LET US CORRECT OUR ISLAMIC FAITH

دعونا نصحّح العقيدة الاسلامية

 

 

 

 

  

تفسيرِ اَسدي 

TAFSEER-E-ASEDI  

 

 BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 
 
 JUZ 9.3  QALAL  MALAO (قَالَ الْمَلَأُ)
 

 

سورة الأعراف

The Heights
 

Al-A'raaf | Sura # 7| 206 verses | Makka

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 141
 
وَإِذْ أَنْجَيْنَاكُمْ مِنْ آَلِ فِرْعَوْنَ يَسُومُونَكُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ يُقَتِّلُونَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيُونَ نِسَاءَكُمْ وَفِي ذَلِكُمْ بَلَاءٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ عَظِيمٌ   ['Remember (the day) when He saved you from the people of Pharaoh who oppressed and afflicted you, and killed your sons and spared your daughters. In this was a great trial from your Lord. ]
 
 
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 142
 
وَوَاعَدْنَا مُوسَى ثَلَاثِينَ لَيْلَةً وَأَتْمَمْنَاهَا بِعَشْرٍ فَتَمَّ مِيقَاتُ رَبِّهِ أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً وَقَالَ مُوسَى لِأَخِيهِ هَارُونَ اخْلُفْنِي فِي قَوْمِي وَأَصْلِحْ وَلَا تَتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ الْمُفْسِدِينَ   [And We appointed for Musa (عليه السلام) thirty nights (of solitude), and added ten (more), and he completed the time appointed by his Lord for forty nights. And Musa (عليه السلام) said to his brother Haroon (عليه السلام), 'Act for me among the people, and do what is right, and do not let the ways of the mischievous enter (Bani Israel). ]
 
After safely crossing the Red Sea, Musa (عليه السلام) led his people southeast towards the holy mountain of Tur.  It is at this mountain that Musa (عليه السلام) went for 40 days solitude where he was given the Tawrait (Torah) tablets inscribed by the commandments of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).   His brother Haroon (عليه السلام) deputized him in his absence.    

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 143
 
وَلَمَّا جَاءَ مُوسَى لِمِيقَاتِنَا وَكَلَّمَهُ رَبُّهُ قَالَ رَبِّ أَرِنِي أَنْظُرْ إِلَيْكَ قَالَ لَنْ تَرَانِي وَلَكِنِ انْظُرْ إِلَى الْجَبَلِ فَإِنِ اسْتَقَرَّ مَكَانَهُ فَسَوْفَ تَرَانِي فَلَمَّا تَجَلَّى رَبُّهُ لِلْجَبَلِ جَعَلَهُ دَكًّا وَخَرَّ مُوسَى صَعِقًا فَلَمَّا أَفَاقَ قَالَ سُبْحَانَكَ تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ   [When Musa (عليه السلام) arrived at the appointed time and his Lord spoke to him.  He said : "O Lord, reveal Yourself to me that I may behold You.' 'You cannot behold Me,' He said. 'But look at the mountain, if it remains firm in its place you may then behold Me.'  When his Lord reflected His effulgence on the  mountain, it crumbled into a heap of dust, and Musa (عليه السلام) fell unconscious. When he came back to senses, he said: 'All glory to You. I turn to You in repentance, and I am the first to believe.' ]
 

The following Quranic verses  and Hadith negate vision of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) by human beings in this world or in Hereafter or beyond.

(i) It is  in Quran -     لَيۡسَ كَمِثۡلِهِۦ شَىۡءٌ۬‌ۖ وَهُوَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلۡبَصِيرُ   [ Nothing is like Him, and He is the Seer and Hearer.] (Ash-Shura - 11).

(ii) It is in Quran -   لَّا تُدۡرِڪُهُ ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ وَهُوَ يُدۡرِكُ ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرَ‌ۖ وَهُوَ ٱللَّطِيفُ ٱلۡخَبِيرُ  [Peoples' eyes (be it physical eyes or heart eyes or spiritual eyes)  cannot see Him, He sees their eyes (them).  He has minute vision and is aware of everything. (Al-An'aam - 103).

(iii) It is in Quran -  وَمَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَن يُكَلِّمَهُ ٱللَّهُ إِلَّا وَحۡيًا أَوۡ مِن وَرَآىِٕ حِجَابٍ أَوۡ يُرۡسِلَ رَسُولاً۬ فَيُوحِىَ بِإِذۡنِهِۦ مَا يَشَآءُ‌ۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ عَلِىٌّ حَڪِيمٌ۬   [It is not fitting for a human being that Allah should speak to him except by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or by sending of an Apostle to reveal with Allah's  permission what Allah  wills,  for He is Most High, Most Wise".] (Ash-Shura - 51).

(iv) It is in Hadith - Abdullah bin Shaqiq reported : I said to Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Had I seen the Apostle of Allah, I would have asked him. He (Abu Dharr - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : What is that thing that you wanted to inquire of him? He said : I wanted to ask him whether he had seen his Lord.  Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I, in fact, inquired of him, and he replied : I saw Light نُور (Allah's Tajalli-e-Zaati). (Muslim). 

(v) It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  - I asked the Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) - Did you see your Lord?  He (the Prophet - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said  "He is light  نُور, I saw Him.] (Muslim).

(vii) It is in Hadith - Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) veil is light. (Part of the Hadith) (Muslim, Book 1, Hadith # 353)

It is important to note that Allah's light ( نُور )  is within his Zaat.  It is not that Zaat-e-Elahi is within His light ( نُور ). We cannot confine Zaat-e-Elahi into His own light, ( نُور ) or into a form,  shape, or body;  exclusively divine or creature like.  If you do that, it will be shirk.

