SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI
Al-A'raaf | Sura # 7| 206 verses | Makka
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Compassionate and the Merciful
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 173أَوْ تَقُولُوا إِنَّمَا أَشْرَكَ آَبَاؤُنَا مِنْ قَبْلُ وَكُنَّا ذُرِّيَّةً مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ أَفَتُهْلِكُنَا بِمَا فَعَلَ الْمُبْطِلُونَ [ Or you may say, 'It is our ancestors who first ascribed partners (to Allah) and we were (their) children after them; so will You destroy us on account of the deeds of the followers of falsehood?” ]Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 174وَكَذَلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ الْآَيَاتِ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ [ That is how We explain Our signs distinctly so that they may come back (to the right path). ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 175وَاتْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ نَبَأَ الَّذِي آَتَيْنَاهُ آَيَاتِنَا فَانْسَلَخَ مِنْهَا فَأَتْبَعَهُ الشَّيْطَانُ فَكَانَ مِنَ الْغَاوِينَ [ And recite to them, (O' Prophet ﷺ), the news of him to whom we gave (knowledge of) Our signs, but he detached himself from them; so that Satan came after him, and he went astray. ]The person mentioned in the verse as the representative of the evil, possessed knowledge of Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) signs. This should have helped him to give up the attitude which he knew was wrong and to act in a manner which he knew to be right. Had he followed the truth and acted righteously Allah would have enabled him to rise to higher levels.. He, however, occupied himself with the pleasures, and embellishments of the worldly life. Instead of resisting worldly temptations, he totally, succumbed to them and brazenly violated all limits and turned away from the truth. Because of his moral weakness he was misled by Satan. In the company of Satan he was driven from one act of depravity to another until he landed in the company of those who are totally under Satan's control and who have lost all capacity for rational judgement.
Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) compares this person to a dog. A dog's protruding tongue and the unceasing flow of saliva from his mouth symbolize the unquenchable greed. Some people say that this person was from the Israelis who lived during the time of Musa (عليه السلام).Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 176وَلَوْ شِئْنَا لَرَفَعْنَاهُ بِهَا وَلَكِنَّهُ أَخْلَدَ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ فَمَثَلُهُ كَمَثَلِ الْكَلْبِ إِنْ تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْهِ يَلْهَثْ أَوْ تَتْرُكْهُ يَلْهَثْ ذَلِكَ مَثَلُ الْقَوْمِ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآَيَاتِنَا فَاقْصُصِ الْقَصَصَ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ [ And had We willed We could have raised him because of the revelations, but he clung to the earth and followed his own desires; his condition therefore is like that of a dog; if you attack him he hangs out his tongue and if you leave him he hangs out his tongue; this is the state of the people who denied Our signs; therefore preach, so that they may reflect. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 177سَاءَ مَثَلًا الْقَوْمُ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآَيَاتِنَا وَأَنْفُسَهُمْ كَانُوا يَظْلِمُونَ [ What an evil example is of those who denied Our signs and used to do wrong to only their own Nufoos. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 178مَنْ يَهْدِ اللَّهُ فَهُوَ الْمُهْتَدِي وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ [ Whomever Allah guides is rightly guided, and whomever He leads astray, it is they who are the losers. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 179وَلَقَدْ ذَرَأْنَا لِجَهَنَّمَ كَثِيرًا مِنَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنْسِ لَهُمْ قُلُوبٌ لَا يَفْقَهُونَ بِهَا وَلَهُمْ أَعْيُنٌ لَا يُبْصِرُونَ بِهَا وَلَهُمْ آَذَانٌ لَا يَسْمَعُونَ بِهَا أُولَئِكَ كَالْأَنْعَامِ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ أُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْغَافِلُونَ [ And indeed We have created many jinns and men for Hell; they have hearts in which their is no understanding; and the eyes they do not see with; and the ears they do not hear with. Those are like livestock; rather, they are more astray. It is they who are the heedless. ]Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 180وَلِلَّهِ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى فَادْعُوهُ بِهَا وَذَرُوا الَّذِينَ يُلْحِدُونَ فِي أَسْمَائِهِ سَيُجْزَوْنَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ [ And to Allah belong the best names, so invoke Him by them. And leave (the company of) those who practice deviation concerning His names. They will get retribution of what they have been doing. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 181وَمِمَّنْ خَلَقْنَا أُمَّةٌ يَهْدُونَ بِالْحَقِّ وَبِهِ يَعْدِلُونَ [ And among those We created is a community which guides by truth and thereby establishes justice. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 182وَالَّذِينَ كَذَّبُواْ بِآيَاتِنَا سَنَسْتَدْرِجُهُم مِّنْ حَيْثُ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ [ And those who denied Our signs, We shall slowly lead them towards punishment in a way that is not known to them. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 183وَأُمْلِي لَهُمْ إِنَّ كَيْدِي مَتِينٌ [ And I will give them time. But my punishment for them is certain. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 184أَوَلَمْ يَتَفَكَّرُوا مَا بِصَاحِبِهِمْ مِنْ جِنَّةٍ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا نَذِيرٌ مُبِينٌ [ Do they not ponder that their companion is (an icon of excellence) far removed from uncertainty? In fact he is ( the Apostle ﷺ), the Herald of Warning. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 185أَوَلَمْ يَنْظُرُوا فِي مَلَكُوتِ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ مِنْ شَيْءٍ وَأَنْ عَسَى أَنْ يَكُونَ قَدِ اقْتَرَبَ أَجَلُهُمْ فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَهُ يُؤْمِنُونَ [ Have they not pondered deeply regarding the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and whatever things Allah has created? And that probably their promise (of death) may have come near? So after this, in what will they believe? ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 186مَنْ يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَلَا هَادِيَ لَهُ وَيَذَرُهُمْ فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ [ Whoever Allah sends astray, there is no guide for him. And He leaves them wandering in their transgression.]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 187يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ السَّاعَةِ أَيَّانَ مُرْسَاهَا قُلْ إِنَّمَا عِلْمُهَا عِنْدَ رَبِّي لَا يُجَلِّيهَا لِوَقْتِهَا إِلَّا هُوَ ثَقُلَتْ فِي السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ لَا تَأْتِيكُمْ إِلَّا بَغْتَةً يَسْأَلُونَكَ كَأَنَّكَ حَفِيٌّ عَنْهَا قُلْ إِنَّمَا عِلْمُهَا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ [ They ask you, (O' Prophet ﷺ), about the Hour and when is its arrival? Say, its knowledge is only with my Lord. None will reveal its time except Him. It lays heavily upon the heavens and the earth. It will not come upon you except unexpectedly.' They ask you as (an Apostle you are probably) informed about it. Tell them, its knowledge is only with Allah, but most of the people do not know.']
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 188قُلْ لَا أَمْلِكُ لِنَفْسِي نَفْعًا وَلَا ضَرًّا إِلَّا مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ وَلَوْ كُنْتُ أَعْلَمُ الْغَيْبَ لَاسْتَكْثَرْتُ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ وَمَا مَسَّنِيَ السُّوءُ إِنْ أَنَا إِلَّا نَذِيرٌ وَبَشِيرٌ لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ [ Say, 'I have no autonomy to benefit or hurt myself, except what Allah wills; and, were I to procure knowledge of the hidden on my own, it would be that I had accumulated a lot of good; and no misfortune would touch me; I am purely a Herald of Warning and Glad Tidings to the people who believe.']Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups quote this verse to down grade the respect of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and to claim that he does not have knowledge of unseen.
(i) It is in Quran - عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِ فَلَا يُظْهِرُ عَلَىٰ غَيْبِهِ أَحَدًا- إِلَّا مَنِ ارْتَضَىٰ مِن رَّسُولٍ [ He (alone) knows the Unseen, nor does He make any one acquainted with His Mysteries, except an Apostle whom He has chosen (Prophet Mohammad ﷺ). (Al-Jinn - 26-27).
(ii) It is in Quran - يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ شَاهِدًا وَمُبَشِّرًا وَنَذِيرًا [ Certainly We have sent to you (O' Prophet ﷺ) as witness, deponent and the one who gives good tiding and as a fore warner (Ahzab - 45).
