LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسَدی

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI
 

BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
 
JUZ 3.1  TILKAR RUSUL (تِلْكَ الرُّسُلُ)
 
 

 

سورة البقرة

The Cow
 

Al-Baqara | Sura # 2| 286 verses | Madinah

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful

 
Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 253
 
تِلْكَ الرُّسُلُ فَضَّلْنَا بَعْضَهُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ كَلَّمَ اللَّهُ وَرَفَعَ بَعْضَهُمْ دَرَجَاتٍ وَآَتَيْنَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَأَيَّدْنَاهُ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ مَا اقْتَتَلَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ وَلَكِنِ اخْتَلَفُوا فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ آَمَنَ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ كَفَرَ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ مَا اقْتَتَلُوا وَلَكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَفْعَلُ مَا يُرِيدُ  [ These are the Apostles to whom We gave special beneficence over one other.  Some are,  with whom Allah spoke, and to some He exalted high above others. And We gave Isa Ibn Maryam (عليه السلام) clear signs and aided him with the Holy Spirit (Hadhrat Iibreel  عليه السلام).  And if Allah willed, those (generations of people) after them would not have fought each other after the clear evidences had come to them, but they differed.  Some remained on faith while others turned disbelievers. Had Allah willed, they would not have fought each other.  But Allah does whatsoever He pleases.]
 
There are status among Prophets and Apostles, who were rewarded with Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) bounties in abundance.  The most exalted status among all,  is of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who is the seal of prophet-hood.  There were clear signs brought to the people from Prophets and Apostles of Allah before Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  The most important was the prophecy of the imminent arrival of  Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who was to be accepted and followed by everyone. 
 
It is in Quran –  وَإِذْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ النَّبِيِّينَ لَمَا آتَيْتُكُم مِّن كِتَابٍ وَحِكْمَةٍ ثُمَّ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مُّصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَكُمْ لَتُؤْمِنُنَّ بِهِ وَلَتَنصُرُنَّهُ ۚ قَالَ أَأَقْرَرْتُمْ وَأَخَذْتُمْ عَلَىٰ ذَ‌ٰلِكُمْ إِصْرِي ۖ قَالُوا أَقْرَرْنَا ۚ قَالَ فَاشْهَدُوا وَأَنَا مَعَكُم مِّنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ [ Behold! Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) took the covenant (promise) of (all) the prophets, saying: "I give you a Book and Wisdom; then comes to you an Apostle (Mohammad – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), confirming what is with you; do you believe in him and render him help." Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) said : "Do you agree, and take this my Covenant as binding on you?" They said : "We agree." He said: "Then bear witness, and I am with you among the witnesses.] (Aal-i-Imran – 81).
 
It is in Hadith -  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) said to Adam (عليه السلام ), O' Adam (علیھ السلا م ) and if it were not for Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ), I would not have created you. [ولولا محمد ما خلقتك] (Mustadrak al-Hakim,  who said it is Sahih).
Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) says that in spite of these clear signs, some people followed their Apostles, while others remained unbelievers.  If they had followed the truthful teachings of their Prophets, they would not have fought among themselves and would have surely accepted Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as the seal of Prophet-hood.
 
The verse ends with the command that 'Had Allah willed, they would not have fought each other.  But Allah does whatsoever He pleases.
 
An important issue has to be understood here.  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) knew all his creatures before their birth.  He knew them as they were and what are their characteristics.  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) knew Horse as Horse, elephant as elephant and human being as human being.  Among Humans, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) knew who is capable to understanding Tawheed, who will follow His prophets and who will reject them.   Thus Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) knowledge is as the per the fact of the creatures.  
 
If you feed a tiger with grass, it will die.  Similarly, if you feed a cow with meat, it will die.  Hidaya will be effective only for those who are capable of understanding it and who were destined to follow it.   Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will not command a virtuous person to steal and kill others. Similarly, an evil nature man will not follow the teachings of  prophets even if you tell him a thousand times about it..  
(i) It is in Quran -  وَقُلِ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ ۖ فَمَن شَاءَ فَلْيُؤْمِن وَمَن شَاءَ فَلْيَكْفُرْ  [ And say (O'Prophet  ﷺ), the truth is from your Lord, so whoever wills - let him believe; and whoever wills - let him disbelieve. ] (Al-Kahf - 29)
 
(ii) It is in Quran - قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَكُمُ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ ۖ فَمَنِ اهْتَدَىٰ فَإِنَّمَا يَهْتَدِي لِنَفْسِهِ ۖ وَمَن ضَلَّ فَإِنَّمَا يَضِلُّ عَلَيْهَا ۖ وَمَا أَنَا عَلَيْكُم بِوَكِيلٍ [ Say (O'Prophet  ﷺ), O' mankind, the truth has come to you from your Lord, so whoever is guided is only guided for  himself, and whoever goes against it, goes astray for himself.  And I (Prophet Mohammad ﷺ) am not responsible for you.
 
