LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

 

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
 
 JUZ 8.5 WA LAU ANNANA (وَلَوْ أَنَّنَا)
 

 

سورة الأعراف

The Heights
 

Al-A'raaf | Sura # 7| 206 verses | Makka

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful

  

  
Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 059
 
لَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا إِلَى قَوْمِهِ فَقَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مَا لَكُمْ مِنْ إِلَهٍ غَيْرُهُ إِنِّي أَخَافُ عَلَيْكُمْ عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ  [ We sent Nooh (عليه السلام) to his nation, and he said : 'O people worship Allah; you have no other god but He; for I fear the retribution of the great Day may fall upon you.' ]
 
 
Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 060
 
قَالَ الْمَلَأُ مِنْ قَوْمِهِ إِنَّا لَنَرَاكَ فِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ  [ The leaders (chieftains/the idol worshipers clergy) of his people said, 'Indeed we see you in open error.' ]
  
 
Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 061
 
قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ لَيْسَ بِي ضَلَالَةٌ وَلَكِنِّي رَسُولٌ مِنْ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ [ (Nooh  عليه السلام) said, 'O people, I am not in error. I am an Apostle from the Lord of the worlds,' ]
 
 
Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 062
 
أُبَلِّغُكُمْ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي وَأَنْصَحُ لَكُمْ وَأَعْلَمُ مِنَ اللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ [ 'Conveying to you the message of my Lord and wishing good for you, and I know from Allah what you do not know.' ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 063
 
أَوَعَجِبْتُمْ أَنْ جَاءَكُمْ ذِكْرٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ عَلَى رَجُلٍ مِنْكُمْ لِيُنْذِرَكُمْ وَلِتَتَّقُوا وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ [ And are you surprised that an advice came to you from your Lord through a man among you, so that he may warn you and that you may fear, and so that there be Mercy upon you? ]
 
How many years had passed between the death of Adam (عليه السلام) and the birth of Nooh (عليه السلام)?
 
It is in Ahadith (Al-Hakim, Ibn Kathir, al-Hythami, at-Tabaraani, Ibn Hajr, etc.) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, the period between Adam and Nooh (عليهم السلام) is 10 Quroon ( قُرُون - plural of Qarn). 
 
There are differences of opinions among scholars about the period of a Qarn (قَرْن).  Some say that it is 100 years while others say that it is 'a generation'.  Those who say Qarn is a generation,  they mean that the period of a generation is equal to the life span of the people lived in that generation.
It is in Quran -  ثُمَّ أَنشَأْنَا مِن بَعْدِهِمْ قَرْنًا آخَرِينَ [ Then We produced after them a generation of others.] (Al-Mominoon - 31)
Since people used to live for over a thousand years during those generations, the period between Adam and Nooh (عليهم السلام) could be longer than 10 centuries.
 
There is another opinion of scholars based on the following Hadith.
It is in Hadith - Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'The period between Adam and Nuh (عليهم السلام) was 10 Quroon, all of which followed Islam. (Bukhari). 
 
This above Hadith was also quoted by Ibn Katheer in his book Qasas al-Anbiya. 
As per above Hadith, the 10 Quroon are related to the generations of Tawheed or the generations of people who followed Islam (the religion of all prophets).  This Hadith does not negate that there may have been some generations, in between, who did not follow Islam. With this understanding, the period between Adam and Nuh (ليهم السلام) could be much longer.
 
After Prophet Adam (عليه السلام), many successive generations followed his teachings. However, the ills among the people gradually developed over a period of time.  During the generation of Nooh (عليه السلام), these ills peaked.  Thus Nooh (عليه السلام) was sent to guide and reform them.
 
It is believed that the people of Nooh (عليه السلام) inhabited the region presently known as Iraq, and around Mosul, Kurdistan, and areas bordering Armenia.  The Quranic descriptions clarify that the people of Nooh (عليه السلام) were not ignorant.  Their main problem was polytheism.  They had associated certain idols with God. This evil practice  gave rise to a lot of corruption among them. There was a religious clergy among them who represented false gods created by themselves.  All economic, social  and religious activity was run under them. They had a strong grip over their people. When corruption reached to a peak, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) sent Nooh (عليه السلام) to set  things right for them.  However, all his efforts were repulsed by the clergy which  kept people under their control. When nothing seemed to work,  Nooh (عليه السلام) prayed Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) not to spare even a single unbeliever on the face of the earth.
It is in Quran - وَقَالَ نُوحٌ رَّبِّ لَا تَذَرْ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ دَيَّارًا  [ And Nooh (عليه السلام) said, "My Lord, do not leave upon the earth any disbelieving inhabitant. ] (Nooh - 26)
The supplication was accepted and they were destroyed my a massive flood. 
 

