LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
  

JUZ 27.4  QALA FAMA KHATBUKUM (قَالَ فَمَا خَطْبُكُمْ)

 

 

سورة النجم

THE STAR
 

An-Najm| Sura # 53| 62 Verses | Makkan

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful
 
Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 001
 
وَالنَّجْمِ إِذَا هَوَى [ By the star when it sets, ]
 
Whenever Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says 'By something', it means that He is swearing by that thing to emphasize the importance of the matter described.
 
 
Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 002
 
مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمْ وَمَا غَوَى [ Your companion (Apostle Muhammad ﷺ) neither erred intentionally not unintentionally,  ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 003
 
وَمَا يَنْطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَى [ And he does he speak of (his own) desire. ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 004
 
إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَى [ It is the  revelation revealed (to him). ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 005
 
عَلَّمَهُ شَدِيدُ الْقُوَى [ The Mighty in power (Allah) has taught him (Prophet Mohammad – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) the knowledge. ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 006
 
ذُو مِرَّةٍ فَاسْتَوَى [ So (equipped), he stood well poised.  ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 007
 
وَهُوَ بِالْأُفُقِ الْأَعْلَى [ (With the perfect vision attained) at the highest horizon. ]
 
 
Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 008
 
ثُمَّ دَنَا فَتَدَلَّى   Then he (the Prophet ﷺ) approached closer and hung (by Allah). ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 009
 
فَكَانَ قَابَ قَوْسَيْنِ أَوْ أَدْنَى  [ Then (both) closed up like two bows, and indeed more closely. ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 010
 
فَأَوْحَى إِلَى عَبْدِهِ مَا أَوْحَى  [ And He revealed to His servant (Prophet Mohammad  ﷺ) what He wanted to reveal. ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 011
 
مَا كَذَبَ الْفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَى  [ The heart of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  did not distrust what he saw. ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 012
 
أَفَتُمَارُونَهُ عَلَى مَا يَرَى  [ Will you people wrangle over what he beheld (saw). ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 013
 
وَلَقَدْ رَآَهُ نَزْلَةً أُخْرَى   For indeed he beheld Him (Allah) yet again. ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 014
 
عِنْدَ سِدْرَةِ الْمُنْتَهَى Near the 'Lote' tree lying farthest beyond which no one can go. ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 015
 
عِنْدَهَا جَنَّةُ الْمَأْوَى   Lying close to the Heaven of Rest. ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 016
 
إِذْ يَغْشَى السِّدْرَةَ مَا يَغْشَى  [ When the 'Lote' tree was being enveloped by what it was to be enveloped with,  (a mystery not disclosed). ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 017
 
مَا زَاغَ الْبَصَرُ وَمَا طَغَى [ His (Prophet Mohammad's  ﷺ) sight did not blink or did it miss anything. ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 018
 
لَقَدْ رَأَى مِنْ آَيَاتِ رَبِّهِ الْكُبْرَى [ Indeed he (the Prophet ﷺ) saw clearly the greatest of the signs of his Lord ]
 
 
The above verses 1-18 are related to the night of ascension (M'eraj) of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)
 
There are differences of opinions among scholars whether Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) during Me'raj.
 
Verse # 12 above -   مَا كَذَبَ ٱلۡفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَىٰٓ [ Will you people wrangle over what he beheld (saw)],  indicates that there were some differences of opinion even among Sahabah as to what was witnessed by Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on the night of ascension?  Some thought it was  Jibril (عليه السلام).
 
However, the statement of  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in verse 10 aboveفَأَوۡحَىٰٓ إِلَىٰ عَبۡدِهِۦ مَآ أَوۡحَىٰ  [ He revealed to His Servant],   clearly shows that the conversation is between Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); meaning Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) appeared to Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in order to grant him revelation. The text does not say that Jibril (عليه السلام) appeared to Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  If we take Jibril (عليه السلام), in place of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in the above verse, it will mean that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the Servant of Jibril (عليه السلام) (Nauzubillahi), which is not correct.
It is in Hadith - Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) on the 'Night of Ascension  ( Sahih Muslim)
 
We have discuss briefly the differences of opinions of Sahaba and Imams in this regard.

It is in Hadith - Narrated by Masruq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) - I said to Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), "O' Mother! Did Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) see his Lord?" Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said, "What you have said makes my hair stand on end! Know that if somebody tells you one of the following, he is a liar.

Whoever tells you that Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw his Lord, is a liar.  Then Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) recited this verse  لَّا تُدۡرِڪُهُ ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ وَهُوَ يُدۡرِكُ ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرَ‌ۖ [ Peoples' eyes (be it physical eyes or heart eyes)  cannot see Him. He sees their eyes (them).] (Al-An'aam - 103). ;   and this verse -  "وَمَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَن يُكَلِّمَهُ ٱللَّهُ إِلَّا وَحۡيًا أَوۡ مِن وَرَآىِٕ حِجَابٍ  [It is not fitting for a human being that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) should speak to him except by inspiration, or from behind a veil.] (Ash-Shura - 51). (Part of the Hadith) (Bukhari, Muslim)

Read carefully the above Hadith.  Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) is not narrating a Hadith, rather  she is clarifying the meanings of the verses of Quran and the reasons for her observations on a narration (Hadith).  What  Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)  is referring is Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Absolute Existence which cannot be seen by anyone and therefore she is quoting the verses of Quran that negate sighting of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) absolute existence.  Nothing can encompass Zaat-e-Elahi.