(iii) It is in Quran -  إِنَّكَ لَا تَهْدِي مَنْ أَحْبَبْتَ وَلَـٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ [ Indeed, (O' Prophet ﷺ), you do not guide whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He knows who is capable of guidance. ] (Al-Qasas - 56)
 
(iv) It is in Quran -  وَإِنَّكَ لَتَهْدِي إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ [ And indeed, (O Prophet ﷺ), you (are the one who) guide (people) to a straight path.]
 
The above verses clearly indicates that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is a guide for everyone in the world. However, it is up to individuals to accept it or not.  And they do it as per their inbuilt natures.
 
 
Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 254
 
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا أَنْفِقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ يَوْمٌ لَا بَيْعٌ فِيهِ وَلَا خُلَّةٌ وَلَا شَفَاعَةٌ وَالْكَافِرُونَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ   [ O' believers, spend (in charity) from what We have given you before the day arrives on which there will be no trade, and no friendship or intercession (for the disbelievers), and those who are disbelievers,  themselves are unjust.]
 
Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is reminding people towards charity and warning them to acquire the Thawaab before it is too late.  After death and on the Day of Judgment, they will not be able to earn anything beneficial for themselves.  On the Day of Judgment, no intercession will be available for non-believers  because they were unjust during their lives.
It is in Quran -  إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ [ Indeed, Allah does not guide unjust people.] (Al-Maa'ida - 51).
 
 
Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 255
 
اللَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ مَنْ ذَا الَّذِي  يَشْفَعُ عِنْدَهُ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلَّا بِمَا شَاءَ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَلَا يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ   [ Allah : There is no god but He, the living, eternal, self-subsisting, ever sustaining. Neither does slumber come near Him nor sleep. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth.  And who can intercede with Him except by His command? Known to Him is all that is present before men and what is hidden (from them), and not even a little of His knowledge can they grasp except what He wills. His Throne (of Sovereignty) encompasses heavens and the earth; and He does not tire protecting them.  He alone is all High and Supreme. ]
 

Allah is the name of the 'state of Divinity' (مرتبہ الوہیت). In it include all divine names like Rahman, Rahim, Hakim, Samad, etc.  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is independent and other than Him are all dependent upon Him. There is none existing,  other than Him.  No one knows about Him except for what He has described about Himself. We know that He is our creator and  Nothing in this Cosmos can affect Him. No slumber or sleep can come near Him. There is no one who can mediate before Him except from His command.   He knows what in front of people and what is hidden from them.  No one can encircle His knowledge.  He knows about the Cosmos as a whole and has power over individual creatures within it. His micro knowledge covers the Heavens and Earth.  He protects the Cosmos and individuals within it and its protection does not tire Him in any way.   Indeed, He is Magnanimous, Great and Supreme.

The above verse is known as 'verse of Throne' (آية الكرسي).  There are many Ahadith describing its importance.  

It is in Hadith - Ubayy bin Ka`b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) asked him about the greatest Ayah in the Book of Allah, and `Ubayy answered, "Allah and His Apostle know best.'' When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) repeated his question, `Ubayy (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "Ayat Al-Kursi.'' The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commented, لِيَهْنِكَ الْعِلْمُ أَبَا الْمُنْذِرِ، وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ، إِنَّ لَهَا لِسَانًا وَشَفَتَيْنِ، تُقَدِّسُ الْمَلِكَ عِنْدَ سَاقِ الْعَرْش [Congratulations for having knowledge, O Abu Al-Mundhir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)! By He in Whose Hand is my Nafs! This Ayah has a tongue and two lips with which she praises the King (Allah) next to the leg of the Throne.]  (Ahmad, Muslim)
 
Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 256
 
لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ قَدْ تَبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ فَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَى لَا انْفِصَامَ لَهَا وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ [ There is no compulsion in religion; undoubtedly the right path has become distinct from the error; He who turns away from the forces of evil and believes in Allah has grasped a very firm handhold; it will never loosen; and Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing. ]

Even though the entire administration of this Cosmos and of its creatures, individually and collectively, is run by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ),  the servants have been given liberty in the choice of their faith. Therefore, there is no compulsion in religion.  The right path has been explained to the servants in a distinct way and they have also been shown how to differentiate between the right and wrong.  Who turns away from the evil and believes in Allah,  then he has come under His protection.

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 257
 
اللَّهُ وَلِيُّ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا يُخْرِجُهُمْ مِنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَوْلِيَاؤُهُمُ الطَّاغُوتُ يُخْرِجُونَهُمْ مِنَ النُّورِ إِلَى الظُّلُمَاتِ أُولَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ  [ Allah is the Guardian of those who believe, and leads them out of darkness into light; but the patrons of infidels are devils who lead them from light into darkness. They are the residents of Hell, and will remain there for ever. ]
 
Knowledge is light and ignorance is darkness.  The one who does not have Sahih Iman, has no knowledge.  The one who does not have the light of knowledge, he has no escape  from the fire.  A person who does not have Sahih Iman in this world, how will he get salvation in the afterlife?  The punishment for kufr is permanent stay in Hell Fire.   