(vii) It is in Quran -  اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ [ Allah is the نُور (light - existence) of Heavens and Earth.]  (An-Noor - 35).

(viii) It is in Hadith -  It is narrated on the authority of  Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he said 'the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, I saw my Lord, the Exalted and Glorious in the most beautiful form.  Akrama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, on this  I submitted,  does not   Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) say  that 'Peoples’ eyes cannot perceive Him.  He perceives their eyes.', then  Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, Hey 'this is true when Allah’s (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Tajalli ( manifestation) is from His divine light  (part of Hadith). (Tirmidhi).

 

MEANING OF ALLAH'S (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ)  VISION IN THE LIGHT OF QURAN AND AHADITH
 
We believe in all Quranic verses, in all Ahadith that have reached to us from authentic sources.  We also believe in sayings of Sahaba, the interpretations of Imams of Fiqh and Theology and our Shuyook of Ihsan. 
It is in Quran  -  وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا  ۚ [The people who strive in Our way, We  (Allah) show and put them on the right path' (Al-Ankaboot - 69). 
 
The meanings of  'Manifestationare (i) Sign ( آيت ), (ii) Refulgence (تجلي ) (iii) Expression (إظهار), (iv) Appearance ( ظهور ), and (v) Materialization  (تجسد   or  التحقق).  
 
Absolute Existence of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) cannot be manifested in a shape, body, form of any kind - exclusive, divine or creature like. Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is free from time, place, form and composition, physical or spiritual.  He does not live in a place and is not made up of parts like hands, eyes, face, etc.  He is pure from the consideration of any kind of body; physical, spiritual, visible or invisible.  His Unity (Zaat-e-Elahi) cannot be expressed  within the limitations of time, space and dwelling.  Therefore, it cannot be seen by human beings, from their physical eyes or the eyes of their hearts or spiritual eyes.  No one can see Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), including Prophets, Awliya Allah or anybody, in this world, or in Hereafter, or beyond." This is the meaning of the above Quranic verses and Ahadith. 
 
Whoever has seen Him, has either seen His Tajalli-e-Zaati ( نُور ) or Tajalli-e-Sifaati (in the shape of His creatures). 

There are 99 famous names of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ)

What is name? 

Name is the mixture of Zaat (person) + Sifat (attribute).  Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) name is "Rahman", (الرحمن - Compassionate) meaning it is the mixture of His Zaat + His attribute of compassion (towards His creatures). Similarly, His name is "Raheem",  (الرحيم - Merciful) which is the mixture of His Zaat + His attribute of Mercy (towards His creatures). The same is the case with His other names (epithets of Allah- عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).

Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) likes to show His "Compassion", His  "Mercy" and His other attributes to His creatures so that they see His magnificence, independence (self subsistence) and their dependence upon Him. Thus, Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Tajalliyat-e-Asma wa al-Sifaat  or Signs ( الآيات ) appear in front of us in various shapes and forms continuously.

It is in Quran -  وَقُلِ ٱلۡحَمۡدُ لِلَّهِ سَيُرِيكُمۡ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦ فَتَعۡرِفُونَہَا‌ۚ وَمَا رَبُّكَ بِغَـٰفِلٍ عَمَّا تَعۡمَلُونَ [( Say O' Prophet) Praise be to AllahHe will show you His signs and you will recognize them.  Your Lord is not heedless of anything you do.]  (An-Naml - 93).

The entire cosmos and all worlds in it, are the places of manifestation of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Signs  or  Tajalliyat  which  can appear in any form or shape.  

It is in Hadith -  Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, I saw my Lord, the Exalted and Glorious in the most beautiful form.  Akrama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, on this  I submitted,  does not Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) say  that “Peoples’ eyes cannot perceive Him.  He perceives their eyes.”, then  Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, Hey ’ this is true when Allah’s (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) refulgence (Tajalli) is from the divine light which is the “Light of His Unity”.  Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  has seen his Sustainer (Rab) twice”. (Tirmidhi).
The above Hadith clearly distinguishes between Manifestation of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ)  Tajalli-e-Zaati (which is referred to as 'Light of His Unity')  and Tajalli-e-Sifaati - Manifestation of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Attributes.  Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw Allah in both Tajalli-e-Zaati and Tajalli-e-Sifaati.  In Tajalli-e-Zaati, what the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) witnessed is formless light ( نُور );  and in Tajalli-e-Sifaati, the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw Allah in the shape of a human being.  
In this context, the following points are important.
(i) Sighting of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in  Tajalli-e-Asma wo Sifaat  will be in the shape of His creatures or  in the shape of a human being or any other shape.

(ii) Sighting of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in Tajalli-e-Zaati  is  ( نُور ) formless light.
    
(iii) If a person has seen Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in a dream in the shape of human being and he remembers that shape and dream very well. He can remember that shape and hold it in highest respect.  However, it is not allowed for him to draw the picture of that human shape, place it in front of him as Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) picture and prostrate. If he does that, it will be treated as Shirk.  Similarly, if he  considers that what he saw is the shape of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and imaginatively confines / encompasses Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Unity into that shape and performs Salah five times a day with that belief, his Salah will be treated as idol worship.
 