Who is a witness (as per the law)?
He is the one who sees things from his eyes. Statement of a Deponent who has only heard about a thing is not acceptable in the Court of law.
The above Quranic verse establishes that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sees our conditions, individually and collectively.
(iii) It is in Quran - لَقَدْ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَا عَنِتُّمْ حَرِيصٌ عَلَيْكُم بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ [ Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has been raised from yourselves. Your living wrongly with its consequent suffering presses heavily upon him. He is ardently desirous of your welfare; and for those (of you) who are believers, he is full of pity, merciful. (At-Tawba-128).
(iv) It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said - 'My Sustainer came to me in a very good face and said, O'Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I submitted 'Yes, my Lord, present', He said, do you know that the sublime angels argue with each other in what?, I submitted, I do not know'. Then He placed His hands of Omnipotence (Dust-e-Qudrat) in between my shoulders and I found the coolness of the hand into my chest and then I knew whatever there is, in the skies and the earth. (Bukhari, Tirmidhi, Mishkaat)
(v) It is in Hadith - Narrated Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : One day the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood up among us for a long period and informed us about the beginning of creation (and talked about everything in detail) till he mentioned how the people of Paradise will enter their places and the people of Hell will enter their places. Some remembered what he had said, and some forgot it. (Bukhari)(vi) It is in Hadith - Narated Hudhaifa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) once delivered a speech in front of us wherein he left nothing but mentioned (about) everything that would happen till the Hour. Some of us stored that in their minds and some forgot it. (After that speech) I used to see events taking place (which had been referred to in that speech) but I had forgotten them (before their occurrence). Then I would recognize such events as a man recognizes another man who has been absent and then sees and recognizes him. (Bukhari)
(vii) It is in Hadith - Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrates; “When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) left us, there was not a bird that flies in the sky but that he had given us some knowledge about it.” (Ahmed, Tabarani)
(viii) It is in Hadith - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said that 'Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) will be martyred while reciting Quran. Perhaps Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will have him wearing a shirt. They will want to remove it and his blood will fall on the words of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ)” (Bukhari, Muslim).
(ix) It is in Hadith - Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrates that the Beloved Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Abu Bakr Siddeeq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Umar bin Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Uthman bin Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) were climbing Mount Uhud. The mountain shook from under them, the Beloved Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said ‘Be firm Uhud, a Prophet, a Truthful person (Siddeeq) and Two martyrs are walking on you” (Bukhari, Ibn Majah).Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 189هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَجَعَلَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا لِيَسْكُنَ إِلَيْهَا فَلَمَّا تَغَشَّاهَا حَمَلَتْ حَمْلًا خَفِيفًا فَمَرَّتْ بِهِ فَلَمَّا أَثْقَلَتْ دَعَوَا اللَّهَ رَبَّهُمَا لَئِنْ آَتَيْتَنَا صَالِحًا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الشَّاكِرِينَ [ It is He who created you from single Nafs and created from it its mate that he might gain comfort with her. And when he covers her, she carries a light burden and continues therein. And when it becomes heavy, they both invoke Allah, their Lord, 'If You should give us a good (child), we will surely be among the grateful.']
