LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
  

JUZ 27.6  QALA FAMA KHATBUKUM (قَالَ فَمَا خَطْبُكُمْ)

 

 

سورة القمر

THE STAR
 

Al-Qamar| Sura # 54| 55 Verses | Makkan

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful
 
 
Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 001
 
اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانْشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ [ The Hour draws near; the moon is split in two.]
  
 
Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 002
 
وَإِنْ يَرَوْا آَيَةً يُعْرِضُوا وَيَقُولُوا سِحْرٌ مُسْتَمِرٌّ [ Yet when they see a sign, the unbelievers turn their backs and say, 'This is an ingenious magic.']

The miracle of the splitting of the moon occurred in Makka before Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) immigrated to Madina.  Many Sahabah, like Ali bin Abi Talib, Anas bin Malik,  Huzaifa bin Yaman, Abdullah bin Masud, Abdullah bin Abbas, Abdullah bin Umar, Jubair bin Mutim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين) have narrated about this event in many Ahadith.  

It is reported that Makkan Polytheists like Walid bin Mughira, Abu Jahl, A'as bin Wail, Aas bin Hisham, Aswad bin Yaghus, Aswad bin Muttalib, Zama bin Aswad, Nadr bin Harith, etc.,  demanded the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying that 'If you are a true Prophet of Allah then split the moon in half.  Let it be in such a way that one half will appear over Mount Abu Qubais and the other half will be seen over Mount Quayqian.' The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) asked them, 'if I do that, will you accept Islam'.  They said 'Yes, we will.' Then on the following 14th night moon, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) called all the people of Quraish polytheists and asked them to bear witness to it. He stood at an elevated place for all people to see him,  looked at the Moon, raised his finger and gestured towards it, and Moon got split into two,  and its two halves were seen on the Mounts as requested by the polytheists.  Once everyone had seen it, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) raised his finger and gestured again.  The two halves came together and joined again.

It is in Hadith -  It is narrated on the authority of Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who said that 'the people of Makkah asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to produce a miracle, and he showed them the splitting of the moon into two parts, until they saw (the mount of) Hira between them.'  (Bukhari, Muslim and others)

It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Jubair bin Mut'im (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who said that the moon was split into two during the time of Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); a part of the moon was over one mountain and another part over another mountain. So they said, (Prophet) Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has taken us by his magic.' They then said, `If he was able to take us by magic, he will not be able to do so with all (other) people.'  (Musnad Ahmad, Baihaqi in Dalail.)

When this miracle was witnessed by the Quraish, some said that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has caused a spell on them.  Some others were confused as they thought, if the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had cast a spell on the crowed gathered, then 'let us ask some wayfarers who came to Makka the following day if they had seen two halfs of the moon at night'. They did that and it was confirmed by some wayfarers who happened to see that miracle on their way.  After this, the Polytheists started claiming that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had cast his spell on the sky itself so that whoever in the world looked up, he saw the moon got split into two that night.

The miracles performed by the Prophets are not required to be proven by any means, scientific or otherwise since it is the work of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).  Like the splitting of the water of the Ocean and Musa (عليه السلام) and the children of Israel crossing it on their foot cannot be explained scientifically.

However, modern day space scientists who are associated with the spacecrafts sent to the Moon,  confirm that they found a ‘Belt of Rocks’ in the moon that goes from its outer surface to its inner depths. The geologists associated with these space programs in different countries consider that the rocks on the belt are probably the result of the impact during the time when the two halves of the moon may have split and joined together again.

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 003
 
وَكَذَّبُوا وَاتَّبَعُوا أَهْوَاءَهُمْ وَكُلُّ أَمْرٍ مُسْتَقِرٌّ [ They rejected (the truth), and followed their own whims. All matters will (surely) come to conclusion (at the appropriate time).]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 004
 
وَلَقَدْ جَاءَهُمْ مِنَ الْأَنْبَاءِ مَا فِيهِ مُزْدَجَرٌ [ Stories (of the punishment to earlier people) to warn them have already come, that should have restrained them. ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 005
 
حِكْمَةٌ بَالِغَةٌ فَمَا تُغْنِ النُّذُرُ [ (This Quran is indeed) profound (in) wisdom, but warnings are of no benefit (to the disbelievers). ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 006
 
فَتَوَلَّ عَنْهُمْ يَوْمَ يَدْعُ الدَّاعِ إِلَى شَيْءٍ نُكُرٍ [ So turn away from them (O Prophet  ﷺ). (And wait for) the Day (when) the caller will summon (them) for something horrifying. ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 007
 
خُشَّعًا أَبْصَارُهُمْ يَخْرُجُونَ مِنَ الْأَجْدَاثِ كَأَنَّهُمْ جَرَادٌ مُنْتَشِرٌ [ With downcast eyes, they will emerge from their burial places (graves) as if they were swarming locusts, ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 008
 
