دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية





تفسيرِ اَسدي 






JUZ 5.4 WAL MUHSANAT  (وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ)


سورة النساء

The Women

An Nisa | Sura # 4| 176 verses | Madinah


بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful
Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 107
وَلَا تُجَادِلْ عَنِ الَّذِينَ يَخْتَانُونَ أَنْفُسَهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ مَنْ كَانَ خَوَّانًا أَثِيمًا [ And do not plead on behalf of those who deceive themselves; indeed Allah does not like any treacherous excessive sinner.]
Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 108
يَسْتَخْفُونَ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَلَا يَسْتَخْفُونَ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَهُوَ مَعَهُمْ إِذْ يُبَيِّتُونَ مَا لَا يَرْضَى مِنَ الْقَوْلِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ مُحِيطًا [ They try to hide from (men), but they cannot hide from Allah who is with them at night when they discuss such matters as He does not approve; but Allah has their deeds encompassed.]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 109
هَا أَنْتُمْ هَؤُلَاءِ جَادَلْتُمْ عَنْهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فَمَنْ يُجَادِلُ اللَّهَ عَنْهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَمْ مَنْ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَكِيلًا  [ Pay heed! It is you people who argued on their behalf in the life of this world; so who will fight on their behalf with Allah on the Day of Resurrection, or who will be their pleader?]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 110
وَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ سُوءًا أَوْ يَظْلِمْ نَفْسَهُ ثُمَّ يَسْتَغْفِرِ اللَّهَ يَجِدِ اللَّهَ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا  [ He who does evil or acts against his own interests, then prays for Allah's forgiveness, will find Allah Compassionate and Merciful. ]
It is important that people realize their mistakes and sincerely seek forgiveness from Allah with the covenant to avoid misdeeds as far as possible. Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will not only forgive their mistakes, He will also give them courage to avoid sinning and pave their way for establishing virtue in their lives


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 111
وَمَنْ يَكْسِبْ إِثْمًا فَإِنَّمَا يَكْسِبُهُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا  [ And whoever earns sin, his earnings will only be against himself; and Allah is the All Knowing, All Wise. ]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 112
وَمَنْ يَكْسِبْ خَطِيئَةً أَوْ إِثْمًا ثُمَّ يَرْمِ بِهِ بَرِيئًا فَقَدِ احْتَمَلَ بُهْتَانًا وَإِثْمًا مُبِينًا  [ And whoever commits a mistake or a sin, then blames it on someone innocent has indeed burdened himself with infamy and a manifest sin. ]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 113
وَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ وَرَحْمَتُهُ لَهَمَّتْ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْهُمْ أَنْ يُضِلُّوكَ وَمَا يُضِلُّونَ إِلَّا أَنْفُسَهُمْ وَمَا يَضُرُّونَكَ مِنْ شَيْءٍ وَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُ وَكَانَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ عَظِيمًا[ And O' Prophet ﷺ), were it not for Allah’s munificence and His mercy upon you, a group among them had intended to deceive you. They only mislead themselves and will not harm you. Allah has sent down upon you the Book and wisdom, and taught you all what you did not know; and upon you is Allah’s great munificence. ]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 114
لَا خَيْرَ فِي كَثِيرٍ مِنْ نَجْوَاهُمْ إِلَّا مَنْ أَمَرَ بِصَدَقَةٍ أَوْ مَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ إِصْلَاحٍ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ   ابْتِغَاءَ مَرْضَاتِ اللَّهِ فَسَوْفَ نُؤْتِيهِ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا [ Their confidential counsels are seldom for any good, except for those who enjoin charity or that which is right or conciliation between people.  And whoever does that seeking means to the approval of Allah (and His Apostle ﷺ), then We are going to give him a great reward. ]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 115
وَمَنْ يُشَاقِقِ الرَّسُولَ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَى وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّى وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا  [ And he who opposes the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) even after the way has become clear to him, and follows a path other than the way of Muslims, We shall lead him to what he has chosen for himself, and shall take him to Hell. How evil is this journey´s end. ]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 116 
إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَنْ يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَلِكَ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَمَنْ يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا[ Indeed, Allah does not forgive association (shirk) with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly gone far astray. ]

Sins are committed by people knowingly or unknowingly like rain showers throughout their day to day living.  We are therefore cautioned to at least avoid major sins.  The minor sins committed and recorded get erased by the mercy of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). 

What are major sins? 

Any sin entailing a threat of punishment in the Hereafter explicitly mentioned in the Qur'an and Sunnah, come under this category.  Even among major sins, there are some heinous than others.  Like 'Shirk' is the worst kind.