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 190فَلَمَّا آَتَاهُمَا صَالِحًا جَعَلَا لَهُ شُرَكَاءَ فِيمَا آَتَاهُمَا فَتَعَالَى اللَّهُ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ [ But when they were given a healthy son, they started ascribing to other powers a share in what Allah had bestowed on them. But Allah is above what they ascribe to Him.]Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 191أَيُشْرِكُونَ مَا لَا يَخْلُقُ شَيْئًا وَهُمْ يُخْلَقُونَ [ Do they associate those with Him who cannot create a thing, and are themselves created, ]Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 192وَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ لَهُمْ نَصْرًا وَلَا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَنْصُرُونَ [ Who can neither help them, nor (can) help themselves? ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 193وَإِنْ تَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَى الْهُدَى لَا يَتَّبِعُوكُمْ سَوَاءٌ عَلَيْكُمْ أَدَعَوْتُمُوهُمْ أَمْ أَنْتُمْ صَامِتُونَ [ And if you (O' believers) invite them to guidance, they will not follow you. It is all the same for you whether you invite them or you are silent. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 194إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ عِبَادٌ أَمْثَالُكُمْ فَادْعُوهُمْ فَلْيَسْتَجِيبُوا لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ [ Indeed, those of you (polytheists) call upon besides Allah are servants like you. So call upon them and let them respond to you, if you are truthful. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 195أَلَهُمْ أَرْجُلٌ يَمْشُونَ بِهَا أَمْ لَهُمْ أَيْدٍ يَبْطِشُونَ بِهَا أَمْ لَهُمْ أَعْيُنٌ يُبْصِرُونَ بِهَا أَمْ لَهُمْ آَذَانٌ يَسْمَعُونَ بِهَا قُلِ ادْعُوا شُرَكَاءَكُمْ ثُمَّ كِيدُونِ فَلَا تُنْظِرُونِ [ Do they have feet to walk on, or hands to hold with, or eyes to see and ears to hear with? Tell them (O' Prophet ﷺ) 'Call your ascribed partners, and conspire against me, and do not give me time. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 196إِنَّ وَلِيِّيَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ الْكِتَابَ وَهُوَ يَتَوَلَّى الصَّالِحِينَ [ My savior is Allah who has revealed this Book; and He protects those who are righteous. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 197وَالَّذِينَ تَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِهِ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ نَصْرَكُمْ وَلَا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَنْصُرُونَ [ 'And those whom you worship besides Him cannot help you nor do they help themselves.' ]The above verses are meant for the Idol worshipers and polytheists. The deviant sects like Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups impose these verses on Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Sahabah, Aimma and Awliya Allah and claim that visiting their graves for baraka is shirk.
It is in Hadith - وكان ابن عمر يراهم شرار خلق الله وقال إنهم انطلقوا إلى آيات نزلت في الكفار فجعلوها على المؤمنين - Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) considered the Khawarij and the heretics (Salafis , Deobandis and their like minded groups) as the worst beings in creation (meaning worst than Satan and his subordinate Shayateen), and he said : 'They went to verses which were revealed about the disbelievers (the pagans of Makka) and applied them to the Believers (Prophets, Sahabah, Awliya Allah and Muslims). (Bukhari - Chapter Khawarijeen).
Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups mislead people by saying that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is not the waseela, rather his Dua is Waseela. They also say that since Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is dead, he is no more a Waseelah. These are the attempts by these people to downgrade the respect of Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in the eyes of the people. With their blasphemous rhetoric they aim to equate the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with sinful human beings.
The following supplication (Dua) is mentioned in many Ahadith books like Tirmizi, Nasai, Tabrani, Ibn Huzeema, Hakim, Baihaqi, etc. The Dua confirms the fact that his waseelah is equally important both during of his physical span of life, after his death, on the day of Judgment and beyond. The people of the book used to take his waseelah even before his birth and their supplications were answered by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ وَأَتَوَجَّهُ إِلَيْكَ بحبيبِ المصطفى عندكَ يا حبيبنا يَا مُحَمَّدُ اني نتوسلُ بِكَ الى ربكَ فشفعه لنا عِند المولى العظيم يانعمة الرسولُ الطّاهراللَّهُمَّ شافعه فينا بجاه عندكَ
[ O'Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), I implore, I beg to you with the mediation (wasilah) of your revered beloved Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who is chosen by you. O' Beloved of the Al-mighty, O' Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) we implore to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) with your mediation (Wasilah). Kindly mediate for us with Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). O' Sacred Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), O' Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), kindly accept the intercession (Shafa'a) of our Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for us in view of the "honor and grace he has with you. ]