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 258
 
أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِي حَاجَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ فِي رَبِّهِ أَنْ آَتَاهُ اللَّهُ الْمُلْكَ إِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ رَبِّيَ الَّذِي يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ قَالَ أَنَا أُحْيِي وَأُمِيتُ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْتِي بِالشَّمْسِ مِنَ الْمَشْرِقِ فَأْتِ بِهَا مِنَ الْمَغْرِبِ فَبُهِتَ الَّذِي كَفَرَ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ   [ Did you not see him (O' Prophet  ﷺ) who argued with Ibrahim (عليه السلام) about his Lord because Allah had given him a kingdom?  When Abraham (عليه السلام) said, 'My Lord is the giver of life and death,' he replied, 'I am (also) the giver of life and death.' And Abraham (عليه السلام) said, 'Allah makes the sun rise from the East; so you make it rise from the West', and the infidel was dumbfounded. Allah does not guide who are unjust.]
 
The above verse refers to the debate between Hadhrat Ibrahim (عليه السلام) and King Nimrod who ruled a large Kingdom during Hadhrat Ibrahim's (عليه السلام) time.  It is reported that this episode took place after Hadhrat Ibrahim (عليه السلام)  was thrown in fire by Nimrod and he came out unscathed from it. Some scholars say that this episode took place before Hadhrat Ibrahim (عليه السلام) was thrown in fire. 
 
Nimrod lived for over 800 years and remained King for most of the time.  He used to call himself  God. It is reported that there was a severe drought in Babul, the capital of Nimrod's Kingdom.  People were forced to visit  the King to get some grains.  Everyone who visited him was asked one question.  Who is your lord.  If the person replied, Nimrod was his god, he would get the grains. Hadhrat Ibrahim (عليه السلام) also went to him for grains.  He asked him the same question.  Hadhrat Ibrahim (عليه السلام) replied that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is the God who gives life and death.  On this, Nimrod called two inmate of the prison and killed one and set free the other and claimed that 'I do the same thing'.  On this Hadhrat Ibrahim (عليه السلام) told him that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) makes the sun rise from the East.  If he claims godhood, then let him rise it from the west.  On this, Nimrod was speechless. However, he refused to give him grains.  Hadhrat Ibrahim (عليه السلام) returned back home with his empty bag.  On his way, he filled it with sand and took it home and slept.  When his wife  looked at the bag, she found the bag was full of wheat.  She prepared the bread from it before Hadhrat Ibrahim (عليه السلام) woke up.  Hadhrat Ibrahim (عليه السلام) inquired from where she got the wheat?  She showed him the bag which was filled with wheat.  Ibrahim () understood that it was Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) who turned the sand into wheat.
 
 
Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 259
 
أَوْ كَالَّذِي مَرَّ عَلَى قَرْيَةٍ وَهِيَ خَاوِيَةٌ عَلَى عُرُوشِهَا قَالَ أَنَّى يُحْيِي هَذِهِ اللَّهُ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا فَأَمَاتَهُ اللَّهُ مِاْئَةَ عَامٍ ثُمَّ بَعَثَهُ قَالَ كَمْ لَبِثْتَ قَالَ لَبِثْتُ يَوْمًا أَوْ بَعْضَ يَوْمٍ قَالَ بَلْ لَبِثْتَ مِاْئَةَ عَامٍ فَانْظُرْ إِلَى طَعَامِكَ وَشَرَابِكَ لَمْ يَتَسَنَّهْ وَانْظُرْ إِلَى حِمَارِكَ وَلِنَجْعَلَكَ آَيَةً لِلنَّاسِ وَانْظُرْ إِلَى الْعِظَامِ كَيْفَ نُنْشِزُهَا ثُمَّ نَكْسُوهَا لَحْمًا فَلَمَّا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ قَالَ أَعْلَمُ أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ   [ Or take the (example of the man) who passed by a town which had fallen flat on its roofs (completely destroyed).  He said, “How will Allah bring it to life, after its death?. (Thus) Allah kept him dead for a hundred years, then brought him back to life; He (was asked), 'How long have you stayed here (in this state of death)?'; he replied, 'I may have stayed for a day or little less'; Allah said, 'In fact, you have spent a hundred years (in that state).  Look at your food and drink which (is fresh and) do not even smell stale; and look at your donkey whose bones ( after its death and decomposition) have been spread (on the ground).  (This is) in order that We may make you a sign for the mankind.  (Now look at) the bones of your donkey, how We assemble them (together) and cover them with flesh? (Thus), when the matter became clear to him, he said, 'Indeed Allah has power over all the things.' 
 