(iv) Salafis, Hindus, Christians (and their like minded people)  have made terrible blunder in understanding Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Unity (Zaat). They imagine Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in a  physical  shape  which has eyes, hands, face, body, etc. This kind of belief is Idol worship.  Salafis'  so-called-Salah  five times a day,  with this belief,  is nothing but  absolute idol worship because, as per their belief, they are encompassing/confining/arresting the Unity of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) (Zaat-e-Elahi) into an imaginary body sitting on a big chair over the skies. (La Haula wala QuwwataIlla Billah)
 
(v) If a person who follows Salafism in any of its forms is seen prostrating or doing Salah in a mosque or in front of Kabatullah or  in Masjid-e-Nabawi, the Angels who record his deeds will write his name as Idol worshiper only because he is prostrating to an Idol who is made up of a physical human-like body and who is sitting on the Skies. There cannot be two opinions in this context because his intention is very well known to the Angels.  He will also be recorded as a Hypocrite (Munafiq) in angels' books because he is claiming himself to be a Muslim.

It is in Quran -  وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَىٰ عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا أَوْ كَذَّبَ بِآيَاتِهِ ۗ إِنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الظَّالِمُونَ  [And who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah or (he who) gives the lie to His communications (verses of Quran); surely the unjust will not be successful. ] (Al-An'aam - 21).

(vi) We worship Unity of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) (Zaat-e-Elahi) that cannot be encompassed into any shape, form or body; exclusive or creature like.  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is free from time, place, form and composition.  He does not live in a place and is not made up of parts like hands, eyes, face, etc.  His Unity (Zaat-e-Elahi) cannot be expressed  within the limitations of time, space and dwelling. He is beyond the imaginations of human beings.
     
DIFFFERENCES OF OPINIONS AMONG SAHABAH AND IMAMS
 
We will discuss briefly the differences of opinions of Sahaba and Imams in this regard.

It is in Hadith - narrated by Masruq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) - I said to Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), "O' Mother! Did Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) see his Lord?" Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said, "What you have said makes my hair stand on end! Know that if somebody tells you one of the following, he is a liar.

Whoever tells you that Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw his Lord, is a liar.  Then Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) recited this verse  لَّا تُدۡرِڪُهُ ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ وَهُوَ يُدۡرِكُ ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرَ‌ۖ [ Peoples' eyes (be it physical eyes or heart eyes)  cannot see Him. He sees their eyes (them).] (Al-An'aam - 103). ;   and this verse -  "وَمَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَن يُكَلِّمَهُ ٱللَّهُ إِلَّا وَحۡيًا أَوۡ مِن وَرَآىِٕ حِجَابٍ  [It is not fitting for a human being that Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) should speak to him except by inspiration, or from behind a veil.] (Ash-Shuara - 51). (Part of the Hadith)(Bukhari, Muslim)

Read carefully the above Hadith.  Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) is not narrating a Hadith, rather  she is clarifying the meanings of the verses of Quran and the reasons for her observations on a narration (Hadith).  What  Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)  is referring is Allah's - عَزَّ وَجَلَّ Absolute Existence which cannot be seen by anyone and therefore she is quoting the verses of Quran that negate sighting of Allah's absolute existence.  Nothing can encompass Zaat-e-Elahi.

Look at the following Ahadith that confirm sighting of Allah's manifestations in (i)  Tajalli-e-Zaati (Light of His Unity), and (ii) Tajalli-e- Sifaati (His attributes Refulgence)

It is in Hadith - Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said - I saw my Lord, the Exalted and Glorious in the most beautiful form.  Akrama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, on this  I submitted,  does not Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) say  that “Peoples’ eyes cannot perceive Him.  He perceives their eyes.”, then  Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, Hey ’ this is true when Allah’s (سبحانہ و تعا لی) refulgence (Tajalli) is from the divine light which is the “Light of His Unity”  (Tajalli-e-Zaati). Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  has seen his Sustainer (Rab) twice”. (Tirmidhi).

It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  - I asked the Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) - Did you see your Lord?  He (the Prophet - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said  "He is light  نُور, I saw Him.] (Muslim, Book # 1, Hadith # 341).

It is important to note that Allah's light ( نُور )  is within his Zaat.  It is not that Zaat-e-Elahi is within His light ( نُور ). We cannot confine Zaat-e-Elahi into His own light, ( نُور ) or into a form,  shape, or body;  exclusively, divine or creature like.  If you do that, it will be shirk.

It is in Quran -   ٱللَّهُ نُورُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ  [Allah is the light (existence) of the Heavens and Earth’.]  (An-Noor -35).

It is in Quran – Indeed he (Prophet Mohammad) saw clearly the greatest of the Signs (manifestations) of his Lord  (during Me'araj)’.  (An-Najm – 18).
 
Bayhaqi narrated a Hadith with a sound chain - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said ' I saw my Lord ( in al-Asma' wa al-Sifat) in the form of a curly-haired, beardless young man wearing a green robe'.
Thus, Sahaba and Imams rightly said that Zaat-e-Elahi (the absolute existence of Allah) cannot be encompassed by human beings from the physical or spiritual eyes.  However  Sighting of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Tajalli-e-Zaati is  (نُور ) formless light.  And  sighting of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) Tajalli-e-Asma wo Sifaat  can be witnessed in the shape of His creatures.  Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) witnessed Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in both;  Tajalli-e-Zaati  ( نُور ),  and  Tajalli-e-Asma was Sifaat  -  in the shape of His creatures.  
 
