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تفسيرِ اَسدي 






 JUZ 9.5  QALAL  MALAO (قَالَ الْمَلَأُ)


سورة الأنفال

The Spoils of War

Al-Anfaal | Sura # 8| 75 verses | Madinan


بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 001 

يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْأَنْفَالِ قُلِ الْأَنْفَالُ لِلَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَصْلِحُوا ذَاتَ بَيْنِكُمْ وَأَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ [They ask you, (O' Prophet  ﷺ), about the spoils (of war). Say, 'The (decision for) it is for Allah and the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' So fear Allah and amend that which is between you,  and obey Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), if you are believers. ]
The above verse was a major conceptual reform pertaining to war and spoils of war in Islam. During pre-Islamic times, the soldier used to take all that he could lay his hands on. On occasions, the spoils were seized by the King.  By declaring that the spoils or war belong to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the Muslim soldiers were reminded that they are not fighting a war for material gains, rather they are the reformers of the world. Therefore,  it was made obligatory on all soldiers to deposit the spoils of war with the commander.  Later elaborate laws were laid down in which one-fifth of the spoils was to be deposited in the treasury for public welfare and support to the needy while four-fifths was to be distributed among the soldiers.

Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 002 

إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِذَا تُلِيَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ آَيَاتُهُ زَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ  [The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, their hearts become fearful, and when His verses are recited to them, it increases them in faith; and upon their Lord they rely. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 003 

الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنْفِقُونَ  [ The ones who establish prayer, and spend in charity from what We have provided them. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal verse 004 

أُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ حَقًّا لَهُمْ دَرَجَاتٌ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ وَرِزْقٌ كَرِيمٌ  [ Those are they who are truly believers. For them are ranks with their Lord and forgiveness and generous provision. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 005

كَمَا أَخْرَجَكَ رَبُّكَ مِنْ بَيْتِكَ بِالْحَقِّ وَإِنَّ فَرِيقًا مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ لَكَارِهُونَ  [ When your Lord brought you out of your home (for the battle of Badr), in truth,  a party among the believers were unwilling, ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 006

يُجَادِلُونَكَ فِي الْحَقِّ بَعْدَمَا تَبَيَّنَ كَأَنَّمَا يُسَاقُونَ إِلَى الْمَوْتِ وَهُمْ يَنْظُرُونَ  [ disputing with you regarding the truth after it had been made clear, as if they were being herded towards an inevitable death. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 007

وَإِذْ يَعِدُكُمُ اللَّهُ إِحْدَى الطَّائِفَتَيْنِ أَنَّهَا لَكُمْ وَتَوَدُّونَ أَنَّ غَيْرَ ذَاتِ الشَّوْكَةِ تَكُونُ لَكُمْ وَيُرِيدُ اللَّهُ أَنْ يُحِقَّ الْحَقَّ بِكَلِمَاتِهِ وَيَقْطَعَ دَابِرَ الْكَافِرِينَ  [ When Allah promised you, one of the two groups, that it would be yours, and (O' believers) you wished to get the one that posed no danger.  But Allah intended to establish the truth by His words and to eliminate the disbelievers (decisively). ]
It is clear from the above verses that when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) started from home for the battle of Badr, he intended for a decisive battle with Quraish.  There were two options for Muslims either to confront the trading Caravan of Quraish which was to pass through Badr  or the Makkan Army which had arrived at Badr to protect their trading caravan.  The decision was taken by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) at the start of the expedition that Muslims will confront the Makkan Army.  However a group of Muslims tried to avoid it.  The Quraish Army consisted of over 1000 heavily armed soldiers while the Trading Caravan consisted of about 30 to 40 armed guards. When finally Muslims were asked to march on the formidable Quraish army, this group thought they were driven to their apparent death.  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says that He intended to establish the truth and eliminate the disbelievers.  When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed for help, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) supported Muslim Army by sending thousands of angels who fought along with Muslims. 

Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 008

لِيُحِقَّ الْحَقَّ وَيُبْطِلَ الْبَاطِلَ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْمُجْرِمُونَ  [ That He should establish the truth and abolish falsehood, even if the criminals disliked it. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 009

إِذْ تَسْتَغِيثُونَ رَبَّكُمْ فَاسْتَجَابَ لَكُمْ أَنِّي مُمِدُّكُمْ بِأَلْفٍ مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ مُرْدِفِينَ  [ When you (O Prophet ﷺ) were supplicating for the help of your Lord, He answered your supplication saying, 'I will help you with a row of thousands of angels.' ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 010

وَمَا جَعَلَهُ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بُشْرَى وَلِتَطْمَئِنَّ بِهِ قُلُوبُكُمْ وَمَا النَّصْرُ إِلَّا مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ   [ He gave you that good news only to reassure your hearts, for victory comes from Allah alone, and certainly Allah is All Mighty and All Wise. ]

Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 011

إِذْ يُغَشِّيكُمُ النُّعَاسَ أَمَنَةً مِنْهُ وَيُنَزِّلُ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ بِهِ وَيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمْ رِجْزَ الشَّيْطَانِ وَلِيَرْبِطَ عَلَى قُلُوبِكُمْ وَيُثَبِّتَ بِهِ الْأَقْدَامَ   [ When He made the slumber overcome you, so it was as a peacefulness from Him, and sent down water from the sky upon you to purify you with it, and to remove the impurity of Satan from you, and to give your hearts fortitude and firmly establish your feet with it. ]
The first part of the verse  إِذْ يُغَشِّيكُمُ النُّعَاسَ أَمَنَةً مِنْهُ  [ When He made the slumber overcome you, so it was as a peacefulness from Him.] refers to the battle of Uhad where Muslims panicked with intense fear.  A slumber took over them for a while with which they felt peace.
The later part of the verse refers to the heavy downpour on the night preceding the Battle of Badr which helped them to store abundant water and it compacted the loose sand in the upper part of the valley where Muslims had fixed their tents. On the lower side of the valley where Quraish army was camped became marshy.

Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 012

إِذْ يُوحِي رَبُّكَ إِلَى الْمَلَائِكَةِ أَنِّي مَعَكُمْ فَثَبِّتُوا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا سَأُلْقِي فِي قُلُوبِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا الرُّعْبَ فَاضْرِبُوا فَوْقَ الْأَعْنَاقِ وَاضْرِبُوا مِنْهُمْ كُلَّ بَنَانٍ   [ And the Lord said to the angels : 'I am with you; go and strengthen the faithful. I shall fill the hearts of infidels with terror.  So smite them on their necks and every joint, (and incapacitate them).' ]
Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) helped Muslims by sending thousands of angels in the battle of Badr. 


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 013

ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ شَاقُّوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَمَنْ يُشَاقِقِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ   [ For they had opposed Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).   Whosoever opposes Allah and his Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) (should know) that Allah is severe in retribution. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 014

ذَلِكُمْ فَذُوقُوهُ وَأَنَّ لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابَ النَّارِ  [ Therefore taste this for now, and along with it for the disbelievers is the punishment of Hell Fire. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 015

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا إِذَا لَقِيتُمُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا زَحْفًا فَلَا تُوَلُّوهُمُ الْأَدْبَارَ  [ O' believers,  when you confront a large army of disbelievers in battle, do not turn your backs to them. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 016

وَمَنْ يُوَلِّهِمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ دُبُرَهُ إِلَّا مُتَحَرِّفًا لِقِتَالٍ أَوْ مُتَحَيِّزًا إِلَى فِئَةٍ فَقَدْ بَاءَ بِغَضَبٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَمَأْوَاهُ جَهَنَّمُ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ  [ For any one who turns his back on that day, except as manoeuvre or rally to his side, will bring the wrath of Allah on himself, and have Hell as abode; what an evil destination! ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 017

فَلَمْ تَقْتُلُوهُمْ وَلَكِنَّ اللَّهَ قَتَلَهُمْ وَمَا رَمَيْتَ إِذْ رَمَيْتَ وَلَكِنَّ اللَّهَ رَمَى وَلِيُبْلِيَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْهُ بَلَاءً حَسَنًا إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ  [ And you did not kill them, but it was Allah who killed them (at Badr). And you threw not, (O' Prophet ﷺ), when you threw, but it was Allah who threw that He might test the believers with a good test.  Indeed, Allah is All Hearing and All Knowing. ]
The verse refers to the battle at Badr when two armies stood face to face at the start of the battle.   At that moment, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) threw a handful of dust at the enemy saying: 'May their faces be scorched.' It impacted the Makkan Army and marked the beginning of Muslims charge towards the Quraish and eventually they won the war decisively.


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 018

ذَلِكُمْ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ مُوهِنُ كَيْدِ الْكَافِرِينَ  [ That was that (what happened at Badr), but remember Allah will weaken the scheme of the disbelievers. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 019

إِنْ تَسْتَفْتِحُوا فَقَدْ جَاءَكُمُ الْفَتْحُ وَإِنْ تَنْتَهُوا فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ وَإِنْ تَعُودُوا نَعُدْ وَلَنْ تُغْنِيَ عَنْكُمْ فِئَتُكُمْ شَيْئًا وَلَوْ كَثُرَتْ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ [ If you (disbelievers) seek the victory, the defeat has come to you. And if you desist (from hostilities), it is best for you; but if you return (to war), We will return, and never will you be availed by your (large) company, even if it should increase; and (that is) because Allah is with the believers. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 020