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 064
 
فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَأَنْجَيْنَاهُ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ فِي الْفُلْكِ وَأَغْرَقْنَا الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآَيَاتِنَا إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَوْمًا عَمِينَ  [ But they called him a liar, and We saved him and those with him in the Ark, and drowned the others who rejected Our signs, for they were blind people. ]
 
The above verse point out the consequences of rejection of Prophet Nooh's  (عليه السلام) message by his people.
It is in Quran -  وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا إِلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ فَلَبِثَ فِيهِمْ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ إِلَّا خَمْسِينَ عَامًا فَأَخَذَهُمُ الطُّوفَانُ وَهُمْ ظَالِمُونَ [ And We certainly sent Nooh (عليه السلام)  to his people, and he remained among them a thousand years minus fifty years, and the flood seized them while they were wrongdoers. ] (Al-Ankabut - 14)    
Nooh (عليه السلام) strove patiently for such a long time in the face of testing circumstances at the end of which they were perished.  The same thing happened to Pharaoh and his people who were drowned in the sea. 
 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 065
 
وَإِلَى عَادٍ أَخَاهُمْ هُودًا قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مَا لَكُمْ مِنْ إِلَهٍ غَيْرُهُ أَفَلَا تَتَّقُونَ  [ And We sent Hud (عليه السلام) to the people of Aa'd from their own community. He said, 'O my people! Worship Allah, you do not have any God except Him; so don't you fear? ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 066
 
قَالَ الْمَلَأُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ قَوْمِهِ إِنَّا لَنَرَاكَ فِي سَفَاهَةٍ وَإِنَّا لَنَظُنُّكَ مِنَ الْكَاذِبِينَ  [The disbelieving Chieftains of his people said, 'Indeed we consider you foolish and think you are a liar.' ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 067
 
قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ لَيْسَ بِي سَفَاهَةٌ وَلَكِنِّي رَسُولٌ مِنْ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ  [He said, O' my people, there is nothing wrong with me.  In fact I am an Apostle  from the Lord of the Worlds. ]
 
Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) narrates the stories of the Prophets briefly, in a few verses at different places in Quran.   He mentions only those fragments that are relevant for the purpose of teaching.  The people of Aa'd were ancient Arab people, well known for their glory, riches and later for their annihilation. They lived mainly in the Ahqaf region that lies between Hijaz, Yemen and Yamamah. It was from there they spread to other neighboring areas.  Prophet Hud (عليه السلام) was sent to them for their reformation.  However, they continued their rejection and ultimately were destroyed.
 
 
Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 068
 
أُبَلِّغُكُمْ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي وَأَنَا لَكُمْ نَاصِحٌ أَمِينٌ  [ I convey to you the messages of my Lord, and I am to you a trustworthy adviser. ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 069
 
أَوَعَجِبْتُمْ أَنْ جَاءَكُمْ ذِكْرٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ عَلَى رَجُلٍ مِنْكُمْ لِيُنْذِرَكُمْ وَاذْكُرُوا إِذْ جَعَلَكُمْ خُلَفَاءَ مِنْ بَعْدِ قَوْمِ نُوحٍ وَزَادَكُمْ فِي الْخَلْقِ بَسْطَةً فَاذْكُرُوا آَلَاءَ اللَّهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ [ Then do you wonder that there has come to you a reminder from your Lord through a man from among you, that he may warn you? And remember He made you successors after the people of Nooh (عليه السلام) and increased you in stature. So be grateful for the favors of Allah that you might succeed. ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 070
 
قَالُوا أَجِئْتَنَا لِنَعْبُدَ اللَّهَ وَحْدَهُ وَنَذَرَ مَا كَانَ يَعْبُدُ آَبَاؤُنَا فَأْتِنَا بِمَا تَعِدُنَا إِنْ كُنْتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ  [ They answered : 'Have you come to say to us that we should worship only one God, abandoning those our ancestors had worshiped? If so, bring  us what you threaten us with, if what you say is true.' ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 071
 