 
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 144
 
قَالَ يَا مُوسَى إِنِّي اصْطَفَيْتُكَ عَلَى النَّاسِ بِرِسَالَاتِي وَبِكَلَامِي فَخُذْ مَا آَتَيْتُكَ وَكُنْ مِنَ الشَّاكِرِينَ   [Allah commanded, O Musa (عليه السلام), 'I have chosen you from mankind by (making you an Apostle and bestowing) My messages and by speaking to you.  Take  what I have bestowed upon you and be among the thankful.' ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 145
 
وَكَتَبْنَا لَهُ فِي الْأَلْوَاحِ مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مَوْعِظَةً وَتَفْصِيلًا لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ فَخُذْهَا بِقُوَّةٍ وَأْمُرْ قَوْمَكَ يَأْخُذُوا بِأَحْسَنِهَا سَأُرِيكُمْ دَارَ الْفَاسِقِينَ   [And We wrote for him on the tablets, the advice for all things and the details of all things; and commanded 'hold on to it firmly and enjoin your people to follow its good advises. Soon I shall show you the destination of the disobedient.' ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 146
 
سَأَصْرِفُ عَنْ آَيَاتِيَ الَّذِينَ يَتَكَبَّرُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَإِنْ يَرَوْا كُلَّ آَيَةٍ لَا يُؤْمِنُوا بِهَا وَإِنْ يَرَوْا سَبِيلَ الرُّشْدِ لَا يَتَّخِذُوهُ سَبِيلًا وَإِنْ يَرَوْا سَبِيلَ الْغَيِّ يَتَّخِذُوهُ سَبِيلًا ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَذَّبُوا بِآَيَاتِنَا وَكَانُوا عَنْهَا غَافِلِينَ   ['And I shall turn away from My signs the people who unjustly wish to be admired in the earth; and if they see all the signs, they would not believe them; and if they see the path of guidance, they would not prefer to tread it; and if they see the way of error, they would present themselves to tread it; that is because they denied Our signs and were ignoring them. ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 147
 
وَالَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآَيَاتِنَا وَلِقَاءِ الْآَخِرَةِ حَبِطَتْ أَعْمَالُهُمْ هَلْ يُجْزَوْنَ إِلَّا مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ   [Those who denied Our signs and the meeting of the Hereafter,  their deeds have become worthless.  Do they expect to be rewarded with anything except what they used to do?]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 148
 
وَاتَّخَذَ قَوْمُ مُوسَى مِنْ بَعْدِهِ مِنْ حُلِيِّهِمْ عِجْلًا جَسَدًا لَهُ خُوَارٌ أَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّهُ لَا يُكَلِّمُهُمْ وَلَا يَهْدِيهِمْ سَبِيلًا اتَّخَذُوهُ وَكَانُوا ظَالِمِينَ [In the absence of Musa (عليه السلام) his people carved the image of a calf from their ornaments, which gave out the mooing of a cow. Yet they did not see it could neither speak to them nor guide them to the right path. Even then they took it (for a deity) and did wrong. ]
 
 
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 149
 
وَلَمَّا سُقِطَ فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ وَرَأَوْا أَنَّهُمْ قَدْ ضَلُّوا قَالُوا لَئِنْ لَمْ يَرْحَمْنَا رَبُّنَا وَيَغْفِرْ لَنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ  [ And when they realized that they had gone astray, they repented and said, 'If our Lord does not have mercy on us and forgive us, we will be ruined.']

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 150
 
وَلَمَّا رَجَعَ مُوسَى إِلَى قَوْمِهِ غَضْبَانَ أَسِفًا قَالَ بِئْسَمَا خَلَفْتُمُونِي مِنْ بَعْدِي أَعَجِلْتُمْ أَمْرَ رَبِّكُمْ وَأَلْقَى الْأَلْوَاحَ وَأَخَذَ بِرَأْسِ أَخِيهِ يَجُرُّهُ إِلَيْهِ قَالَ ابْنَ أُمَّ إِنَّ الْقَوْمَ اسْتَضْعَفُونِي وَكَادُوا يَقْتُلُونَنِي فَلَا تُشْمِتْ بِيَ الْأَعْدَاءَ وَلَا تَجْعَلْنِي مَعَ الْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَ  [ And when Musa (عليه السلام) returned to his people, angry and upset, he said, Evil is the course you have followed after me! Have you forsaken your Lord's commandment to hasten your destruction?' And he cast down the stone tablets, and catching hold of his brothers hair, began pulling him towards him.  Haroon (عليه السلام) said, 'O the son of my mother, the people thought I was weak and would have probably killed me; so do not make my enemies laugh at me and do not identify me with the unjust people.']
 

The historical accounts testify that Israelis, during their slavery in the hands of the people of Pharaoh, used to work in the fields and in the homes of the Egyptians. They used to steal rich Egyptians' gold ornaments and this way had accumulated some gold with them. When Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) went to Mount Tur (Sinai) for 40 days, the Israelis were  under the care of Prophet Haroon (عليه السلام), who was Prophet Musa's (عليه السلام) brother.  During those days, a person among Israelis named Samri did a mischief.  He made a small hallow calf of gold  collected from Israelis (which they had stolen from the people of Pharoah). When air passed through the hollow portion of that calf, it made a sound like that of a calf's call.  Samri convinced Israelis that it is their God. Many Israelis started worshiping it. Prophet Haroon (عليه السلام) tried to stop them from this wrongdoing.  But he could stop only a few. The others continued this worship.  When Musa (عليه السلام) returned from Mount Sinai, he was very angry seeing the calf being worshiped by his people. 

It is in Quran - قَالُوا مَا أَخْلَفْنَا مَوْعِدَكَ بِمَلْكِنَا وَلَـٰكِنَّا حُمِّلْنَا أَوْزَارًا مِّن زِينَةِ الْقَوْمِ فَقَذَفْنَاهَا فَكَذَ‌ٰلِكَ أَلْقَى السَّامِرِيُّ [ They said : "We did not break our promise to you of our own accord (with intent), but we were loaded with sinful loads of ornaments of the people (of Pharaoh), and we threw them in the same way as Samiri did.]. (Taa Haa - 87)

They were punished severely for their wrongdoing. Later, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) forgave them.

