SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRIJUZ 3.3 TILKAR RUSUL (تِلْكَ الرُّسُلُ)
سورة آل عمرانThe Family of Imran
Aal-i-Imran | Sura # 3| 200 verses | Madinah
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِIn the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 033إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفَى آَدَمَ وَنُوحًا وَآَلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَآَلَ عِمْرَانَ عَلَى الْعَالَمِينَ [ Indeed, Allah had chosen Adam (عليه السلام) and Noah (عليه السلام) and the family of Abraham (عليه السلام) and the family of Imran in preference to others. ]
The family of Imran is from the family of Prophets Dawud and Sulaiman (عليهم السلام). The family of Imran is the last family of Prophets among Israelis, because after Prophet Isa (عليه السلام), the prophethood ended among the people of Israel.
Imran and his wife Hanna had two daughters. The eldest one was the wife of Prophet Zakariyya (عليه السلام). The younger daughter Maryam (عليها السلام) was born long after the birth of her elder sister. The elder sister is the mother of the Prophet Yahya (عليه السلام) and she is the mother of the Prophet Isa (عليه السلام). Subhanallah, how great is this family! It is reported that Prophet Yahya (عليه السلام) was older than Prophet Isa (عليه السلام) by about three years.
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 034ذُرِّيَّةً بَعْضُهَا مِنْ بَعْضٍ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ [ They were descendants of one another; and Allah is all hearing and all knowing. ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 035إِذْ قَالَتِ امْرَأَةُ عِمْرَانَ رَبِّ إِنِّي نَذَرْتُ لَكَ مَا فِي بَطْنِي مُحَرَّرًا فَتَقَبَّلْ مِنِّي إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ [ Remember, when the wife of Imran prayed : O' My Lord, I offer what I carry in my womb in dedication to Your service, accept it, for You only are the All Hearing, the All Knowing.]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 036فَلَمَّا وَضَعَتْهَا قَالَتْ رَبِّ إِنِّي وَضَعْتُهَا أُنْثَى وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا وَضَعَتْ وَلَيْسَ الذَّكَرُ كَالْأُنْثَى وَإِنِّي سَمَّيْتُهَا مَرْيَمَ وَإِنِّي أُعِيذُهَا بِكَ وَذُرِّيَّتَهَا مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ [ And when she had given birth to the child, she said : O' Lord, I have delivered but a girl.' But Allah knew better what she had delivered. A boy could not be, as that girl was. (She said) I have named her Maryam, and I give her and her offspring into Your protection against Satan, the ostracized.']
Imran's family was pious. When Hanna was pregnant the second time, she expected to deliver a baby boy. She vowed that after the birth, she will dedicate her son into the service of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).However, she delivered a baby girl. She name her Maryam (عليها السلام) and supplicated Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) to protect her from the damned Satan.Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 037فَتَقَبَّلَهَا رَبُّهَا بِقَبُولٍ حَسَنٍ وَأَنْبَتَهَا نَبَاتًا حَسَنًا وَكَفَّلَهَا زَكَرِيَّا كُلَّمَا دَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا زَكَرِيَّا الْمِحْرَابَ وَجَدَ عِنْدَهَا رِزْقًا قَالَ يَا مَرْيَمُ أَنَّى لَكِ هَذَا قَالَتْ هُوَ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَرْزُقُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ [ Her Lord accepted her graciously, and she grew up with excellence, and was given into the care of Zakariyya (عليه السلام). Whenever Zakariyya (عليه السلام) came to see her in the chamber, he found her provided with new food, and he asked : "Where has this come from, O' Maryam (عليها السلام)?" And she said : "From Allah who gives food in abundance to whomsoever He wills." ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 038هُنَالِكَ دَعَا زَكَرِيَّا رَبَّهُ قَالَ رَبِّ هَبْ لِي مِنْ لَدُنْكَ ذُرِّيَّةً طَيِّبَةً إِنَّكَ سَمِيعُ الدُّعَاءِ [ Then prayed Zakariyya (عليه السلام) to his Lord : O' Lord, bestow on me a righteous child, for You (are the one who) answer all prayers. ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 039فَنَادَتْهُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ يُصَلِّي فِي الْمِحْرَابِ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يُبَشِّرُكَ بِيَحْيَى مُصَدِّقًا بِكَلِمَةٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَسَيِّدًا وَحَصُورًا وَنَبِيًّا مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ [ Then the angel (Jibreel - عليه السلام) said to him as he stood in the chamber for prayer : 'Allah sends you good tiding of Yahiya (عليه السلام) who will confirm the sign from Allah, will be noble, chaste, a prophet, and one of those who are upright and do good.' ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 040قَالَ رَبِّ أَنَّى يَكُونُ لِي غُلَامٌ وَقَدْ بَلَغَنِيَ الْكِبَرُ وَامْرَأَتِي عَاقِرٌ قَالَ كَذَلِكَ اللَّهُ يَفْعَلُ مَا يَشَاءُ [ He said, how can I have a son, O' My Lord, as I am old and my wife is barren?' Then came the answer, 'Allah does whatever He wishes']Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 041قَالَ رَبِّ اجْعَلْ لِي آَيَةً قَالَ آَيَتُكَ أَلَّا تُكَلِّمَ النَّاسَ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ إِلَّا رَمْزًا وَاذْكُرْ رَبَّكَ كَثِيرًا وَسَبِّحْ بِالْعَشِيِّ وَالْإِبْكَارِ [ And Zakariyya (عليه السلام) said : My Lord, Give me a sign (as to when my wife becomes pregnant with the son). He was told, the sign will be, you will not be able to speak to anyone for 3 days except by signs. And remember your Lord extensively, and pray in the morning and evening (as usual). ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 042وَإِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفَاكِ وَطَهَّرَكِ وَاصْطَفَاكِ عَلَى نِسَاءِ الْعَالَمِينَ [The angels (Hadhrat Jibreel - عليه السلام) said : "O' Maryam (عليها السلام), indeed Allah has chosen you and purified you, and exalted you from all the women in the world. ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 043يَا مَرْيَمُ اقْنُتِي لِرَبِّكِ وَاسْجُدِي وَارْكَعِي مَعَ الرَّاكِعِينَ [ O' Maryam! Stand in reverence before your Lord, prostrate and bow along with those who bow. ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 044ذَلِكَ مِنْ أَنْبَاءِ الْغَيْبِ نُوحِيهِ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا كُنْتَ لَدَيْهِمْ إِذْ يُلْقُونَ أَقْلَامَهُمْ أَيُّهُمْ يَكْفُلُ مَرْيَمَ وَمَا كُنْتَ لَدَيْهِمْ إِذْ يَخْتَصِمُونَ [ These are the tidings (that were) hidden (from the people), which We reveal to you (O'Prophet ﷺ) and you were not (physically) present with them when they threw their pens to draw lots to know who should take care of Maryam (عليها السلام); nor were you present with them when they were quarreling (among themselves about it).
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 045إِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُبَشِّرُكِ بِكَلِمَةٍ مِنْهُ اسْمُهُ الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ وَجِيهًا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآَخِرَةِ وَمِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ [And remember when the angels (Hadhrat Jibreel - عليه السلام) said, O' Maryam (عليها السلام) Allah gives you glad tidings of a 'Word from Him' (a son), whose name is the Messiah Eisa Ibn Maryam (عليه السلام). He will be honorable in this world and in Hereafter, and will be among those in close proximity to Allah. ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 046وَيُكَلِّمُ النَّاسَ فِي الْمَهْدِ وَكَهْلًا وَمِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ [ And he will speak to people while in the cradle and in his old age, and will be from the devoted ones. ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 047قَالَتْ رَبِّ أَنَّى يَكُونُ لِي وَلَدٌ وَلَمْ يَمْسَسْنِي بَشَرٌ قَالَ كَذَلِكِ اللَّهُ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ إِذَا قَضَى أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ [ She said, how can I have a son, My Lord, when no man has touched me? He said, that is how Allah creates what He wills. When He decrees a thing, He says 'Be' and 'it is' (it comes into existence.]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 048وَيُعَلِّمُهُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَالتَّوْرَاةَ وَالْإِنْجِيلَ [ And Allah will teach him the Book and wisdom, and the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (the Gospel). ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 049وَرَسُولًا إِلَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنِّي قَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ بِآَيَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ أَنِّي أَخْلُقُ لَكُمْ مِنَ الطِّينِ كَهَيْئَةِ الطَّيْرِ فَأَنْفُخُ فِيهِ فَيَكُونُ طَيْرًا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَأُبْرِئُ الْأَكْمَهَ وَالْأَبْرَصَ وَأُحْيِي الْمَوْتَى بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَأُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا تَأْكُلُونَ وَمَا تَدَّخِرُونَ فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآَيَةً لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ [ And he will be an Apostle to the Children of Israel. (He will tell them), 'Indeed I have come to you with a sign from your Lord in that I design for you a bird like form from clay, then I breathe into it and it becomes a (real) bird (and flies) by Allah's command. And I cure the blind and the leper, and I give life to the dead by Allah's command. And I inform you of what you eat and what you store in your houses. Indeed in it is a sign for you, if you are believers. ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 050وَمُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَلِأُحِلَّ لَكُمْ بَعْضَ الَّذِي حُرِّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَجِئْتُكُمْ بِآَيَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ [ I confirm the truth of the Torah which was sent down before me, and make certain things lawful which were forbidden until now; and I come to you with a sign from your Lord; so be fearful of your Lord and obey me. ]Hadhrat Isa (عليه السلام) made the meat of Camel, the fat of goat and cow and fishing on Saturdays. All these were forbidden for Israelis before the advent of Isa (عليه السلام). He asked them not to reject the commandments he has brought to them and obey him and be fearful to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 051إِنَّ اللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُوهُ هَذَا صِرَاطٌ مُسْتَقِيمٌ [ Indeed, Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him (only) and this is the straight path. ]Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 052فَلَمَّا أَحَسَّ عِيسَى مِنْهُمُ الْكُفْرَ قَالَ مَنْ أَنْصَارِي إِلَى اللَّهِ قَالَ الْحَوَارِيُّونَ نَحْنُ أَنْصَارُ اللَّهِ آَمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَاشْهَدْ بِأَنَّا مُسْلِمُونَ [ When Isa (عليه السلام) sensed their insistence on unbelief, he asked, who will help me in the way of Allah? The disciples answered, we shall be the helpers of Allah. We believe in Allah; and you. Be our witness that we submit and obey. ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 053رَبَّنَا آَمَنَّا بِمَا أَنْزَلْتَ وَاتَّبَعْنَا الرَّسُولَ فَاكْتُبْنَا مَعَ الشَّاهِدِينَ [ (They said) O' our Lord, we believe in Your revelations and follow this Apostle. Write us among the witnesses. ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 054وَمَكَرُوا وَمَكَرَ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ [ And the disbelievers plotted (to eliminate Prophet Isa - عليه السلام), and Allah planned to punish and destroy them. And Allah is the best planner.]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 055إِذْ قَالَ اللَّهُ يَا عِيسَى إِنِّي مُتَوَفِّيكَ وَرَافِعُكَ إِلَيَّ وَمُطَهِّرُكَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَجَاعِلُ الَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوكَ فَوْقَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ثُمَّ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأَحْكُمُ بَيْنَكُمْ فِيمَا كُنْتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُونَ [ When Allah said : "O' Isa (عليه السلام), I will raise you towards Me (and you will be kept alive to complete your age on Earth) and will exalt you, and rid you of the infidels, and keep those who follow you above those who disbelieve till the Day of Resurrection. You all then have to return back to Me when I will judge between you concerning the matter in which they dispute.]Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 056فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَأُعَذِّبُهُمْ عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآَخِرَةِ وَمَا لَهُمْ مِنْ نَاصِرِينَ [ Those who are infidels will surely receive severe punishment both in this world and in Hereafter, and they will not have any supporters. ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 057وَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَيُوَفِّيهِمْ أُجُورَهُمْ وَاللَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الظَّالِمِينَ [ But those who believe and do good deeds shall be given their recompense in full and Allah does not like the unjust.]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 058ذَلِكَ نَتْلُوهُ عَليْكَ مِنَ الْآَيَاتِ وَالذِّكْرِ الْحَكِيمِ [ These verses that We read to you, are signs and wise reminder. ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 059إِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيسَى عِنْدَ اللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ آَدَمَ خَلَقَهُ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ [ The example of Isa (عليه السلام) with Allah is like that of Adam (عليه السلام); He created him (Adam - عليه السلام) from clay and then said to him, 'Be' and there he is! ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 060الْحَقُّ مِنْ رَبِّكَ فَلَا تَكُنْ مِنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ [ O listener(s)! (people who believe), this is the Truth from your Lord, so never be of those who doubt.]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 061فَمَنْ حَاجَّكَ فِيهِ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَكَ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْا نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءَنَا وَأَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَنِسَاءَنَا وَنِسَاءَكُمْ وَأَنْفُسَنَا وَأَنْفُسَكُمْ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَلْ لَعْنَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْكَاذِبِينَ [ Tell (O'Prophet ﷺ) those who dispute in this with you even after the knowledge has come to you, 'come, let us gather our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves, and pray and solicit Allah's condemnation on those who lie.]