It is in Quran - إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَنْ يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَلِكَ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَمَنْ يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ افْتَرَى إِثْمًا عَظِيمًا [ Undoubtedly Allah does not forgive (the sin of) associating partners with Him,  and forgives anything lower than it to whomsoever He wills; and whoever ascribes partners to Allah is guilty of the gravest sin. ] (An-Nisa - 48)

It is in Hadith -  The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Avoid seven sins that doom a person to Hell.'  We said : 'What are they, O' Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)? He said: 'Associating others with Allah (shirk); witchcraft; killing a Nafs whom Allah has forbidden us to kill, except in cases dictated by Islamic law; consuming orphans’ wealth; consuming riba (interest); fleeing from the battlefield; and slandering chaste, innocent women. (Bukhari, Muslim)


Repentance and forgiveness

If a person commits a sin and repents, then Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) accepts his repentance. 

It is in Quran - قُلْ يَا عِبَادِيَ الَّذِينَ أَسْرَفُوا عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِهِمْ لَا تَقْنَطُوا مِن رَّحْمَةِ اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ جَمِيعًا ۚ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ [ Say (O'Prophet ﷺ), O' My servants who have transgressed against themselves (by sinning), do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Indeed, Allah forgives all sins. Certainly, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful.] (Az-Zumar - 53)


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 117 
إِنْ يَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِهِ إِلَّا إِنَاثًا وَإِنْ يَدْعُونَ إِلَّا شَيْطَانًا مَرِيدًا [ Polytheists do not pray Allah. In His place they invoke only females (pagan deities); and instead of Him they invoke Satan, the obstinate rebel. ]
Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 118 
لَعَنَهُ اللَّهُ وَقَالَ لَأَتَّخِذَنَّ مِنْ عِبَادِكَ نَصِيبًا مَفْرُوضًا [ Whom Allah has cursed. For he had said, 'I will surely take from among Your servants a specific portion'. ]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 119 
وَلَأُضِلَّنَّهُمْ وَلَأُمَنِّيَنَّهُمْ وَلَآَمُرَنَّهُمْ فَلَيُبَتِّكُنَّ آَذَانَ الْأَنْعَامِ وَلَآَمُرَنَّهُمْ فَلَيُغَيِّرُنَّ خَلْقَ اللَّهِ وَمَنْ يَتَّخِذِ الشَّيْطَانَ وَلِيًّا مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ فَقَدْ خَسِرَ خُسْرَانًا مُبِينًا [ And mislead them and tempt them, and order them to slit the ears of animals (a custom of Arab Pagans); and they will act against the purpose of their creation.  He who holds Satan as friend in place of Allah will assuredly be damned to manifest loss. ]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 120 
يَعِدُهُمْ وَيُمَنِّيهِمْ وَمَا يَعِدُهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ إِلَّا غُرُورًا [ Whatever the promises Satan makes, whatever the desires he foments, and whatever the hopes  he rouses in them, are no more than delusion. ]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 121 
أُولَئِكَ مَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَلَا يَجِدُونَ عَنْهَا مَحِيصًا [ The destination of such (people) is hell; they will not find any refuge from it. ]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 122 
وَالَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَنُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقًّا وَمَنْ أَصْدَقُ مِنَ اللَّهِ قِيلًا [ But those who believe and do good deeds We shall admit into gardens beneath which rivers flow,  they will abide therein for ever. True is the promise of Allah; and whose word could be truer than Allah´s? ]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 123 
لَيْسَ بِأَمَانِيِّكُمْ وَلَا أَمَانِيِّ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ مَنْ يَعْمَلْ سُوءًا يُجْزَ بِهِ وَلَا يَجِدْ لَهُ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلِيًّا وَلَا نَصِيرًا  [ Paradise is not gained by your wishful thinking nor by that of the People of the Scripture. Whoever does wrong will get the recompense of it,  and will not find, other than Allah, any friend or any supporter. ]
There are 72 deviant sects and innumerable subgroups among Muslims whose deviancy is primarily in Iman.  Sahih Iman is a comprehensive aspect that cannot be achieved by verbal, lip service recitation of Kalima Tayyiba.  What is Sect?  Sect is a group of people who do not hold Sahih Iman.  If people are on Sahih Iman but act on certain deeds against the established Islamic practices,, not related to Iman, they will be called as wrong doers or sinners. Deviancy in Iman is like crossing the red line of Islam.
Followers of these sects, in reality, are challenging the commandments of Allah, His Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and all Imams of the past 1400 years who have elaborated what is Kufr, Shirk and what is  Iman.  The definitions used by our Ulema in this context clearly specify that even if you recite Kalima Tayyiba, and claim yourself as Muslim, there are certain beliefs/actions on your part that take you out of the fold of Islam. 
(1) A person who denies Islam and its testimony (Kalima Tayyiba) or a person who considers belief in Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is optional, not compulsory for salvation in Hereafter is 'Infidel' (Kafir).  
(2) A person who associates divinity (Uloohiyat) with anything other than Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and considers it worship-able, is a Polytheist (Mushrik). 
(3) A person who recites Kalima Tayyiba and claims himself to be Muslim but denies Islam in his heart, is known as 'Hypocrite' (Munafiq). 
(4) A Muslim who leaves the fold of Islam is known as 'Apostate' (Murtad).
(5) There are many types of 'Hypocrite Apostates' (Murtad Munafiq), as follows.
(i) A  person who recites Kalima Tayyiba, claims himself to be Muslim, but at the same time disrespects, and does  blasphemy of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Sahabah,  Imams and Awliya Allah is  known as Hypocrite Apostate (Murtad Munafiq).
(ii) A person who recites Kalima Tayyiba and claims himself to be Muslim but believes his God to have human-like physical body, two eyes, two hands, two legs, who is sitting over the skies, is known as 'Hypocrite Apostate (Murtad Munafiq).
(iii) A person who recites Kalima Tayyiba, claims himself to be Muslim, but at the same time visits Hindu temples, Sikh Gurduwaras, Jew Synagogues, Christian Churches and participates in their functions and worship, is known as 'Hypocrite Apostate' (Murtad Munafiq).
(iv) It is in Quran -  لَا تَعْتَذِرُوا قَدْ كَفَرْتُم بَعْدَ إِيمَانِكُمْ  [ Make no excuse; you have done Kufr after your Iman.] (At-Tauba - 66).
(v) It is in Hadith - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: “Jews got divided into seventy one groups and Christians got divided into seventy two groups and my nation will get divided into seventy three groups. All the groups will be in Hell except one. They asked: “Allah’s Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) which one is it? He replied: “Those who will remain on the path on which I and my companions are today.” (Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah, Tirmidhi, Ahmad).      
The followers of all these sects and subgroups insist on following the deviant beliefs of their sect, at the same time claim that they are the saved people and will go to paradise after death.  This kind of wishful thinking is illogical and will not help them in any way in Hereafter. 
Same is the case with the people of the scriptures.  They claim their prophets as sons of Allah, meaning they do not have Sahih Iman and have altered their scriptures but still think that paradise is built for them.  