What was the punishment given to Israelis for their worship of Calf?  The ones who stayed away from worship were asked to kill the ones who worshiped the calf.  After the command, the Israelis lined up, and the ones who had not worshiped the calf were commissioned to kill the calf-worshipers.  It was tough for them, as many were asked to kill their own kith and kin.  It is reported that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) sent down heavy fog all around them to go through this terrible punishment. Looking at this site,  Prophets Musa (عليه السلام) and Haroon (عليه السلام) asked their people to implore to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) for pardon. And soon they were pardoned.

 
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 151
 
قَالَ رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِأَخِي وَأَدْخِلْنَا فِي رَحْمَتِكَ وَأَنْتَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ  [ Musa (عليه السلام) said, "My Lord, forgive me and my brother and admit us into Your mercy, for You are the most merciful of all.']

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 152
 
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُوا الْعِجْلَ سَيَنَالُهُمْ غَضَبٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ وَذِلَّةٌ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَكَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُفْتَرِينَ  [ Surely those who have taken the calf (as a god) will suffer the anger of their Lord, and disgrace in the world. and this is how they receive the retribution who fabricate lies.]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 153
 
وَالَّذِينَ عَمِلُوا السَّيِّئَاتِ ثُمَّ تَابُوا مِنْ بَعْدِهَا وَآَمَنُوا إِنَّ رَبَّكَ مِنْ بَعْدِهَا لَغَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ  [ Yet those who do wrong, then repent and believe, are forgiven, for your Lord is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful. ]
 
 
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 154
 
وَلَمَّا سَكَتَ عَنْ مُوسَى الْغَضَبُ أَخَذَ الْأَلْوَاحَ وَفِي نُسْخَتِهَا هُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلَّذِينَ هُمْ لِرَبِّهِمْ يَرْهَبُونَ  [ When his anger subsided Musa (عليه السلام) picked up the tablets. Inscribed on them was guidance and grace for those who fear their Lord.]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 155
 
وَاخْتَارَ مُوسَى قَوْمَهُ سَبْعِينَ رَجُلًا لِمِيقَاتِنَا فَلَمَّا أَخَذَتْهُمُ الرَّجْفَةُ قَالَ رَبِّ لَوْ شِئْتَ أَهْلَكْتَهُمْ مِنْ قَبْلُ وَإِيَّايَ أَتُهْلِكُنَا بِمَا فَعَلَ السُّفَهَاءُ مِنَّا إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا فِتْنَتُكَ تُضِلُّ بِهَا مَنْ تَشَاءُ وَتَهْدِي مَنْ تَشَاءُ أَنْتَ وَلِيُّنَا فَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا وَأَنْتَ خَيْرُ الْغَافِرِينَ  [ Musa (عليه السلام) had chosen seventy of his people for the appointment (on Mount Sinai). When they arrived they were seized by a tremor. Musa (عليه السلام) said: "O Lord, if You had so pleased You could have annihilated them and me before this. Will You destroy us for something the foolish among us have done? This is but a trial from You whereby You will lead whom You will astray and guide whom You please. You are our savior, so forgive us and have mercy on us, for You are the best of forgivers. ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 156
 
وَاكْتُبْ لَنَا فِي هَذِهِ الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآَخِرَةِ إِنَّا هُدْنَا إِلَيْكَ قَالَ عَذَابِي أُصِيبُ بِهِ مَنْ أَشَاءُ وَرَحْمَتِي وَسِعَتْ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ فَسَأَكْتُبُهَا لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ بِآَيَاتِنَا يُؤْمِنُونَ [ Enjoin for us good in the world, and good in the world to come. We turn to You alone.' And the Lord said : 'I punish only those whom I will, but My mercy enfolds everything. I shall enjoin it for those who take heed for themselves, who pay the Zakat and believe in My signs, ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 157
 
الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ الرَّسُولَ النَّبِيَّ الْأُمِّيَّ الَّذِي يَجِدُونَهُ مَكْتُوبًا عِنْدَهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَالْإِنْجِيلِ يَأْمُرُهُمْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَاهُمْ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَائِثَ وَيَضَعُ عَنْهُمْ إِصْرَهُمْ وَالْأَغْلَالَ الَّتِي كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ فَالَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا بِهِ وَعَزَّرُوهُ وَنَصَرُوهُ وَاتَّبَعُوا النُّورَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ مَعَهُ أُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ [ “Those who will obey Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم),  who is tutored only by Allah, whom they will find mentioned in the Tawraat and the Injeel with them; he will command them to do good and forbid them from wrong, and he will make lawful for them the good clean things and prohibit the foul for them, and he will unburden the loads and the neck chains which were upon them; so those who believe in him, and revere him, and help him, and follow the light which came down with him, it is they who are successful. ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 158
 
قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنِّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ إِلَيْكُمْ جَمِيعًا الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ فَآَمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ النَّبِيِّ الْأُمِّيِّ الَّذِي يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَكَلِمَاتِهِ وَاتَّبِعُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ [ Say, (O' Prophet ﷺ), O' mankind, indeed I am the Apostle of Allah for you all,  to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. There is no god except Him; He gives life and causes death.' So believe in Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), who was tutored only by Allah, who believes in Allah and His words and follow him that you may be guided. ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 159
 