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَلَا تَوَلَّوْا عَنْهُ وَأَنْتُمْ تَسْمَعُونَ [ O' People who believe,  obey Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and do not turn from him while you hear him speak. ]

Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 021

وَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ قَالُوا سَمِعْنَا وَهُمْ لَا يَسْمَعُونَ [ And do not be like those who say : 'We have heard,' but do not hear. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 022

إِنَّ شَرَّ الدَّوَابِّ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ الصُّمُّ الْبُكْمُ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْقِلُونَ [ The worst of creatures in the eyes of Allah are those who are deaf and dumb and devoid of sense. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 023

وَلَوْ عَلِمَ اللَّهُ فِيهِمْ خَيْرًا لَأَسْمَعَهُمْ وَلَوْ أَسْمَعَهُمْ لَتَوَلَّوْا وَهُمْ مُعْرِضُونَ [ If Allah had seen any good in them He would surely have made them hear.   Now even if He makes them hear they will turn away (in obduracy). ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 024

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَحُولُ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَأَنَّهُ إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ [ O' believers, respond to Allah and to the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when he calls you to that which gives you life. And know that Allah intervenes between a man and his heart and that to Him you will be gathered. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 025

وَاتَّقُوا فِتْنَةً لَا تُصِيبَنَّ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْكُمْ خَاصَّةً وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ [ Beware of turmoil, which does not (only) affect the unjust alone among you, and know that the punishment of Allah is severe. ]
The above verse emphasize the need that the reformatory mission of Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) towards his people is meant for cleansing the society as a whole from the evils of idol worship and oppression of certain people in society.  The people in general should not remain as silent spectators and consider it is sufficient not getting involved in the evil deeds personally.  If the evil is not restricted and removed, it spread in society and affects one and all. It also invites Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) wrath on the community. 

Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 026

وَاذْكُرُوا إِذْ أَنْتُمْ قَلِيلٌ مُسْتَضْعَفُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ تَخَافُونَ أَنْ يَتَخَطَّفَكُمُ النَّاسُ فَآَوَاكُمْ وَأَيَّدَكُمْ بِنَصْرِهِ وَرَزَقَكُمْ مِنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ [ And remember when you were few and oppressed in the land, fearing that people might abduct you, but He sheltered you, supported you with His victory, and provided you with good things, that you might be grateful. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 027

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا لَا تَخُونُوا اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ وَتَخُونُوا أَمَانَاتِكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ [ O you who believe! betray not the trust of Allah and the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), nor misappropriate knowingly things entrusted to you. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 028

وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَأَوْلَادُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ عِنْدَهُ أَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ [ And know that your wealth and your children are a trial, and that with Allah is an immense reward.]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 029

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا إِنْ تَتَّقُوا اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ فُرْقَانًا وَيُكَفِّرْ عَنْكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ ذُو الْفَضْلِ الْعَظِيمِ [ O' People who Believe, if you fear Allah, He will bestow upon you (the wisdom) with which you will (be able to) separate the truth from falsehood, and He will unburden your misdeeds and forgive you; and Allah is the Extremely Munificent. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 030

وَإِذْ يَمْكُرُ بِكَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِيُثْبِتُوكَ أَوْ يَقْتُلُوكَ أَوْ يُخْرِجُوكَ وَيَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ [ And remember (O' Prophet ﷺ) when the disbelievers were plotting against you to either imprison you, or to kill you or to banish you; and they were scheming, and Allah also had His plan; and Allah’s planning is the best. ]
The above verse is related to the conspiracy of Quraish during Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stay in Makka before immigration to Madina. Makkan Pagans apprehended that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) may migrate to Madina.  They called for a meeting of all the Chiefs of the tribes where they discussed the possibilities of either to imprison, or banish the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) from Makka.  However, both these proposals were dropped for various reasons.  Then, Abu Jahl suggested that a group of young men should be selected from  different clans of Quraish assigned to kill the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) by attacking him together.  In such a case Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) relatives will not be able to take revenge from any individual clan and would be forced to settle for blood-money. Accordingly, the young men charged with the execution of the plan were selected.
The  selected assassins arrived at the Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) house during the night, as planned.  They waited till dawn for Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to come out of the home to attack him. However, before they could do any harm, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out of the house during the night and traveled to Madina along with Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddique (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).   Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was asked to sleep on the Prophet's  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) bed.  This way they could not succeed in their evil plan.
It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that in the interpretation of the above verse (Anfaal 30), he said, 'Quraysh met together one night in Makkah. Some of them said : When morning comes, imprison him in chains. Some said, No, kill him; and others said, No, drive him out. Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) informed His Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) of that, so Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) slept in the bed of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) that night, and the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) went out and hid in the cave. The mushrikoon spent the night lying in wait for Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), thinking that it was the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). When morning came, they pounced on him, and when they saw Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), they asked, where is that friend of yours? He said, I do not know. So they set out after him and when they reached the mountain, they were confounded. They climbed up the mountain and passed by the cave, and saw a spider’s web over its entrance. They said, if anyone had entered here, the spider would not have spun a web over the entrance. And he (the Prophet ﷺ) stayed there for three nights.  (Musnad Ahmad.  It was classed as Hassan by Ibn Hajr in Fath al-Bari and Ibn Kathir in Bidaya wan Nihaya.


