LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
 
JUZ 5.2 WAL MUHSANAT  (وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ)
 

 

سورة النساء

The Women
 

An Nisa | Sura # 4| 176 verses | Madinan

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful
 
 
Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 054
 
أَمْ يَحْسُدُونَ النَّاسَ عَلَى مَا آَتَاهُمُ اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ فَقَدْ آَتَيْنَا آَلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَآَتَيْنَاهُمْ مُلْكًا عَظِيمًا [ Or do they envy people due to what Allah has given them from His grace? In that case, We gave the Book and the wisdom to the descendants (following generations) of Ibrahim (عليه السلام), and We (also) gave them great kingdom. ]
 
 
Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 055
 
فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ آَمَنَ بِهِ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ صَدَّ عَنْهُ وَكَفَى بِجَهَنَّمَ سَعِيرًا [ Then some of them believed in it, and some turned away from it; yet sufficient is Hell (for disbelievers), the flaming Fire! ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 056
 
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآَيَاتِنَا سَوْفَ نُصْلِيهِمْ نَارًا كُلَّمَا نَضِجَتْ جُلُودُهُمْ بَدَّلْنَاهُمْ جُلُودًا غَيْرَهَا لِيَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا [ And those who disbelieve Our revelations shall be cast into Hell; and when their skin is burnt up, We shall give them a new skin that they may go on tasting the agony of punishment, for Allah is Almighty and All Wise. ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 057
 
وَالَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَنُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا لَهُمْ فِيهَا أَزْوَاجٌ مُطَهَّرَةٌ وَنُدْخِلُهُمْ ظِلًّا ظَلِيلًا [ And those who believed and did good deeds, We shall soon admit them into Gardens beneath which rivers flow, abiding in it forever; in it for them are pure spouses, and We shall admit them into places of plentiful shade. ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 058
 
إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَنْ تُؤَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَى أَهْلِهَا وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُمْ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ أَنْ تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُمْ بِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا [ Indeed Allah commands you to hand over whatever you hold in trust, to their owners, and that whenever you judge between people, judge with fairness; excellent is that which Allah instructs you.; indeed Allah is All Hearing, All Seeing. ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 059
 
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْكُمْ فَإِنْ تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآَخِرِ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا  [ O' People who Believe! Obey Allah and the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and those among you who are in authority.  If there is a dispute among you concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) (for judgement). And if you believe in Allah and the Last Day; this is the best of settlement. ]
 
Obeying Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the corner stone of our Iman. 
 
What is the meaning of obeying the people in authority?  
 
If the people in authority are Sahih-ul-Aqeedah people of Islam, there is no problem in it. Even if the rulers are disbelievers, deviants but they do not interfere with your religious and personal issues, and you have freedom of Iman and good deeds, it is also fine.
 
What about the people in authority who are disbelievers, or deviant sects, and are unjust tyrants and force you to proclaim and live in disbelieve?  In such a scenario, there are two options.
 
(i) Immigrate to a place where you have freedom to protect your Iman.
 It is in Quran -  إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَوَفَّاهُمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ ظَالِمِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ قَالُوا فِيمَ كُنْتُمْ قَالُوا كُنَّا مُسْتَضْعَفِينَ فِي الْأَرْضِ قَالُوا أَلَمْ تَكُنْ أَرْضُ اللَّهِ وَاسِعَةً فَتُهَاجِرُوا فِيهَا فَأُولَئِكَ مَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا  [ As for those whose souls are taken by the angels (at death) while in a state of unbelief, they will be asked by the angels: 'What (state) were you in?' They will answer: 'We were oppressed in the land. And the angels will say: 'Was not Allah´s earth large enough for you to migrate?' Their abode will be Hell, and what an evil abode (is Hell). ]  (An-Nisa 97)
 
It is in Quran -  وَمَنْ يُهَاجِرْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ يَجِدْ فِي الْأَرْضِ مُرَاغَمًا كَثِيرًا وَسَعَةً وَمَنْ يَخْرُجْ مِنْ بَيْتِهِ مُهَاجِرًا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ ثُمَّ يُدْرِكْهُ الْمَوْتُ فَقَدْ وَقَعَ أَجْرُهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا  [ Whosoever leaves his country in Allah's cause, will find many places of refuge, and abundance on the earth. And he who leaves his home and becomes an immigrant in the way of Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and death overtakes him, is sure to receive his reward from Allah; for Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful. ] (An-Nisa - 100) 
It is established from the above verses that if the rulers of a state are unjust and force you to proclaim and live in disbelieve, then it is required that people  migrate out of that land to live in a place where they can live by their conscience and faith. The argument that they were suppressed by tyrants and were forced to live in disbelieve, will not help in afterlife. 
 