وَمِنْ قَوْمِ مُوسَى أُمَّةٌ يَهْدُونَ بِالْحَقِّ وَبِهِ يَعْدِلُونَ [ And among the people of Musa (عليه السلام) is a group that shows the true path, and establishes justice with it. ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 160
 
وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمُ اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ أَسْبَاطًا أُمَمًا وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَى مُوسَى إِذِ اسْتَسْقَاهُ قَوْمُهُ أَنِ اضْرِبْ بِعَصَاكَ الْحَجَرَ فَانْبَجَسَتْ مِنْهُ اثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ عَيْنًا قَدْ عَلِمَ كُلُّ أُنَاسٍ مَشْرَبَهُمْ وَظَلَّلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الْغَمَامَ وَأَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَنَّ وَالسَّلْوَى كُلُوا مِنْ طَيِّبَاتِ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ وَمَا ظَلَمُونَا وَلَكِنْ كَانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ [ We divided them into twelve (different) tribes. When his people asked for water, We said to Musa (عليه السلام) : 'Strike the rock with your staff; and behold, twelve springs of water gushed out, so that each of the tribes had a place of its own to drink; and We made the clouds spread shade over them and sent for them manna and Salwa (quails and said) : 'Eat of the good things We have provided for you.' But (by disobeying) they did not harm Us, they harmed themselves. ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 161
 
وَإِذْ قِيلَ لَهُمُ اسْكُنُوا هَذِهِ الْقَرْيَةَ وَكُلُوا مِنْهَا حَيْثُ شِئْتُمْ وَقُولُوا حِطَّةٌ وَادْخُلُوا الْبَابَ سُجَّدًا نَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ خَطِيئَاتِكُمْ سَنَزِيدُ الْمُحْسِنِينَ [ And  when it was said to them, 'Dwell in this land and eat from it wherever you will and say, 'Relieve us of our burdens,' and enter the gate bowing humbly; We will forgive your sins. We shall soon bestow more upon the pious.' ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 162
 
فَبَدَّلَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْهُمْ قَوْلًا غَيْرَ الَّذِي قِيلَ لَهُمْ فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِجْزًا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ بِمَا كَانُوا يَظْلِمُونَ [ So the unjust among them changed the words, contrary to what they had been commanded.  So We sent down upon them a punishment from the sky as a retribution for all their wickedness. ]
 

When Israilis were wandering in desert,  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) provided them with food and sustenance.  Manna (الْمَنَّ) was a sweet exudate which used to appear on tree leaves in the shape of red drops at daybreak. The Israelis used to gather it in the early morning by spreading  sheets under the trees then shaking the branches. It was a delicious desert for them that provided  energy for their survival in desert.  Quail (السَّلْوَى) is a type of fatty bird which used to come in flocks and remain around Israelis for easy catch. They used to eat meat of this bird for their protein  and nourishment.  The harshest was the scorching sun in the desert. For their protection, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) provided cloud cover over that desert to stop sun rays reaching the ground. All this they got without making any effort.  It was indeed a gift to them from Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).

When Israelis complained about the scarcity of water, Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) prayed for them.  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) accepted the prayer and he was asked to strike his wooden staff on a rock.  He did that and a miracle happened.  Twelve springs gushed out of that rock and all 12 tribes of Israelis benefited from that miraculous water. 

The Israelis were not content with that. They started complaining about one type of food, ie., Manna and Salwa. They asked Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) to pray Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) to provide Earth's produce like herbs, cucumbers,  garlic, lentils, onions etc.  Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) chided them and said 'you want inferior food in place of a superior food provided to you'. 

Later, when Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) prayed,  Israelis were asked to enter  the gate of a nearby town called 'Arbaha' (probably in the present day Palestine) by prostrating and uttering the word 'Hittatun' (حِطَّةٌ), meaning 'our Lord forgive us'.  They were promised abundance of food in that town. They were also promised that they will be forgiven for all their past wrongdoings. But, as the Israelis were arrogant, they changed that word and said 'Hintatun', meaning 'Wheat' as they were longing for the food produced by Earth.

Their continued rejection of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) commands and disregard for his bounties resulted in another punishment.  Plague caught them and many of the wrongdoers perished.

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 163
 
وَاسْأَلْهُمْ عَنِ الْقَرْيَةِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ حَاضِرَةَ الْبَحْرِ إِذْ يَعْدُونَ فِي السَّبْتِ إِذْ تَأْتِيهِمْ حِيتَانُهُمْ يَوْمَ سَبْتِهِمْ شُرَّعًا وَيَوْمَ لَا يَسْبِتُونَ لَا تَأْتِيهِمْ كَذَلِكَ نَبْلُوهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ [ And ask them about the town that was by the sea; when they transgressed in the sabbath, when their fish came to them openly on their sabbath day, and the day they had no sabbath the fish did not come to them. We tried them in this way, for they were disobedient. ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 164
 
وَإِذْ قَالَتْ أُمَّةٌ مِنْهُمْ لِمَ تَعِظُونَ قَوْمًا اللَّهُ مُهْلِكُهُمْ أَوْ مُعَذِّبُهُمْ عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا قَالُوا مَعْذِرَةً إِلَى رَبِّكُمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ [ And when a group among them said, 'Why do you warn  a people whom Allah is  to destroy or to punish with a severe punishment?' They (the advisors) said, 'To be absolved before your Lord and perhaps they may fear Him.' ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 165
 
فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ أَنْجَيْنَا الَّذِينَ يَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ السُّوءِ وَأَخَذْنَا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا بِعَذَابٍ بَئِيسٍ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ [ But when they forgot to remember the warning, We saved those who prohibited evil, but inflicted on the wicked a dreadful punishment as retribution for their disobedience. ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 166
 
فَلَمَّا عَتَوْا عَنْ مَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ قُلْنَا لَهُمْ كُونُوا قِرَدَةً خَاسِئِينَ [ When they persisted in doing what they had been forbidden, We said to them: 'Be apes despised.' ]
 

Sabbath is an important day (Saturday) in Jewish tradition which  was granted to them on their own request.   Israelis wanted to relax one day in a week when they would not work in order  to focus on  their worship. This kind of break allowed them to balance between worldly pursuits and worship/meditation.