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 031

وَإِذَا تُتْلَى عَلَيْهِمْ آَيَاتُنَا قَالُوا قَدْ سَمِعْنَا لَوْ نَشَاءُ لَقُلْنَا مِثْلَ هَذَا إِنْ هَذَا إِلَّا أَسَاطِيرُ الْأَوَّلِينَ  [ And when Our verses are recited to them they say, 'Yes, we have heard.  If we wanted we could also say something like this.   These are nothing but stories of former people! ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 032

وَإِذْ قَالُوا اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ كَانَ هَذَا هُوَ الْحَقَّ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ فَأَمْطِرْ عَلَيْنَا حِجَارَةً مِنَ السَّمَاءِ أَوِ ائْتِنَا بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ  [ And (remember) when they(the Mushrikeen of Makka) said (in mockery), O' Allah, if this (Quran) should be the truth from You, then rain down upon us stones from the sky or bring us a painful punishment.' ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 033

وَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيُعَذِّبَهُمْ وَأَنْتَ فِيهِمْ وَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ مُعَذِّبَهُمْ وَهُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ  [ But Allah would not punish them while you, (O' Prophet  ﷺ), are among them, and Allah would not punish them as long as they (some of them) seek forgiveness. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 034

وَمَا لَهُمْ أَلَّا يُعَذِّبَهُمُ اللَّهُ وَهُمْ يَصُدُّونَ عَنِ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ وَمَا كَانُوا أَوْلِيَاءَهُ إِنْ أَوْلِيَاؤُهُ إِلَّا الْمُتَّقُونَ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ  [But what is there so special they have that Allah should not punish them when they obstruct people from the Masjid al-Haram, though they are not its (appointed) guardians? Its guardians could be only those who are pious and devout. But most of them do not know. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 035

وَمَا كَانَ صَلَاتُهُمْ عِنْدَ الْبَيْتِ إِلَّا مُكَاءً وَتَصْدِيَةً فَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ  [Their worship in the House of Allah has been no more than whistling and clapping. So they have to taste the punishment for their disbelief. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 036

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يُنْفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ لِيَصُدُّوا عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَسَيُنْفِقُونَهَا ثُمَّ تَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ حَسْرَةً ثُمَّ يُغْلَبُونَ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِلَى جَهَنَّمَ يُحْشَرُونَ [ Indeed the disbelievers spend their wealth in order to prevent people from the way of Allah; so they will spend it now, and then regret over it, then they will be defeated; and the disbelievers will be gathered in the Hell.]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 037

لِيَمِيزَ اللَّهُ الْخَبِيثَ مِنَ الطَّيِّبِ وَيَجْعَلَ الْخَبِيثَ بَعْضَهُ عَلَى بَعْضٍ فَيَرْكُمَهُ جَمِيعًا فَيَجْعَلَهُ فِي جَهَنَّمَ أُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ  [(It is) in order that Allah may distinguish the wicked from the good and place the wicked  upon each other and heap them together and put them into Hell. It is those who are the losers.]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 038

قُلْ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِنْ يَنْتَهُوا يُغْفَرْ لَهُمْ مَا قَدْ سَلَفَ وَإِنْ يَعُودُوا فَقَدْ مَضَتْ سُنَّةُ الْأَوَّلِينَ  [You tell the unbelievers,  in case they desist whatever has happened will be forgiven. If they persist, they should remember the fate of those who have gone before them. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal,  verse 039

وَقَاتِلُوهُمْ حَتَّى لَا تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ وَيَكُونَ الدِّينُ كُلُّهُ لِلَّهِ فَإِنِ انْتَهَوْا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ [ Fight them until persecution is no more, and religion becomes exclusively for Allah.  So if they desist, Allah surely watches what they do. ]


Juz 9,  Al-Anfaal, verse 040

وَإِنْ تَوَلَّوْا فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ مَوْلَاكُمْ نِعْمَ الْمَوْلَى وَنِعْمَ النَّصِيرُ [ But if they turn away, then know that Allah is your protector. What an excellent protector, and what an excellent helper.]