دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية





تفسيرِ اَسدي 






JUZ 4.1  LAN TANALU  (لَنْ تَنَالُو)


سورة آل عمران

The Family of Imran

Aal-i-Imran | Sura # 3| 200 verses | Madinan


بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 092
لَنْ تَنَالُوا الْبِرَّ حَتَّى تُنْفِقُوا مِمَّا تُحِبُّونَ وَمَا تُنْفِقُوا مِنْ شَيْءٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِهِ عَلِيمٌ [ You will never come to piety unless you give in charity the things you love, in Allah's cause; and whatever you spend is known to Allah. ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 093
كُلُّ الطَّعَامِ كَانَ حِلًّا لِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَّا مَا حَرَّمَ إِسْرَائِيلُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ تُنَزَّلَ التَّوْرَاةُ قُلْ فَأْتُوا بِالتَّوْرَاةِ فَاتْلُوهَا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ [ All food was lawful for the Descendants of Israel, except what Israel (Yaqoob - عليه السلام) forbade for himself, before the Taurat (Torah) was sent down; say, bring the Taurat and read it, if you are truthful.]
Prophet Yaqoob (عليه السلام) vowed for something and when it was answered, he  left the meat of Camel and its Milk. Before that it was halal for Bani Israil.  
Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 094
فَمَنِ افْتَرَى عَلَى اللَّهِ الْكَذِبَ مِنْ بَعْدِ ذَلِكَ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ [And anyone who fabricates lies about Allah even after this, is a wicked unjust, indeed.]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 095
قُلْ صَدَقَ اللَّهُ فَاتَّبِعُوا مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ [ Say (O' Prophet  ﷺ) Allah has spoken the truth; so follow the religion of Ibrahim (عليه السلام), who was free from falsehood and was not from the polytheists. ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 096
إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَيْتٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكًا وَهُدًى لِلْعَالَمِينَ [ Indeed, the first House established for humankind as a place for worship is the one at Bakkah (Makkah), a blessed place and a center of guidance for the  worlds. ]
The old name of Makka was Bakka. From the above verse it is clear that Ka'ba was built by Hadhrat Adam (عليه السلام).  Probably, it got washed away in the floods of Noah (عليه السلام). But the foundation marks existed during the time of Ibrahim (عليه السلام).
The following supplication was made by Ibrahim (عليه السلام) when he left his wife and infant son Ismail (عليه السلام) in the valley between Safa and Marwa hillocks near Ka'ba.  This was years before he built Kaaba along with his grown up son Ismail (عليه السلام).  This also shows  building foundation  existed and were visible. 
It is in Quran رَّبَّنَا إِنِّي أَسْكَنتُ مِن ذُرِّيَّتِي بِوَادٍ غَيْرِ ذِي زَرْعٍ عِندَ بَيْتِكَ الْمُحَرَّمِ رَبَّنَا لِيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ فَاجْعَلْ أَفْئِدَةً مِّنَ النَّاسِ تَهْوِي إِلَيْهِمْ وَارْزُقْهُم مِّنَ الثَّمَرَاتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَشْكُرُونَ [ Our Lord, I have established some of my offspring in an uncultivated valley, close to Your Sacred House, Lord, so that they may keep up the prayer. Make people’s hearts turn to them, and provide them with produce, so that they may be thankful. ]  (Ibrahim - 37)
It is in Quran وَإِذْ بَوَّأْنَا لِإِبْرَاهِيمَ مَكَانَ الْبَيْتِ أَن لَّا تُشْرِكْ بِي شَيْئًا وَطَهِّرْ بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْقَائِمِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ [ We showed Ibrahim the site of the House, saying, ‘Do not assign partners to Me. Purify My House for those who circle around it, those who stand to pray, and those who bow and prostrate themselves. (Al-Hajj - 26)
Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says that His house is 'a sanctuary for people.  Meaning, people feel safe when they are in it.  Prior to Islam, even the pagans who abandoned the religion of Ibrahim (عليه السلام) and his descendants, believed in making pilgrimage to the sanctified house.  They used to guarantee the safety of those visiting the Ka'ba. 
Ibrahim (عليه السلام) and Ismail (عليه السلام) rebuild Ka'ba  which is meant for the exclusive worship of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). Once the house was rebuilt, Ibrahim (عليه السلام) and Ismail (عليه السلام) took care of its maintenance.  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) commanded them to purify the House (and its surroundings).   Probably the  area was becoming like any other neighborhood where people slaughtered their animals and dumped their rubbish.  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) commanded Ibrahim (عليه السلام) and Ismail (عليه السلام) to clean the place for everyone (i) who do Tawaaf, (ii) who take time to retreat, and (iii) who devote themselves for worship for a longer time in bowing and prostrating.  It is obvious that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) wanted to make Ka'ba a focal point and Qibla for all Muslims of the world.