All Quranic verses are in a specific order and sequence for the understanding purposes of mankind.   In the above verse, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) describes the episode of Hadhrat Uzair (عليه السلام) who happened to pass by a town which was destroyed earlier.  A thought occurred to his mind as to how this town  will be brought back to life on the day of Resurrection.  To explain the issues of life and death, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) made him die for a 100 years and when he was brought back to life, he thought that he was in that state for a day or even less than that.  Then he was told that he was in the state of death for one hundred years.  He was asked to look at the food he was carrying with him.  It remained fresh for the past 100 years while his donkey, on which he was traveling, lay dead, decomposed and even his bones were decomposed and a few parts were scattered around.  Hadhrat Uzair (عليه السلام) witnessed how the bones of the donkey joined together and formed a skeleton and then the flesh was covered over it and he saw the donkey was standing in front of him like before.   Looking at this scenario,  قَالَ أَعْلَمُ أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ [he said, I know, Indeed Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has power over all the things.]
 
It is in Quran -  قُلِ اللَّهُمَّ مَالِكَ الْمُلْكِ تُؤْتِي الْمُلْكَ مَن تَشَاءُ وَتَنزِعُ الْمُلْكَ مِمَّن تَشَاءُ وَتُعِزُّ مَن تَشَاءُ وَتُذِلُّ مَن تَشَاءُ ۖ بِيَدِكَ الْخَيْرُ ۖ إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ -  تُولِجُ اللَّيْلَ فِي النَّهَارِ وَتُولِجُ النَّهَارَ فِي اللَّيْلِ ۖ وَتُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَتُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ ۖ وَتَرْزُقُ مَن تَشَاءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ [ Say, "O Allah, Owner of Sovereignty, You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humble whom You will. In Your hand is (all) good. Indeed, You are competent over all things.  You make the night enter into the day, and You make the day enter into the night; and You bring the living out of the dead, and You bring the dead out of the living. And You give provisions to whom You will without account.] (Aal-i-Imran - 26 - 27)
   

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 260
 
وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ رَبِّ أَرِنِي كَيْفَ تُحْيِي الْمَوْتَى قَالَ أَوَلَمْ تُؤْمِنْ قَالَ بَلَى وَلَكِنْ لِيَطْمَئِنَّ قَلْبِي قَالَ فَخُذْ أَرْبَعَةً مِنَ الطَّيْرِ فَصُرْهُنَّ إِلَيْكَ ثُمَّ اجْعَلْ عَلَى كُلِّ جَبَلٍ مِنْهُنَّ جُزْءًا ثُمَّ ادْعُهُنَّ يَأْتِينَكَ سَعْيًا وَاعْلَمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ  [ And when Ibrahim (عليه السلام) said, “My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead'?  Allah said,  'What! Do you not believe?' Ibrahim (عليه السلام) said, ' I do (believe), but in order to (see it from my eyes) and to make sure to my heart. Allah said, 'take four birds  and tame them to become familiar with you (as pets), then (cut them into pieces and) place a part of each of them on separate hills, then call them;  they will come flying towards you.  Know that Allah  is all-mighty and all-wise.' ]
 

There are three degrees of certainties in knowing about a thing, as follows.

(i) Like, we know that ‘fire’ burns. We acquired this knowledge by reading or listening about it.  This is ‘Certainty of Knowledge'  (علم اليقين).

(ii) Suppose we have seen a person being burnt in fire. We see how ‘fire’ burns and what happens to the man being burnt. This knowledge is acquired by seeing, which is more certain. This is known as ‘Certainty of Evidence' (عينُ اليقين).

(iii) Then suppose our fingers got burnt in an accidental fire. We experience ourselves how ‘fire’ burns. This is most authentic knowledge which is known as ‘Certainty of Truth’ (حقُّ اليقين).

In the above verse, Hadhrat Ibrahim (عليه السلام) says that he does believe that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) brings life from the dead.  But he wanted to witness it from his eyes.  On this request, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) commanded him to tame 4 birds over a period of time, then cut them into peaces, mix all those pieces together, and put 4 parts on top of 4 nearby hill tops.  He came down  and called the birds as he used to call them earlier.  He saw all four birds came to him flying from the hill tops.   

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 261
 
مَثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنْفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ حَبَّةٍ أَنْبَتَتْ سَبْعَ سَنَابِلَ فِي كُلِّ سُنْبُلَةٍ مِاْئَةُ حَبَّةٍ وَاللَّهُ يُضَاعِفُ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ  [ The example of those who spend their wealth in Allah’s way is similar to that of a grain which has sprouted seven stalks,  and in each stalk are a hundred grains; and Allah may increase it still more than this, for whomever He wills; and Allah is infinitely Capable and All Knowing.]
 
From verse 261 to 274  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) emphasizes the importance of charity,  by giving various examples to people, and warns them against any show off in charity or against any ill treatment of the person who is the recipient of their charity.  Charity should only be for the sake of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). It is not only a source of Thawaab, it also acquits people from some of the sins they had committed. 
 
Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 262
 
الَّذِينَ يُنْفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ لَا يُتْبِعُونَ مَا أَنْفَقُوا مَنًّا وَلَا أَذًى لَهُمْ أَجْرُهُمْ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ  [ Those who spend their wealth in Allah’s way and thereafter do not boost about their favor (in front of people) nor cause discomfort (hurt the feelings of the recipients), their reward is with their Lord; there shall be no fear upon them nor shall they grieve.]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 263
 
قَوْلٌ مَعْرُوفٌ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ خَيْرٌ مِنْ صَدَقَةٍ يَتْبَعُهَا أَذًى وَاللَّهُ غَنِيٌّ حَلِيمٌ  [ Speaking kind words and (the act of) forgiveness are better than the charity that follows hurting (the sentiments of the recipients); and Allah is the Affluent, Most Forbearing.]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 264
 
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا لَا تُبْطِلُوا صَدَقَاتِكُمْ بِالْمَنِّ وَالْأَذَى كَالَّذِي يُنْفِقُ مَالَهُ رِئَاءَ النَّاسِ وَلَا يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآَخِرِ فَمَثَلُهُ كَمَثَلِ صَفْوَانٍ عَلَيْهِ تُرَابٌ فَأَصَابَهُ وَابِلٌ فَتَرَكَهُ صَلْدًا لَا يَقْدِرُونَ عَلَى شَيْءٍ مِمَّا كَسَبُوا وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ  [ O People who Believe! Do not invalidate your charity by flaunting favor and (by) hurting the feelings (of the recipients), like the one who spends his wealth for people as a show off (to others), and does not believe in Allah and the Last Day.  His example is similar to a rock covered with soft (thin layer of) earth which gets washed away as the rain falls on it exposing the bare rock. They shall get nothing from their earning (charity). And Allah does not guide disbelievers.]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 265
 
وَمَثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنْفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمُ ابْتِغَاءَ مَرْضَاتِ اللَّهِ وَتَثْبِيتًا مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ كَمَثَلِ جَنَّةٍ بِرَبْوَةٍ أَصَابَهَا وَابِلٌ فَآَتَتْ أُكُلَهَا ضِعْفَيْنِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يُصِبْهَا وَابِلٌ فَطَلٌّ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ  [ And the example of those who spend their wealth in order to please Allah and to make their hearts steadfast, is similar to that of a garden on a height, hard rain fell on it, bringing forth its fruit twice (than expected).  Even if the  rain does not reach it, the dew is enough; and Allah sees all that you do. ]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 266
 
أَيَوَدُّ أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ تَكُونَ لَهُ جَنَّةٌ مِنْ نَخِيلٍ وَأَعْنَابٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ لَهُ فِيهَا مِنْ كُلِّ الثَّمَرَاتِ وَأَصَابَهُ الْكِبَرُ وَلَهُ ذُرِّيَّةٌ ضُعَفَاءُ فَأَصَابَهَا إِعْصَارٌ فِيهِ نَارٌ فَاحْتَرَقَتْ كَذَلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمُ الْآَيَاتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَفَكَّرُونَ  [ Does any of you wish to have an orchard full of date-palm trees and grapes; the streams of water flowing beneath them; then he reaches old age and has young children (and grand children) and a windstorm of fire came to the garden burning it completely.  This is how Allah makes His signs (verses) clear to you so that you may reflect (upon them and correct yourselves.)

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 267
 
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا أَنْفِقُوا مِنْ طَيِّبَاتِ مَا كَسَبْتُمْ وَمِمَّا أَخْرَجْنَا لَكُمْ مِنَ الْأَرْضِ وَلَا تَيَمَّمُوا الْخَبِيثَ مِنْهُ تُنْفِقُونَ وَلَسْتُمْ بِآَخِذِيهِ إِلَّا أَنْ تُغْمِضُوا فِيهِ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ حَمِيدٌ  [ O people, who believe, give in charity what is good of the things you earned, and of what you produce from the earth; and do not choose to give what is bad (left over) as alms, which you (will not) accept yourselves except with your eyes closed towards it.  Know well that Allah is affluent and Most praised.
 
  
Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 268
 
الشَّيْطَانُ يَعِدُكُمُ الْفَقْرَ وَيَأْمُرُكُمْ بِالْفَحْشَاءِ وَاللَّهُ يَعِدُكُمْ مَغْفِرَةً مِنْهُ وَفَضْلًا وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ  [ Satan threatens you with poverty, and orders you (to commit) shameful acts. But Allah promises (you) His pardon and grace, and Allah is infinitely capable and all-knowing. ]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 269
 
يُؤْتِي الْحِكْمَةَ مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَمَنْ يُؤْتَ الْحِكْمَةَ فَقَدْ أُوتِيَ خَيْرًا كَثِيرًا وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلَّا أُولُواْ الْأَلْبَابِ  [Allah bestows wisdom on whomsoever He wills; and whoever receives wisdom has received abundant goodness; but none heed advice except men of understanding.]