(ii) What happens if you cannot immigrate in view of persecution or other compelling reasons?
 
Surely, there is a respite for those who cannot immigrate for compelling reasons or so weak to chart out their escape from the territory but at heart are believers. 
It is in Quran -  إِلَّا الْمُسْتَضْعَفِينَ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ وَالْوِلْدَانِ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ حِيلَةً وَلَا يَهْتَدُونَ سَبِيلًا  -  فَأُولَئِكَ عَسَى اللَّهُ أَنْ يَعْفُوَ عَنْهُمْ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَفُوًّا غَفُورًا [ Except those who were forcibly subdued among men, and the women and children, unable to devise a plan and unaware of the way may well hope for the mercy of Allah; and Allah is full of mercy and grace. ] (An-Nisa - 98-99)
 
Sahih Iman or Sahih-ul-Aqeedah Iman is an essential requirement for salvation in Hereafter.  And if a person has Sahih Iman in his heart equal to the weight of a mustard seed or even an Atom, he will be taken out of Hell on the mediation of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'No one shall enter the Fire (of Hell) who has in his heart Iman equal to the weight of a mustard seed.  (Bukhari, Muslim and others).
It is in Hadith - Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said,  (i) He who among you sees something abominable should modify it with the help of his hand; (ii) and if he has not strength enough to do it, then he should do it with his tongue, (iii) and if he does not have enough strength to do it, (even) then he should (abhor it) from his heart, and that is the least of Iman. (Muslim Book 1, # 84) 
It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : Never a Prophet had been sent before myself by Allah towards his nation whose people (his) disciples and companions had not followed his ways and obeyed his command. Then there came after them their successors who proclaimed whatever they did not practice, and practiced whatever they were not commanded to do. He who strove against them with his hands was a believer.  He who strove against them with his tongue was a believer, and he who strove against them with his heart was a believer and beyond that there is no faith even to the extent of a mustard seed.  Abu Rafi' (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I narrated this Hadith to 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He contradicted me. There happened to come 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who stayed at Qanat, and 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) wanted me to accompany him for visiting him (as 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud ؓ  was ailing), so I went along with him and as we sat (before him) I asked Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about this Hadith. He narrated it in the same way as I narrated it to Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  (Muslim Book 1, # 86)   

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 060
 
أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّهُمْ آَمَنُوا بِمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ يُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يَتَحَاكَمُوا إِلَى الطَّاغُوتِ وَقَدْ أُمِرُوا أَنْ يَكْفُرُوا بِهِ وَيُرِيدُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ يُضِلَّهُمْ ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا  [ Did you not see those whose claim is that they believe in what has been sent down on you and what was sent down before you, and then they wish to make the devil their judge, whereas they were ordered to completely reject him? And the devil wishes to mislead them far astray. ]
 
It is very important to remain on Sahih Iman and follow the rightful Sahih ul Aqeedah Shuyookh of Ihsan.  Other than that your claim of being a Muslim will become a lip service.  Following a deviant sect, or deliberately not trying to understand facts in the light of Quran and Sunnah lead you away from Islam.
 
Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has provided mind and heart to every human being and it is imperative that they use them properly, ponder over the facts of this Cosmos and walk on the right path.  The following Quranic verses clarify that the punishment for  rejection and  punishment for 'not trying to understand', is the same.

(i) It is in Quran -   كَذَ‌ٰلِكَ يَجْعَلُ اللَّهُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ [So Allah places degradation on those who do not believe." (Al-An'aam - 125)

(ii) It is in Quran -  وَيَجْعَلُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْقِلُونَ [ And He places degradation on  those (subjects them to torment) who have no understanding. ]  ( Yunus - 100)

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 061
 
وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ تَعَالَوْا إِلَى مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ وَإِلَى الرَّسُولِ رَأَيْتَ الْمُنَافِقِينَ يَصُدُّونَ عَنْكَ صُدُودًا  [ When they are told : 'Come to that which Allah has revealed, and to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), you should see the hypocrites, how they hesitate and turn their faces away. ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 062
 
فَكَيْفَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُمْ مُصِيبَةٌ بِمَا قَدَّمَتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ ثُمَّ جَاءُوكَ يَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّهِ إِنْ أَرَدْنَا إِلَّا إِحْسَانًا وَتَوْفِيقًا [ What will be their state, if some calamity befalls them as a result of what their own hands have sent before them and then they come to you (O' Prophet ﷺ), swearing by Allah that, 'We aimed at doing good and create harmony'? ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 063
 
أُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ يَعْلَمُ اللَّهُ مَا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ وَعِظْهُمْ وَقُلْ لَهُمْ فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ قَوْلًا بَلِيغًا [ The secrets of the hearts of these people are well known to Allah. So leave them alone (O' Prophet ﷺ), and counsel them and speak to them with eloquent words that would touch their hearts. ]
 
How beautiful are the commandments of Allah.  Even Munafiqeen are given respite to realize their mistakes.  The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is commanded to preach them in words that may touch their hearts and they realize their folly and come back to the right path.