It is reported that during the time of Dawood (عليه السلام) a small community of Jews lived by the side of a Sea.  Their livelihood was catching fish from the ocean and selling it in nearby towns.  It so happened that a lot of fish used to appear near the shore on Saturday. On other days, they had to fish far away in the sea.  In this, it was a trial for them from their Lord. Their episode is described in above 4 verses (163, 164, 165 and 166). 

It is in Quran -  وَاسْأَلْهُمْ عَنِ الْقَرْيَةِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ حَاضِرَةَ الْبَحْرِ إِذْ يَعْدُونَ فِي السَّبْتِ إِذْ تَأْتِيهِمْ حِيتَانُهُمْ يَوْمَ سَبْتِهِمْ شُرَّعًا وَيَوْمَ لَا يَسْبِتُونَ ۙ لَا تَأْتِيهِمْ ۚ كَذَ‌ٰلِكَ نَبْلُوهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ [And ask them (O'Prophet ﷺ) about the town that was by the sea, when they transgressed in  Sabbath, when their fish came to them openly on their sabbath day, and the day they had no Sabbath they did not come to them. Thus did We give them trial because they were defiantly disobedient. ] (Al-Araaf - 163).

A difference of opinion occurred in that town among people. Some people did not like that practice and opposed it.  They warned others against catching the fish appearing on Saturday. When matters could not be resolved, the people who opposed left that town and started living at a nearby place. They knew that the people who were attempting to catch the fish appearing on Saturday (Sabbath day)  may face Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) wrath.

It is in Quran -  وَإِذْ قَالَتْ أُمَّةٌ مِّنْهُمْ لِمَ تَعِظُونَ قَوْمًا ۙ اللَّهُ مُهْلِكُهُمْ أَوْ مُعَذِّبُهُمْ عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا ۖ قَالُوا مَعْذِرَةً إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ [And when a community among them said, "Why do you advise (or warn) a people whom Allah is (about) to destroy or to punish with a severe punishment?" they [the advisors] said, "To be absolved before your Lord and perhaps they may fear Him.] (Al-Araaf - 164).

The people who wanted to catch the fish appearing on Saturday devised a plan.  They started putting their nets in the water on Friday night, in order for fish to get trapped on Saturday.  On Sunday  they used to go and catch that fish. With this practice, they claimed that they were not braking the religious laws and at the same time making a lot of money by selling excessive catch.  This practice was continued for some time.

It so happened  that one day the people who had left this community realized that there is no activity in the town they left.  No one was seen selling the fish either. When they went their to see what was going on, they were aghast to see their relatives who had been turned into apes. Certain facial features allowed them to recognize them individually. And within 3 days, all the apes died.  That is  how the entire town was destroyed.

It is in Quran - فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ أَنجَيْنَا الَّذِينَ يَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ السُّوءِ وَأَخَذْنَا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا بِعَذَابٍ بَئِيسٍ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ  [ And when they forgot that by which they had been reminded, We saved those who had forbidden evil and seized those who wronged, with a wretched punishment, because they were defiantly disobeying.] (Al-Araaf - 165).

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 167
 
وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكَ لَيَبْعَثَنَّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَنْ يَسُومُهُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَسَرِيعُ الْعِقَابِ وَإِنَّهُ لَغَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ [ And your Lord declared He would send men against them who would inflict dreadful suffering on them till the Day of Doom, for your Lord is swift in retribution, though He is certainly forgiving and kind. ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 168
 
وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أُمَمًا مِنْهُمُ الصَّالِحُونَ وَمِنْهُمْ دُونَ ذَلِكَ وَبَلَوْنَاهُمْ بِالْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّيِّئَاتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ [ And We divided them throughout the earth into nations. Of them some were righteous, and of them some were otherwise. And We tested them with good  and bad that perhaps they would return (to obedience). ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 169
 
فَخَلَفَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ وَرِثُوا الْكِتَابَ يَأْخُذُونَ عَرَضَ هَذَا الْأَدْنَى وَيَقُولُونَ سَيُغْفَرُ لَنَا وَإِنْ يَأْتِهِمْ عَرَضٌ مِثْلُهُ يَأْخُذُوهُ أَلَمْ يُؤْخَذْ عَلَيْهِمْ مِيثَاقُ الْكِتَابِ أَنْ لَا يَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ إِلَّا الْحَقَّ وَدَرَسُوا مَا فِيهِ وَالدَّارُ الْآَخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ [ And after them in their place, came those unworthy successors who inherited the Books.  They accept the goods of this world (as bribes) and say, 'We shall soon be forgiven'; and if similar goods come to them again, they would accept it; was not the covenant taken from them in the Book, that they must not relate anything to Allah except the truth, and they have studied it? And indeed the abode of the Hereafter is better for the pious; so do you not have sense? ]
 