Look at the following Ahadith that confirm sighting of Allah's manifestations in (i)  Tajalli-e-Zaati (Light of His Knowledge), and (ii) Tajalli-e- Sifaati (His attributes Refulgence)

It is in Hadith - Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said - I saw my Lord, the Exalted and Glorious in the most beautiful form.  Akrama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, on this  I submitted,  does not Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) say  that “Peoples’ eyes cannot perceive Him.  He perceives their eyes.”, then  Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, Hey ’ this is true when Allah’s (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) refulgence (Tajalli) is from the divine light which is the 'Light of His Unity' (Tajalli-e-Zaati). Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  has seen his Sustainer (Rab) twice”. (Tirmidhi).
 

It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  - I asked the Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) - Did you see your Lord?  He (the Prophet - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said  "He is light  نُور, I saw Him.] (Muslim, Book # 1, Hadith # 341).

What is light of Unity?  It is His knowledge.  It is important to note that Allah's light ( نُور )  is within his Zaat.  It is not that Zaat-e-Elahi is within His light ( نُور ). We cannot confine Zaat-e-Elahi into His own light, ( نُور ) or into a form,  shape, or body;  exclusively, divine or creature like.  If you do that, it will be shirk.

It is in Quran -   ٱللَّهُ نُورُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ  [Allah is the light (existence) of the Heavens and Earth’.]  (An-Noor -35).

It is in Quran – Indeed he (Prophet Mohammad) saw clearly the greatest of the Signs (manifestations) of his Lord  (during Me'araj)’.  (An-Najm – 18).
 
Bayhaqi narrated a Hadith with a sound chain - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said  'I saw my Lord ( in al-Asma' wa al-Sifat) in the form of a curly-haired, beardless young man wearing a green robe'.
Thus, Sahaba and Imams rightly said that Zaat-e-Elahi (the absolute existence of Allah) cannot be encompassed by human beings from the physical or spiritual eyes.  However  Sighting of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Tajalli-e-Zaati is  ( نُور ) formless light.  And  sighting of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Tajalli-e-Asma wo Sifaat  can be witnessed in the shape of His creatures.  Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) witnessed Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in both;  Tajalli-e-Zaati  ( نُور ),  and  Tajalli-e-Asma was Sifaat  -  in the shape of His creatures.  
 
 
Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 019
 
أَفَرَأَيْتُمُ اللَّاتَ وَالْعُزَّى [ Have you, (O' Idolaters), considered (the reality of) 'Laat' and 'Uzza (the false goddesses of Makkan pagans)? ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 020
 
وَمَنَاةَ الثَّالِثَةَ الْأُخْرَى [ And the third, the 'Manaat' (the other false goddess)?]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 021
 
أَلَكُمُ الذَّكَرُ وَلَهُ الْأُنْثَى [ Are you (O' Makkan pagans) to have sons, and He (Allah)  the daughters?]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 022
 
تِلْكَ إِذًا قِسْمَةٌ ضِيزَى [ This is, of course, an unfair allocation!]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 023
 
إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا أَسْمَاءٌ سَمَّيْتُمُوهَا أَنْتُمْ وَآَبَاؤُكُمْ مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ بِهَا مِنْ سُلْطَانٍ إِنْ يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَمَا تَهْوَى الْأَنْفُسُ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَهُمْ مِنْ رَبِّهِمُ الْهُدَى [ These (idols) are mere names that you and your forefathers have made up, a practice Allah has never authorized. They follow nothing but (inherited) assumptions and self desires, although (true) guidance has already come to them from their Lord. ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 024
 
أَمْ لِلْإِنْسَانِ مَا تَمَنَّى [ Or should every person (simply) have whatever (intercessors/personal idols) they desire?]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 025
 
فَلِلَّهِ الْآَخِرَةُ وَالْأُولَى [ Nay! To Allah belongs the Hereafter and this present life.]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 026
 
وَكَمْ مِنْ مَلَكٍ فِي السَّمَوَاتِ لَا تُغْنِي شَفَاعَتُهُمْ شَيْئًا إِلَّا مِنْ بَعْدِ أَنْ يَأْذَنَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَيَرْضَى  [ How many are the angels in the heavens; yet their intercession can avail none unless Allah gives them permission in favor of whom He wants and is pleased with.]
 
The above verse describes that on the day of Resurrection, the intercession will be done not only by prophets, Awliya Allah, but also by angels.

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 027
 
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآَخِرَةِ لَيُسَمُّونَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ تَسْمِيَةَ الْأُنْثَى [ Those who do not believe in the Hereafter give the angels names of females,]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 028
 
وَمَا لَهُمْ بِهِ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِنْ يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَإِنَّ الظَّنَّ لَا يُغْنِي مِنَ الْحَقِّ شَيْئًا [ although they have no knowledge (in support) of this. They follow nothing but (inherited) assumptions. And surely assumptions can in no way replace the truth.]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 029
 
فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْ مَنْ تَوَلَّى عَنْ ذِكْرِنَا وَلَمْ يُرِدْ إِلَّا الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا [ So ( O' Prophet ﷺ) ignore the ones who turn away from Our reminder (the Quran), and desire only the life of this world. ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 030
 
ذَلِكَ مَبْلَغُهُمْ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ ضَلَّ عَنْ سَبِيلِهِ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنِ اهْتَدَى [ This is the farthest limit of their knowledge. Surely your Lord alone knows best who has strayed away from the path and who has come to guidance. ]

 

Juz 27, An-Najm, Verse 031
 
وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ لِيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ أَسَاءُوا بِمَا عَمِلُوا وَيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا بِالْحُسْنَى [ To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth.  He will punish those who do evil in accordance with their deeds, and He will bestow rewards on those who are righteous. ]

 

 

 

RELATED READING

 

Juz 27.1  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.2  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.3  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.5  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.6  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.7  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.8  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.9  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.10  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.11  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.12  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.13  Qala Fama Khatbukum