The above verse is known as 'Verse of Mubahala' (آية المباهلة). It was revealed in Madina.
The verse is misinterpreted by a deviant sect known as 'Ammanis' to mislead Muslims. It is important to discuss this issue briefly here so that Muslims are saved from Ammani deviant arguments.
In the ninth year of Hijra, Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sent a letter to Abdul Haris Ibn Alqamah, Grand Bishop of Najran, the official representative of the Roman Church, inviting the people of that area to embrace Islam. In response to that letter a delegation was sent to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
It is in Hadith al-Mubahala (حديث المباهلة) - A Christian delegation from Najran came to Medina and entered Masjid-e-Nabawai (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and Sahabah were performing Asr prayer. They went to a corner, turned their faces towards the East and prepared to worship. Some companions, (after their Salah) wished to prevent them from worshiping, (but) the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded that they be left alone and permitted them to finish their worship.
(References - Tabari, Ibn Kathir, Razi, Qurtubi, etc.; in their Tafasir Surah Al‘Imran, verse # 61; Part of these commentaries dealt with the beginning of the Surah, and some with the 61st verse.)
Important points of the Hadith
(i) When the delegation arrived, Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was busy in Asr prayers.
(ii) The Christians entered the Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) mosque without taking any prior permission, turned to the East and prepared to worship while Sahabah were busy in Asr prayers. Some companions, after the completion of Asr prayers, wished to stop Christians from prayers. But the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded 'they be left alone' and allowed them to finish their prayers.
(iii) It is obvious that the Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) primary aim was to invite these Christians to Islam. As a matter of fact this delegation came after the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wrote a letter to them inviting them to accept Islam.
(iv) Later, the Negotiations were continued for three days, while the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) gave them time to so that they see Muslims by their own eyes remaining in Madina and observing Muslim prayers.What happened during these three days?
Najran was a big area of land at a distance of seven trip stages southwards of Makkah towards Yemen. It included seventy three villages. It took a fast rider, one day ride, to get there. (Fath Al-Bari 8 / 94). Its military forces consisted of one hundred thousand fighters.
The delegation was comprised of sixty men. Twenty four of them were from noble families. Three out of twenty-four were, at one time, leaders of Najran, as follows.
(a) Abu Haritha bin Alqamah was bishop to whom all religious presidency and spiritual leadership belonged and were in his charge.
(b) Al-Aqib, who was in charge of prince-hood and government affairs. His name was Abdul Maseeh.
(c) As-Saiyid under whose supervision were the educational and political affairs; his name was Al-Aiham or Sharhabeel.
The delegates met the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and exchanged inquiries with him; but when he invited them to Islam and recited the Quran to them, they refused.
Misleading arguments of Ammani Deviant Sect
Deviant sects like Ammanis and their like minded groups cite this event and mislead Muslims. They claim that since the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) allowed the Christian delegation to pray in Masjid-e-Nabawi, they claim that all Muslim Mosques in the world should be opened for non-Muslims for worship as per their customs. They also say that Idol worshipers should be allowed to worship their idols in Muslim mosques.
Ammanis and their like minded perennialist groups forget the fact that the primary purpose of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was to invite them to Islam. He never declared that the mosque is a common place where Muslims and Christians and others can pray on a permanent bases, as has been interpreted by Ammanis. Also the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did not treat them as believers on par with Muslims as Ammanis are doing these days.