It is in Quran  -    لَّقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ ثَالِثُ ثَلَاثَةٍ ۘ وَمَا مِنْ إِلَـٰهٍ إِلَّا إِلَـٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ ۚ وَإِن لَّمْ يَنتَهُوا عَمَّا يَقُولُونَ لَيَمَسَّنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ   [Indeed those who say : 'Allah is the third of the Trinity' became unbelievers. There is but One God. If they do not desist in what they say, a painful punishment will afflict those of them that disbelieve. ] (Al-Ma'eda - 73)

It is in Quran -  وَقَالَتِ الْيَهُودُ عُزَيْرٌ ابْنُ اللَّهِ وَقَالَتِ النَّصَارَى الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ اللَّهِ ۖ ذَ‌ٰلِكَ قَوْلُهُم بِأَفْوَاهِهِمْ ۖ يُضَاهِئُونَ قَوْلَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِن قَبْلُ ۚ قَاتَلَهُمُ اللَّهُ ۚ أَنَّىٰ يُؤْفَكُونَ  [ The Jews call 'Uzair a son of Allah, and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the unbelievers of old used to say. Allah's curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth! ] (At-Taubah - 30)

People of the books and followers of deviant sects should think about these facts coolly and save themselves from the imminent trouble in Hereafter.


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 124 
وَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ مِنَ الصَّالِحَاتِ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَأُولَئِكَ يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ وَلَا يُظْلَمُونَ نَقِيرًا   [ But he who performs good deeds, whether man or a woman, and is a believer, will surely enter Paradise, and none shall be deprived even of an iota of his reward. ]
The emphasis in the above verse is on Sahih Iman which is the essential requirement for a person to enter paradise.  Other than that its all wishful thinking.  


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 125 
وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ دِينًا مِمَّنْ أَسْلَمَ وَجْهَهُ لِلَّهِ وَهُوَ مُحْسِنٌ وَاتَّبَعَ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا وَاتَّخَذَ اللَّهُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ خَلِيلًا    [ And whose religion is better than one who submits his self to Allah and is pious and follows the religion of Ibrahim (عليه السلام), who was upright in faith? And Allah made Ibrahim (عليه السلام) His close friend. ]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 126
وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُحِيطًا   [ And all that is in the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah and Allah encompasses all the things. ]


Juz 5, An Nisa, Verse 127
وَيَسْتَفْتُونَكَ فِي النِّسَاءِ قُلِ اللَّهُ يُفْتِيكُمْ فِيهِنَّ وَمَا يُتْلَى عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الْكِتَابِ فِي يَتَامَى النِّسَاءِ اللَّاتِي لَا تُؤْتُونَهُنَّ مَا كُتِبَ لَهُنَّ وَتَرْغَبُونَ أَنْ تَنْكِحُوهُنَّ وَالْمُسْتَضْعَفِينَ مِنَ الْوِلْدَانِ وَأَنْ تَقُومُوا لِلْيَتَامَى بِالْقِسْطِ وَمَا تَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِهِ عَلِيمًا  [ And they ask you the decree about women; say, “Allah gives you a decree concerning them,  what is recited to you from the Quran concerning orphan girls, that you are not giving them which is ordained for them, and you are avoiding marrying them, and concerning the weak children, and that you must firmly establish justice in dealing with the orphans’ rights; and whatever good deeds you do, Allah is Well Aware of it. ]