قَالَ قَدْ وَقَعَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ رِجْسٌ وَغَضَبٌ أَتُجَادِلُونَنِي فِي أَسْمَاءٍ سَمَّيْتُمُوهَا أَنْتُمْ وَآَبَاؤُكُمْ مَا نَزَّلَ اللَّهُ بِهَا مِنْ سُلْطَانٍ فَانْتَظِرُوا إِنِّي مَعَكُمْ مِنَ الْمُنْتَظِرِينَ [ He said, 'Indeed the punishment and the wrath of your Lord has (already) fallen upon you. Why you dispute with me regarding the names you and your ancestors have fabricated? Allah has not sent down any proof concerning them; therefore wait, I also await with you.' ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 072
 
فَأَنْجَيْنَاهُ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ بِرَحْمَةٍ مِنَّا وَقَطَعْنَا دَابِرَ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآَيَاتِنَا وَمَا كَانُوا مُؤْمِنِينَ [ Then We saved him and those on his side by Our grace, and destroyed to the very last of those who rejected Our signs and denied the truth. ]
 
There was total extermination of the people of Aa'd.  Their destruction was total and their monuments were completely effaced.  The Arab historians say that the only people belonging to Aa'd who survived were the followers of the Prophet Hud (عليه السلام). These survivors are known as the Second Aa'd (عاد الثانيه). The people who were annihilated are known as 'First Aa'd (عاد الأولي).

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 073
 
وَإِلَى ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمْ صَالِحًا قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مَا لَكُمْ مِنْ إِلَهٍ غَيْرُهُ قَدْ جَاءَتْكُمْ بَيِّنَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ هَذِهِ نَاقَةُ اللَّهِ لَكُمْ آَيَةً فَذَرُوهَا تَأْكُلْ فِي أَرْضِ اللَّهِ وَلَا تَمَسُّوهَا بِسُوءٍ فَيَأْخُذَكُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ  [ And We sent Saleh (عليه السلام) to the tribe of Thamud, from their own community.  He said, 'O my people! Worship Allah.  You do not have any God except Him;. Indeed a clear proof has come to you from your Lord.   This is Allah’s she-camel, a sign for you, so leave her free to feed in Allah’s earth, and do not touch her with evil intentions for a painful punishment will seize you. ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 074
 
وَاذْكُرُوا إِذْ جَعَلَكُمْ خُلَفَاءَ مِنْ بَعْدِ عَادٍ وَبَوَّأَكُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ تَتَّخِذُونَ مِنْ سُهُولِهَا قُصُورًا وَتَنْحِتُونَ الْجِبَالَ بُيُوتًا فَاذْكُرُوا آَلَاءَ اللَّهِ وَلَا تَعْثَوْا فِي الْأَرْضِ مُفْسِدِينَ [ 'And remember when He made you successors of A'ad and gave you a region in the earth, so you now build palaces in the soft plains and carve houses in rocks.  Remember Allah’s favors and do not go about making mischief on the earth. ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 075
 
قَالَ الْمَلَأُ الَّذِينَ اسْتَكْبَرُوا مِنْ قَوْمِهِ لِلَّذِينَ اسْتُضْعِفُوا لِمَنْ آَمَنَ مِنْهُمْ أَتَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ صَالِحًا مُرْسَلٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِ قَالُوا إِنَّا بِمَا أُرْسِلَ بِهِ مُؤْمِنُونَ [ The chieftains among the people who were arrogant towards the weaker believers among them asked the believers : 'Do you really know that Saleh (عليه السلام) has been sent by his Lord?' They said : 'Indeed we believe in the message he has brought.' ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 076
 
قَالَ الَّذِينَ اسْتَكْبَرُوا إِنَّا بِالَّذِي آَمَنْتُمْ بِهِ كَافِرُونَ [ Those who were arrogant answered : 'We do not believe in what you believe.' ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 077
 
فَعَقَرُوا النَّاقَةَ وَعَتَوْا عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِمْ وَقَالُوا يَا صَالِحُ ائْتِنَا بِمَا تَعِدُنَا إِنْ كُنْتَ مِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ  [ Then they hamstrung the she-camel and rebelled against the command of their Lord, and said : 'Bring, O' Saleh (عليه السلام), on us the affliction you promise, if you are one of the Apostles.' ]
 
The Thamud lived in the north-western part of Arabian peninsula  which is currently known as Mada'in Salih.  It  was the capital town of Thamud.  At that time it was known as  al-Hijr (the Rock-Hewn city or the city carved out of rocks).  It has survived to this day.  Al-Hijr was inhabited by over five hundred thousand people.
 
During Prophet Mohammad's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) time,  Arab trade caravans used to pass through the ruins of Mada'in Salih.On his way to Tabuk, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) directed  Muslims  to hastily move ahead of this  place, not to look at it or stay near it, as it was a reminder of Allah's wrath.  It is strange to see that Salafis have made it a tourist center where people are encouraged to visit this place.  Magnificent hotels have been build around it for peoples' stay in that area.   

