوَ أَشَدُّ مِنْهُمْ قُوَّةً وَكَانُوا بِآَيَاتِنَا يَجْحَدُونَ  [ As for Aa'd, they acted arrogantly throughout the land with no right, boasting, (and saying) 'Who is superior to us in might?' Did they not see that Allah, Who created them, was far superior to them in might?  Still they persisted in denying Our signs.]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 016
 
فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِيحًا صَرْصَرًا فِي أَيَّامٍ نَحِسَاتٍ لِنُذِيقَهُمْ عَذَابَ الْخِزْيِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَلَعَذَابُ الْآَخِرَةِ أَخْزَى وَهُمْ لَا يُنْصَرُونَ  [ So We sent a screaming wind upon them for a few miserable days to make them taste the punishment of disgrace in this worldly life; but the punishment of the Hereafter will be more humiliating, and they will not be helped.]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 017
 
وَأَمَّا ثَمُودُ فَهَدَيْنَاهُمْ فَاسْتَحَبُّوا الْعَمَى عَلَى الْهُدَى فَأَخَذَتْهُمْ صَاعِقَةُ الْعَذَابِ الْهُونِ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ  [ As for Thamud, We guided them, but they preferred blindness over guidance, so the thunderbolt of humiliating punishment seized them, just as they deserved.]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 018
 
وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ  [ But We saved those who believed and feared Allah.]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 019
 
وَيَوْمَ يُحْشَرُ أَعْدَاءُ اللَّهِ إِلَى النَّارِ فَهُمْ يُوزَعُونَ  [ Imagine that Day when the enemies of Allah will be brought together and led to the Hellfire in groups.]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 020
 
حَتَّى إِذَا مَا جَاءُوهَا شَهِدَ عَلَيْهِمْ سَمْعُهُمْ وَأَبْصَارُهُمْ وَجُلُودُهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ [ When they reach it, their ears, eyes, and skin will testify against what they used to do. ]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 021
 
وَقَالُوا لِجُلُودِهِمْ لِمَ شَهِدْتُمْ عَلَيْنَا قَالُوا أَنْطَقَنَا اللَّهُ الَّذِي أَنْطَقَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ وَهُوَ خَلَقَكُمْ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ [ And they will ask their skins : 'Why did you testify against us?' Their skins will reply : 'Allah Who gives the faculty of speech to everything, has made us speak.  He is the One Who created you to begin with, and now to Him you are being brought back. ]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 022
 
وَمَا كُنْتُمْ تَسْتَتِرُونَ أَنْ يَشْهَدَ عَلَيْكُمْ سَمْعُكُمْ وَلَا أَبْصَارُكُمْ وَلَا جُلُودُكُمْ وَلَكِنْ ظَنَنْتُمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَعْلَمُ كَثِيرًا مِمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ [ 'During your life on earth you used to hide yourselves while committing crimes, you never thought that your own ears, your own eyes and your own skins would ever testify against you. Rather you thought that even Allah had no knowledge of many things that you do.' ]

 

Juz 24, Fussilat, Verse 023
 
وَذَلِكُمْ ظَنُّكُمُ الَّذِي ظَنَنْتُمْ بِرَبِّكُمْ أَرْدَاكُمْ فَأَصْبَحْتُمْ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ [ ' It is this notion you had of your Lord that caused your ruin, and you are lost.' ]

 

  

 

RELATED READING

 

Juz 24.1  Faman Athlamu

Juz 24.2  Faman Athlamu

Juz 24.3  Faman Athlamu

Juz 24.4  Faman Athlamu

Juz 24.6  Faman Athlamu