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 064
 
وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ رَسُولٍ إِلَّا لِيُطَاعَ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذْ ظَلَمُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ جَاءُوكَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا اللَّهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُوا اللَّهَ تَوَّابًا رَحِيمًا [ And We did not send any Apostle except that he be obeyed by Allah’s command; and if, they wronged themselves and come humbly to you (O' Prophet ﷺ) and asked forgiveness of Allah,  and the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) also intercedes for them, they would find Allah accepting of repentance and most Merciful.  ]

In the above verse it is clear that the cause for  لَوَجَدُوا اللَّهَ تَوَّابًا رَّحِيمًا   [ find Allah accepting of repentance and Most Merciful is  وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ [ and the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  also intercedes for them ].

It is evident from the above that self repentance alone is not sufficient.  You should take benediction from a person of illuminated heart.  As long as the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did not draw the curtain of his life from this world (was alive), he himself used to pray for individuals’  forgiveness from Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).  And now, when he is hidden from the eyes of this world, Awliya Allah, Sahih Ul-Aqeedah Sufi Shuyookh of Ihsan will pray for forgiveness of whoever comes to them, which is expected to be granted by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 065
 
فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّى يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُوا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ حَرَجًا مِمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَيُسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا  [ Indeed, by your Lord, they will not be Muslims till they make you adjudge in their disputes and find no constraint in their hearts about your decisions and accept them with full acquiescence. ]

What is the meaning of  making the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) judge in all our affairs?  It means that we should refer all our issues to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and seek his guidance and decision.  Since the Prophet () is not visible to the Physical World, how do we understand what Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has decided for us in a particular issue? 

We go back to his physical life in this world and look for similar circumstances of Sahabah and what the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) decided then.  Our A'imma and Sahih-ul-Aqeedah Shuyookh of Ihsan have done a great deal of work in this context.

When you grow in your trust of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he being in charge of all of our lives, a stage will come when you will receive his advice, decisions directly in all your issues.  Try it, you will become free from all worries in your lives.   

 
Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 066
 
وَلَوْ أَنَّا كَتَبْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ أَنِ اقْتُلُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ أَوِ اخْرُجُوا مِنْ دِيَارِكُمْ مَا فَعَلُوهُ إِلَّا قَلِيلٌ مِنْهُمْ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ فَعَلُوا مَا يُوعَظُونَ بِهِ لَكَانَ خَيْرًا لَهُمْ وَأَشَدَّ تَثْبِيتًا  [ If We had made obligatory for them to lay down their lives (in the way of Allah) and to go forth from their homes, only a few would have obeyed; though had they followed what they had been commanded it would surely have been good for them for strengthening of their faith. ]

It is important to know that Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) assistance is available only to the sincere person.  You should walk on the right path of Islam and whatever you do it should be for the sake of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). 

It is in Quran -   قُلْ إِنَّ صَلَاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ [ Say, "Indeed, my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the worlds. ] (Al-An'aam - 162)

This is the key, in the absence of which expecting Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) assistance is futile.  

 
Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 067
 
وَإِذًا لَآَتَيْنَاهُمْ مِنْ لَدُنَّا أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا  [ And We would have bestowed on them a great reward of our Mercy. ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 068
 
وَلَهَدَيْنَاهُمْ صِرَاطًا مُسْتَقِيمًا  [ And led them to the straight path. ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 069
 
وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَأُولَئِكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ وَحَسُنَ أُولَئِكَ رَفِيقًا  [ And whoever obeys Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), will be with those upon whom Allah has bestowed grace from the Prophets, and the truthful , and the martyrs, and the virtuous; and what an excellent companions they are! ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 070
 
ذَلِكَ الْفَضْلُ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَكَفَى بِاللَّهِ عَلِيمًا  [ This is the munificence of Allah, and sufficient is He, the all Knowing. ]
 
 
Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 071
 
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا خُذُوا حِذْرَكُمْ فَانْفِرُوا ثُبَاتٍ أَوِ انْفِرُوا جَمِيعًا [ O' believers, take precautions, and advance in detachments (towards enemy), or go all together in a body. ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 072
 