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 097
فِيهِ آَيَاتٌ بَيِّنَاتٌ مَقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمَنْ دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آَمِنًا وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا وَمَنْ كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ [ It (the Haram) contains clear signs, and the spot where Ibrahim (عليه السلام) had stood. And anyone who enters it, will find security. And whosoever can afford should visit the House on a pilgrimage as his duty towards Allah.  Whosoever denies, should know that Allah is Self-sufficient and independent, from the worlds. ]

Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. It is obligatory for all Muslims, who can afford and travel, to do Hajj at least once in their  lifetime. Hajj is performed during the period from the 8th to 13th Dhu'l Hijjah, every lunar year. It is an annual assembly of Muslims from all parts of the world in which  all barriers of language, territory, color and race disappear and the bond of faith becomes apparent.   There are a number of benefits of Hajj to people, individually as well as collectively. 

It is in Hadith - Narrated Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) - The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "Whoever performs Hajj for Allah's sake and does not have sexual relations with his wife, and does not do evil or sins then he will return (after Hajj free from all sins) as if he were born anew.(Bukhari, Muslim )
It is in Hadith - Narrated Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) - The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was asked, "Which is the best deed?" He said, "To believe in Allah and His Apostle." He was then asked, "Which is the next (in goodness)?" He said, "To participate in Jihad in Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Cause." He was then asked, "Which is the next?" He said, "To perform Hajj-Mabrur.   (Bukhari )

In this verse, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Allah mentions about the spot where Ibrahim (عليه السلام) stood while raising the wall of Ka'ba.  The rock on which Ibrahim (عليه السلام) stood, is still preserved. 


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 098
قُلْ يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لِمَ تَكْفُرُونَ بِآَيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ شَهِيدٌ عَلَى مَا تَعْمَلُونَ [ Say (O' Prophet ﷺ), O'people of the Book, why do you reject the word of Allah, (while you know that) Allah is a witness to all that you do? ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 099
قُلْ يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لِمَ تَصُدُّونَ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ مَنْ آَمَنَ تَبْغُونَهَا عِوَجًا وَأَنْتُمْ شُهَدَاءُ وَمَا اللَّهُ بِغَافِلٍ عَمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ  [ Say (O' Prophet ﷺ), 'O'people of the Book, why do you turn the believers away from the path of Allah, seeking to make it (look) deviant, while you are witnesses (to the truth)? And Allah is not unaware of what you do.']


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 100
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا إِنْ تُطِيعُوا فَرِيقًا مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ يَرُدُّوكُمْ بَعْدَ إِيمَانِكُمْ كَافِرِينَ [ O' believers, if you follow what some of the people of the Book are insinuating, it will turn you into unbelievers even after you have come to belief. ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 101
وَكَيْفَ تَكْفُرُونَ وَأَنْتُمْ تُتْلَى عَلَيْكُمْ آَيَاتُ اللَّهِ وَفِيكُمْ رَسُولُهُ وَمَنْ يَعْتَصِمْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدْ هُدِيَ إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ [ And how could you disbelieve while the verses of Quran are being recited to you and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is among you.? And whoever holds firmly to Allah (surely) has been guided to the straight path. ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 102
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ [O' believers, fear Allah as He should be feared, and do not die except as Muslims. ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 103
وَاعْتَصِمُوا بِحَبْلِ اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلَا تَفَرَّقُوا وَاذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ كُنْتُمْ أَعْدَاءً فَأَلَّفَ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِكُمْ فَأَصْبَحْتُمْ بِنِعْمَتِهِ إِخْوَانًا وَكُنْتُمْ عَلَى شَفَا حُفْرَةٍ مِنَ النَّارِ فَأَنْقَذَكُمْ مِنْهَا كَذَلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ آَيَاتِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ  [ Hold on firmly to the rope of Allah together, and don't get divided among yourselves.  Recall the favors Allah has bestowed upon you when you were one another´s foe.  He reconciled your hearts, and turned you into brethren by His grace.  (Remember) You were standing on the edge of a pit of fire and He saved you from it.   This is how Allah explains His verses to you, so that you may be guided. ]
What is the rope of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ)?  It is Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Allah is asking us to hold on firmly to the path shown by him and his Khulafa-e-Rashideen (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين).
It is in Quran -  قُلْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ [ Tell them (O' Prophet ﷺ) 'If you love Allah, then follow me so that Allah may love you and forgive your sin; for Allah is most forgiving and most kind.' ] (Aal-i-Imran -  31)
It is in Quran - قُلْ أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَإِنْ تَوَلَّوْا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْكَافِرِينَ  [ Tell them (O' Prophet  ﷺ) 'Obey Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); and if they refuse (then) Allah does not love disbelievers. ]   (Aal-i-Imran -  32)
Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 104
وَلْتَكُنْ مِنْكُمْ أُمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ  [And let there be a group among you that invites to goodness, and enjoins good deeds and forbids immorality; it is they who are the successful.]
It is in Hadith -  It is narrated on the authority of Thauban (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : A group of people from my Umma will always remain triumphant on the right path and continue to be triumphant (against their opponents). He who deserts them shall not be able to do them any harm. They will remain in this position until Allah's Command is executed (Qiyamah is established).  (Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and others)


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 105
وَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ تَفَرَّقُوا وَاخْتَلَفُوا مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ وَأُولَئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ  [And do not be like those who differed and became divided, for them is grievous torment.  ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 106
يَوْمَ تَبْيَضُّ وُجُوهٌ وَتَسْوَدُّ وُجُوهٌ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ اسْوَدَّتْ وُجُوهُهُمْ أَكَفَرْتُمْ بَعْدَ إِيمَانِكُمْ فَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ  [ On the Day (of Judgement, some)  faces will turn white (shining) and (some) faces will turn dark (abhorrent). As to those whose faces turn dark, (it will be said), You disbelieved  after your belief,  now taste the punishment for your disbelieve.]