مُهْطِعِينَ إِلَى الدَّاعِ يَقُولُ الْكَافِرُونَ هَذَا يَوْمٌ عَسِرٌ [ scrambling towards the Caller. The unbelievers will cry, 'This is a disastrous Day.' ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 009
 
كَذَّبَتْ قَبْلَهُمْ قَوْمُ نُوحٍ فَكَذَّبُوا عَبْدَنَا وَقَالُوا مَجْنُونٌ وَازْدُجِرَ [ Long before them, the people of Nooh (عليه السلام) disbelieved. They rejected Our servant (Prophet Nooh  عليه السلام), called him insane and rebuked him. ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 010
 
فَدَعَا رَبَّهُ أَنِّي مَغْلُوبٌ فَانْتَصِرْ [ So he called upon his Lord, 'I am overwhelmed, (My Lord, kindly) help me. ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 011
 
فَفَتَحْنَا أَبْوَابَ السَّمَاءِ بِمَاءٍ مُنْهَمِرٍ [ So We opened the floodgates of sky with torrential rain, ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 012
 
وَفَجَّرْنَا الْأَرْضَ عُيُونًا فَالْتَقَى الْمَاءُ عَلَى أَمْرٍ قَدْ قُدِرَ [ and caused the earth to burst with springs, so the waters met for a fate already set. ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 013
 
وَحَمَلْنَاهُ عَلَى ذَاتِ أَلْوَاحٍ وَدُسُرٍ [We carried him on that (Ark made) of planks and nails, ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 014
 
تَجْرِي بِأَعْيُنِنَا جَزَاءً لِمَنْ كَانَ كُفِرَ [ floating under Our care, a reward for him (Nooh  عليه السلام) who was rejected (by the disbelievers)! ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 015
 
وَلَقَدْ تَرَكْنَاهَا آَيَةً فَهَلْ مِنْ مُدَّكِرٍ [ We have left that Ark as a sign, so is there any who would take admonition? ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 016
 
فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عَذَابِي وَنُذُرِ [ How dreadful was My punishment and My warning. ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 017
 
وَلَقَدْ يَسَّرْنَا الْقُرْآَنَ لِلذِّكْرِ فَهَلْ مِنْ مُدَّكِرٍ [ And We have indeed made the Quran easy to understand and remember, and is there anyone who will remember (and benefit from it)? ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 018
 
كَذَّبَتْ عَادٌ فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عَذَابِي وَنُذُرِ [ The people of A'ad also rejected the truth. How (dreadful) was My punishment and (the fulfillment of) My warnings! ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 019
 
إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِيحًا صَرْصَرًا فِي يَوْمِ نَحْسٍ مُسْتَمِرٍّ [ We unleashed upon them a screaming wind, on a day of continuous catastrophe, ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 020
 
تَنْزِعُ النَّاسَ كَأَنَّهُمْ أَعْجَازُ نَخْلٍ مُنْقَعِرٍ [ snatching out the people as if they were uprooted stems of date-palms. ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 021
 
فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عَذَابِي وَنُذُرِ [ How dreadful was My punishment and My warning. ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 022
 
وَلَقَدْ يَسَّرْنَا الْقُرْآَنَ لِلذِّكْرِ فَهَلْ مِنْ مُدَّكِرٍ [ And We have indeed made the Quran easy to understand and remember, and is there anyone who will remember (and benefit from it)? ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 023
 
كَذَّبَتْ ثَمُودُ بِالنُّذُرِ [ The people of Thamud rejected the warnings, ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 024
 
فَقَالُوا أَبَشَرًا مِنَّا وَاحِدًا نَتَّبِعُهُ إِنَّا إِذًا لَفِي ضَلَالٍ وَسُعُرٍ [ saying, 'Are we to follow a man who stands alone among us? That would surely be an error and madness. ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 025
 
أَءُلْقِيَ الذِّكْرُ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ بَيْنِنَا بَلْ هُوَ كَذَّابٌ أَشِرٌ [ 'Why should he (Prophet Salih -  عليه السلام) alone from among all of us be chosen to receive the message? He is nothing but a wicked liar.' ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 026
 
سَيَعْلَمُونَ غَدًا مَنِ الْكَذَّابُ الْأَشِرُ [ (It was revealed to Ṣaliḥ  عليه السلام), 'They will  know tomorrow who the boastful liar is.' ]

 

Juz 27, Al-Qamar, Verse 027
 
إِنَّا مُرْسِلُواْ النَّاقَةِ فِتْنَةً لَهُمْ فَارْتَقِبْهُمْ وَاصْطَبِرْ [ We are sending the she-camel as a test for them. Just watch them and be patient. ]

 

 

RELATED READING

 

Juz 27.1  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.2  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.3  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.4  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.5  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.7  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.8  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.9  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.10  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.11  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.12  Qala Fama Khatbukum

Juz 27.13  Qala Fama Khatbukum