As a matter of fact our Dua will not be accepted if we do not send Durood on Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) before and after the Dua and seek Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) favor by the mediation (Waseelah) of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 198وَإِنْ تَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَى الْهُدَى لَا يَسْمَعُوا وَتَرَاهُمْ يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَيْكَ وَهُمْ لَا يُبْصِرُونَ [ And if you invite them to guidance, they do not hear; and you see them looking at you but they cannot perceive anything. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 199خُذِ الْعَفْوَ وَأْمُرْ بِالْعُرْفِ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْجَاهِلِينَ [ (O Prophet ﷺ) Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the ignorant. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 200وَإِمَّا يَنْزَغَنَّكَ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ نَزْغٌ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ إِنَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ [ (O' believers) if an evil consideration comes to you from Satan, seek refuge in Allah. Indeed, He is All Hearing and All Knowing. ]The above verse teaches us that whenever there is an evil consideration comes to our mind, we should take refuge in Allah.What are evil considerations and how do we get rid of them?In his books, Shaikh Mohammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) has described some interesting details about evil considerations. Below are excerpts from his books.CONSIDERATIONS (Khatraat - خَطرات)
When the divine way farer (Saalik - سالِک) steps into the 'divine way' (Raah-e-Khuda - راہِ خدا) and intends to perform virtuous deeds and tries to train anima (Nafs - نفس) by way of invocation and good deeds, both his enemies, the anima and Satan, who have been misleading him all along by hiding in the ambuscade, endeavor to hold him away from this path. How they achieve this? By insinuations. These are known as 'evil considerations'. There are some 'good considerations' as well that come to our mind. In all, there are 4 types of considerations, as follows.(i) Satanic Consideration (خَطراتِ شيطاني) - Their work is to be create disbelief about Allah (سبحانه و تعالى); stop from divine mindfulness; and to involve the person in worldly affairs and playfulness to an extent that he is unable to contemplate about Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), at all.(ii) Anima's Consideration (خَطراتِ نفساني) - The objective of Anima (نفس) is to enjoy, eat, drink, dress, marry, lead a luxurious life, etc. But if you train, it becomes rational also. When the horse becomes mischievous and does not allow the rider to touch, it is trained with great difficulty. Once trained, he starts working with bigul. Try to get up in the last quarter of the night for prayers. After a few days, your sleep will automatically break around that time and your 'anima' (corporeal self) will be able to do the good deeds. The evil considerations of anima and Satan give birth to 'Villainous Anima' (نفسِ اَمّاره).(iii) Angelic Consideration (خَطراتِ مَلكي) - It stops a person from evil deeds and to differentiate between virtue and evil. This is angelic consideration. Afterwords, the anima transforms into "Conscious Anima' (نفسِ لَوَّامہ).(iv) Beneficent's Consideration (خَطراتِ رحماني) - It enriches the person with divine gnosis (معارف الہیہ). At this time Anima becomes 'Satisfied Anima' (نفسِ مطمئنہ).
The difference between 'Consideration' (خطرہ) and 'Determination' (عزم).
It is important to note that a 'Consideration' (خطرہ) is a thought that comes and goes. If a person firmly resolves to do something, the 'Consideration' becomes 'determination' (عزم). The consideration is forgivable, but the determination is not. If a person strongly willed to do a bad thing, but in view of some hindrance could not do it, then this will be treated as determination which is sin, subjected to punishment. But this sin is smaller than the performance of the actual act. In any case from morning till evening several good and bad thoughts come to our minds and go. All these are not subjected to scrutiny. But determinations are subject to questioning.
Prevention of Considerations (دفع خطرات)
Is there a way to get rid of the futile considerations? An important principles of prevention of consideration is 'to keep one's eyes on one's foot steps (نظر بَر قدم), and maintain 'recluse in association (خَلوت در انجمن). Always keep your eyes down. Do not look hither and thither. Human face has dreadful attraction. To whoever we see, his face comes straight into the heart through our eyes.