The above verses 103-06 are related to 72 deviant sects and their sub groups among Muslims who have left the right path of Islam and chose different paths in the name of Islam. The right path of Islam is distinctly made clear throughout this Tafseer.

Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 107
وَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ ابْيَضَّتْ وُجُوهُهُمْ فَفِي رَحْمَةِ اللَّهِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ  [And those whose faces will be shining, are enveloped in the mercy of Allah; they will abide in it forever. ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 108
تِلْكَ آَيَاتُ اللَّهِ نَتْلُوهَا عَلَيْكَ بِالْحَقِّ وَمَا اللَّهُ يُرِيدُ ظُلْمًا لِلْعَالَمِينَ  [These are the verses of Allah, which We recite to you (O' Prophet ﷺ), with truth; and Allah does not wish any injustice to His creation in the worlds. ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 109
وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ تُرْجَعُ الْأُمُورُ  [And whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth belongs to Allah; and to Allah all things return ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 110
كُنْتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَلَوْ آَمَنَ أَهْلُ الْكِتَابِ لَكَانَ خَيْرًا لَهُمْ مِنْهُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَأَكْثَرُهُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ [ Of all the communities raised among people you (the Muslims) are the best, enjoining the good, forbidding the wrong and believing in Allah. If only the people of the book had believed, it would have been better for them. Among them are (some) believers (who have accepted Islam), but most of them are defiantly disobedient. ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 111
لَنْ يَضُرُّوكُمْ إِلَّا أَذًى وَإِنْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ يُوَلُّوكُمُ الْأَدْبَارَ ثُمَّ لَا يُنْصَرُونَ  [ They will do you no harm but annoyance; and if they fight you they will only turn their backs, then no help will reach them. ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 112
ضُرِبَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الذِّلَّةُ أَيْنَ مَا ثُقِفُوا إِلَّا بِحَبْلٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَحَبْلٍ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَبَاءُو بِغَضَبٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَضُرِبَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَسْكَنَةُ ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يَكْفُرُونَ بِآَيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَيَقْتُلُونَ الْأَنْبِيَاءَ بِغَيْرِ حَقٍّ ذَلِكَ بِمَا عَصَواْ وَكَانُوا يَعْتَدُونَ  [ Degraded they shall live wheresoever they be,  unless they make an alliance with Allah and alliance with (believing), for they have incurred Allah's wrath, and misery overhangs them. It is because they denied the signs of Allah and (had) killed the prophets unjustly, and rebelled and went beyond the limits. ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 113
لَيْسُوا سَوَاءً مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ أُمَّةٌ قَائِمَةٌ يَتْلُونَ آَيَاتِ اللَّهِ آَنَاءَ اللَّيْلِ وَهُمْ يَسْجُدُونَ  [ Yet all of them are not alike. Among the people of the Book is a section upright, who recite the verses of Allah in the hours of the night and prostrate in pray. ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 114
يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآَخِرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَيُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَأُولَئِكَ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ [ And believe in Allah and the Last Day, and enjoin what is good and forbid what is wrong, and hasten to give in charity. They are among the upright and the doers of good. ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 115
وَمَا يَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَلَنْ يُكْفَرُوهُ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِالْمُتَّقِينَ  [ And the good they do will not go unaccepted; for Allah is aware of those who keep away from evil. ]
The above three verses (113-115) are about those Jews and Christians who accepted Islam on the hand of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), who believed in Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and on the last day and who hasten to spend in charity. 
The following 2 verses (116-117) are about those Jews and Christians who remained unbelievers. 


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 116
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَنْ تُغْنِيَ عَنْهُمْ أَمْوَالُهُمْ وَلَا أَوْلَادُهُمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا وَأُولَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ  [ As for those who disbelieve, neither wealth nor children will avail them in the least against Allah. They are the companions of the (people of) Fire; they will abide therein  for ever. ]


Juz 4, Aal-i-Imran, Verse 117
مَثَلُ مَا يُنْفِقُونَ فِي هَذِهِ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا كَمَثَلِ رِيحٍ فِيهَا صِرٌّ أَصَابَتْ حَرْثَ قَوْمٍ ظَلَمُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ فَأَهْلَكَتْهُ وَمَا ظَلَمَهُمُ اللَّهُ وَلَكِنْ أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ [ The example of what they spend in this worldly life is like that of a wind containing frost which strikes the harvest of the people who have wronged themselves and destroys it. And Allah has not wronged them, they wronged themselves. ]