وَإِنَّ مِنْكُمْ لَمَنْ لَيُبَطِّئَنَّ فَإِنْ أَصَابَتْكُمْ مُصِيبَةٌ قَالَ قَدْ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيَّ إِذْ لَمْ أَكُنْ مَعَهُمْ شَهِيدًا [ Someone among you will surely lag behind, and if calamity should befall you, will say : Allah was gracious to me that I was not among them. ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 073
 
وَلَئِنْ أَصَابَكُمْ فَضْلٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ لَيَقُولَنَّ كَأَنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَهُ مَوَدَّةٌ يَا لَيْتَنِي كُنْتُ مَعَهُمْ فَأَفُوزَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا [ And if grace from Allah come to you, he would certainly cry out, as if there had not been any friendship between you and him : 'Would that I had been with them, then I should have attained a great success.' ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 074
 
فَلْيُقَاتِلْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ الَّذِينَ يَشْرُونَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا بِالْآَخِرَةِ وَمَنْ يُقَاتِلْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَيُقْتَلْ أَوْ يَغْلِبْ فَسَوْفَ نُؤْتِيهِ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا [ Those who barter the life of this world for the next should fight in the way of Allah. And We shall bestow on him a glorious reward who fights in the way of Allah, whether he is martyred or is (alive and) victorious.]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 075
 
وَمَا لَكُمْ لَا تُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالْمُسْتَضْعَفِينَ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ وَالْوِلْدَانِ الَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا أَخْرِجْنَا مِنْ هَذِهِ الْقَرْيَةِ الظَّالِمِ أَهْلُهَا وَاجْعَل لَنَا مِنْ لَدُنْكَ وَلِيًّا وَاجْعَل لَنَا مِنْ لَدُنْكَ نَصِيرًا [ What is the matter with you that you fight not in Allah's cause and for the oppressed, men, women and children, who pray : O' Our Lord, get us out of this town, whose people are oppressors; so send us a friend by Your will, and send us a helper.' ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 076
 
الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ الطَّاغُوتِ فَقَاتِلُوا أَوْلِيَاءَ الشَّيْطَانِ إِنَّ كَيْدَ الشَّيْطَانِ كَانَ ضَعِيفًا  [ Those who believe,  fight in the way of Allah; and those who do not, only fight for the devils, so you should fight the friends of Satan. Surely the strategy of Satan is weak. ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 077
 
أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ قِيلَ لَهُمْ كُفُّوا أَيْدِيَكُمْ وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآَتُوا الزَّكَاةَ فَلَمَّا كُتِبَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْقِتَالُ إِذَا فَرِيقٌ مِنْهُمْ يَخْشَوْنَ النَّاسَ كَخَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ أَوْ أَشَدَّ خَشْيَةً وَقَالُوا رَبَّنَا لِمَ كَتَبْتَ عَلَيْنَا الْقِتَالَ لَوْلَا أَخَّرْتَنَا إِلَى أَجَلٍ قَرِيبٍ قُلْ مَتَاعُ الدُّنْيَا قَلِيلٌ وَالْآَخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِمَنِ اتَّقَى وَلَا تُظْلَمُونَ فَتِيلًا  [ Have you not seen those who were told, 'hold on (from fighting) and establish Salah and give Zakat? But when fighting was ordained for them,  a party of them feared (enemy) men as they fear Allah or with (even) greater fear.  They said, 'Our Lord, why have You decreed upon us fighting? If only You had postponed it for a short time.'  Say (O Prophet ﷺ), 'the enjoyment of this world is little, and the Hereafter is better for he who fears Allah. And injustice will not be done to you, (even) as much as a thread.' ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 078
 
أَيْنَمَا تَكُونُوا يُدْرِكُكُمُ الْمَوْتُ وَلَوْ كُنْتُمْ فِي بُرُوجٍ مُشَيَّدَةٍ وَإِنْ تُصِبْهُمْ حَسَنَةٌ يَقُولُوا هَذِهِ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ وَإِنْ تُصِبْهُمْ سَيِّئَةٌ يَقُولُوا هَذِهِ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ قُلْ كُلٌّ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ فَمَالِ هَؤُلَاءِ الْقَوْمِ لَا يَكَادُونَ يَفْقَهُونَ حَدِيثًا  [ Death will overtake you wheresoever you be, even in the mightiest of towers. Yet if some good comes their way, they say, 'it is from Allah' and if it is evil that befalls them, they say, it is indeed from you.'  Say to them (O' Prophet ﷺ), every thing is from Allah.  What is wrong with these people, they don't understand anything? ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 079
 