When you look all over the places, you heart will become bewildered and you will not have tranquility. The face of human being is calamitous and an affliction to the viewer. The suppliants ( فُقرا ) say that the head of the human being is 'the portrait of the most beneficent' (تصويرِ رحمان). It has all the seven attributes. It has 'life, and it has knowledge and above all, it has attachment and affection. They eyes of the human being are great hunters. The red veins in them are like a net spread over to catch the victims.Safeguard your eyes and escape from others' eyes for a few days. When your heart settles on one point (monotheism), and the 'fact' of the cosmos gets unfolded for you, nothing will be troublesome. When otherness vanishes, things will not cause trouble. You will see everyone with the 'eye of precision (عینیت کی نظر).It is in Quran - سَنُرِيهِمْ آيَاتِنَا فِي الْآفَاقِ وَفِي أَنفُسِهِمْ [Soon will We let signs manifest themselves (bringing about a change in their lives) both outward and in ward. ] (Fussilat - 53)
There is one more thing. Do not eat variety of food. The tastefulness of the multiplicity of food creates distraction in thoughts. When you eat compounds, how will you get 'unification' (توحيد)?Whatever wasteful or impossible thought comes to your mind, howsoever inappropriate time it is, respond positively and supplicate with Almighty to save you from evil thoughts. Supplication is an imperative ordained by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).It is in Quran - اُدْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ [ You pray and I will give you.] (Ghafir - 60).It is in Hadith - اَلدُّعَاءُ مُخُّ الْعِبَادَةِ [ Supplication is the essence of all prayers] (Tirmidhi).
Other Proved remedies for the 'elimination of evil considerations (دفع خطرات) are as follows.(i) When you get excessive evil considerations, change your state, meaning, if you are sitting, stand, and if you are standing, start walking or sit down. The principle behind this prevention is change in movement.(ii) When a consideration comes to your mind, you run from it. After a few moments, the consideration will be left behind, and you will go away from it. Or think that the consideration is running away from you. With this practice the evil consideration can be restricted to a large extent.(iii) If some consideration comes to you, tell it 'if you bother us, where will we find a refuge'?(iv) Say 'stop it, stop it' (ہوں، ہوں) and release your breath forcefully.(v) When a consideration comes, addressing it, some people say 'O', you have come. Whatever form and whatever shape you change, I recognize you well, because you are the only source of existence.(vi) Recitation of this Quranic verse also helps in the reduction of considerations. إِن يَشَأْ يُذْهِبْكُمْ وَيَأْتِ بِخَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ - وَمَا ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ بِعَزِيزٍ [Should He like it, He can make you die out and replace you by a new set of people]. (Ibrahim - 19-20). It does not make difference even if you utter this verse in your heart during Salah.(vii) You can also recite this Quranic Verse قُلْ كُلٌّ مِّنْ عِندِ اللَّهِ [ Say, everything is from Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).] (An-Nisa - 78).(viii) You can recite this verse - الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَطْمَئِنُّ قُلُوبُهُم بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ ۗ أَلَا بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ الْقُلُوبُ [ At rest in the thoughts of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) are the hearts of those who believe in Him. In deed, the hearts of men feel at rest in the though of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).] (Ar-Ra'd- 13) And impulse your heart with the invocation of Allah, Allah.(ix) If you repeated recite divine epithet "Ya Qahhar" (يا قهّار), all evil considerations are burned. But you should invoke this epithet by taking permission of a Shaikh, otherwise you will get perpetration of heart.(x) You can also invoke these four epithets; Ya Khallaq, Ya Fa'aal, Ya Musawwir, and Ya Qahhar (يا خلّاق، يا فعّال، يا مُصَوِّر، يا قهّار) .(xi) Often literate people have the habit of imaginary flights of fancies. One should think of an integrated schedule of deeds for his whole life as well as the fractional schedule for the following few days. If a consideration about this schedule comes again, it should be told that this issue has already been decided; why this useless thought has come again?(xii) If a consideration comes for achieving something in a particular fashion, convert it into a supplication and turn towards Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) saying that 'I need this thing and I want to seek it this way. Kindly bestow upon me this thing and guide me in achieving it. Even if you think a lot about it, all your imaginations will turn into supplications. And as supplication is the primary form of worship, Satan will never allow it to continue and these considerations will stop abruptly. The objective of Satan is to refrain you from mindfulness of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and see that you spend your life in wasteful activities in destroying your life. Once you turn the consideration into a supplication, Satan will get irritated and will leave you alone and will contemplate another way to deviate you from Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) mindfulness.