What is Wisdom (Hikmah)?  It is to know the facts of things as they are, and act as per the requirement of time, in the light of commandments of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  

It is in Hadith - Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said,  (اتَّقُوا فِرَاسَةَ الْمُؤْمِنِ فَإِنَّهُ يَنْظُرُ بِنُورِ اللَّهِ) Beware of the intuition of the believer (مُؤْمِن). Verily, he sees with the light of Allah. Then the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recited the verse  إِنَّ فِي ذَ‌ٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّلْمُتَوَسِّمِينَ  [ Indeed in that are signs for those who discern.] (Al-Hijr - 75)  (Tirmidhi)

It is in Hadith - Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The wisdom is the lost property of the believer, so wherever he finds it then he has a right to it. (Tirmidhi)

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 270
 
وَمَا أَنْفَقْتُمْ مِنْ نَفَقَةٍ أَوْ نَذَرْتُمْ مِنْ نَذْرٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُهُ وَمَا لِلظَّالِمِينَ مِنْ أَنْصَارٍ  [ Whatsoever you spend in alms or vow as offering, is all known to Allah; but the unjust will have no supporters to help them.]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 271
 
إِنْ تُبْدُوا الصَّدَقَاتِ فَنِعِمَّا هِيَ وَإِنْ تُخْفُوهَا وَتُؤْتُوهَا الْفُقَرَاءَ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ وَيُكَفِّرُ عَنْكُمْ مِنْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ  [ If you give charity openly, it is well and good (for you). And if you give it to the poor hidden (from everyone), it is the best for you; and (know that the charity) will acquit you of some of your sins; and Allah is Aware of what you do.]
 
 
Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 272
 
لَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ هُدَاهُمْ وَلَكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَهْدِي مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَمَا تُنْفِقُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَلِأَنْفُسِكُمْ وَمَا تُنْفِقُونَ إِلَّا ابْتِغَاءَ وَجْهِ اللَّهِ وَمَا تُنْفِقُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ يُوَفَّ إِلَيْكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ لَا تُظْلَمُونَ  [ It is not (incumbent) upon you (O' Prophet ﷺ) to make them accept guidance – but Allah guides whomever He wills; and whatever good thing you spend in charity is beneficial for you; and it is not right for you to spend except to please  Allah;  and whatever you spend in charity will be repaid to you in full, and no wrong will be done to you.]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 273
 
لِلْفُقَرَاءِ الَّذِينَ أُحْصِرُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ ضَرْبًا فِي الْأَرْضِ يَحْسَبُهُمُ الْجَاهِلُ أَغْنِيَاءَ مِنَ التَّعَفُّفِ تَعْرِفُهُمْ بِسِيمَاهُمْ لَا يَسْأَلُونَ النَّاسَ إِلْحَافًا وَمَا تُنْفِقُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِهِ عَلِيمٌ  [ (Spend in Charity) for the needy who are engaged in the service of Allah,  who cannot move out in the land (to earn).  The unwise think they are wealthy because of their restraint (in spreading their hands in front of people for charity); you will recognize them by their faces; they do not seek from people in order to avoid (asking for alms with their face down); and Allah knows whatever you spend in charity.]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 274
 
الَّذِينَ يُنْفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ سِرًّا وَعَلَانِيَةً فَلَهُمْ أَجْرُهُمْ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ  [ Those who spend their wealth (in chairty) by night and day, secretly and openly,  their reward is with their Lord; and there shall be no fear upon them nor shall they grieve.]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 275
 
الَّذِينَ يَأْكُلُونَ الرِّبَا لَا يَقُومُونَ إِلَّا كَمَا يَقُومُ الَّذِي يَتَخَبَّطُهُ الشَّيْطَانُ مِنَ الْمَسِّ ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا الْبَيْعُ مِثْلُ الرِّبَا وَأَحَلَّ اللَّهُ الْبَيْعَ وَحَرَّمَ الرِّبَا فَمَنْ جَاءَهُ مَوْعِظَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِ فَانْتَهَى فَلَهُ مَا سَلَفَ وَأَمْرُهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَمَنْ عَادَ فَأُولَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ  [ Those who live on usury will not rise (on Doomsday) but like a man possessed of the devil and demented. This because they say that trade is also like usury. But Allah has made trade lawful and  usury forbidden. For the one whom the guidance has come from his Lord, and he refrained from Usury, is lawful what he he took in the past; and his affair is with Allah; and whoever continues earning it henceforth, is of the people of fire; they will remain there for ever.]
 
From verse 275 to 281 the verses are about the prohibition of Usury. What is Usury? Addition in a thing, which is subjected to a time frame is usury and therefore, its transactions are prohibited. Usury is related with wealth, currency, gold, silver, and all such transactions that  are  practiced to earn 'interest'.  
 
Two common elements of Interest (riba - رِبا)  that are identified by most of the Islamic scholars are Usury of Surplus  (riba al-fadl  - ربا الفضل )  and  Usury of Waiting (riba al-nasia - ربا النسيئة ).

Riba al-fadl involves an exchange of unequal quantities of the same commodity simultaneously. Riba al-nasia, the usury of waiting, involves the non-simultaneous exchange of equal quantities of the same commodity and does not therefore involve a surplus but only a difference in the timing of exchange. Some writers employ the term riba al-nasa to define such an exchange. Hence, an exchange in which one part with 1 kilogram of silver now in return for 1 Kilogram  of silver to be received from you tomorrow can be described as riba al-nasia. An exchange in which one part with 1 Kg of Silver now in return for 1.15 Kg of Silver to be received from you now can be described as riba al-fadl.