It is in Quran -  مَا أَنتَ إِلَّا بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُنَا فَأْتِ بِآيَةٍ إِن كُنتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ  -  قَالَ هَـٰذِهِ نَاقَةٌ لَّهَا شِرْبٌ وَلَكُمْ شِرْبُ يَوْمٍ مَّعْلُومٍ - وَلَا تَمَسُّوهَا بِسُوءٍ فَيَأْخُذَكُمْ عَذَابُ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ [ (The people of Salih said) You are but a man like ourselves, so bring a sign (from God), if you should be of the truthful. Prophet Salih (عليه السلام) said, 'This is a she-camel. For her is a (time of) drink, and for you is a (time of) drink, (each) on a known day.  And do not touch her with harm, lest you be seized by the punishment of a terrible day.] ( Ash-Shuara - 154-56)

From the above, it is clear that Thamud themselves had asked Prophet Salih (عليه السلام) to produce a sign that would support his claim of prophet-hood.  Responding to it, Prophet Salih (عليه السلام) pointed to she Camel which appeared before them miraculously.  The miraculous appearance of the she-camel reinforces the fact that Salih had presented it as a 'Divine sign' and warned his people of dire consequences if they harmed it. He explained to them that the she-camel would graze freely in their fields; that on alternate days she and other animals would drink water from their well, They were also warned that if they harmed the she-camel they would be punished by the Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).  The Thamud witnessed that the she-camel graze freely in their fields and she and the other camels drank water on alternate days from their well.   Though the Thamud were initially cautious about the She-Camel, however not happy with the state of affairs.  Later the killed it.  After killing, they proudly called on Prophet Salih (عليه السلام) to bring the punishment for them.  Then they were seized by an earthquake and they lay dead in their homes. 

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 078
 
فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الرَّجْفَةُ فَأَصْبَحُوا فِي دَارِهِمْ جَاثِمِينَ  [ Then they were seized by an earthquake, and lay overturned on the ground in their homes in the morning. ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 079
 
فَتَوَلَّى عَنْهُمْ وَقَالَ يَا قَوْمِ لَقَدْ أَبْلَغْتُكُمْ رِسَالَةَ رَبِّي وَنَصَحْتُ لَكُمْ وَلَكِنْ لَا تُحِبُّونَ النَّاصِحِينَ [ Saleh (عليه السلام) turned away from them and said : 'O my people, I conveyed to you the message of my Lord and warned you; but you do not like those who wish you well.' ]
 
It is important to note that Prophet Saleh (عليه السلام) addressed his people who were struck by the Earthquake and  were already dead. This proves that the dead can hear.
It is in Hadith - Abu Talha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : "On the day of the Battle of Badr,  Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ordered that the bodies of twenty-four leaders of the Quraish be thrown into one of the foul, abandoned wells of Badr.  On the third day after the battle,  the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) called for his mount and saddled it. Then he set out, so his companions followed him. They said among themselves, "He must be going to something important."

When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) arrived at the well, he stood at its edge and began addressing those therein by calling upon them by their names, "O so and so, Son of so and so; and You, so and so, Son of so and so! Would it not have been easier to have obeyed Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ? We have found that which our Lord promised us to be true.  Did you find what your Lord promised you to be true?

Thereupon Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what are you saying to these bodies without souls?!  Do they hear?  For Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) says, "Verily, you cannot make the dead hear. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) answered, "By Him in whose hand lies the soul of Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), you did not hear better than them what I just said." (Bukhari and Muslim).
  
 
Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 080
 
وَلُوطًا إِذْ قَالَ لِقَوْمِهِ أَتَأْتُونَ الْفَاحِشَةَ مَا سَبَقَكُمْ بِهَا مِنْ أَحَدٍ مِنَ الْعَالَمِينَ [ And We sent Lut (عليه السلام), who said to his people : 'Why do you commit this lecherous act which none in the world has committed before? ]

The land inhabited by the people of Lut (عليه السلام) is currently known as 'Trans-Jordan that lies between Iraq and Palestine. It is believed that there were major cities in that area during Lut's (عليه السلام) time.  After their destruction, there is no trance of these people or those cities.


Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 081
 
إِنَّكُمْ لَتَأْتُونَ الرِّجَالَ شَهْوَةً مِنْ دُونِ النِّسَاءِ بَلْ أَنْتُمْ قَوْمٌ مُسْرِفُونَ [ In preference to women you satisfy your lust with men. Indeed you are a people who have transgressed.' ]

There are many evil deeds of the people of Lut (عليه السلام) mentioned in Quran at different places.  In the above verse, their most heinous act is mentioned that resulted in Allah's wrath upon them.

Sodomy is prohibited in Islam. Because of this act the people of Lut (عليه السلام) earned notoriety and ultimate punishment. 

Currently, gay marriages and same sex marriages have been allowed in many countries of the world in spite of the fact that anal intercourse is unnatural as its physical, psychological and moral effects are disastrous. 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 082
 
وَمَا كَانَ جَوَابَ قَوْمِهِ إِلَّا أَنْ قَالُوا أَخْرِجُوهُمْ مِنْ قَرْيَتِكُمْ إِنَّهُمْ أُنَاسٌ يَتَطَهَّرُونَ [ And his people had no answer except to say, Turn them (Lut ؑ  and his family)  out of your dwellings; these are people who wish purity'. ]


Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 083
 
فَأَنْجَيْنَاهُ وَأَهْلَهُ إِلَّا امْرَأَتَهُ كَانَتْ مِنَ الْغَابِرِينَ [ But We saved him and his family, except for his wife who was one of those who stayed behind. ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 084
 
وَأَمْطَرْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ مَطَرًا فَانْظُرْ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الْمُجْرِمِينَ [ And We rained down on them a shower (of Stones). So witness the end of sinners. ]

Sodomy is one of the deadliest sins that incurs  Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) wrath on those who indulged in it.  It is prohibited in Islam and as a deterrent its perpetrators are awarded death penalty (Ibn Maja). It is also  unlawful for the husband to perpetrate this act with his wife.

It is in Hadith - The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'cursed be on him who commits this act with a woman.'  (Abu Dawood).


 
Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 085
 
وَإِلَى مَدْيَنَ أَخَاهُمْ شُعَيْبًا قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مَا لَكُمْ مِنْ إِلَهٍ غَيْرُهُ قَدْ جَاءَتْكُمْ بَيِّنَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ فَأَوْفُوا الْكَيْلَ وَالْمِيزَانَ وَلَا تَبْخَسُوا النَّاسَ أَشْيَاءَهُمْ وَلَا تُفْسِدُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ بَعْدَ إِصْلَاحِهَا ذَلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ [ And We sent Shuaib (عليه السلام) to Madyan from their community. He said, 'O my people! Worship Allah, you do not have any God except Him; indeed a clear proof has come to you from your Lord, so measure and weigh in full and do not give the people their goods diminished, and do not spread turmoil in the earth after it has been reformed; this is only for your good, if you believe.' ]

The Madyan region consisted of the territory north-west of Hijaz and south of Palestine on the coast of the Red Sea. Part of Madyan stretched to the northern border of the Sinai Peninsula. Madyani towns were located on the trade routes of Yemen-Makka, Yanbu-Syria and Iraq-Egypt along the Red Sea. Long after the destruction of these towns, the Arabs trade caravans to Syria and Egypt passed through the ruins of these towns.  

At the time of the advent of Shu'ayb (عليه السلام), the people of Madyan suffered from two major evils, polytheism and dishonesty in business dealings. Shu'ayb (عليه السلام) devoted his efforts to reform them in these aspects. 

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 086
 
وَلَا تَقْعُدُوا بِكُلِّ صِرَاطٍ تُوعِدُونَ وَتَصُدُّونَ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ مَنْ آَمَنَ بِهِ وَتَبْغُونَهَا عِوَجًا وَاذْكُرُوا إِذْ كُنْتُمْ قَلِيلًا فَكَثَّرَكُمْ وَانْظُرُوا كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الْمُفْسِدِينَ [ And do not be seated on every road in order to scare the travelers, and to prevent from Allah’s path the people who believe in Him, wishing to distort it; and remember when you were few and He increased your numbers. Keep in mind what was the end of the mischief mongers (before you). ]

 

Juz 8,  Al-A'raaf verse 087
 
وَإِنْ كَانَ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْكُمْ آَمَنُوا بِالَّذِي أُرْسِلْتُ بِهِ وَطَائِفَةٌ لَمْ يُؤْمِنُوا فَاصْبِرُوا حَتَّى يَحْكُمَ اللَّهُ بَيْنَنَا وَهُوَ خَيْرُ الْحَاكِمِينَ [ And if a group among you believes in what I have been sent with, and another group does not believe, then wait until Allah judges between us; and Allah’s judgement is the best of all.' ]