(xiii) The best course of all the above is the way Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has taught us; ie., 'seeking Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) protection. Seeking Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) protection is supplication and supplication is the primary form of worship. If you are servant, do not depend upon any of your abilities. لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله [ there is no sway or strength save that of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ)]. Seek the protection of your Sustainer. He is absolutely sufficient for you. He is the one who grants your supplications and He is the one who is helpful in overcoming all your difficulties. If you refrain from defiance and disobedience and come under the protection of His mercy, who can cause you harm?It is in Quran - فَفِرُّوا إِلَى اللَّهِ [ So flee to Allah.] (Adh-Dhariyaat - 50). The, who can misguide you?It is in Quran - وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا [ The people who strive in our way, We show and put them on the right path. ] (Al-Ankaboot - 69).Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 201إِنَّ الَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا إِذَا مَسَّهُمْ طَائِفٌ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ تَذَكَّرُوا فَإِذَا هُمْ مُبْصِرُونَ [ Indeed, those who fear Allah, when an impulse touches them from Satan, they remember (Allah) and at once they get insight. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 202وَإِخْوَانُهُمْ يَمُدُّونَهُمْ فِي الْغَيِّ ثُمَّ لَا يُقْصِرُونَ [ The devils plunge their human brothers (associates) deeper into error. So they never give up on that. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 203وَإِذَا لَمْ تَأْتِهِمْ بِآَيَةٍ قَالُوا لَوْلَا اجْتَبَيْتَهَا قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَتَّبِعُ مَا يُوحَى إِلَيَّ مِنْ رَبِّي هَذَا بَصَائِرُ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ [ And (O' Prophet ﷺ) when you do not bring to them a verse, they say, 'Why did you not fabricate it?' Say, 'I follow only what is divinely revealed to me from my Lord'. This (the Quran) is an enlightenment from your Lord, and a guidance and a Mercy for the Muslims. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 204وَإِذَا قُرِئَ الْقُرْآَنُ فَاسْتَمِعُوا لَهُ وَأَنْصِتُوا لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ [ When the Quran is recited listen to it in silence so that Allah has Mercy upon you. ]
Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 205وَاذْكُرْ رَبَّكَ فِي نَفْسِكَ تَضَرُّعًا وَخِيفَةً وَدُونَ الْجَهْرِ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالْآَصَالِ وَلَا تَكُنْ مِنَ الْغَافِلِينَ [ (O' believers) remember your Lord within your hearts humbly and with fear, and softly with your tongues, morning and evening, and do not be of the neglectful. ]How do we remember our Lord? It is by reciting and invoking Him by His beautiful names. This is known as Zikr.It is in Quran - وَلِلَّهِ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى فَادْعُوهُ بِهَا وَذَرُوا الَّذِينَ يُلْحِدُونَ فِي أَسْمَائِهِ سَيُجْزَوْنَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ [ And to Allah belong the best names, so invoke Him by them. And leave (the company of) those who practice deviation concerning His names. They will get retribution of what they have been doing. ] (Al-A'raaf - 180)Juz 9, Al-A'raaf verse 206إِنَّ الَّذِينَ عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِهِ وَيُسَبِّحُونَهُ وَلَهُ يَسْجُدُونَ [ Indeed, those who are near your Lord are not prevented by arrogance from His worship, and they exalt Him, and to Him they prostrate. ]The above is 'the verse of Sajda' (آیت سجدہ). If someone is reading it alone, should do prostration (سجدة) alone. If it is read loudly in an audience, the reciter and all the listeners should do 'Prostration of Recitation' (Sajda-e-Tilaawah - سجدة التلاوة) individually.The Prostration can be done in sitting or standing position. In the Hanafi school of thought, 'Prostration of Recitation' (Sajda-e-Tilaawah - سجدة التلاوة) is obligatory (Fardh). With Shafii and Maliki, it is Sunnah.Have the intention to do Prostration of recitation (سجدة التلاوة). The place where you are reading/reciting Quran should be clean. Say (quietly) Allahu Akbar, go into prostration once, recite the 'Tasbih of Sajdah' 'Subhana Rabbi al-A'alaa' (سبحان ربّي الاعلى ) at least 3 times and raise from the Sajda saying Allahu Akbar.It is in Hadith - 'When you have recited a verse requiring Sajdah-e-Tilaawaah, you should go down for Sajdah with Allahu-Akbar and rise from Sajdah with Allahu-Akbar, which may be performed sitting, though it is preferable to prostrate oneself from the standing position. (Abu Dawood)