It is occasionally argued that Usurious loans (riba al-qarudh - رِبا القروض),  combine both riba al-nasia and riba al-fadl since there is both a delay and a surplus involved in such transactions. This is modern interest loan where a charge is levied by lender on the person who takes the loan in respect of an amount owed. It is one of the major forms in which riba/interest is practiced these days. The original debt may arise from a loan of money or from the purchase of an item on credit. In either case, the debtor enters into a contract to repay the lender a pre-determined amount of wealth in addition to the original debt in return for a delay in the timing of repayment.  

Some people say that taking interest is allowed in an 'inimical country' (دارالحرب). Or whatever transactions take place in an 'inimical country' is not usury.  It is 'granted' (فۓ).  This contention is debated by many Islamic scholars. 

A business that originates money is what Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) commands and this is, precisely, what makes money circulate freely between the people.  In the present day world where the salaries are credited to the banks, most the transactions are done online through banks, where entire societies are required to remain cashless; avoiding riba/interest has become a difficult task for Muslims.  We pray Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) to free people from the clutches of a few wealthy bankers/corporate Houses in the world and allow them to practice business and their day to day living in an interest free environment.

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 276
 
يَمْحَقُ اللَّهُ الرِّبَا وَيُرْبِي الصَّدَقَاتِ وَاللَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ كَفَّارٍ أَثِيمٍ  [ Allah destroys usury and increases charity; and Allah does not like the ungrateful and excessive sinners.]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 277
 
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآَتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ لَهُمْ أَجْرُهُمْ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ  [ Those who believe and do good deeds, and fulfill their devotional obligations and pay the Zakat, have their reward with their Lord.  They will have no fear nor regret.]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 278
 
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَذَرُوا مَا بَقِيَ مِنَ الرِّبَا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ  [ O People who Believe! Fear Allah and forego the remaining usury, if you are Muslims.]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 279
 
فَإِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلُوا فَأْذَنُوا بِحَرْبٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَإِنْ تُبْتُمْ فَلَكُمْ رُءُوسُ أَمْوَالِكُمْ لَا تَظْلِمُونَ وَلَا تُظْلَمُونَ  [And if you do not, then be certain of a war with Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); and if you repent, take back your principal amount. Oppress none and no one will oppress you. ]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 280
 
وَإِنْ كَانَ ذُو عُسْرَةٍ فَنَظِرَةٌ إِلَى مَيْسَرَةٍ وَأَنْ تَصَدَّقُوا خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ  [And if the debtor is in difficulty, give him time till his state is improved. And your foregoing the entire debt from him is still better for you, if only you realize.]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 281
 
وَاتَّقُوا يَوْمًا تُرْجَعُونَ فِيهِ إِلَى اللَّهِ ثُمَّ تُوَفَّى كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَا كَسَبَتْ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ  [And fear the day in which you will be returned to Allah; and every Nafs will be paid back in full what it had earned, and they will not be wronged.]
 
 
Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 282
 
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا إِذَا تَدَايَنْتُمْ بِدَيْنٍ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى فَاكْتُبُوهُ وَلْيَكْتُبْ بَيْنَكُمْ كَاتِبٌ بِالْعَدْلِ وَلَا يَأْبَ كَاتِبٌ أَنْ يَكْتُبَ كَمَا عَلَّمَهُ اللَّهُ فَلْيَكْتُبْ وَلْيُمْلِلِ الَّذِي عَلَيْهِ الْحَقُّ وَلْيَتَّقِ اللَّهَ رَبَّهُ وَلَا يَبْخَسْ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا فَإِنْ كَانَ الَّذِي عَلَيْهِ الْحَقُّ سَفِيهًا أَوْ ضَعِيفًا أَوْ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يُمِلَّ هُوَ فَلْيُمْلِلْ وَلِيُّهُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَاسْتَشْهِدُوا شَهِيدَيْنِ مِنْ رِجَالِكُمْ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُونَا رَجُلَيْنِ فَرَجُلٌ وَامْرَأَتَانِ مِمَّنْ تَرْضَوْنَ مِنَ الشُّهَدَاءِ أَنْ تَضِلَّ إِحْدَاهُمَا فَتُذَكِّرَ إِحْدَاهُمَا الْأُخْرَى وَلَا يَأْبَ الشُّهَدَاءُ إِذَا مَا دُعُوا وَلَا تَسْأَمُوا أَنْ تَكْتُبُوهُ صَغِيرًا أَوْ كَبِيرًا إِلَى أَجَلِهِ ذَلِكُمْ أَقْسَطُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَأَقْوَمُ لِلشَّهَادَةِ وَأَدْنَى أَلَّا تَرْتَابُوا إِلَّا أَنْ تَكُونَ تِجَارَةً حَاضِرَةً تُدِيرُونَهَا بَيْنَكُمْ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَلَّا تَكْتُبُوهَا وَأَشْهِدُوا إِذَا تَبَايَعْتُمْ وَلَا يُضَارَّ كَاتِبٌ وَلَا شَهِيدٌ وَإِنْ تَفْعَلُوا فَإِنَّهُ فُسُوقٌ بِكُمْ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَيُعَلِّمُكُمُ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ  [ O' People who Believe! If you make an agreement for debt for a specified time, write it down; and appoint a scribe to write it for you with accuracy; and the scribe must not refuse to write in the manner Allah has taught him, so he must write; and the borrowing person (debtor) should dictate it to him and fear Allah, Who is his Lord, and not hide anything of the truth; but if the borrower of loan is of poor reasoning, or weak, or unable to dictate, then his guardian must dictate with justice; and appoint two witnesses from your men; then if two men are not available, one man and two women from those you would prefer to be witnesses, so that if one of them forgets, the other can remind her; and the witnesses must not refuse when called upon to testify; do not feel burdened to write it, whether the transaction is small or big – write it for up to its term’s end; this is closer to justice before Allah and will be a strong evidence and more convenient to dispel doubts among yourselves – except when it is an instant trade in which exchange is carried out immediately, there is no sin on you if it is not written down; and take witnesses whenever you perform trade; and neither the scribe nor the witnesses be caused any harm (or they cause any harm); and if you do, it would be an offense on your part; and fear Allah; and Allah teaches you; and Allah knows everything.]
 
Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) commands that all business transactions should be clear and in a written format to avoid confusion.  If the parties are entering into a business transaction are not qualified or do not know how to write a business contract, they should seek the assistance of a professional writer and have witnesses in such a way that the transaction is valid in the court of law in case of a dispute later.    
 
 
Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 283
 
وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ وَلَمْ تَجِدُوا كَاتِبًا فَرِهَانٌ مَقْبُوضَةٌ فَإِنْ أَمِنَ بَعْضُكُمْ بَعْضًا فَلْيُؤَدِّ الَّذِي اؤْتُمِنَ أَمَانَتَهُ وَلْيَتَّقِ اللَّهَ رَبَّهُ وَلَا تَكْتُمُوا الشَّهَادَةَ وَمَنْ يَكْتُمْهَا فَإِنَّهُ آَثِمٌ قَلْبُهُ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ عَلِيمٌ  [ And if you are on a journey and cannot find a scribe, then pledge your goods (against the loan) and if one of you trusts the other, the one who is trusted may return the mortgage entrusted to him and fear Allah, (who is) his Lord; and do not conceal evidence; and if one hides it, his heart is sinful from within; and Allah is aware of all you do.]
 
  
Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 284
 
لِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَإِنْ تُبْدُوا مَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَوْ تُخْفُوهُ يُحَاسِبْكُمْ بِهِ اللَّهُ فَيَغْفِرُ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَيُعَذِّبُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَاللَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ  [ To Allah belongs all, whatever is in the heavens and all whatever is in the earth; and whether you disclose what is in your hearts or hide it, Allah will take account of it from you; so He will forgive whoever He wills and punish whoever He wills; and Allah has the power over all the things.]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 285
 
آَمَنَ الرَّسُولُ بِمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ رَبِّهِ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ كُلٌّ آَمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلَائِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِنْ رُسُلِهِ وَقَالُوا سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا غُفْرَانَكَ رَبَّنَا وَإِلَيْكَ الْمَصِيرُ  [ The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) believes in what has been sent down to him by his Lord, and so do the believers; all have accepted faith in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Apostles; saying, “We do not make any distinction in belief between any of His Apostles; and they said, 'We hear, and obey; and we seek Your forgiveness, O' our Lord, and towards You is our return.]

 

Juz 3, Al-Baqara, Verse 286
 
لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَعَلَيْهَا مَا اكْتَسَبَتْ رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذْنَا إِنْ نَسِينَا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَا إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِنَا رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِ وَاعْفُ عَنَّا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا أَنْتَ  مَوْلَانَا فَانْصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ  [ Allah does not burden anyone beyond his capacity.  Everyone will enjoy the virtue he earned, and will suffer for the evil he earned.  Our Lord! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; Our Lord, lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us.  Our Lord, burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear.  Pardon us, forgive us and have mercy on us. You are our protector. Give us victory over those who stand against faith.]
 
The concluding verses in Surah al-Baqara remind people about Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) might over all the things in the Cosmos. He knows what is in your heart irrespective of you disclose it or not.  Everyone will be accountable for all your deeds.
 
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and the Muslim Ummah believe in whatever is sent down from their Lord.  The believers say, 'We hear, and obey; and we seek Your forgiveness, O' our Lord, and towards You is our return.
 
In the end Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says, no one is burdened more than he could bear it.  Everyone will see the fruits of his deeds.  The Sura concludes with the famous supplication - 'Our Lord! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; Our Lord, lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us.  Our Lord, burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear.  Pardon us, forgive us and have mercy on us. You are our protector. Give us victory over those who stand against faith. 
 
 
 

 

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