MOHAMMAD ILYAS AND HIS TABLEEGI JAMA'AT
The founder of Tableeghi Jama’at Muhammad Ilyaas Kaandahlawee (1887-1948) was born in Kaandahlah village in
, in 1887 AD (1303 H). Saharanpur District, India
Originally, he was the follower of Naqshbandiya Silsila. In his childhood he studied under his elder brother Mohammad Yahya who was a teacher at Madrasa Mathaahirul Uloom in
Later he moved out of his village and completed his studies at Darul Uloom Deoband which was established in 1867 AD. His teachers include, Ashraf Ali Thanvi (1863-1943) who is referred to as Hakeem-ul-ummah by these groups. He also studied under Mahmood Hassan (1851-1920) who was famous teachers of Deoband and Tableeghi Jama’at.
Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi (1829-1905) was the Murshid of Mohammad Ilyas. He took bay’ah (oath of allegiance) on his hand in 1899. He later became Mureed of one Khaleel Ahmad Saharanpuri who taught at Deoband. Mohammad Ilyas established six fundamentals of da’awah of Tableegi Jama’at; (i) Kalima, (ii) Khusoo fis Salah (Offering prayers with concentration), (iii) Ilm Wadh-Dhikr (Knowledge and remembrance), (iv) Ikraamul Muslimeen (Honouring of Muslims), (v) Ikhlaas (Sincerety), Khuruooj fi Sabilillah (Going out in the path of Allah –SWT).
A group from amongst them is designated to go to a particular area/town/country. When they arrive at their destination, they organize themselves in a manner whereby some of them begin cleaning the place where they shall be resting during their stay in the area; Whilst others amongst them will go out to the market places and calling the people to listen to their talk (Bayaan).
When the time for the bayaan arrives, they all gather to listen. And after the bayaan, they request members of the gathering to come out with them. The group leader undertakes the responsibility of teaching his group members the fundamental teachings of Tableeghi Jama’at.
Before their period of stay is over, they encourage the people of the area to come out with them to spread their da’wah such that some people volunteer to join them for three days or a week or a month. And the preferred time for going out is a day in a week, and three days in a month and 40 days in a year and 4 months in a lifetime.
It is imperative for every member of the Jamaa'ah at-Tableegh to have a Amir or Murshid to whom he should make bay'ah (oath of allegiance). If someone dies without becoming Mureed, it is considered that he has died the death of those in pre-Islam. It means that a person becomes Muslim only when he takes bait on the hands of their Amir. Obviously they treat others as Non-Muslims.
The bay'ah takes place in a public gathering so as to encourage all present to do likewise and give them all an impression that they are all in this together as one group. And the same is done amongst the women also. The Mureeds show excessive love, respect and obedience to their Shaikhs.
Tableeghi Jama’at intimidate innocent Muslims to join them. Their tactics are persistence in following an individual till he succumbs to their way of thinking. In Arab countries they make a point of referring to Imaam An-Nawawee's Riyaadh as-Saaliheen, whereas in non-Arab countries they refer to the Tableeghi Nisaab, and Hayat Al-Sahabah.
Their da’wah began in India, and then spread to Pakistan and Bangladesh, then later spreading to the rest of the Islamic world, even in Arabia - such that they now have followers in Syria, Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, Egypt, Sudan, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. They also have followers in
Europe, , America Asiaand Africa. Their worldwide headquarters is outside the Dargah Hazrat Nizamuddin ® in , where they administer their da’wah affairs worldwide. Their headquarters in the western world is in Dewsbury, West Yorkshire, UK. Delhi
If you ask any follower of Tableeghi Jama'at as to who taught them this peculiar way of Tableegh (propagation), he will say that this was the practice of the companions of Prophet Mohammad (saws). Let us see what their founding father says in this context. .
The founder of Tablighee Jama'at, Mohammad Ilyas wrote - "The practice I have taught to the people for tableegh was disclosed to me in my dream. (Makatib-e-Ilyas). In the same book he has written that "If Allah does not want to take a work from anyone, then even if Prophets try, they cannot move a pebble. And if Allah wants to take that work, He will take it from people like me, which was not possible to be accomplished by Prophets" (Makatib-e-Ilyas). In another book Ilyas wrote - "Ashraf Ali thanvi has done a great job. My heart longs that the new teaching should be his (Ashraf Ali's) and the way to propagate it should be mine. This way his new teachings will become well known among masses. (Malfoozat-e-Ilyas).
The followers of Tableeghi Jama'at claim that they are the group, referred to in this Quranic verse - وَلْتَكُن مِّنكُمْ أُمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ ۚ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ (Let there be a band of people among you who shall call men to goodness, and enjoin what is recognized on all hands to be good and forbid what is considered to be evil; and these are they who will progress" (Aal-e-Imran - 104).Let us see what their founding father says about it. In his book titled ' Deeni Dawah (page 234) ' Ilyas writes - " No one understood my aim. People think that this Tableeghi Jama'at is a movement for 'namaz' (Salah). I swear that this is not the movement for 'Namaz' (Salah). I want to create a new nation (Ummah) "
Did Ilyas succeded in his plan of creating his new nation?To know the answer to this question look at this statement which is mentioned in Tableeghi Jama'at's most authentic book, titled 'Malfoozat-e-Ilyas'. " Once Maulvi Ilyas said that the exegeses (Tafseer) of the verse of Quran وَلْتَكُن مِّنكُمْ أُمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ ۚ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ (Aale Imran 104) was disclosed to him in dream, saying that "You have come to your people like a Prophet". (La haula wala quwwata Illah Billah).
The followers of Tablighi Jama'at claim that they are not a sub sect of Wahhabis/Salafis. Let us see what their founding fathers and well known Ulema say in this context.The leader of the Tableeghi Jamaat, Rashid Ahmad Gangohi states: “The followers of Mohammad Ibne Abdul Wahab are called Wahabis, their beliefs were excellent". (Fatawa Rashidiya – Vol. 1- Page 111)
Clarifying and reiterating his and the beliefs of the Deobandis, Manzoor Nomani, one of the prominent scholars of Tableeghi Jamaat states: “And we also state here clearly that we are extreme Wahabis” (Sawaneh Maulana Mohammad Yusuf Kandhalvi – Page 192)
In the words of one of the Patron of Tableeghi Jamaat, Mohammad Zakaria Khandhalvi: “Maulvi Sahib, I myself am a greater Wahabi than you.” (Sawaneh Maulana Mohammad Yusuf – Page 192)
In the words of one of the co-founders of Tabhlighee Jama'at - Ashraf Ali Thanwi: “Brother, here Wahabis reside, do not bring anything for Fathea, Niaz, etc. here.” (Ashraf Sawaneh Book 1 – Page 45)