مَا أَصَابَكَ مِنْ حَسَنَةٍ فَمِنَ اللَّهِ وَمَا أَصَابَكَ مِنْ سَيِّئَةٍ فَمِنْ نَفْسِكَ وَأَرْسَلْنَاكَ لِلنَّاسِ رَسُولًا وَكَفَى بِاللَّهِ شَهِيدًا  [ Whatever good reaches you, (O men), it is from Allah, and whatever ill reaches you is from yourselves.  We have sent you (O Prophet ﷺ) as an Apostle towards all mankind; and Allah is Sufficient, as a Witness. ]

 

Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 080
 
مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطَاعَ اللَّهَ وَمَنْ تَوَلَّى فَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَفِيظًا  [ Whoever obeys the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has indeed obeyed Allah; and for those who turn away,  (O'Prophet  ﷺ), we have not sent you as their savior. ]
 
Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the touch stone for you to know how much you are close to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).  Your degree of closeness with Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is directly proportional to the degree of your closeness with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Indeed, obeying him is obeying Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). 
 
We have innumerable deviant sects who equate the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with normal sinful human beings and seek Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) bypassing him.  They spend their life times in degrading the respect of Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) by wrongful focus on the human aspect. This kind of attitude is far, far away from Islamic teachings.  These people cannot expect any good for them in this life or in Hereafter.   They have gone astray.
 

Khawarij, Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups consider Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as a normal human being as anyone else. The problem is that things which are visible to the normal physical eyes are also ignored by them.

They do not pay attention to the fact that there is a commonality which is common in two things, but it is the distinction which is the deciding factor of excellence. They should know that between human being and animals there are many commonalities. The animals are living beings, they eat and they reproduce their species. These are commonalities between animals and human beings. But the distinction between the two is the human beings are crowned with common sense, intelligence, therefore, they have become masters of the world.

They should know that there are many commonalities between believers and non-believers as well. The distinction between the two is the Islamic faith. Because of this distinction, one will go the Paradise and the other will be burned in Hell fire permanently.

Makkan apostates like Abu Jahel and others used to say, what is the difference between him (Prophet Mohammad – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and other people of Makkah, as he lives a life of a normal human being.

It is in Quran -  وَقَالُوا مَالِ هَـٰذَا الرَّسُولِ يَأْكُلُ الطَّعَامَ وَيَمْشِي فِي الْأَسْوَاقِ ۙ لَوْلَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ فَيَكُونَ مَعَهُ نَذِيرًا [(The apostates of Makka used to say) ‘What is there in this Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم),  he eats food like us and goes to around the markets like us.] (Al-Furqan – 7).

But As-hab-e-Rasulullah (رضئ اللھ تعالی عنہم اجمعین ) never used to think on these lines and they never compared Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with normal human beings. They looked at Prophet Mohammad’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) life as an absolute miracle of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). To them Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has been an unusual phenomenon of Allah’s  (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) omnipotence.

It is in Quran –  وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ - إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ [ (Prophet Mohammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) does not say anything with his self desire, except that this is the revelation which is coming to him (from Allah)]. (An-Najm – 3-4).

Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) represents humanity in all his actions. He shows happiness on certain things and displeasure on certain things. He shows fore knowledge of certain things and shows his unawareness of certain things. He pleads with Almighty for His forgiveness. He walks in streets like normal human beings. He fights with infidels along with his companions and sometimes the results of the battles are inconclusive and sometimes he wins. He becomes concerned when something goes wrong with his family members and his companions,   and shares happiness with them on happy occasions.

Why it is so?   Did you ever think about that?  Read this Quranic verse to understand this phenomenon.

It is in Quran - لَّقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ [Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is an exemplary model (for all of you) (Al-Ahzab – 21). 

He is an icon of humanity and of all creations.   In other words, he is a perfect human being. Like him there is none. He represents various facets of humanity at various stages of his life. Sometimes, he shows utmost humility of a desperate human being and on other occasions, pointing his finger towards the moon splits it into two, which was witnessed by all Quraish.

It is in Quran - اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ - وَإِن يَرَوْا آيَةً يُعْرِضُوا وَيَقُولُوا سِحْرٌ مُّسْتَمِرٌّ [The Hour (the Day of Resurrection) came near and the moon was split.  And if they see any sign, then turn their faces and say this is magic perpetual.]  (Al-Qamar -1-2).

One of the most important aspect of our Iman is utmost respect of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and deep rooted love for him in our hearts.

We should be careful while describing about Prophets, Sahabah, Imams, Sufi Shuyookh of Ihsan and Awliya Allah. They are all virtuous and stand tall in Islamic Ummah. We should not rebel against their authorities in religion. If we do not keep these things in mind, we are sure to be doomed on the Day of Judgment.