 
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 170
 
وَالَّذِينَ يُمَسِّكُونَ بِالْكِتَابِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ إِنَّا لَا نُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُصْلِحِينَ [ And those who hold fast to the Book, and have kept the prayer established, We do not allow the recompense of the righteous go wasted. ]

 

Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 171
 
وَإِذْ نَتَقْنَا الْجَبَلَ فَوْقَهُمْ كَأَنَّهُ ظُلَّةٌ وَظَنُّوا أَنَّهُ وَاقِعٌ بِهِمْ خُذُوا مَا آَتَيْنَاكُمْ بِقُوَّةٍ وَاذْكُرُوا مَا فِيهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ [ And when We raised the Mount (Sinai) above them as if it were a canopy, and they thought that it would fall upon them; (and commanded) 'Accept firmly what We have given you, and remember what is in it, so that you may become pious.' ]
 

When Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) received Torah during his 40 days seclusion on Mount Tur (Sinai), he came down and saw his people worshiping a calf idol made of gold. He was angry on them and Israelis were punished for their idol worship.  After their repentance, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) pardoned them.  After their pardon, when things became normal, Musa (عليه السلام) informed them about the commandments of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) he received during his stay at Mount Sinai.  Listening to these commands, Israelis got divided.   Some wanted to reject all the commandments and others accepted a few commandments  and rejected the others.  They started making all types of excuses to avoid following these commandments.  At this time, the mountain was raised over their heads and they were reprimanded to 'hold fast to what Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has given them. They were warned to bear the contents of all commandments in mind and to implement them in their lives as a whole. 

  
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 172
 
وَإِذْ أَخَذَ رَبُّكَ مِنْ بَنِي آَدَمَ مِنْ ظُهُورِهِمْ ذُرِّيَّتَهُمْ وَأَشْهَدَهُمْ عَلَى أَنْفُسِهِمْ أَلَسْتُ بِرَبِّكُمْ قَالُوا بَلَى شَهِدْنَا أَنْ تَقُولُوا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِنَّا كُنَّا عَنْ هَذَا غَافِلِينَ [ And (mention) when your Lord took from the children of Adam, from their loins, their descendants and made them testify of themselves, 'Am I not your Lord?' They said, 'Yes, we have testified.' Lest you would say on the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were unaware of it.' ]
 

To seek the truth about our Creator, know about Him and follow His commandments is part of the nature of human beings.  A person who follows Taghut (Devils) and evil desires, is indeed going against his own nature.  If you go against your own nature, surely you will  suffers in this world and in Hereafter.  It is important that we realize this fact.  Some of us realize it while others fall victim to Devils and evil desires.

Who has instilled this nature in us?   It is Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), our Creator who has instilled in us the drive to seek truth.

It is obvious from the above verse that it is part of our nature to seek the truth about our Creator and walk on His way.  Why it is so?  It is because, it has been instilled in our nature by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). 

How was it instilled in our nature?

We all existed in Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) knowledge before our birth and it is there we have promised Him that we will walk on His way after our births.  To assist us in following His path,  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has sent many Prophets/Apostles who have guided us on His way.

It is in Quran - وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَّسُولًا أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ ۖ فَمِنْهُم مَّنْ هَدَى اللَّهُ وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ حَقَّتْ عَلَيْهِ الضَّلَالَةُ ۚ فَسِيرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ فَانظُرُوا كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ  [And We certainly sent into every nation an Apostle, (saying), 'Worship Allah and avoid Taghut' (devils).  And among them were those whom Allah guided, and among them were those upon whom error was (deservedly) decreed. So proceed through the Earth and observe how was the end of the deniers (who followed Taghut). ] (An-Nahl - 36)  

Every Prophet took solemn pledges from their followers individually and collectively on the instance of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) also took collective and individual pledges from Sahabah.

Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) also took a collective pledge from all Prophets saying that, when Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) arrives, they should believe in him and support him.

It is in Quran -   وَإِذْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ النَّبِيِّينَ لَمَا آتَيْتُكُم مِّن كِتَابٍ وَحِكْمَةٍ ثُمَّ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مُّصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَكُمْ لَتُؤْمِنُنَّ بِهِ وَلَتَنصُرُنَّهُ ۚ قَالَ أَأَقْرَرْتُمْ وَأَخَذْتُمْ عَلَىٰ ذَ‌ٰلِكُمْ إِصْرِي ۖ قَالُوا أَقْرَرْنَا ۚ قَالَ فَاشْهَدُوا وَأَنَا مَعَكُم مِّنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ [ Allah took a pledge from all prophets, saying, ‘If, after I have bestowed Scripture and wisdom upon you, an Apostle comes confirming what you have been given, you must believe in him and support him. Do you affirm this and accept My pledge as binding on you? They said, ‘We do.’ He said, ‘Then bear witness and I too will bear witness. ] (Aal-e-Imran - 81).

Where was the above promise made?  It was in Aalam-e-Mithaal.  At the time of Me'araj, Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led all Prophets in two raka Salah.  Where did it happen?  It was carried out in the world of similitude (Aalam-e--Mithaal -  عالمِ مثال).  In which world we are currently living?  It is our physical world known as 'the world of manifestation (عالمِ  شهاده).  After our death, where are we transferred?  We are transferred to 'the world of similitude', a part of this world is known as 'the world after death' (عالمِ  برزخ).

Can someone help a person of our physical world after his death?  Of course yes. All  prophets who came before Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) have promised to believe in him and support him in his endeavor.  The message of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the culmination of the messages of all previous prophets. They all pledged and Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) said, He stands witness to the pledge given by all the Prophets.