The Christian delegation asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) what he thought about Isa (Jesus), (عليه السلام). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) delayed the answer the whole day till the following Quranic verses were revealed.
It is in Quran - إِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيسَىٰ عِندَ اللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ آدَمَ ۖ خَلَقَهُ مِن تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُونُ [ The example of Isa (عليه السلام) with Allah is like that of Adam (عليه السلام); He created him (Adam - عليه السلام) from clay and then said to him, 'Be' and there he is! ]
الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ فَلَا تَكُن مِّنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ [ O listener(s)! (people who believe), this is the Truth from your Lord, so never be of those who doubt.]
فَمَنْ حَاجَّكَ فِيهِ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَكَ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْا نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءَنَا وَأَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَنِسَاءَنَا وَنِسَاءَكُمْ وَأَنفُسَنَا وَأَنفُسَكُمْ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَل لَّعْنَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْكَاذِبِينَ [ Tell (O'Prophet ﷺ) those who dispute in this with you even after the knowledge has come to you, 'come, let us gather our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves, and pray and solicit Allah's condemnation on those who lie.] (Aal-e-Imran - 59 - 61).
When it was morning, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) told them what Isa (عليه السلام) was in the light of the above revealed verses.
He left them a whole day to consult and think it over. So when it was next morning and they still showed disapproval to admit Allah’s Words about Isa (عليه السلام) or to embrace Islam, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) suggested Mubahala, that is, each party should supplicate and implore Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) to send His Curse upon him or them if they were telling lies.
After that, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came forward wrapping Al-Hasan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Al-Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) under his garment whereas Fatimah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) was walking behind. It is reported that many other Muslim families joined the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in Mubahala. Seeing that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was serious and prepared to face them firmly, they went aside and started consulting.
Al-Aqib and As-Saiyid said to each other: 'We shall not supplicate curse of Allah by entering the Mubahala. For, I swear by Allah, if he is really a Prophet and exchanges curses with us, we will never prosper nor will the descendants of ours. Consequently neither we nor our animals will survive Mubahala.
Finally they made their mind to resort to the Apostle of Allah’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) judgement about their cause. They came to him and said: 'We agree with you what you have demanded.' The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) then formalized an agreement and ordered them to pay Jizya (tribute) and he made peace with them for the provision of two thousand garments, one thousand of them to be delivered in Rajab, the other thousand ones in Safar. With every garment they had to pay an ounce (of gold). In return they will have the covenant of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to protect them. He gave them freedom to live peacefully in their land.
They asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to appoint a trustworthy man to receive the money agreed upon for peace, so he sent them Abu ‘Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to receive the amounts of money agreed upon in the peace treaty.
The above details show that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did not approve the Christians as believers on par with Muslims as Ammani scholars are claiming these days.
Also it is most likely that the delegation was allowed to stay in the mosque as, till then, there was no provision made, no special building was constructed, to house large delegations.
In addition, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) insisted them to accept Islam as per the commandments of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی). This is different from what the propagators of Amman Message are doing. They are mixing religions by misinterpreting the Hadith of Mubahala.
Also, there is no single occasion during or after Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when Muslims were allowed to participate in Non-Muslims' religious festivals and their worship as Ammanis are doing in the name of Interfaith.
When Najran delegation refused to accept Islam, Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) invited them for Mubahala. They were scared to enter into Mubahala, therefore they conceded for an agreement with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to remain as Islam's protectorate on payment of a nominal amount.
Soon Islam started spreading in Najran, and those who accepted Islam, did not have to pay Jizya that usually non-Muslims paid. It was reported that Al-Aqib and As-Saiyid embraced Islam as soon as they reached Najran on their journey back home. It is also said that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sent Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) too, for the collection of charities and tribute. (Fath Al-Bari 8 / 94, 95; Za'd Al-Ma'ad 3 / 38 - 40). Later the entire population of Najran accepted Islam.Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 062إِنَّ هَذَا لَهُوَ الْقَصَصُ الْحَقُّ وَمَا مِنْ إِلَهٍ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ [ Very, this is the true narrative. There is no god but Allah, and Allah is all-Mighty and all-Wise. ]
Juz 3, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 063فَإِنْ تَوَلَّوْا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ بِالْمُفْسِدِينَ [ If they turn away, Allah knows (who are) mischief-mongers. ]